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received was $1013.95. Outstanding pledges amounted to $945.00, making a total of $1958.95.

Secondly, the cooperation of the American Council of Learned Societies was solicited, in the hope of securing an adequate endowment from foundations or other patrons. On recommendation of its Advisory Board and Executive Committee, the Council voted at its annual meeting in January 1940 'to refer to the Executive Committee with power such proposals as may be received from the Linguistic Society of America for the continuation of its summer linguistic institutes.'

Your Committee thereupon prepared an 'Outline Financial Plan for the Linguistic Institute,' including estimates of income and expenses, and also attempting to estimate the amount of linguistic work now currently conducted at various university summer sessions which might act as hosts to the Institute. The thought was that the cost of such courses might be treated as an offset to the expense of running the Institute. It was estimated that after these deductions were made, it would cost a university with a summer session about $5000 to $7500 to run one session of the Institute on a scale corresponding to the 'Suggested Program for the Linguistic Institute' drawn up by the Committee of which Mr. Sturtevant is chairman.

Our 'Outline Financial Plan' and the 'Suggested Program’ of Mr. Sturtevant's Committee were approved by the Executive Committee of the Society and were then submitted to the ACLS. The Executive Committee of that body has now authorized its Director to 'give all possible assistance to the officers of the Linguistic Institute in seeking’ support over a period of years. The Committee hopes that efforts in this direction will soon be made. The Committee has explored certain other possibilities which might lead to the securing of funds for the endowment, and would be glad to continue this search if the Society so desires.

Mr. Holmes, for the new Administrative Committee of the Linguistic Institute (Mr. Holmes, Chairman; Mr. Fries, Mr. Lane, Mr. Sturtevant), presented the following report, which was ordered to be received and filed:

On October 16, 1940 the Secretary of the Society notified the following members of their appointment as the new Administrative Committee of the Linguistic Institute for 1941: Urban T. Holmes Jr., Edgar H. Sturtevant, Charles C. Fries, and George S. Lane. Subsequently Dean W. W. Pierson was added to this Committee by the University of North Carolina. Mr. Holmes was named Director and Mr. Sturtevant Associate Director of the Institute.

Plans were immediately formulated for the Institute session to be held at Chapel Hill, Scholars on the staff of the University of North Carolina who will give courses are U. T. Holmes Jr., George S. Lane, E. E. Ericson, R. W. Linker, Richard Jente, and Ralph Boggs. Visiting scholars whose services have been secured are Franklin Edgerton, R. G. Kent, E. A. Speiser, Hans Kurath, Myles Dillon, J. M. Cowan, Morris Swadesh, and either Leonard Bloomfield or E. H. Sturtevant.

At the outset an effort was made to have Professors Kennedy and Reischauer, who are engaged by the Far Eastern Seminar, give courses in Chinese and Japanese as part of the Chapel Hill session. This now seems impossible; but the American Council of Learned Societies has made a sufficient appropriation for us to secure an instructor in Chinese. We are hoping that Dr. Yuen Ren Chao of Yale will be able to fill this position if he is still in this country.

The Institute session will be conducted from June 12 to July 19, 1941, with classes meeting six days a week, except that July 12 is reserved for the summer meeting of the Linguistic Society. The tuition will be $35 plus a fee of $12 for medical attention, registration, athletic privileges, and library fee, making a total of $47 for each student. Holders of Ph.D. degree will pay $10 in place of the $35 and will not be required to pay other fees unl they desire those services.

On separate motions, recommendations Nos. 3 and 4 of the Executive Committee were adopted.

Mr. Edgerton, for the Standing Committee on Research (Mr. Edgerton, Chairman; Mr. Bloomfield, Mr. Bolling), presented the following report, which was ordered to be received and filed:

The only project submitted to the Committee during the year 1940 was a Bibliography of Italian Linguistics, by Robert A. Hall Jr., now of Brown University (formerly of Princeton University). The Committee found this to be a wholly admirable and extremely valuable work, and recommended it strongly. A grant in aid of publication has been made by the appropriate Committee of the American Council of Learned Societies, and the work is now in press.

Mr. Fries, for the Committee on the Application of Linguistic Knowledge to Practical Problems of Teachers of English (Mr. Fries, Chairman; Mr. Bloomfield, Mr. Kenyon), presented the following report, which was ordered to be received and filed, and the Committee was continued:

As was reported last year two members of this committee have been at work upon books which it is hoped will provide the basis of a practical contribution to the language problems facing the English teachers. The book on grammar has just been completed and is now being read by the other members of the committee with a view to their endorsement as suitable for our purpose. It is expected that the book dealing with the teaching of reading will receive a similar reading by the committee and then a report on both be submitted to the Society. The third member of the committee is now at work upon materials which we hope will provide similar help in dealing with English pronunciation.

Mr. Sturtevant, for the Delegates to the American Council of Learned Societies (Mr. Sturtevant, term expiring 1942; Mr. Lane, term expiring 1940), presented the following report, which was ordered to be received and filed:

The American Council of Learned Societies met in Philadelphia on Jan. 26–27, 1940. The Linguistic Society of America was represented by both of its delegates and by the Secretary of the Society.

We reported to you last year that the Council hoped to secure endowment to take care of its regular expenses. Owing to the circumstances of the time it was decided to postpone efforts to carry out the plan.

As to hopes that the Council can secure adequate financial assistance for the Linguistic Institute, reference is made to the report of the Committee on Endowment of the Linguistic Institute.

No further volumes of the Linguistic Atlas of the United States and Canada have been published during 1940, but the second volume will be published during 1941 with the aid of a subvention of $1000 from the Council's publication fund. Editorial work, drafting, and proofreading are proceeding, and a considerable part of the field work in the Middle Atlantic States has been completed.

A Conference on the Dialect Geography of Non-English Languages in the United States and Canada was held by the Council in connection with the Linguistic Institute of 1910. As a result a committee of the Council has been formed to bring the scattered projects in this field into more harmonious and systematic operation. A report of the Conference will be published by the Council in a special Bulletin, and will be ready for distribution in February or March.

The Secretary stated that Mr. Herzog, Delegate to the American Association for the Advancement of Science, had as yet no report to make.

Mr. Sehrt, Delegate to the American Documentation Institute, presented the following report, which was ordered to be received and filed:

As representative of the Society on the Board of the American Documentation Institute, I beg to report that the only linguistic work published in microfilm in 1940 is:

Document 1431.-Linguistic Evidence for the Long Survival of the Gallic Language. By J. V. Hubschmied. This is a translation from the German made at the University of California at Los Angeles under a WPA project. 75 pp. Price $0.95; also to be had in photoprint 6 x 8 inches, for $7.70.

The Secretary presented for Mr. McQuown, Delegate to the Mexican Council for Indigenous Languages, the following report, which was ordered to be received and filed:

The Mexican Council for Indigenous Languages was formed in May, 1939, for the betterment of the indigenous Mexican population which does not speak Spanish readily, by creating means of education in the native languages. The scientific study of the native languages is fundamental for these purposes, and the activities already under way will be considerably enlarged in 1941.

Mr. Fry, for the Delegates to the Eighth American Scientific Congress (Mr. Fry, Mr. Fries, Mr. Herzog, Mr. Sehrt), presented the following report, which was ordered to be received and filed:

Your delegates attended a number of the meetings of the Eighth American Scientific Congress, held at Washington, D. C., May 8-16, at which about 600 papers were scheduled in 11 different fields. Linguistics was dealt with at certain Anthropological sessions; four papers were presented at the session on Linguistics and Folklore, where most of the discussion was by our members B. L. Whorf and A. H. Fry, and two papers of interest to linguists were read at the session on General Anthropology, one on The Origin of the American Indian, by Ales Hrdlička, and the other on The Decipherment of the Linguistic Portion of the Maya Hieroglyphs, by B. L. Whorf. In general, it is to be noted that much good will and mutual Pan-American understanding were promoted by this Congress, which was organized and conducted under the auspices of the government of the United States.

Miss Hahn, as Delegate to the Dedication Week of Hunter College, October 8-13, presented the following report, which was ordered to be received and filed:

Your delegate attended the functions of the Dedication Week of Hunter College of the City of New York, Oct. 8-11, in celebration of three events: the seventieth anniversary of the founding of the College; the dedication of its new building, a sixteen-story modernistic structure on Park Avenue, 68th and 69th Streets, New York; and the inauguration of its fifth President, Dr. George N. Shuster.

All the functions were carefully planned and well attended. Speakers of distinction in education, literature, government, and civic life appeared on the various programs. Among those in attendance were representatives of 164 institutions of higher learning (including five South American universities) and of 25 learned societies and educational associations.

Mr. Edgerton, for the Nominating Committee (Mr. Speiser, Chairman; Mr. Fries, Mr. Edgerton), reported the following nominations:

President, Roland G. Kent, Univ. of Pennsylvania.
Vice-President, W. F. Albright, Johns Hopkins Univ.
Secretary-Treasurer, J. Milton Cowan, State Univ. of Iowa.

Executive Committee, the preceding, and

Albert C. Baugh, Univ. of Pennsylvania (term ending Dec. 31, 1942).

Charles F. Voegelin, DePauw Univ. (term ending Dec. 31, 1942). Committee on Publications:

Chairman and Editor: Bernard Bloch, Brown Univ.

To serve through 1943: Hans Kurath, Brown Univ. Nominating Committee, to serve through 1943:

A. L. Kroeber, Univ. of California. The Secretary reported that all the nominees had stated that they would serve if elected; that there had been a further nomination, by petition, of George S. Lane, University of North Carolina, for Secretary and Treasurer, and that Mr. Lane had stated that he would serve if elected; that there had been & further nomination, by petition, of Franz Boas, Columbia University, for President, and that he had declined the nomination. Other nominations were called for, and in their absence it was voted that the Vice-President be instructed to cast one ballot for all nominees except those for Secretary and Treasurer. It was then voted that polls for the vote for the position of Secretary and Treasurer be opened at once, to be closed when all those present and desiring to vote had voted. Mr. Fry and Mr. Trager were appointed to act as tellers of the election. After the balloting the President appointed as Committee on Resolutions Mr. Goetze, Mr. Baugh, and Mr. Kepke. The remainder of the business was postponed until the business part of the Fifth Session, and adjournment was taken at 1.20 P.M.

The Second Session was held on the afternoon of Monday, December 30, in the Castle Room of The Providence Biltmore. President Kroeber called the meeting to order at 2.27 P.M., but called Vice-President Hahn to the chair for a great part of the session. About 100 persons were present. President Henry Merritt Wriston of Brown University made an address of welcome to the Society. Papers 5-12 were presented and discussed. Adjournment was taken at 5.45 P.M.

The Annual Informal Dinner of the Society was held on Monday, December 30, at 6.15 P.M., in Rooms A and B, of The Providence Biltmore. 76 members, guests, and friends of the Society were present.

The Third Session was held on the evening of Monday, December 30, in the Castle Room of The Providence Biltmore. President Kroeber called the meeting to order at 8.14 P.M., and presided throughout the session. About 85 persons were present. Papers 13-19 were presented and discussed. Adjournment was taken at 10.50 P.M.

The Fourth Session was held on the morning of Monday, December 31, in the Castle Room of The Providence Biltmore. Vice-President Hahn called the meeting to order at 9.24 A.M., and presided until late in the session, when President Kroeber took the chair. About 85 persons were present. Papers 20-26 were presented and discussed. Adjournment was taken at 12.30 P.M. Brown University entertained the Society at luncheon on Monday, December 31, at 1.00 P.M., at The Providence Biltmore. 86 members and guests were present.

The Fifth Session was held on the afternoon of Monday, December 31, in Faunce House Theater, Brown University. President Kroeber called the meeting to order at 2.55 P.M., and presided throughout the session. Papers 27–37 were presented and discussed. After paper 31, a business session was held.

Mr. Trager, for the Election Tellers, reported that 62 ballots had been cast, 42 for Mr. Cowan, 18 for Mr. Lane, and 2 blank. The President then declared Mr. Cowan elected Secretary and Treasurer of the Society, for 1941. The Secretary reported that the Executive Committee had elected Mr. Lane to be Delegate of the Society to the American Council of Learned Societies, for the term 1941-4. On motion of Mr. Trager, it was voted that the Delegates to the American Council of Learned Societies be instructed to inquire what action, if any, the American Council of Learned Societies is taking in connection with or touching upon the field of linguistics under the plan of Intellectual Cooperation with Latin America which is being fostered by the United States government. Mr. Goetze, for the Committee on Resolutions, presented the following report, which was unanimously adopted:

Resolved, that the Society cordially thank Brown University for its invitation to Providence and its generous hospitality to us, and specifically President Wriston for his very kind words of welcome, by which he showed his genuine interest in our work; the management and the staff of The Providence Biltmore, especially Mr. Hicks, for all the courtesies extended by them; the Local Committee, for their efficient preparation for the meeting and the smoothly working arrangements which they made; and the registrars and ushers, for their efficient attention to so many important details.

At the conclusion of the last paper, adjournment was taken, at 6.07 P.M.

The complete list of papers presented at the sessions now follows: 1. Dr. Renée Kahane-Toole (Los Angeles): Some Sandhi Phenomena in Modern

Greek. Discussion by Messrs. Kent, Vaughan. 2. Dr. Allen H. Fry (Catholic Univ. of America): The Visarga. Discussion by

Messrs. Kroeber, Bloch. 3. Dr. Robert A. Hall Jr. (Brown Univ.): Definite Article Plus Family Name in

Italian. Discussion by Messrs. Bonfante, Kahane, Senn. 4. Prof. Bernhard Geiger (American Institute for Iranian Art and Archaeology):

Palaeographic and Linguistic Problems of the Avestan Alphabet. 5. Prof. A. L. Kroeber (Univ. of California), President of the Linguistic Society

of America: Some Relations of Linguistics and Ethnology. Discussion by

Messrs. Ward, Whorf, Bonfante. 6. Prof. Bernard Bloch (Brown University): The Problem of Phonemic Inter

section. Discussion by Messrs. Kenyon, Chao, Trager, Hanley, Vaughan, Penzl, Miss Susman, Messrs. McDavid, Nykl.

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