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and urges it as the very motive to in- our readers on this point. Accordingly, duce the refractory to submit to their disturbances among the Slaves in that yoke. He appears to have rightly colony have formerly occurred, withJudged that nothing could more effec out the operation of any such extrinsic tually tend to reconcile them to their excitement as that to which the recent lot than the hope of its early mitigation. tumult has been attributed. By re
The terms in which this disturbance ferring to our volume for 1816, p. 443, is spoken of in the letters received considerable light will be throwu on from the colony, are calculated to pro- this subject. The spirit of insuburdiduce an impression of dreadful atro- nativa which prevailed in former pecities having been committed by the riods, and which produced such ferorefractory slaves. It does not appear, cious acts of vengeance on the part of however, even on the shewing of their the Whites, manifestly originated in accusers, that they have shed a single the oppressive nature of the system drop of blood; or that they have set under which the unbappy slaves were fire to a single house or cane-piece; doomed to suffer. And if we may or that they offered any resistance to judge from the enormous waste of the armed force sent to suppress them. Negro life which to this very hour It is admitted, however, that many of distinguishes Demerara among the the slaves were killed in the pursuit; possessions of the British Crowd, we and it has even been asserted, that one may conclude that that system has thousand of them have since been lost but little of its malignity. Recent executed. This last statement we be returns made to Parliament not only lieve to partake of the general exag- do not exhibit any increase of the geration which has pervaded all the slave population, but a most frightful statements on this occurrence; and decrease, amounting to nearly three we are happy in being able to express per cent. per annum. The existiag our persuasion that, down to the 31st population too is composed not of naof August, the executions had not ex- tives of the colony, but either of imceeded eight.
ported Africans, or of Slaves cruelly It is further asserted, that three transported from our other colomes to White men, two of them Missionaries, perish in the woods and swamps of have been arrested as principals in the that pestiferous climate, and the agplot. What the force of that blind gravated severities of whose treatment and cruel passion of fear, and of the must have been rendered more intolerrooted antipathy to missions which able by the recollection of the domestic too many of the planters in Guiana ties which had been broken, and the entertain, may have led them to think unjust exile to which they had been or to do, we know not. It may have subjected by the unfeeling avarice of even led them to suspect and arrest their masters. Within the last six or these Missionaries; and in such a seven years, thousands of these misestate of things, with martial law su- rable victims of a worse than even perseding all ordinary judicial pro- African slave-trade have been torn cesses, we shall wonder at no act which from the land of their nativity, where may have followed their arrest. It is they had taken root among endeared but justice to the Missionary Societies connexions, and especially from such who employ any Missionaries in De- colonies as the Bahama islands, merara, to say, that their instructions where the yoke of their servitude had to their Missionaries, which indeed begun to be gradually lightened, and are before the public, have been of the where their numbers had been promost decisive and satisfactory kind, gressively increasing, and have been precluding the most distant approxic forcibly removed, without the pretence mation to any interference between of a crime, to the deathful climate of master and slave, except it be to impress Guiana, and subjected to the harshest on the latter the duty of submission form of that odious bondage which
But is it necessary to resort to such disgraces our colonies. Is there in causes as that of parliamentary in these circumstances, nay in the very flammation, and missionary incen attributes of such a slavery as this, no diarism, in order to account for the cause of disaffection, that we must appearances of discontent and disaf- seek for it in the echo of parliamentary fection on the part of the Slaves in speeches, or in the discourses of the Demerara? The peculiar severity of the messengers of the Gospel of peace? Dutch regime has never been disputed. But granting that this cause were the The delineation of it which is given true one, what more powerfulargument
pur last Number (p.542) may satisfy could the most determined enemies of
slavery furnish against the continu- rican Governments, as they become ance of the present revolting system stably organized. If Great Britain than that it cannot even be discussed bas erred on the subject of these new without imminent danger? Is such a empires, she has the merit of having state of things to be endured? Is the erred by procrastination on the side of Parliament of Great Britain to be de- delicacy to her allies, rather than by terred from fulfilling its momentous an over-eagerness to promote her own obligations to hundreds of thousands interests. The protection of British of dependent creatures by such alarms? property renders the appointment of If further reasons were needed for its consuls necessary; and in the present interference, they would be abundantly state of the colonies and the mother supplied by this very occurrence, countries, which forbids all idea of a which renders the call for it only the return to the old relations, we shall more indispensable and imperative. hope soon to hear that the appointThis festering ulcer ought therefore to ment of consuls is followed up by a be healed. The British Government full recognition of their independence. have solemnly pledged themselves to The late events on the continent of mitigate, and gradually to extinguish, Europe make such a measure more this state of suffering, of disquietude, than ever desirable. and peril; and neither the Parliament We had a few remarks to offer on nor the public of Great Britain, we are the state of Ireland, aud the Report persuaded, will be induced by inte- of the select Committee of the House rested clamour, or artful misrepresen- of Commons respecting it, but must tation, to shrink for one moment from again defer our observations. the pledge which they also have given Captain Parry has returned with to second with all their might the be-' the two vessels under his command, nevolent design.'
from his Northern voyage of discoĎOMESTIC.
very. Only four men perished by Our Government has decided on sickness, and one by casualty.' The sending out.consuls, and vice-consuls, vessels did not proceed either so far to the Governments of Mexico, Co. North or West as in the former lumbia, Rio de la Plata, Chili, and voyage; but their discoveries, seem to Perit. The measure will probably be have set at rest the non-existence of followed up by the mission of accre- a practicable North-west passage into dited agents to the other South-Ame- the Pacific Ocean.
OBITUARY. REV. RICHARD RAIKES. those hearts which are yet warmed by On Friday, September 5, died at his the consolations of his kindness, or the house in Gloucester, after a very short remembrance of his cheerful patienceconfinement, in the 80th year of his age, must soon be swept away from the world the Rev. RICHARD RAIKES, Treasurer on which they are moving ; and with of St. David's, Prebendary of the ca.. them must perish the recollection of thedral of Hereford, and Perpetual one whose example is calculated to Curate of the parish of Maisemiore, in benefit succeeding generations, but the county of Gloucester,
whose life was so cotirely devoted to Ofihe character of a person so widely the good of others, that it made no pro. known and so universally beloved, it vision for extending the memory of it. might seem ļardly necessary to speak at self. Had the subject of these remarks present. No zeal of friendship perlaps enjoyed the same advantages in this could desire a more strong or extensive respect with many other men, the case expression of regard and veneration than might have appeared different. Had was produced by the event of bis death; his health permitted him to exercise his and those who know how tenderly and powers of mind, and singular correctwidely his memory is cherished in the ness of taste, as an author, and any con, recollection of his friends, can wish at siderable publications had existed to present for no other inonument of his testify his diligent improvement of the worth, than that which he possesses talents with which he was entrusted; But at the same time they cannot but or had his warm and chastened piety feel that the material on which they beeu displayed in any public or distinrest is hastening to decay. Those mindsguished stations, his name might then which now delight to retrace bis ani. have been trusted to his own care, and mated conversatious and active charity be might himself have conferred on Christ. OBSERV. No. 262.
posterity the invalnable lesson of his more than protracted, suffering. His own character. But this was not the opening views of temporal advancecase; and a life like his, passed in pain- ment were necessarily resigned; and, ful struggles with protracted sickness, he cheerfully addressed himself to fulfil in retirement and obscurity, though the less conspicuous, bạt not less ardadeeply interesting to the Christian, and'ous, duties to which it had pleased God, fraught with the most important infer- to call him. ences for the benefit of the world, is But weakness and pain were never often lost to the public, from those very admitted in his view as pleas of excircumstances which endear it to Him emption from duty. In the inidst of who sees the heart, by Christian meek. infirmity and suffering, in a state dur. ness and enduring faith. May we not ing which he never knew for an hour also add, that for those who are called the comfort and elasticity of health, he to exercise the passive virtues, who not only exhibited a remarkable in. soffer in secret and in solitude, who see, stance of Christian activity, but he also and are content to see, the honours and shewed, perhaps in a more singular dedistinctions of the world pass by them,' gree, the power of religion in the haa sense of justice seems pledged to vin- bitual cheerfuluess and kindness of his dicate their claims to esteem, and to temper. Bodily sufferings are often draw their modest hidden graces to a pleaded in extenuation of asperity or light where they may be viewed, and, hastiness of feeling ; but religion, in being viewed, may benefit mankind. his instance, had gained so signal a
Mr. Raikes received his education at triumph, that all natural dispositions, Eton, whence he proceeded to St. John's all constitutional qualities, were brought College, Cambridge. At both of these into subjection to the yoke of Christ, places his behavionr was exemplary. and merged in the character of a humble, He was distinguished at Eton as a patient believer. None of the ordinary scholar, and still more for the purity of effects of his distressing maladies were his morals, and his firm uncompromising to be traced in his behaviour; and piety. At college he maintained the while he slırunk, uniformly and on prin. sanie character. His application to ciple, from every kind of self-indulstudy was proved by the honours with gence, and the severity of his babits which his academical course was closed, resembled the harshness of a Stoic's life, when he was tenth Wrangler, senior his mind gained no sternness from the Hledallist, and gained the first prize for discipline it practised on itself, but was the Bachelor's Essay; while his religi. uniformly meek, liberal, and gentle. ous character was equally acknowledged Struggling with these difficulties, as by the veneration and love which it al. well as with domestic afflictions of a ready conciliated from every member nature still more severe, he for some of the society. He was elected Fellow time received pupils in a house of his soou after he had taken his degree, was own, till he was enabled to retire for chosen Tutor in his college, and might his native city of Gloucester, where the reasonably have ventured io look for. last thirty years of his life were passed in , ward to those digoities and advantages unremitting endeavours to promote the with which a university encourages and glory of God and the welfare of manrewards distinguisted merit, and wbich kind. The care of the small parisi fell to the lot of those who were the of Maisemore formed during this period companions and rivals of his studies, the, ostensible occupation of liis time, But at this period of his life it pleased though every work of piety and beneGod to change these prospects by a voleuce found in hin a ready and zea. severe illness, brought ou probably in lous assistant. To the British and Fosome degree by the severity of his ap- reign Bible Sociсty he gave the warmest plication to study. From that time re welcome at its first establishment, and gular application of mind became in. at a very advanced age, and under practicable. Every medical resource great bodily weakness, he undertook was tried in vain. His complaint sub. the office of joint Secretary to the Auxi. sided into an incurable malady; under liary Society at Gloucesier. On the the ceaseless irritability caused by business also of all the other religious which, his life became a series of pecil. and charitable institutions of a city liar trials. In addition also to bis ge. which has stood prominently forward neral debility, the reduced state of his in such objects, he was a diligent atconstitution exposed him on several tendant; but, beyond these public calls, occasions to some of tiie most painful he was ever accessible to the applica. diseases to wbich our nature is subject, tious of private distress, and perseverand from the effects of which be never ed with indefatigable industry to the recovered. The state of his health in- last in a series of unobserved but zeacapacitated him for study, and con. Tous labours for the good of others. In pelled him to suspend all his pursuits, the eightieth year of his age, bowed for the sake of prolonging by intense down, by numberless infirmities, to a care an existence which seemed little degree of weakness which would have
contined most men to their beds, and porary advantage ; but it was the result after the detection of innumerable at.. of that entire devotion to God which tempts at imposition, his charity was led him to regard every talent he posas ready and as active as ever; por sessed as due to the service of bis Maker. would any severity of weather, or late. This feeling regulated as well as ex. pess of hours,prevent him froin exploring cited the application of his earlier years; the dark recess wbere he was told that and it conimunicated even to his last sorrow or pain were seeking for conso. an extraordinary degree of vigour and lation or relief. To these pious labours activity. In the midst of sickness, pain, he dedicated pot only a large portion and old age, his mind neither souglit for of his income, but likewise that leisure por yielded to relaxation: every mo. which, by men of cultivated minds, is ment in which he could command bis more reluctantly resigned; and in con- attention was given to labour, and that sequence the ouly work which he ever labour was persevered in, though the committed to the press was a short desultory manner in which it was of Essay on the Alliance between Christie necessity pursued diminished the hopes anity and Commerce, published in the of any satisfactory result from his exeryear 1806.
tions. Of late years his attention had During this time his life was prolong. been strongly drawn to the growing evil ed beyond all expectation. Regarding of the violation of the Sabbath ; and the existence indeed as the gift of God, materials which lie had collected on and the period of mau's life on earth as this subject, with a view to publication, an appointed season in which his love form a remarkable instance of the per. for God is to be manifested, he care- severing industry of a religious wind. fully watched over his health, though The state of bis health cansed repeated with very different feelings from those delays in the realization of his original of an ordinary invalid. He wished to plan ; and every interval of suspense live, not for the sake of life, but for the seemed to supersede the propriety of sake of doing that which can be done some arguments drawn from the cironly in life, and with this vie'be cumstances of the eventful period during shrunk from no regimen through which which they had been collected. But his means of usefulness inight be extend- instead of relinquishing his purpose in ed. His lot in this respect was singularly despair, he as often resumed his design happy. After nearly sixty years of with the first turu of strength; cheercontinued ill health, bis intellect and fully adapted his arguinent 10 the state' his affections retained all their original of public affairs, and was earnestly vigour. His last illness was attended occupied on the subject to his last day, by a confinement of only three days. While bis devotion to God led to this He had preached for the National So. steady persevering industry, his faith ciety on the Sunday preceding his de. in the Gospel produced in an equal parture; and he literally passed from degree humility, and enabled him to his walk of charity to that bed from meet the peculiar trials to which he was which he was not to rise again in lite., called, with that cheerful submission In conformity with his known aversion which nothing but Christian humility to parade, his funeral was attended only can supply. by the Bishop of Gloucester, two ot' his His deep conviction of the sinfulness own relatives, and some attached friends of human nature disposed him to acwho officiated as pall-bearers ; but thou quiesce in every dispensation with un. sands of persons filled the streets and shaken reliance on the love of God; followed the hearse, who shewed by and he deprecated oo trial in which he their sympathetic silence the general might be permitted to eviuce his grati. sense of loss produced by the event. ' inde for the mercies exhibited to him in It was noticed immediately from every the person and offices of our Lord. The pulpit in the city; and on the Sunday depih and sincerity of this feeling were following, the Bishop himself, with equal proved by its quiversal application. feeling and discrimination, bore witness it was shewn as conspicuously on the to the value of one whom for forty least as on the greatest occasions : it not years he had regarded with increasing only made him meek and gentle in his respect and affection.
behaviour, but it made him contented His whole life may be reviewed as under disappointments, patient of conexemplifying the nion of those two tradiction, forbearing aud forgiving, and qualities of industry and humility, in unwearied in benevolent exertions to. which he was accustomed to say ibat wards the upgrateful; it was continually the essence of the Christian character and most earnestly evinced in the consisted; and each of these qualities warmth with which he renounced all in him derived unusual vigour from the ideas of self-righteousness, and proprinciple on which they were founded. fessed his entire dependence upon His industry was not the transient Christ for salvation. Few men proenergy of a mind stimulated to exertions bably have realized more completely by the liope of soine temporal or tem. the force of the Apostle's words;" Look. ing unto Jesus, the author, and finisherenced by such sbades as these. Him. of our faith,” or have accustomed them. self the servant of Christ, he loved all selves more attentively to apply the who were engaged in bis Master's serpeculiar doctrives of the Gospel to vice; his charity always inducing him the government of the heart and the to entertain the most favourable idea of thoughts. To this perhaps may be their intentions, and his humility disascribed that independence of mind posing him to respect their judgment if which marked bis religious character. it ever differed from his own. He called no man master. His thoughts The same feeling of humility, comas well as his affections were absorbed bined with a desire to avoid every thing. in Christ; and his understanding; strong that might binder the reception of seripe and cultivated as it was, in the pursuit tnral truth, gave a calm and retired tone of religious truth, never presumed on its to the expression of his devotional senown powers, or trusted to the powers of timents, and led him carefully to avoid other men, bot delighted to confess its every peculiarity in language which own insufficiency, and came to the con- might offend men udaccustomed to the templation of the deep things of God discussion of religious snbjects, But this with the simplicity and submission of a was done without any compromise of child. On such occasions, the charac- truth, or any change except that of the teristic activity of his mind subsided in vehicle in which it is sometiines, but not reverential awe of the great Object of of necessity, conveyed. Thus while its contemplation. He seemed afraid to meo of the world found nothing in trust himself with speaking of inysteries his conversation to excite prejudice which exceed the scope of human rea- against the arguments which he urged, son; nor was there any thing be cen- the devout bearer was delighted by a gjured more strongly than the vain at- spiritnality of mind and devotion to tempts to explain those mysteries of God, which seemed to belong to one faith, the l'ash endeavonr to illustrate "walking by faith not by sighi," and which has always ended in involving the “having his conversation in heaven" proud inquirer iv error.
In miort, wliile religion in sonvement, Hence also it happened, that, zeal- blessed with happier circunstances, ously and dutifully attached to the Esi may liave worn a more briljant garl. tablished Church, no party in the church and come recommended to the world could ever elaim him as its own. His by advaotages of situation or the ani. views were too bigh, his convictionsviation of health, bere are probably were too strong, to need the support or few cases in which its genuine operation to watch the opinions of others. Every has been more deep or more perfect, canse that promised to advance the There are few cases where it has enaglory of God or the good of nien was bled nien to meet such complicated certain of having him as a friend; bet no i trials, such lengthened sufferings, with set of men ever ventured to consider equal cheerfulness; wbere it tras enge him as tbeir partizan. In his personal bled them to triumph more sigbally over, connexions be seemed unconseions of disappointments, sickness, and infirmi. any differences among those whom lie ties; or where it has given more nue" regarded as bretbren; nor were the quivocal proofs of a heavenly renewal. opinions he formed of other nen inffa. of the mind.
rid : ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS C. I. Ar.; AMYNTOR ; Maptup; K. ; B. ; MODERATUS; JUNIUS; A PARENT; W. A. S.;
AMICUS; AN OLD CORRESPONDENT; A TRUE BRITON, and two Obituaries without
signature, are under consideration. H. I. may be assured that no “ fear of investigation," or of “ offending the friends of
the Bible Society," would prevent our inserting his opinions if they appeared to us to be well founded, and likely to prove beneficial toʻthic public. A friend informs 'us, that the words “irksome dùrance,” in Mr. Bernard Barton's
poeins, on which we grounded an amicable remonstrance, originally stood close confmement,” and were so printed when that poem was first published in a magzine. The substituted phrase was suggested by a literary friend, in the re-print, as, less prosaic. It is but justice to Mr. Barton to add, that we are informed he fully
concurs, both in principle and practice, with the spirit of our friendly admonitions. Having received a second letter from Scotus, of Glasgow, (seeAnswers in our Number for
August), we thought it right to return it, with the former, to the Post-office. The following is the official reply, which we transcribe as our only answer to this and similar correspondents. The italics and capitals are not our additions, the words. being marked under singly and doubly by the writer :
“Sir,-Under the circumstances of the case, I think we may be justified in returning the postage charged on two enclosed unnecessary and SCURRILOUS letters, and have had much pleasure in ordering it to be so done by the letter-carrier.
.. “ Tam, Sir, your most obedient humble servant, “F. FREELING."