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2. Dublin, Raphoe, Limerick, Dromore. their brethren and their neighbours from 3. Cashel, Elphin, Down, Waterford, Europe, such blessings as their country 4. Tuam, Ferns, Cloyne, Cork.

affords, and would permit them to enjoy 5. Primate, Killaloe, Kilmore, Clogher. plentiful subsistence and their natal soil. 6. Dublin, Ossory, Killala, Clonfert. In a part more advanced towards the 7. Cashel, Meath, Kildare, Derry. Austral Pole, in places where for centuries 8. Tuam, Raphoe, Limerick, Dromore. the Spaniards and Portuguese had only 9. Primate, Elphin, Down, Waterford. a port of refreshment and the Hollanders 10. Dublin, Ferns, Cloyne, Cork.

a plantation, the English are establishing 11. Cashel, Killaloe, Kilmore, Clogher. an empire, which will soon be aggrandized 12. Tuam, Ossory, Killala, Clonfert. by subsequent colonization, and the ad

dition of various contiguous dominions." FRANCE.

“In India and its archipelago, Britain is in M. Dupin, in a paper read before the possession of some of the finest countries French Academy of Sciences, has drawn of the East; and, indeed, on the Asiatic a picture of Great Britain as honourable continent her factors have dominion over to his own freedom from illiberal national sixty millions of subjects. Her arms have prejudices, as to the country which he been usefully employed on the Persian panegyrizes. We copy a portion of his Gulf, and in the Erythrean (or Red) Sea, in remarks, not for the purpose of flatter- putting a stop to the unsparing ravages of ing our countrymen, but with a view marine bandits, a horde of robbers and to suggest to them the high duties and buccaniers who make no pretensions to responsibilities which Divine Providence civilization, who shew no regard for the has laid upon them.

blood which they shed, or the desolation « Though Great Britain,” says M. which they cause. The conquests of the Dupin, “is elevated to the highest pitch English merchants commenced where of naval power, a wider field having been those of Alexander terminated, and where opened for its display than ever was en- the god, Terminus, of the Romans, could joyed by any other nation, people that never arrive. We have, at this day, the live remote from the sea have nothing spectacle of a commercial company, emto apprehend from her fleets; and, not bodied in a narrow street of the city of withstanding her indubitable exertions in London, employed, after reducing the arms, and the apparent grandeur of her natives to subjection, in making and military achievements, there is nothing in establishing constitutions, partly democrathe greatness or manner of these exploits tical, among the conquered; in forming sufficient to produce any portion of alarm administrations and systems of governin other states. But, with respect to her ment suited to the habits and genius of commerce, almost every resource which the people for whom they are designed, the highest ambition could covet has been a people previously subject to pillage and placed within her reach.”

confiscation, and whose servitude had “In Europe, the British empire borders been perpetuated for ages. on Denmark, Germany, Holland, and “Thus, from a single centre, by the France; and, by her out-posts, it has vigour of its institutions, and from the connexion with Spain, Sicily, Italy, and advanced state of its arts civil and miliWestern Turkey. In Gibraltar, Malta, and tary, an island which, in the Oceanic the Ionian islands, the English have the archipelago, would scarcely be reckoned keys of the Mediterranean and Adriatic. of the third order, exhibits the sublime In America, they have all the northern and interesting object of commanding regions to the Pole, and to the confines attention, from the movements of her of the Russian possessions, and those industry, and the weight of her power, in of the United States. Under the Torrid all the extremities of the four parts of the Zone, they cross the Gulf of Mexico, and world. A further train of reflection is establish their sovereignty in the midst supplied, if we add the diversity of objects of an archipelago between the two hemi- connected with civilization which follow spheres of America.” “In Africa, by their from British influence, and which we find forts on the Gold Coast, and establish rising to view from British colonization: ments at Sierra Leone, they diminish the perhaps one fifth of the globe will, one many and great horrors that too often day, receive the laws, speak the language, multiply in Negroland. They justly con- conform to the manners, and fully partisider Negroes in captivity as in an unna- cipate in the commerce, arts, and intellitural and degraded state; and would have gence, of Great Britain." them to enjoy at home, in common with “I will venture to assert," liberally

adds M. Dupin, “that, as Frenchmen, have refused to set them an example on the honour and interest of our country, this subject, they will at least not be and, as friends of humanity, sentiments of slow in following the steps of their younger justice and generosity, should make us rivals. take an interest in the dignity, peace, in

CHINA. dependence, and happiness of all nations, Our readers may judge of Chinese in whatever part of the globe nature may ideas of authorship and the liberty of the have placed the domicile of their nati- press, from the fate of an author named vity."

Whang-see-Heou, whose crime is thus set NORWAY.

forth in the Report of his judges. “We In the last volume of Dr. Clarke's Tra- find,” say they, “ Ist, That he has prevels, lately published, it is stated that sumed to meddle with the great dictionary there is not in all Norway a bookseller's of Kang-hi; having made an abridgment shop, the trade of bookselling being left of it, in which he has had the audacity to to the grocers. Let our readers compare contradict some passages of that excellent this fact with the above statements re-' and authentic work. 2d. In the preface specting the literature of England and to his abridgment, we have seen with Ireland. What a blessing for such a horror that he has dared to write the little country as Norway is the Bible Society! names (that is, the primitive family names) the operations of which have neeessarily of Confucius, and even of your Majesty : opened the way for a wide extension of a temerity, a want of respect, which has education.

made us shudder. 3d. In the genealogy UNITED STATES.

of his family, and in his poetry, he has asThe origin and use of the celebrated serted that he is descended from the Loggan Stones in Cornwall, and other Whang-tee. When asked why he had rocking stones found in Great Britain, are dared to meddle with the great dictionary lost in remote antiquity; but the difficulties of Kang-hi, he replied, that dictionary is of conjecture are greatly increased in re. very voluminous and inconvenient; I have ference to America, which also possesses made an abridgment, which is less cumsimilar monuments. In the town of Dur bersome and expensive.' Being quesham, in New Hampshire, is a piece of rock tioned how he could have the audacity to computed to weigh 60 or 70 tons. It is write in the preface to this dictionary the a detached block of coarse granite, about little names of the Emperors of the reigning 15 feet in diameter. Formerly the wind dynasty, he answered, I know that it is or a hand would move it, and its vibra. unlawful to pronounce the little names of tions could be plainly seen; but about the Emperors, and I introduced them into four years since a party of idle persons my dictionary merely that young people visited it, and, after several hours' labour, might know what those names were, and succeeded in moving it from its balance not be liable to use them by mistake. I by levers. There are other rocking stones have, however, acknowledged my error, in Putnam County, New York; in An- by reprinting my dictionary and omitting dover, New Hampshire; and in Ashburn- what was amiss. When asked how he ham, Massachusetts. The two last may had dared to assert that he was descended be easily moved several inches by the from the Whang-tee, he said, “It was a hand.

vanity that came into my head. I wanted SOUTH AMERICA.

to make people believe that I was someRecent accounts from Columbia state, body.'-According to the laws of the emthat the Government, intent upon pro- pire, this crime ought to be rigorously moting knowledge among the people, have punished. The criminal, therefore, shall enacted that newpapers and periodical be cut in pieces, his goods confiscated, and works, national as well as foreign, what- his children and relatives above the age of ever may be their number, shall pass free sixteen years put to death. His wives, of charge through the post-offices ; and his concubines, and his children under that national pamphlets and other printed sixteen, shall be exiled, and given as slaves papers, not exceeding four ounces, shall to some grandee of the empire." - The enjoy the same exemption. The govern- Sovereign was, however, graciously pleased ments of the Western hemisphere, from to mitigate the severity of this sentence, the United States of America to Hayti and in an edict to the following effect :-“I Columbia, are widely recognising the duty favour Whang-see-Heou in regard to the and policy of training up a well-educated nature of his punishment. He shall not and well-informed people. Let us hope, be cut in pieces, and shall only have his that, if any of the nations of the old world head cut off. I forgive his relatives. As to his sons, let them be reserved for the pated convicts.—The emancipated congreat execution in autumn. Let the sen. victs are 7,556 in number; their children tence be executed in its other points: amount to 5,859. Of cultivated land they such is my pleasure."

possess 29,000 acres; of land yet unculti

vated 212,000 acres ; they occupy 1,200 NEW SOUTH WALES. houses in town, and double that number The rapid increase of the colony of in the country; they have 174,000 sheep, New South Wales may be ascertained from 415 horses, and of other cattle 48,800 ; the following statements of a petition, they have 215 colonial ships in constant lately presented to the House of Commons employment; and have netted in trade a by Sir J. Mackintosh, from the emanci- capital of 150,0001.


Substance of the Debate in the House Five Lectures on the Gospel of St. John, of Commons, on the 15th May 1823, on as bearing Testimony to the Divinity of a Motion for the Mitigation and gradual our Saviour; by C. J. Blomfield, D.D., Abolition of Slavery throughout the BriArchdeacon of Colchester. 12mo. 2s. tish Dominions : with a Preface and Ap

The Psalms of David, translated into pendixes, containing Facts and Reasonings divers and sundry Kindes of Verse; by Sir illustrative of Colonial Bondage. 8vo. Philip Sidney, Knt., and the Countess of 58. sewed. Pembroke, his Sister. Now first printed Memoirs of the Marchioness De Bonfrom a copy of the original MS. tran- champs; edited by the Countess of Genlis. scribed by John Davies, of Hereford, in 12mo. 5s. the Reigh of James the First : with two Memoir of John Aikin, M.D., with a portraits. 12mo. 12s. boards.

Selection of his Pieces; by Lucy Aikin. Part. I. of Scientia Biblica. Being a 2 vols. 8vo. 11. 4s. boards.' copious collection of Parallel Passages, Description of an Electrical Telegraph; printed in words at length, for the illustra- by F. Ronalds. 8vo. 6s. boards. tion of the New Testament. 3s.

The Works of Canova, engraved in Letters on the State of Christianity in Outline by H. Moses, with Descriptions India; by the Abbé J. A. Dubois, late from the Italian of the Countess Albrizzi: Missionary in Mysore. Small 8vo. 7s. published in parts monthly. Imperial 8vo. MISCELLANEOUS

4s. ; 4to. 6s. A Memoir of Central India, including, Architecture and Sculpture of the CaMalwa and adjoining Provinces; with an thedral of Worcester, 12 plates; with an original Map, Tables, and Index; by Account of the Fabric. Major-Gen. Sir John Malcolm. 2 vols. The Stratification of Alluvial Deposits; 8vo. Il. 12s, boards.

by H. R. Oswald. Is. 6d. sewed." Correspondence on Prison Labour and 'A Glossary, or Collection of Words, Tread Mills ; by Sir J.C. Hippesley, Bart Phrases, Names, Proverbs, &c.; by Arch. Svo.

Nares. 21. 15s. boards. Arch's Catalogue of Miscellaneous No. I. of the Mechanic's Magazine. 8vo. Books. 8vo. 2s.

3d. Published weekly, Hay's Catalogue of Greek and Latin - The Wonders of Nature and Art; by Classics. 2s.

the Rev. W. Hutton, M.A. 12mo. 4s. Sketches of the Lives of Correggio and The Village Schoolmaster : a Poem; Parmegiano. Small 8vo. 10s. 6d. boards. by L. Raymond. 12mo. ls.

A Greek and English Lexicon, by John Poetical Memoirs; by J. Bird, 8vo. Jones, LL.D. 8vo. 11. 10s.

6s. 6d.


BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE institution, and kindred institutions SOCIETY.

thronghout the world. The Nineteenth Report of the Society, The Committee advert, in the first lately published, coutains, among a instance, to the Protestant Bible Socondensed mass of interesting facts, the ciety, at Paris, and its anxiliaries in following, wbich we extract rather as other parts of France. At the last a general specimen than as a regular anniversary of this institution, a Vicesyllabus of the proceedings of this vast Admiral of France, who is one of

the vice-presidents of the society, received very encouraging accounts. The marked, in allusion to this country: central society at Amsterdam has now “ The union of two nations so long nearly sixty auxiliaries; and 5,896 separated by war, but who join at pre- Bibles and 4,339 New Testaments were sent in furtherance of pious and bene. issued during the last year from the volent institutions, exhibits to the world depository of the society. Among its one of the most beautiful of spectacles, auxiliaries, the “ Mercbant-Seamen's and proves that it is not in the power of Society” has been distinguished by its man to break those bonds which render activity. Many striking proofs of the the body of Christians but one family. salutary effect produced among the After a long and active career, during sailors by the diligeut and faithful nse which my duty frequently imposed upon of the Bible, have been recorded. The me the necessity of fighting the English, Catholic versions of the New Testament I am happy at length to fulfil the duties of De Sacy and Maurentorf, in tbe of a Christian, and to unite my exer- French and Flemish languages, have tions to theirs for the good of all men, obtained a wide circulation in Ghent, by disseminating on earth the know. Ostend, and in other places. The transledge of the Divine word.”—The cen. lation into the Javanese language had tral society at Paris is rapidly exhaust. been carried on by the Rev. M. Brück. ing, by the distribution of the Scrip. ner, as far as St. Paul's Epistle to the tures in its own immediate sphere, and Colossians, and the four "Gospels bad supplies to auxiliary societies, those been revised for the press. Tlie Malay large editions with which its depository Bible, in the Arabic character, is nearly has been stocked. It has undertaken a completed. Every opportunity for constereotype edition of Osterwald's Bible. veying the New Testament of this verOf Martin's Bible 36,000 copies have sion to the coasts of Sumatra, and other been provided ; and stereotype plates parts, has been embraced, and the disof a large edition conipleted. The so- tribution of the New Testament had ex. ciety is now supported by thirty-six cited a great desire for the whole Bible. auxiliaries, one consistorial society, The numerous Bible Societies in twenty-eight branch societies, and the different cantons of Switzerland, forty-nine associations. The parent labour with zeal to supply the want society has begun to publish monthly of the Scriptures among the natives extracts of its correspondence.

of their country, whether speaking the The Report before us next mentions French, Germau, or Italian language. the results of the endeavours of the The Bâsle Society has continued its exBritish and Foreign Bible Society to tensive distribution of the Scriptures in satisfy the desire for the Scriptures these languages. The Aargovian Soamong the Roman Catholics in France, ciety has a small ladies' association at among whom it is stated that the Aarau, which proceeds with silent but demand for the Scriptures is great beneficial effeci in collecting contribuUpwards of 12,000 Bibles and l'esta. tions, and distributing Bibles and Tesments, of the French Catholic version, taments.—The Zurich Society has cirhave been circulated during the year, culated, during the ten years which and an additional donation of 5,000 have elapsed sipce its formation, Dearly New Testaments has been recently 6,000 Bibles and Testaments. The made to the Society for Mutual In. venerable Antistes Hess still takes an struction.

active part in its concerns, with a zeal The Baron Silvestre de Sacy has un- unsubdued by age and increasing infir. dertaken to edit the Carshun and Syriac mities. “ If we take a retrospective New Testaments. The Turkish New glance," (he observes), “ how much Testament has been revised by Pro. have we seen that we are happy to have fessor Kieffer, and the printing of the outlived ; and again, how much have we Bible in the same language advances. experieuced which it has afforded as The foor Gospels have been translated joy to have witnessed; for instance, this into the modern Armenian language, blessed promulgation of the word of from the ancient Armenian text. The God. What glorious things do we antiCommittee look forward to the most cipate by the eye of faith, as about to valuable assistance in the execution of develop theniselves when we are no their Oriental translations from the longer on earth! For my part, I conformation of " the Paris Asiatic So sider myself bappy in being able to ciety for the Encouragement of Oriental devote the remuant of my days to that Literature," under the presidency of study which has been my favourite em. the Baron de Sacy. The French Go ployment for sixty years past. As I vernment bave indulgently remitted the entered the list of authors with the duties upon copies of the Scriptures Lite of Jesus, so now I leave it with imported into France.

the same inexhaustible theme of mediFrom the Bible Society of the United tation and reflection, of faith and hope." Netherlands, the Committee have re. -The St. Gall Society, during the eight years of its existence, bas circulated Very satisfactory details have been upwards of 21,000 copies of the Scrip. received from the Bible Societies esta. tures, both among the Protestants and blished in different parts of Germany. Roman Catholics in its immediate The Wuertemberg Society had issued spbere.-The small society established 5528 Bibles, and 2620 Testainents, in the Toggenburg district has been during the year, making the total very active. “Experience has taught amount of its issues, for domestic purus," says the secretary), “ that ihe poses only, 63,994. At the bead of the actual want of the Scriptures will never donations to the society appears a be fully ascertained in any quarter, till recent grant of 500 forins from its a Bible Society has been formed for royal patron, the King. Among various the particular purpose of investigating begnests, there is one of 1500 forins it." "Toggenburg was the birth-place fronia Roman Catholic lady.-The Bible of Zuinglius; and the following extract Society of the grand duchy of Baden from a letter addressed by that eminent has adopted active measures to ascerreformer to the magistrates and clergy tain the want of the Scriptures in of his native district, was read, with Carlsruhe, and in the surrounding ter. considerable effect, at the first anniver- ritories. Returns of the estimated desary of the Society, held on the 3d Oc. ficiency from thirty-three districts make tober 1822. “ It is God's will that we it exceed ten thousand copies, a number should attend to his word alone, and live still supposed to fall far short of the in conformity thereonto ; maintain it, real amount.The Hesse Darmstadt therefore, in its purity; and see, in the Society has issnied 3000 Bibles and Tesfirst place, that it be presented faith. taments; yet the demand for the word fully, and without human additions ; of God continues great from every and secondly, attend unto it, by doing quarter. The reports from various other what it commands.—The Bible Society societies are similar. The Frankfort of the Grisons at Coire has supplied Society has distributed, in its seventh with the entire Bible the Protestant year, nearly 9000 Bibles and Testaments. Italian congregations in the mountains, Catholic pilgrims, travelling journey. The new edition of Diodati's Bible was men, and tradesmen, of all conimupions, welcomed with joy by the Italian inha. are spoken of as earnest in their desire bitants of the canion.—The Bern Bible of possessing the sacred Scriptures.-A Society has received from an unknown magistrate of the city of Bayreuth, M. friend' a donation of 1,000 francs, a Leers, and the Rev. Dean Piaum, bave sum which has enabled it to strike printed by subscription two large cheap off 2000 copies of the Psalıns, for the editions of Luther's German Testause of schools.--The Lausanne Bible ment, of which 600 were distributed Society has, during the year, disposed gratis to the poor. The British and Foof 5000 copies of its quarto edition of reigo Bible Society seconded the benevothe Bible. Previously to this season- lent efforts of these individuals, by a able supply, the Committee of the Lau- grant of 1000 New Testaments, and an saune Sociely had received most affect offer to assist them in the publication ing statements respecting the want of of a third edition of the New Testa. the Scriptures in the canton, and con- ment, which they gladly accepted, siderable contributions towards reliev. and began printing 7000 copies. -The ing it, from nearly forty parishes; in Saxon Bible Society were prioting a one of which the minister had discover second edition of the Wendish Bible. ed, during an investigation which occu. Great eagerness for this work prevails pied six days, the want of 120 Bibles.- among the people. The Herrplat The Sixth Report of the Geneva Society Branch of the Saxon Bible Society exbibits the gratifying statement, that has circulated during the past year the distribution of Bibles and 'L'esta 10,375 New Testaments, of Gosner's ments by that institution during the last and Van Ess's versions, and 1710 Bibles year, has been greater than in any pre. in the German and Bohemian lanceding one, and has increased the total guages, with a number of copies of the amount of its issues, since its formation, New Testament of Luther's version. to nearly 5,000 copies. Among the poor, -The Society of Eisenach has ex. the zeal for contributing to its funds is tended its relief to neighbouring disrepresented as being so great, that it tricts. Her bighuess the Dowager has occasionally required restraint; and Duchess of Saxe Meioengen bas ex. the income of the Auxiliary Committee pressed her desire of distributing copies for the labouring classes was doubled with her own band. A minister thus in the last year. The Geneva Society expresses his gratitude on receiving a has extended its aid to various societies supply of the Scriptures: “ What real in France, and to the Waldeuses in delight bave you afforded to myself, as Piedmout.-At Neufehâtel parochial well as to the poor children, by the committees have been instituted, for beautiful Bibles you sent us! Of the supplying the parishes in the vicinity. sixty-four young persons preparing for CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 261.

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