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The Linguistic Society of America held its Fifth Special Summer Meeting at Chapel Hill and Durham, N. C., on Friday and Saturday, July 10-11, 1942, in conjunction with the session of the Linguistic Institute on the campus of the University of North Carolina. Duke University was host to the Society on Friday evening at an informal dinner, after which the evening session was held on the Duke campus.

Many of the members attending the meeting accepted the invitation to arrive somewhat in advance of the sessions, or to stay over after their conclusion, in order to attend classes and see the Linguistic Institute in operation, as well as to attend the lectures and conferences on linguistic subjects which had been arranged for the days immediately before and after the meeting.

The Local Committee in charge of arrangements consisted of Messrs. R. W. Linker, chairman; U. T. Holmes Jr., Hans Kurath, J. J. Lund, and J. M. Cowan. The following members and members-elect registered for the meeting: P. F. Baum, R. A. Caldwell, R. T. Clark Jr., J. M. Cowan, M. Dillon, F. Edgerton, E. E. Ericson, C. I. Fritsch, Miss E. E. Fritsch, J. W. Frey, Miss A. F. Gamper, Miss R. H. Gardner, W. J. Gedney, A. Goetze, S. N. Hagen, Miss E. A. Hahn, R. A. Hall Jr., K. R. Hayes, H. M. Hoenigswald, H. Hoijer, U. T. Holmes Jr., R. Jente, G. A. Kennedy, R. G. Kent, Miss A. E. Kober, H. Kurath, G. S. Lane, Mrs. D. D. Lawson, W. P. Lehmann, R. W. Linker, J. J. Lund, Miss M. Munch, H. Penzl, A. H. Schutz, T. A. Sebeok, A. Senn, R. Shafer, E. H. Sturtevant, C. M. Wise, C. M. Woodard [40].

THE FIRST SESSION was held in Chapel Hill on the afternoon of Friday, July 10, in Gerrard Hall. The President of the Society, Mr. Hans Kurath, called the meeting to order at 2:05 P.M. and presided throughout the session. About 50 persons were present.

Mr. W. W. Pierson, Dean of the Graduate College of the University of North Carolina, extended a cordial welcome on behalf of the University to the visiting members of the Society and the guests.

Papers 1-4 were presented and discussed; thereafter a recess was taken to give members the opportunity of registering.

The President appointed as Committee on Resolutions Mr. Kent, chairman; Mr. Kennedy, and Mr. Gedney.

After the presentation and discussion of papers 4-6, Mr. Linker explained the arrangements for transportation to the Invitation Dinner and the evening sessions at Duke University, and announced the Subscription Luncheon for the following day at the Carolina Inn. The meeting adjourned at 5:00 P.M.



Members of the Society were guests of Duke University at an informal dinner in the Duke University Union on Friday evening at 7 o'clock. 125 members and guests were present. Mr. H. R. Dwire, Vice-President of Duke University, welcomed the Society on behalf of the University; Mr. Kurath responded for the Society.

After the dinner, those attending were entertained by an outdoor carillon concert arranged and presented by Mr. Anton Breese for the occasion.

THE SECOND SESSION was called to order by Mr. Kurath at 8:30 P.M. in Room 210 of the Duke School of Religion. 125 persons were present.

Papers 7-9 were presented and discussed. The meeting adjourned at 10:00


THE THIRD SESSION was held on the morning of Saturday, July 11, in Gerrard Hall on the campus of the University of North Carolina. Mr. Kurath called the meeting to order at 9:00 A.M. and presided throughout the session. About 45 persons were present. Papers 10-14 were presented and discussed.

The Secretary, Mr. Cowan, presented a brief account of the operations of the Intensive Language Program of the American Council of Learned Societies, of which he is the Director.

Mr. Kent, chairman of the Committee on Resolutions, presented the following report, which was unanimously adopted:

The Linguistic Society of America, at its Summer Meeting in Chapel Hill, July 10 and 11, 1942, places on record the following minute:

The University of North Carolina, by inviting and conducting the Linguistic Institute on its campus, made feasible the holding of this Summer Meeting, through the presence of a large group of members of the Society and of students of linguistic science; it availed itself of this opportunity to invite the Society to hold a Summer Meeting; it has cordially welcomed the Society to the use of its facilities, and plans a reception to those in attendance, at the close of the sessions.

Duke University has hospitably welcomed the Society and entertained it at dinner, and furnished a hall as a place of meeting for a session of the Society.

The Local Committee, under the chairmanship of Mr. Linker, has most efficiently attended to the manifold details of arrangement for the smooth running of the meeting. Local members and their friends have generously furnished transportation to the Society's members for their visit to Duke University.

For all these hospitable acts and kind services the Society feels a deep appreciation and extends its most sincere thanks; and it directs the Secretary to convey to the proper persons the expression of its gratitude.

The meeting adjourned at 12:30 P.M.

About 75 members and guests of the Society joined in a Subscription Luncheon at the Carolina Inn, at 12:45 P.M.

The University of North Carolina was host to the Society at an informal tea in the lounge of the Graham Memorial Building.

The complete list of papers presented at this meeting follows:

1. J. W. FREY (Presbyterian College): The Diphthong oi in Pennsylvania Dutch. Discussion by Messrs. Kurath, Senn, Kennedy, Dillon.

2. R. G. KENT (University of Pennsylvania): Etymological Miscellany. Discussion by Messrs. Dillon, Sturtevant.

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3. HERBERT PENZL (University of Illinois): Orthography and Phonemes in Pashto (Afghan). Discussion by Messrs. Frey, Dillon, Kurath, Sturtevant, Edgerton, Kent.

4. ALBRECHT GOETZE (Yale University): Enclitic Pronouns in Hurrian. Discussion by Mr. Hall.

5. C. M. WISE (Louisiana State University): Dialect Geography in Louisiana. Discussion by Messrs. Sebeok, Hall, Lane, Senn, Frey, Caldwell, Kurath. 6. ELIZABETH JEANNETTE DEARDEN and ANDREW OLSON (Brown University): The Vowels of Pennsylvania English; read by Mr. Kurath. Discussion by Mr. Frey.

7. E. H. STURTEVANT (Yale University): Early Hittite e Changed to Later Hittite i. Discussion by Messrs. Goetze, Edgerton.

8. R. A. HALL JR. (Brown University): The Papal States in Italian Linguistic History.

9. HARRY HOIJER (University of California at Los Angeles): Pitch Accent in the Apachean Languages. Discussion by Messrs. Kennedy, Dillon, Kurath.

10. FRANKLIN EDGERTON (Yale University): The Semivowel Phonemes of IndoEuropean. Discussion by Messrs. Sturtevant, Kurath, Dillon, Senn. 11. E. ADELAIDE HAHN (Hunter College): The Shift of a Hittite Conjunction from the Temporal to the Conditional Sphere. Discussion by Messrs. Goetze, Hayes, Dillon, Miss Gamper.

12. MYLES DILLON (University of Wisconsin): The Impersonal Transitive Verb in Irish. Discussion by Mr. Kent.

13. ALICE E. KOBER (Brooklyn College): Some Examples of Minoan Morphology. Discussion by Messrs. Kennedy, Lane, Kent, Goetze, Sebeok, Miss Hahn.

14. ALFRED SENN (University of Pennsylvania): The Lithuanian Surnames. Discussion by Messrs. Edgerton, Kent, Frey, Dillon, Hagen, Schutz.

(Signed) J. M. COWAN

[Members who find omissions or errors in the printed proceedings of this meeting are requested to send their corrections to the Secretary before August 1, 1943.]


Note: The Nineteenth Annual Meeting of the Linguistic Society of America was to have been held on Monday and Tuesday, December 28-9, 1942, in two sections. The Eastern Section was to have met in New York immediately before the meeting of the Modern Language Association of America; the Western Section was to have met in Cincinnati, jointly with the American Philological Association. This division of the meeting was planned in order to comply with the request of the Office of Defense Transportation that long-distance travel be curtailed wherever possible. Some time after these arrangements had been made, the same Office issued a new statement, requesting that all meetings of scientific and learned societies be cancelled. In all their plans for the meeting, the officers of the Society sought the advice of the Science Committee of the National Resources Planning Board of the Executive Office of the President. This Committee encouraged the holding of the annual meeting as a means of assessing the contribution of linguistics to the war effort, and of informing the members of the Society how they might cooperate most effectively to this end. Already it was evident, from the number of our members who had been called by civilian and military agencies of the Government to posts where their linguis tic knowledge was needed, that linguists have a direct and specialized contribution to make to the war effort. In response to the First Circular of the projected meeting, issued by the Secretary on October 18, a large number of papers were offered for presentation. Excellent programs could have been organized for both sections of the meeting, which not only would have been in the public interest, but would also have given a high measure of scholarly satisfaction to the delegates. For this reason, it was with considerable disappointment that the Executive Committee complied with the subsequent request of the Office of Defense Transportation that the meeting be cancelled.

This request was not released until the last week in November. Since cancellation of the meeting would make it impossible to conduct the business of the Society in the normal manner, the Executive Committee acted at once to secure a vote of the membership empowering it to conduct the business of the Society during the national war emergency until such time as a general meeting could be called with the approval of the national war agencies. At the same time the Executive Committee made provisions for a mail-ballot election of officers to substitute for the constitutional method of nominating from the floor at the annual meeting. In the poll to lend emergency powers to the Executive Committee, the Secretary received no negative votes.

The Special Notice to Members, announcing the cancellation of the meeting and bearing the special ballots, was rushed into the mails at the earliest possible date. It has come to the attention of the Secretary that because of the congestion of the mails at that time, some members did not receive this notice until after the scheduled date of the meeting. Fortunately it was common knowledge by mid-December that all meetings of scientific and learned societies had been cancelled.

In the following pages are presented the reports of the officers and committees of the Society, such as in previous years have been included in the Proceedings of the annual meeting.

Report of the Secretary, J. M. Cowan:

For the year 1942 the membership statistics are as follows: For the year 1941 there were 605 members, apart from Honorary Members, of whom five died during the year (M. J. Andrade, H. Hyvernat, G. S. Lowman, E. E. Maxfield, B. L. Whorf); 31 presented their resignations, effective at the end of 1941 (A. Adams, C. Adler, Johnnye Akin, Marjorie Anderson, Ruth M. Bechtel, W. F. Bryan, P. J. Cooke, W. F. Diller, E. Fitch, J. L. Gerig, A. E. Gordon, C. L. Hrdlicka, E. L. Johnson, F. P. Jones, E. Klein, G. H. Marsh, E. E. Miller, B. S. Monroe, D. F. Munro, W. A. Nitze, G. R. Noyes, M. M. Odgers, R. E. Parker, H. S. Perrigo, A. W. Porterfield, L. A. Post, Rosamunde M. Preuninger, J. J. Raymond, G. W. Small, Maria W. Smith, A. J. Uppvall); twelve were dropped for non-payment of dues during 1940 and 1941. The net membership with which the Society started 1942 was therefore 557; the increase in membership for 1942 is 28, of whom 25 are new members and three are former members who have been reinstated, one of the latter as a Life Member. The total membership for 1942, apart from Honorary Members, is 585, a loss of 20 as compared with 1941. We regretfully record the death of two Active Members in 1942: Renward Brandstetter on April 17 and Franz Boas on December 21.

The Honorary Members were 22 in 1942.

The domestic Library Subscriptions have increased from 115 to 118, by a gain of 8 and a loss of 3; but foreign subscriptions have decreased from 45 to 32 by a gain of 14 and a loss of 27. The American Library Association purchased 45 subscriptions to LANGUAGE for 1942. These are to be stored by the Society and distributed at the direction of the Association's Committee on Libraries in War Areas after the cessation of hostilities.

The exchanges and copies for review are 10 domestic and 13 foreign at the end of 1942. There are 47 members in the Group for American Indian Linguistics.

Report of the Treasurer, J. M. Cowan:


TREASURER'S REPORT, DEC. 20, 1941 TO DEC. 19, 1942

BALANCE from previous year (checkable account), including

special funds:

Customers' credits....


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