Historical Dictionary of Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan is in some ways a very old nation dating back to the Kazakh Khanate of 1458, but it dramatically transformed within the Russian Empire and even more so during the period when it was part of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Since 1991 it has been independent and has had to forge its own policy in all fields. Kazakhstan is in an enviable position in terms of exportable natural resources, but at the same time it is faced with many domestic problems, such as an inadequate infrastructure. Along with solving a multitude of social problems, Kazakhstan has had to simultaneously create a normal functioning state, which added to its political difficulties. The situation at present is a state run by a strong ruler, which solves some problems but creates others.
The Historical Dictionary of Kazakhstan covers the history of Kazakhstan through a chronology, an introductory essay, appendixes, and a bibliography. The dictionary section has over 400 cross-referenced entries on important personalities, politics, economy, foreign relations, religion, and culture. This book is an excellent access point for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about Kazakhstan.
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Appendix 1 Khans of the Kazakh Khanate
Appendix 2 Communist Party First Secretaries
Appendix 3 President of the Republic of Kazakhstan
About the Authors
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19th century Abulkhair Abulkhair Khan Abylai Khan Alash Orda Alma-Ata Almaty aqyns areas Asian Astana Autonomous Soviet Socialist batyrs became began Bolsheviks border cattle Central Asia China Chinese Communist Party conﬂicts Cossacks country’s cultural December Dzhungars economic elections ethnic groups ﬁrst ﬁve foreign Genghis Germans guberniya Horde included independence inﬂuence Institute Islam Jadids Juzes Kalmyks Karluks Kazakh Khanate Kazakh lands Kazakh language Kazakh Soviet Socialist Kazakh steppe kilometers KSSR kuis Kyrgyz Kyrgyzstan leader Middle Juz migration military minister Minor Juz Mongol Moscow movement Muslim Nazarbayev nomadic nuclear Nuraly Nursultan Nazarbayev oblast ofﬁce ofﬁcial Orenburg Organization People’s percent political party population reforms region Republic of Kazakhstan River rulers Russian authorities Russian Empire Semipalatinsk Semirechie social society Soviet regime Soviet Socialist Republic status sultans Tashkent Tatars territory tion traditional tribal tribes tsarist Turkestan Turkic uezd Uigur Union of Soviet USSR Uzbek Uzbekistan