The Correspondence between Peter the Venerable and Bernard of Clairvaux: A Semantic and Structural Analysis
Routledge, 02.03.2017 - 320 Seiten
Starting from the premise of the letter as literary artefact, with a potential for ambiguity, irony and textual allusion, this innovative analysis of the correspondence between the Cluniac abbot, Peter the Venerable, and the future saint, Bernard of Clairvaux, challenges the traditional use of these letters as a source for historical and (auto)biographical reconstruction. Applying techniques drawn from modern theories of epistolarity and contemporary literary criticism to letters treated as whole constructs, Knight demonstrates the presence of a range of manipulative strategies and argues for the consequent production of a significant degree of fictionalisation. She traces the emergence of an epistolarly sequence which forms a kind of extended narrative, drawing its authority from Augustine and Jerome, and rooted in classical rhetoric. The work raises important implications both for the study of relations between Cluniacs and Cistercians in the first half of the 12th century and for the approach to letter-writing as a whole.
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abbot Abelard allusion amicitia Apologia appears Augustine autem Bernard of Clairvaux Bernard's ep Bernard's letter biblical Bredero brother caritas caritatis causa Chapter charity Christ Church Cistercians citation Cîteaux claim Cluniac Cluny Constable context correspondence Crusade CSEL Domini ecclesiae eius election enim Epistola epistolary ergo etiam Eugenius follows friendship Gigny haec heart hint holy ibid idem illis ipse Jerome John of Salisbury Langres Leclercq letter 28 letter 65 Lord Medieval meum mihi monastic monks Nicholas nobis notion nunc omnia ordinis papal papal schism Patrologia Latina Peter of Poitiers Peter the Venerable Peter's letter Pierre le Vénérable presented quae quam quia quid quod quoniam Regula relations reply rhetorical Rome Saint Bernard salvation Second Crusade seemingly seems seen sibi sicut spiritual subsequently suggests sunt tamen tibi tithes tuae Turnhout vero vestra VIII vobis words written