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*Brythonic. Mr. Dunn.-A comparative study of Middle Welsh, Middle Cornish, and Middle Breton, with readings from early Welsh. Text-books: J. Strachan, An Introduction to Early Welsh, Manchester (1909); L. Mühlausen, Die Vier Zweige des Mabinogi, Halle (1925).
Gothic, together with the Elements of Comparative Germanic Grammar. Mr. Collitz.-Gothic has justly been called the entrance gate to the study of Germanic philology. It is not only the most archaic Old Germanic dialect (the translation of the Bible into Gothic antedating the beginnings of a written literature in the cognate dialects by several centuries), but also the most conservative. Hence it may serve in many respects as a substitute for the lost common ancestor of the Germanic group. Its study, moreover, will offer fewer difficulties to the beginner than, e.g., that of Anglo-Saxon or of Old High German. An acquaintance with Latin is required for the course; a knowledge of Greek and German very desirable, but not required. Textbook: W. Braune, Gotische Grammatik, mit Lesestücken und Wortverzeichnis, 10th ed., Halle (1928), or the English translation: Braune's Gothic Grammar, translated by Gerhard Balg, Milwaukee (1895). The latter may be procured from Roland H. Balg, Mayville, Wisconsin.
Old Norse. Mr. Sehrt.-An introductory course. A study of the main features of Old Norse grammar (phonology, morphology, and syntax). Selected passages of prose and poetry will be read with a view to acquainting the student with the methods employed in dealing with the literary monuments of a particular Germanic dialect. Text-books: E. V. Gordon, An Introduction to Old Norse, Oxford (1927); A. Heusler, Altisländisches Elementarbuch, Heidelberg (1913).
Old Saxon. Mr. Sehrt. This dialect is the connecting link between Anglo-Frisian and Old High German, and is therefore of interest to students of the English and German languages. Text-books: F. Holthausen, Altsächsisches Elementarbuch, 2nd ed., Heidelberg (1921); O. Behaghel, Heliand und Genesis, 3d ed., Halle (1922).
Middle High German. Mr. Roedder. Special attention will be paid to the problem of dialects and the formation of a literary koine. Text-book: Viktor Michel, Mittelhochdeutsches Elementarbuch,, Heidelberg.
*History of the German Language. Mr. Roedder.-An introductory course, designed to acquaint the student with the problems of the phonological, morphological, semasiological, and syntactical development of the language from the beginning down to our own day. Text-books: Hans Sperber, Geschichte der Deutschen Sprache (in Sammlung Göschen,
No. 915), Leipzig (1926); Alfred Schirmer, Deutsche Worktunde (in Sammlung Göschen, No. 929), Leipzig.
German Morphology. Mr. Prokosch.-A historical and comparative study of the inflections and word structure of standard High German. Knowledge of Latin is indispensable, and some acquaintance with Gothic or Old English is highly desirable. Text-books: either Wright, Historical German Grammer, London and New York (1908); or Prokosch, Outline of German Historical Grammar, Richmond, Va. (in press); or Behaghel, Geschichte der Deutschen Sprache (in Paul, Grundriss der Germanischen Philologie), 3d ed., Berlin (1911).
*Old English. Mr. Orbeck.-A study of the phonology and morphology of Old English, based on a reading of prose texts, with some reference to Germanic antecedents and subsequent developments. Textbook: G. T. Flom, Old English Grammar and Reader, Boston (1930).
History of the English Language. Mr. Alexander.-A survey of the main developments in English phonology, morphology, vocabulary, and syntax from the Old English period to the present day. Text-book: H. C. Wyld, The Historical Study of the Mother Tongue, London (1918). *Modern British and American Pronunciation. Mr. Alexander.— Outlines of phonetic theory. A phonetic analysis of 'Standard' English and a comparison with other general types of British and American pronunciation, based as far as possible on the speech of the group taking this course. Text-books: G. P. Krapp, The Pronunciation of Standard English in America, New York (1919); D. Jones, The Pronunciation of English, Cambridge (1924).
History of American Pronunciation. Mr. Orbeck.-A study of the development of standard pronunciation in America and of dialectal variations in American pronunciation. The English sources of American speech. Text-books: J. S. Kenyon, American Pronunciation, Ann Arbor (1924); G. P. Krapp, The English Language in America, New York (1925).
Church Slavonic (or Old Bulgarian). Mr. Senn.-An introduction to the comparative grammar of the Slavic languages, in their relation to the other members of the Indo-European group. Text-book: A. Leskien, Handbuch der Altbulgarischen (Altkirchenslavischen) Sprache, 6th ed., Heidelberg (1922).
Comparative Grammar of the Baltic Languages. Mr. Senn.-A comparative study of Lithuanian, Latvian, Kuronian, and Old Prussian phonology and morphology, as an essential aspect of Indo-European
grammar. Introduction to Lithuanian, Latvian, and Prussian dialects. Analysis of Lithuanian and Latvian dialectal texts. A knowledge of Lithuanian will be very helpful; it can be acquired by the use of O. Wiedemann, Handbuch der Litauischen Sprache, Strassburg (1897), or of A. Senn, Litauische Sprachlehre, Heidelberg (1929). Another textbook: J. Endzelin, Lettisches Lesebuch, Heidelberg (1922).
Mr. Sturtevant.-About two hours a week will be devoted to the reading and interpretation of texts, and the other three hours will be occupied by lectures on the comparative grammar of Hittite and the Indo-European languages. The lectures can be followed by experienced Indo-Europeanists apart from the reading. Text-books for the reading: A. Götze, Hattusilis, der Bericht über seine Thronbesteigung nebst den Paralleltexten (in Mitteilungen der Vorderasiatisch-Aegyptischen Gesellschaft, 29.3), Leipzig (1925); A. Gotze, Neue Bruchstücke zum grossen Text des Hattusilis und den Paralleltexten (ibidem 34.2), Leipzig (1930); F. Hrozný, Code Hittite Provenant de l'Asie Mineure, 1re Partie, Paris (1922).
Comparative Grammar of the Semitic Languages. Mr. Blake.—This course, after an introduction giving a general account of the various members of the Semitic family of speech, of the elements of phonetics, and of change in language, will comprise a comparative discussion of the most important phonetic laws, the most important forms, and the most important constructions of the Semitic languages, followed by the intensive study of some special topic of Comparative Semitic Grammar. Special stress will be laid on the acquisition by the student of the ability to reach independent conclusions on the basis of the linguistic material presented. The course is intended not only for students of Semitics, but also for Indo-Europeanists or others without knowledge of any Semitic language. No text-book is absolutely essential, but it is recommended that all students have Brockelmann, Grundriss der Vergleichenden Grammatik der Semitischen Sprachen, 2 vols., Berlin (1908-1913).
*Hebrew. Mr. Blake. This course will comprise a systematic study of the main features of Hebrew grammar (script, diacritical marks, phonology, morphology, and syntax), accompanied by grammatical explanations (descriptive and historical) based on Hebrew texts, and supplemented by the systematic study of vocabulary and idiom. The main differences between Biblical and Post-Biblical or Mishnic Hebrew will also be indicated. Students will be trained in independent handling of grammatical and linguistic material. Text-books: (1) Gesenius
Kautzsch, Hebräische Grammatik, 28th ed., Leipzig (1909), or earlier edition, English or German; (2) either Gesenius-Buhl, Handwörterbuch über das Alte Testament, 17th ed., Leipzig (1921), or earlier edition; or Brown-Driver-Briggs, A Hebrew and English Lexicon of the Old Testament, Oxford (1906); (3) any Hebrew text of Genesis.
Systematic Tabulation of Indo-European ith special reference to their etymology and semasiology. About 52 pages. To appear in 1931.
All prices net, postpaid; except that members of the Society