Principles of Polymer Chemistry

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Cornell University Press, 1953 - 672 Seiten
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Inhalt

Preface
3
CHAPTER II
29
Classification of Polymers
37
Addition Polymers from Unsaturated Monomers
51
Polymerization of Cyclic Compounds
57
Inorganic Polymers
63
CHAPTER III
69
37
105
Summary
392
CHAPTER X
399
Calculation of Average Dimensions for Various Polymer Chain
414
Configuration of Polymer Molecules in Dilute Solution
423
CHAPTER XI
432
The Structure of Vulcanized Rubber
454
The Statistical Theory of Rubber Elasticity
464
Experimental StressStrain Behavior of Vulcanized Rubbers
470

CHAPTER IV
106
1b Dependence of Initial Rates on the Concentrations of Initi
115
Absolute Values of the Rate Constants for Individual Steps
149
61
158
Inhibition and Retardation of Polymerization
161
63
169
References
174
The Composition of Addition Copolymers
178
The Rate of Addition Copolymerizatio
199
Ionic Polymerization
217
115
226
References
228
Structure and Arrangement of Units in Polymers from Dienes
238
Steric Hindrance in Polymer Chains
246
Nonlinearity in the MacroStructure of Vinyl Polymers
256
Summary
262
Osmotic Methods
269
Determination of Molecular Weights and Polymer Dimensions
283
Determination of Molecular Weights with the Ultracentrifuge
303
of Molecular Heterogeneity
311
CHAPTER VIII
317
Addition Polymers
334
References
346
MOLECULAR WEIGHT DISTRIBUTIONS IN NONLINEAR
347
Molecular Distributions in Polyfunctional Condensations
361
Molecular Distributions in CrossLinked Systems
378
Branching and CrossLinking in Vinyl Addition Polymers
384
The StressStrain Curve at High Elongations
482
117
494
STATISTICAL THERMODYNAMICS
495
Dilute Polymer Solutions
519
2c Thermodynamic Relations for Dilute Polymer Solutions
530
Appendix Integration of the Interaction Free Energy for a Pair
539
122
547
124
556
Phase Equilibria in Semicrystalline Systems
563
129
566
132
572
Swelling of Network Structures
576
136
585
e Phase Diagram
590
CONFIGURATIONAL AND FRICTIONAL PROPERTIES
595
138
602
Intrinsic Wiscosities of Non
611
141
613
145
621
Frictional Coefficients
626
146
635
GLoss ARY of PRINCIPAL SYMBoLs
640
148
653
electrolyte Geis
656
155
663
520
666
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Über den Autor (1953)

Born in Illinois, Paul Flory received his Ph.D. from Ohio State University. Throughout his career, he has divided his energies between the university and industry. Since beginning his professional career in 1934, he has worked in chemical research at E.I. DuPont, the Standard Oil Company, the Goodyear Tire Company, and the Mellon Institute. In addition, he has served as chair of chemistry at Cornell University and at Stanford University. In the 1930s, Flory was one of the people who began working on the properties of polymers, chemical compounds of high molecular weight consisting of a number of smaller structural units linked together. He contributed many insights into polymerization mechanics, including using statistical methods to determine ways of expressing the distribution of chain lengths of polymer molecules. Flory also developed a theory of nonlinear polymers, which involved cross-linkages between molecular chains. One important innovation of Flory's was the concept of "Flory temperature", a temperature for a given solution at which meaningful measurements can be made of the properties of polymers. For his work in the physical chemistry of the macromolecules [polymers], he was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1974.

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