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"The Gentleman's Magazine states, that and, from the paucity of his types and in recently opening a grave in Westminster skill, able to take off but one page at a Abbey, the skeleton of Ben Jonson was time, so that, working almost night and discovered buried in an upright position, day, he would not, up to the present standing on the head, and with the back moment, at the age of 80 years, have turned to the east. The stories of Jonson's more than half concluded bis undertaking, eccentric agreement with the Dean and if a considerable number had been to be Chapter, for a piece of ground only struck off. The 26 volumes were comeighteen inches square, for his interment, pleted in 1807; and the volume just printand the alleged position in which he was ed consists of "improved Extracts” from to be buried, which had been generally them. The getting up is sufficiently cuconsidered to be absurd traditions, now rious; and, among other novelties in appear to have been literally true.
typography, the author frequently sticks We have been favoured by the author, on sundry slips, riders, and codicils, wherwith the loan of a literary curiosity, en-' ever a new thought has occurred after the titled, “Divinity; or Discourses on the page was printed off. We recommend to Being of God, the Divinity of Christ, the his friends to consider, whether, under Personality of the Holy Ghost, and on all the circumstances of the case, it might the Sacred Trinity; being improved Ex- not be desirable to procure a liberal subtracts from a System of Divinity," by the scription-list for the reprint of the “imRev. W. Davy, A. B. Curate of Lust. proved Extracts,” to re-imburse the worleigh, Devon. Printed by Himself; four- thy and aged author for a fraction of his teen copies only. 1823. The name of life's' labour. Mr. Davy will be familiar to our literary
IRELAND. readers, as the indefatigable author, or An improved diving-bell is now in use editor, and printer of the “ System of Dic in making a new pier at Port Patrick. It vinity" alluded to in the above title; a is a square cast-metal frame, about eight massy work of 26 thick velumes, com- feet high, and twenty-two feet in circumpiled and printed under circumstances ference. It is open below, and with which well entitle the writer to a conspi- twelve small circular windows at the top. cuous place in Mr. D’Israeli's “Calami. When the sea is clear, the workmen are ties of Authors.” This work, the fruit able to carry on their operations without of a life of labour, (" from the first ma- candles. In the inside of the bell are turity,” says the author, “of my reason, seats for them, with pegs to hang their 1763, to the present, 1823,") Mr. Davy tools on. On the deck of the vessel from was anxious to give to the world, fully which the apparatus is suspended, is expecting that it would not only be ex- placed an air-pump, worked by four men, tensively purchased and read by indivi- to change the air in the bell. In this duals, but be “authoritatively placed in machine, two or three men work, with churches for the benefit of mankind in case and safety, 20 or 30 feet under general.” He began with a tolerable water; and with short picks, hammers, subscription list in 1786; but, this failing and gunpowder, prepare a bed for the him by desertion, and his pecuniary loss huge masses of stone which „re afterwards being heavy and himself poor, he deter- let down, and bind them together with mined to become his own printer. He iron and cement. accordingly constructed a press with his The twelve Judges of England hare own hands, and purchased a few old types, reported their opinion affirmatively, that with which he commenced his protracted the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland does, since task. In 1795, he had completed forty the union of Great Britain and Ireland, copies of his first volume, all of which, possess the power of conferring the hoexcept. 14, he distributed to reviewers, nour of knighthood, as he did whilst public characters, and learned institutions, Ireland was a separate kingdom. hoping by this specimen to ensure a large - SWITZERLAND. demand for the whole work. Disap- In Switzerland, it was the ancient cuspointed in his expectation, he recom- tom of the peasantry, grounded on a parmenced his manual labours, printing, how- ticular law, that when a man went to be ever, only fourteen copies of the remaining married, he should take with him his arins volumes; because, as he says in the work and a Bible. Through the poverty and before us, he was unequal to the purchase distress of the country during the war, of a larger quantity of paper, being in the the latter part of this injunction has been, possession of only 401. per annum, in a of late years, neglected; but, in conseruinated and ruinous parsonage house; quenee of the impulse given to the country
by Bible Societies, it is . now happily other modes of suicide so prevalent among revived.
the lower orders in India. The self-imITALY.
molation of widows is said to be less freSr. Angelo Mai continues to make quent in the vicinity of Juggernauth than fresh discoveries in the treasures of the might have been expeeted, the average of Vatican. Among these, are more than suttees not exceeding ten per annum. a hundred letters of Marcus Aurelius, There is this peculiarity, as performed Frontonus, and others.
there : instead of ascending a pile, the inIt is intended to establish at Rome an fatuated widow lets herself down into a pit, English Academy of the Fine Arts. The at the bottom of which the dead body of the Royal Academy of London has allotted husband has been previously placed, with a certain sum for this establishment, lighted faggots above and beneath. In 1819, which is to be kept up by annual sub- a heart-rending spectacle was exhibited. scriptions.
The wood collected for the fire being INDIA.
quite green, could not be made to burn A paper, lately laid before the Calcutta briskly, and only scorched the poor sufAsiatic Society by Mr. Stirling, contains ferer, who endured the greatest agony, but the following recent particulars respecting without uttering a shriek or complaint.. the temple of Juggernauth :-“ Cuttack The attendants threw into the pit a quatlowes much of its celebrity to the temple tity of rosin, covering the living body with of Juggernauth. The town is calculated a coating of this inflammable substance, to contain 5,741 houses. Every span of which, attracting the fire, the skin was it is holy ground; and the whole of the gradually peeled off, and the miserable land is held free of rent, on the tenure victim at length expired, still without a of performing certain services in and groan. about the temple. The principal street A singular publication has just appeared is composed almost entirely of religious in India, entitled, “ Humble Suggestions establishments, built of masonry, with to his Countrymen who believe in the low pillared verandahs, interspersed with One True God, by Prusunnu Koomar trees. The climate of Juggernauth is said Thakoor. Calcutta, 1823.” The author to be the most agreeable and salubrious who is an anti-polytheistical Hindoo, says, in India during the hot months. The in his advertisement,-"My object in edifices which composed the great temple publishing this tract is to recommend those of Bhobunsir stand within a square area to whom it is addressed, to avoid using inclosed by a stout wall of stone, mea- harsh or abusive language in their religious suring 600 feet on each side, which has its intercourse with European Missionaries, principal gateway guarded by two mon- either respecting them or the objects of strous griffins, or winged lions, in a sitting their worship; however much this may be posture on the eastern face. About the countenanced by the example of some of centre of the great middle tower, Burra these gentlemen.” The writer embraces Dewall, or sanctuary, in which the images in his good will, not only all denominaare always kept, rises majestically to a tions of his countrymen, but Christians height of 180 feet. Standing near the also, whom he appears to divide into three great pagoda, forty or fifty temples or sects; Socinians, Trinitarians, and the towers may be seen in every direction. “ constructors of images” (Roman CaThe famous temple of Juggernauth, in tholics); each of wbich, he thinks, has a its form and distribution, resembles close- prototype among the Hindoo sectaries. ly the great pagoda of Bhobungir, and is The Socinjans he particularly claims as nearly of similar dimensions. It is said to brethren. “ Those Europeans," he says, have cost from 40 to 50 lacks of rupees." " who believe God to be in every sense The dreadful fanaticism which formerly one, and worship him alone in spirit, and prompted pilgrims to sacrifice themselves who extend their benevolence to man as under the wheels of the Juggernauth rut'h, the highest service to God, should be reis stated to have nearly ceased. During garded by us with affection, on the ground four years that Mr. Stirling witnessed the of the object of their worship being the ceremony, three cases only of self-immo. same as ours. We should feel no reluclation occurred; one of which was doubt. tance to co-operate with them in religious ful, and might have been accidental, and matters, merely because they consider the other two vietims had long been suf. Jesus Christ as the messenger of God and fering from excruciating complaints, and their spiritual teacher; for oneness in the chose that method of ridding themselves object of worship and sameness of reliof the burden of life, in preference to the gious practice should produce attachment between the worshippers." Trinitarians, the number of students now on the founhowever, "are not to be treated in an un- dation is fifty. It is intended in the enfriendly manner;" because, says the inge- suing year to give the native youths, who nious author, “ many of our own country- are studying English, some knowledge men, without any external image, meditate of the first principles of chemistry. The upon Ram and other supposed incarna- committee propose also to add to the coltions, and believe in their unity!" This legiate establishment a divinity professor, sort of sceptical liberalism seems to be and a professor of medicine. To promote much upon the advance in India, and it the study of astronomy among the native should afford a powerful inducement to students, an observatory is to be erected. the friends of Christianity to endeavour to The Serampore missionaries have prefill up with the divine doctrines and holy sented to the library about three thousand precepts of the Bible, the void that will volumes. be caused in the native mind in proportion A meeting of respectable Hindoos lately as the increase of knowledge banishes the took place in Calcutta for the purpose of fictions of heathen superstition. We cor- establishing a Literary Society Meetings dially rejoice at every increase of Hindoo of opulent and learned Hindoos are to be knowledge and liberality; but the follow- held for the discussion of subjects coning “ humble suggestion” is a proof how nected with the improvement of their little of sound theology or intelligible mo- countrymen, and the diffusion of general rality is to be expected from Oriental Uni- literature. The Society have resolved to tarianism:-"He who is skilled," says he, translate into Bengalee, and to publish, « in playing on the lute (veena), who is scientific works; to comment on the imintimately acquainted with the various morality and inconsistency of native custones and harmonies, and who is able to toms; to point out, habits and conduct beat time in music, will enter without more conducive to the well-being and difficulty upon the road of salvation !" happiness of mankind; to publish small
The college at Serampore is so far ad tracts in English and Bengalee; and to vanced as to admit of business being con- collect philosophical instruments for public ducted within its walls. Twelve rooms instruction. A house is to be erected for of the central buildings are nearly finished, the accommodation of the Society, with a together with the lecture-room, library, college attached to it, in wbich the arts and two suites of rooms for professors. and sciences are to be taught.
LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
Michael Underwood, M. D., consisting of Thirty-three Sermons, selected from Meditations, Remarks on Scripture, &c.; the Works of Bishop Wilson. 2 vols. 12mo. published for the Benefit of his widowed 6s.
Daughter. 78. The Angel of Mercy, to which is pre The Anti-Infidel, continued weekly, fixed an Essay on Heavenly Spirits. 8vo. price 2d. 8s. 6d.
Hebrew Dictionary and Grammar, with"Reason and Revelation, or the Truth out points, with a new Scripture Chronoand Advantages of Christianity. 12mo. 4s. logy; by J. Andrew, LL.D. 8vo. 9s.
Letters on Faith; by the Rev. J. Dore. Beauties of Dr. Dwight's Theology, 18mo. 2s.
with a Sketch of his Life, and an Original An Essay on the Resurrection of Christ, Essay on his Writings. 4 vols. 12s. by the Rev. J. Dore. ls. 6d.
The Retlector, or Christian Advocate; A Dissertation on the Fall of Man, &c.; being the Substance of the Busby Lec by the Rev. G. Holden. 8vo. 10s. 6d. tures; by the Rev. S. Pigott, A.M. 8vo.
Strictures on the Plymouth Antino. 10s. mians; by J. Cottle. 8vo. 2s. 6d.
The Bible and the Church, a Letter to The old Doctrine of Faith asserted; by Sir Godfrey Webster; by the Rev. E. the Rev. J. Carlile.
Jacob, A.M. 8vo. Jacob, or Patriarchal Piety, a Series of A Second Series of Letters on the Sermons; by the Rev. E. Craig, A.M. Claims of the Roman Catholics; by AmiThe profits to be given for the benefit of cus Protestans. 8vo. 58. 6d. the Moravian Missions. 8vo.
Memoirs of the Rev. W. Evans; by the A Selection from the Sermons of the Rev. J. Hooper, A.M. 38. 6d. late Rev. W. J. Abdy, M. A. 8vo.
MISCELLANEOUS. A Sermon on the Death of the Rev. S. A Dissertation on the Age of Homer, Arnott; by the Rev. J. Sargent, A. M. 8vo. 2s. 6d. sewed.
Extracts from the Diary of the late Lives of Learned and Eminent Men, adapted to the use of Children from four 1820 to the Establishment of Grecian Inyears old. 2 vols. 18mo. 5s, with portraits dependence. 7s.
The Peasants of Chamouni; containing Nature Displayed, with several hundred an Account of an Attempt to reach the engravings; by S. Shaw, LL.D. in 6 yols. Summit of Mont Blanc. 18mo. 2s. 6d. royal 12mo. 31. 3s.
Idioms of the Greek Language ; by H. Five Thousand Receipts in all the UseLockhart, A.M. 12mo. 3s.
ful and Domestic Arts; by C. Mackenzie. The Atlas of Nature; folio, 21. 2s. in 12mo. 10s. 6d. boards ; with the letter-press, in 3 vols. Introduction to the Genera of Shells ; 31. 13s. 6d.
by C. Dubois, F.L.S. Small 8vo. 12s. A Tour through the Canton of Berne, "Tales from Switzerland. 2 vols. 6s. 6d. with 17 coloured engravings and a map. An Alpine Tale, by the Author of 8vo. II. 83. half-bound.
“ Tales from Switzerland.” 2 vols. 10s. Twelve Illustrations of the Book of Dartmoor, and other Poems; by J. CotCommon Prayer, engraved by J. Scott, tle. 8vo. 5s. from drawings by Burney and Thurston, An Enquiry into the Accordancy of War Royal 8vo. 10s. 6d.
with the Principles of Christianity. 8vo. The History of Modern Greece, from 5s.
NAVAL AND MILITARY BIBLE tutions daily forming to meet the necesSOCIETY.
sities of our fellow-men perishing for lack We are grieved to learn that this highly of knowledge. Foremost amongst these, useful and important Society is under the the Naval and Military Bible Society has necessity of renewing its appeal for a larger been labouring with varied success for measure of public support. We request forty-three years to convey the glad tidings the attention of our readers to the follow- of salvation to that long neglected, but ing statement, which has been forwarded most important class of our countrymen to us by the Committee.
who man our fleets and armies. During “ The Naval and Military Bible Society the continuance of a long and sanguinary having for some years past been greatly war, many individuals, constrained by restricted in their efforts to afford the brave feelings of gratitude to those who, under defenders of our country requisite supplies Providence, were the instruments of proof the Scriptures; and, from their reluc- tection from the multiplied evils which tance to reject altogether the many press. deluged the rest of Europe, were ready to ing demands on them, having incurred a admit their claim as paramount to all debt of 12001. ; the Managers of this in others, and admitted it most liberally. stitution have, at length, in compliance But in latter years, this spirit, to the prewith the wishes of several judicious and judice of our brave seamen and soldiers, warm friends to the Society, determined has greatly subsided; and many and painto submit a brief statement of their case ful have been the occasions, when, through to the notice of a benevolent public; and want of funds, the Managers of this Sowith confidence solicit their aid to extri- ciety have been compelled to pause, and, cate them from their present difficulties. to a certain extent, withhold the word of To this measure they are encouraged from Eternal Life from those who were eara persuasion, that our seamen and sol- nestly beseeching the boon at their hands. diers, forming a large and most interesting It might be imagined (and that not unreapart of our population, will never cease, sonably), that on the arrival of peace, and whether in peace or war, to be dear to the consequent reduction of a large naval their fellow-countrymen ; for whose pro- and military establishment, the demands tection and welfare they have ever been on the Society for the Scriptures would ready to sacrifice their own comforts, and be proportionably diminished; but that expose their lives to the most imminent this is an erroneous assumption is evident, dangers.
as will appear from the abstracts of issues “ It has pleased Almighty God, in this and receipts for the last three years of the our day, to excite among mankind in ge- war, 1812, 1813, 1814; and those of reneral (especially in our own happy land) a cent date, 1821, 1822, and 1823. These more than ordinary desire for religious in- abstracts demonstrate, that in the war the struction; and, accordingly, we see insti- demands for Bibles were fewer, whilst the Curist. OBSERV. No. 262.
receipts of money were considerably . MORAVIAN MISSIONS. greater; whereas in the latter years of From a recent circular, containing an peace above cited, the demand for Bibles account of the present state of the Mishas been much augmented, and the annual sions of the United Brethren among Heareceipts of money greatly diminished. The then Nations, we copy the following apsolution of this fact is to be sought for in peal to Christian liberality. the formation of regimental schools, and “ To all who are interested in the cause an increased desire in the Navy and Army of Christianity, and the progress of the to profit by the comparative leisure they Gospel, the following statement is offered now enjoy, in searching the contents of by individuals wholly unconnected with that volume which they had not the means the United Brethren; and excited to of studying with sufficient diligence under plead for them simply by the excellence the extremities and constant occupations of their character, the greatness of their of actual service. To those who love their cause, the rigid economy with which their Bibles, and hail this growing thirst for re- plans are executed, and the remarkable ligious knowledge, this statement will not success that has attended their labours. appear strange, nor this appeal unneces- “ For nearly a hundred years past, and sary. To them, and to all well-wishers of during a period in which the Christian our Navy and Army, (and where is the fa- world may be said to have been dead to mily that has not immediately or remotely the interests of humanity at large, the some connexion in one or other of the Brethren have continued to send forth services?) the Committee would say, faithful, humble, diligent labourers-men • Whilst you are contemplating the con- not contented to offer a sacrifice that cost version of a world, let not your brethren at them nothing, but quitting all that they home, especially your soldiers and seamen, held dear in the present world, all the remain neglected : their numbers are still comforts of a civilized home, have given great, and their claims inferior to none.' up their lives to the service of their Re
The liberal deviseth liberal things, and deemer; cheerfully exposing themselves by liberal things he shall stand.'”
to the baneful climate of the West InThe abstract above referred to shews dies, or enduring, year after year, the that there were issued copies of the Scrip- rigours of an Arctic winter on the coasts tures during the last three years of the of Greenland and Labrador, without the peace, more than during the last three accommodations, and barely provided with years of the war, 8906: That there were the necessaries, of life. They have persecontributed by sailors and soldiers them- vered in the work set before them, neither selves, towards the purchase of the Scrip- yielding to difficulties, nor deterred by tures during the last three years of the dangers and distresses, nor baffled by inpeace, more than during the last three gratitude and opposition. years of the war, 100N. 6s. 100: And “But it is not only on the excellence and that the total cash received during the last the spirit of the Brethren's missions that three years of the peace, was less than we rest their cause, but also on the reduring the last three years of the war by markable success which has attended their 37341. 8s. 8d.
efforts. It is to facts that we appeal; to Under the circumstances mentioned in the well-attested accounts of the most this statement, the Committee strongly disinterested witnesses ; and by these it recommend to the friends of the institu- is proved, that the Brethren's missionation to endeavour to improve its resources, ries have discovered the right method of by donations or subscriptions; and by the dealing with the wretched and the ignoestablishment of auxiliaries and associa- rant. In various parts of the world have tions especially at naval and military sta- they assembled around them colonies, gations. They urge the clergy to make con- thered from the miseries of heathenism; gregational collections ; officers to sanction and brought, not only to a state of conand encourage a general subscription,-or fort, civilization, and industry, but to the a contribution of one day's pay, or small knowledge and practiee of the Gospel of weekly subscriptions, by the officers and Christ. The experience of a century has men under their command; and ladies, sufficiently proved that the directing especially those connected with the Navy principle of the missions of the United and Army, to undertake to raise small Brethren is the principle of practical weekly or other subscriptions. We ear- wisdom ; that the spirit which animates nestly trust that neither their labours nor
them is the spirit of the Gospel; and
them is the spirit of the Grena their appeal “will be in vain in the Lord.”
the success attending their exertions shews that the favour and blessing of the Almighty has rested upon their labours.