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statement that they had examined the accounts of the Treasurer for the period Dec. 22, 1935 to Dec. 19, 1936, and found them correct; whereupon on motion the report of the Treasurer was adopted.

On behalf of the Executive Committee, the Secretary presented the following report:

During the year the Executive Committee, acting by correspondence, fixed the time and place of the present meeting, elected to membership several lists of nominees published in LANGUAGE as elected in 1936, and arranged the program of the present meeting.

The Vice-President, acting during the President's illness, appointed Professor G. M. Bolling to succeed himself on the Standing Committee on Research, for a term of three years, ending February 1, 1939. The President appointed Prof. J. Whatmough and Professor W. F. Twaddell as Delegates of the Society at the Fourth International Congress of Linguists, held at Copenhagen August 26 to September 1, 1936.

The Executive Committee, with the Committee on Publications, met on Sunday, December 27, at 7.30 P.M., in Parlor L of the Hotel Morrison. Present, President Flom, presiding, and Messrs. Bolling, Hanley, Kent, Sapir, Twaddell; also, by invitation, Mr. Buck, Miss Haessler, Miss Hahn, Messrs. Lane, Petersen, Shumway, Sperber, Sturtevant.

The reports of the Secretary, of the Treasurer, of the Editor, of the Committee on the Linguistic Institute, of the Standing Committee on Research, of the Delegates to the American Council of Learned Societies, of the Committee on Bibliography of Linguistic Studies published by American scholars, and of the Delegates to the Fourth International Congress of Linguists were informally presented and their contents considered.

The Executive Committee recommends that the present Committee on the Linguistic Institute be continued in connection with a Linguistic Institute of the University of Michigan and the Linguistic Society of America in the summer of 1937; that a sum not exceeding $170.00, of the current funds of the Linguistic Institute, be placed at the disposal of the Committee to pay the expense of bringing lecturers to Ann Arbor to give public lectures on linguistic topics; and that the Executive Committee be empowered to arrange for a session of the Linguistic Institute in the summer of 1938, provided the Society assume no financial responsibility.

The Executive Committee recommends that in view of the attitude expressed by members of the Society, the Committee on a Bibliography of Linguistic Studies published by American scholars be discharged, with the thanks of the Society for its investigation.

Additional nominees for membership in the Society were elected.

For the Committee on the Present Status of College and University Courses announced under the name of Phonetics, Prof. M. L. Hanley as Chairman (with R. H. Stetson, J. S. Kenyon) reported the collection of materials which must be digested and condensed into a formal report, and asked that the Committee be continued for one year. The Executive Committee recommends that the Society grant this request.

Professor Edward Sapir spoke of the proposed formation of a Society for American Indian Linguistics. The Executive Committee recommends that a meeting of Americanists and others interested in the project be held at the conclusion of the afternoon session of the Society, on Monday, December 28.

Professor Edward Sapir spoke also of the proposition to form an American society which should be one of a group of societies loosely affiliated with other national societies, to form the International Association for Phonology (Phonemics). The Executive Committee instructed the Secretary to correspond with Prof. Dr. R. Jakobson, Secretary of the proposed International Association, with regard to arranging a plan of affiliation between members of the Linguistic Society and the International Association for Phonology (Phonemics).

The Executive Committee recommends that the Editor be authorized to present to the Library of the Ohio State University any volumes and pamphlets received by exchange or otherwise, at his discretion, provided the Library agree to catalogue them and make them accessible to readers.

The Committee considered the roll of Honorary Members, and noted that of the twenty-four such members in 1936 three (H. Hirt, A. Meillet, W. MeyerLübke) had died during the year; that the maximum number of Honorary Members is fixed at twenty-five; and that the maximum number which can be elected in any one year is three. The Committee considered a number of nominees, and recommends that the following be elected:

Prof. Dr. J. Jud, Zurich.

Prof. Dr. B. Karlgren, Göteborg.

Prof. Dr. N. Trubetzkoy, Vienna.

The Executive Committee noted that the term of Professor Eduard Prokosch as Delegate to the American Council of Learned Societies expires on December 31, 1936, and hereby appoints him to a further term of four years as Delegate of the Society.

The Secretary reported that Dr. Maria Wilkins Smith, who prepared the INDEX TO LANGUAGE I-V (1931) and the INDEX TO LANGUAGE VI-X (1935) had asked to be relieved of further work along these lines; and that Professor G. S. Lane had consented to prepare the INDEX TO LANGUAGE XI-XV. The Executive Committee asks that the Society put on record its appreciation of the painstaking labors of Dr. Smith.

The Secretary further reported that Mrs. Eleanor Fleet, who had served faithfully as his clerk in the work of the Society since January 1929, had on September 1, 1936, asked to be relieved of this position (since then filled by her sister Miss Pearl Segal). He wished to place on record his own appreciation of the help which she has throughout these years given in the management of the Society's business, and his regret that she has withdrawn from the work. The Executive Committee recommends that the Society pass a similar expression of thanks and regret.

A number of other matters were discussed by the Committee, but they seemed to require no formal action at this time.

The report was ordered to be received and filed. The Society, on motions properly seconded, elected to Honorary Membership the three nominees of the Executive Committee, and adopted the recommenda

tions concerning the Committee on Courses in Phonetics, the calling of a meeting of Americanists, the disposal of publications received by exchange or otherwise, the expression of the Society's gratitude to Miss Smith and to Mrs. Fleet; it left action on recommendations pertaining to the Linguistic Institute and the Committee on Linguistic Bibliography to a later part of the session. The Society also expressed its approval of other actions of the Executive Committee which did not require formal adoption.

Prof. G. M. Bolling, Editor of the Publications of the Society and Chairman of the Committee on Publications, presented the following report, which was ordered to be received and filed:

For the Committee on Publications I have the honor to report that the Society has issued the following Regular Publications in the year 1936: Language, Volume 12, 4 issues, 313 pages.

Language Dissertation No. 21: Oscar E. Johnson, Tense Significance as the Time of the Action, 96 pages; University of Iowa Dissertation.

Language Dissertation No. 22: Herbert W. Sugden, The Grammar of Spenser's Faerie Queene, 228 pages; Duke University Dissertation.

Bulletin No. 9: Proceedings and List of Members 1935, Constitution, Preparation of Copy, 68 pages; January-March, 1936.

The following Special Publication was issued:

Edgar H. Sturtevant, A Hittite Glossary, second edition; 192 pages; William Dwight Whitney Linguistic Series of Yale University.

The following have been accepted for publication in 1937:

Language Monograph No. 17: W. E. Collinson, Indication, edited by Alice V. Morris, about 130 pages.

Language Dissertation No. 23: Moshé Berkooz, The Nuzi Dialect of Akkadian, about 80 pages; University of Pennsylvania Dissertation.

Language Dissertation No. 24: Mark Hanna Watkins, A Grammar of Chichewa, a Bantu Language of British Central Africa, about 175 pages; University of Chicago Dissertation.

Special Publication: G. C. S. Adams and C. M. Woodard, A Census of French and Provençal Dialect Dictionaries in American Libraries; 20 pages.

Prof. E. H. Sturtevant, Associate Director of the Linguistic Institute, presented the following report for the joint Committee of the Linguistic Society and the University of Michigan (C. C. Fries, Chairman; E. H. Sturtevant, N. L. Willey, W. H. Worrell, R. G. Kent):

The session of the Linguistic Institute in the summer of 1936 was conducted as an integral part of the Summer Session of the University of Michigan. Adminis

trative details of the Institute itself were controlled by a committee appointed by the Linguistic Society of America and also by the University of Michigan. Of the twenty-seven courses offered, all but six were given by the regular staff of the University of Michigan. Three linguistic scholars were brought in from other universities. Of the 146 students, 18 held the Ph.D. degree, and a large proportion were teachers in colleges and universities.

During the session there were eight public lectures and fifteen luncheon conferences on linguistic subjects. Average attendance at the lectures was 75 and at the luncheons 50. The discussion that followed the talks was vigorous and intelligent, and not infrequently the lecturer as well as the audience profited by it. This year, as in former years, the Linguistic Institute enabled a number of graduate students to carry on their studies under more advantageous conditions than would otherwise have been possible. A number of more mature scholars took the opportunity to broaden their linguistic knowledge. Perhaps the chief value of the session is to be found in the increase and strengthening of interest in linguistic science.

On motion, properly seconded, the Society adopted the recommendations of the Executive Committee applying to the Linguistic Institute, which were contained in the report of the Executive Committee.

Prof. E. H. Sturtevant, for the Standing Committee on Research (E. H. Sturtevant, Chairman, term expiring Feb. 1, 1937; F. Edgerton, term expiring Feb. 1, 1938; G. M. Bolling, term expiring Feb. 1. 1939), presented the following report, which was ordered to be received and filed:

Your committee has considered such projects for research as have been submitted, but no recommendations have been made during 1936.

President Flom announced that inasmuch as the term of Professor Sturtevant on the committee on Research expires on February 1, 1937, he hereby appointed him to a further term of three years.

Prof. E. H. Sturtevant, for the Delegates to the American Council of Learned Societies (E. H. Sturtevant, E. Prokosch), presented the following report, which was ordered to be received and filed:

The annual meeting of the American Council of Learned Societies was held in Washington, January 31 and February 1, 1936. Both Delegates and the Secretary of the LINGUISTIC SOCIETY were present. The most prominent topic under consideration was the very great reduction in the resources of the Council, which made it necessary to refuse immediate consideration of any new projects of research whatever.

It was found possible, however, to continue support of the Linguistic Atlas of the United States and Canada during the year 1936. With the recent comple

tion of the Dictionary of American Biography, this becomes the leading project of the Council; every effort will be made to carry the work forward.

Of the other projects recently aided by the Council, those in which the LINGUISTIC SOCIETY is particularly interested have all been taken over by other agencies. The Dictionary of American English and the Middle English Dictionary are in process of publication. The first part of the Descriptive Grammar of English is nearing completion. Support for the study of non-Aryan languages of India has been provided up to June, 1938.

The Council is still able to secure support for selected projects of research, and it has a fund for assisting publication. If authors desire the backing of the LINGUISTIC SOCIETY in applying for aid of either kind, they should submit their plans or their manuscripts to the Committee on Research.

On behalf of the Special Committee on a Linguistic Bibliography of American Scholars and Scholars resident in the United States and Canada (the Editor, the Secretary, Dr. George Nordmeyer), the Secretary presented the following report, which was ordered to be received and filed:

The initial investigations conducted by Dr. Nordmeyer in regard to the procedure to be followed in the establishment of an annual bibliography as proposed at the December meeting consisted mainly in gathering opinions on the plan itself and its proposed organization, from a number of members of the Society.

The answers showed that about 40 per cent of those asked were definitely and unrestrictedly in favor of the idea. The remaining 60 percent, however, voiced grave doubts as to the practicability of such an undertaking.

Most frequently mentioned was the danger of unnecessary duplication and ensuing waste of labor and money, quite apart from technical details such as where to draw inclusive or exclusive lines on related subject matter, a descriptive or critical presentation of bibliographical items, a desirable form of publication. The main underlying criticism was that such a bibliography should not be set up on a national basis, however broad.

Since it is evident that an establishment of such a bibliography is not felt as being necessary by a large number of members, the Committee cannot report any definite proposals for action by the Society. Since, however, a considerable number of members think it desirable for the LINGUISTIC SOCIETY to consider seriously the establishment of a bibliography, the Committee should, in Dr. Nordmeyer's opinion, bring the whole matter once more to the attention of the Society with this report. He feels sure that in due course of time constructive suggestions will come forth from various members, and the proposal might be considered to have the Committee on Publications assume the functions of the present committee.

On motion, the Society adopted the recommendation of the Executive Society, that the Committee be discharged, with the thanks of the Society for its investigation.

Professor W. F. Twaddell, for the Delegates to the Fourth International Congress of Linguists (J. Whatmough, W. F. Twaddell), held

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