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expressed its approval of other actions of the Executive Committee which did not require formal adoption.

Prof. G. M. Bolling, Editor of the Publications of the Society and Chairman of the Committee on Publications, presented the following report, which was ordered to be received and filed:

For the Committee on Publications I have the honor to report that the Society has issued the following Regular Publications in 1938:

Language, Vol 14, 323 pages.

Language Monograph No. 18: Robert A. Hall, Jr., An Analytical Grammar of the Hungarian Language; 113 pages.

Language Dissertation No. 26: Ernest Faber Haden, The Physiology of French Consonant Changes; 117 pages; University of Chicago Dissertation.

Bulletin No. 11: Proceedings and List of Members 1937; 64 pages.

The following are with the printer, to appear in 1939:

Special Publication: Eduard Prokosch, Comparative Germanic Grammar (in the William Dwight Whitney Linguistic Series of Yale University); 353 pages, bound in buckram; $4.50.

Special Publication: Edward Sapir and Morris Swadesh, Nootka Texts (in the William Dwight Whitney Linguistic Series of Yale University); 334 pages, bound in buckram; $5.00.

Language Dissertation No. 27: Dorothy May Paschall, The Vocabulary of Mental Aberration in Roman Comedy and Petronius; University of Chicago Dissertation.

Language Dissertation No. 28: Frank Pierce Jones, The ab urbe condita Construction in Greek; University of Wisconsin Dissertation.

Language Dissertation No. 29: Clement Manly Woodard, Words for Horse in French and Provençal: a Study in Dialectology; University of North Carolina Dissertation.

A number of other volumes, both monographs and dissertations as well as special publications, are under consideration.

As usual I have received much assistance from members of the Society who are not on the Committee, especially Professor Roland G. Kent, to whom and to all the others I wish to make grateful acknowledgment.

Prof. E. H. Sturtevant, Associate Director of the Linguistic Institute, presented the report of Prof. Fries on behalf of the joint Committee of the Linguistic Society and the University of Michigan (C. C. Fries, Chairman; E. H. Sturtevant, N. L. Willey, W. H. Worrell, R. G. Kent):

The Linguistic Institute of 1938 included a number of new features not attempted in former Institutes. First, there was the summer Special Meeting of the Linguistic Society. The details of this meeting will be presented by the Secretary of the Society. From the point of view of the Linguistic Institute the concentrated activities of the two days' program of the Linguistic Society, together

with the visiting of the work of the Linguistic Institute by members of the Linguistic Society during the week before and the week after the actual Society meeting, proved vigorously stimulating. We hope that this Summer Meeting of the Linguistic Society with the Linguistic Institute will be repeated during the session of 1939.

The second new feature of the Linguistic Institute for 1938 was the beginning made in the way of cooperative linguistic research through the Linguistic Institute. Native American Indian informants were brought to Ann Arbor for the period of the Linguistic Institute and their languages recorded and studied. Dr. Voegelin and Dr. Harris devoted themselves especially to the study of Hidatsa (a variety of Sioux), and Professor Bloomfield led the work upon Chippewa (a variety of Algonkian). Reports of the results of this work will be published soon. We hope to continue, and, if possible, to expand this type of work for the Linguistic Institute of 1939.

Although only 23 courses were offered (5 fewer than in 1937), the number of students attending the Institute was approximately that of 1937, being 329 registrations from 256 separate students. Of these, 31 were holders of the Ph.D. degree. (These figures do not include the staff members who visited courses given by their colleagues.) The Faculty consisted of 15 men-eight from the University of Michigan and seven (Bloomfield, Emeneau, Kenniston, Kennedy, Kent, Rockwell, Sturtevant) from other universities. As in former years the luncheon conferences each Tuesday and Thursday noon and the special evening lectures furnished the common meeting place for the students of linguistics and a unifying influence for the Institute.

We are glad to report the continued support of the American Council of Learned Societies. From this source came ten scholarships for students in the Linguistic Institute and the financial aid necessary to bring the Hidatsa Indian informant to the Institute.

We ask the following actions by the Society:

1. That the Linguistic Society continue for 1939 the practice of making appropriations from the current funds of the Linguistic Institute for special lecturers to be brought to Ann Arbor from other universities.

2. That the Linguistic Society again arrange for a summer special meeting at Ann Arbor in the last week-end in July. Such a meeting serves to bring the Society to the attention of a fairly large group of academic people, and it makes a valuable contribution to the Linguistic Institute.

The report was ordered received and filed. On motion, the recommendations in the report of the Executive Committee relative to the Linguistic Institute were adopted, thus granting the request of the joint Committee on the Linguistic Institute.

Prof. E. H. Sturtevant, for the Standing Committee on Research (E. H. Sturtevant, Chairman, term ending Feb. 1, 1940; F. Edgerton, term ending Feb. 1, 1941; G. M. Bolling, term ending Feb. 1, 1939),

presented the following report, which was ordered to be received and filed:

Your Committee has considered such projects as have been submitted to it. One manuscript was referred to the American Council of Learned Societies with the recommendation that a subsidy be granted for its publication, but the Council has decided not to follow the recommendation.

Prof. E. H. Sturtevant, for the Delegates to the American Council of Learned Societies (E. H. Sturtevant, term ending Dec. 31, 1938; E. Prokosch, died Aug. 11, 1938, term ending Dec. 31, 1940), presented the following report, which was ordered to be received and filed:

The American Council of Learned Societies met in New York on January 28 and 29, 1938. Mr. Prokosch was unable to attend as a delegate of the Linguistic Society, and Mr. Kent was appointed to serve in his place.

The Linguistic Atlas of the United States and Canada continues to receive support from the Council. About a month ago a grant of $1700 was made to print the handbook which is to accompany the New England volumes. This and the first volume of maps will come from the press in January, 1939. Enough advance orders have been received to pay for the printing of this first volume. By September 1, 1939, the editorial work on all three volumes will have been completed and vol. 2 will be ready for the lithoprinter. Field work for the Linguistic Atlas of the South Atlantic States is now being continued, and it is probable that the entire area except about half of South Carolina and nearly all of Georgia will be covered by June, 1939.

The Council has also during the past year given financial assistance to the Linguistic Institute and has awarded several supplementary fellowships to students of linguistics.

At present the most important work of the Council consists in constantly studying the entire field of the humanities, and in stimulating work in parts of that field that tend to be neglected, as, for example, the Far East, Indic and Iranian studies, Islam, South America, and most recently, Greek.

The Secretary stated that the Committee on Application of Linguistic Knowledge to the Practical Problems of Teachers of English (C. C. Fries, Chairman; L. Bloomfield; J. S. Kenyon), reported progress, and the Committee was continued.

Prof. E. H. Sehrt, the Society's nominee for membership in the American Documentation Institute, made the following report, which was ordered to be received and filed:

By inquiry at the American Documentation Institute I find that only one work of a linguistic character has been published by the Institute this year; this

is a republication by microphotography of a doctoral dissertation in Rhode Island Dialects, by Dr. Claude M. Simpson. It is hoped that more scholars will avail themselves of this means of republication, especially those who wish to present materials such as dialect-geographic maps etc. for lectures etc. The cost of reproduction is but one cent a page plus twenty cents for charges per order.

The Secretary reported that he had, as the Society's delegate, attended the Conference of the American Philosophical Society in Philadelphia on February 18, on newer and less expensive methods of publishing research material; and that Prof. Marcus had performed his rather nominal duties as representative of the Society on the Committee of Sponsors for Testimonial Celebration in honor of Dr. Cyrus Adler on his Seventy-fifth Birthday, September 13, 1938.

The President announced that he had at an earlier date appointed as Committee to Nominate Officers for 1939 the following: Prof. H. H. Bender, Chairman; Prof. H. Kurath; Prof. E. A. Speiser. The Secretary informally presented the report of the Committee, and the President invited nominations from the floor.

After some discussion as to the desirability of multiple nominations, a second set of names was presented by Prof. Swadesh, but they were all withdrawn at this time or at a later session, either by the nominees or by their sponsor, leaving for action at the scheduled place on the program only the nominations made by the Committee.

The President appointed as Committee on Resolutions Messrs. Phelps (Chairman), Bloch, Fitch.

Other business, proposed by any member of the Society, was now called for, and there being none, the reading of papers was begun:

Prof. Alice E. Kober (Brooklyn College), Is the Suffix -nthos really pre-Hellenic? Discussion by Mr. Phelps.

Dr. Ruth Moore Bechtel (New Haven), The Development of the Reduced Vowel of o Color in Greek and Latin. Discussion by Mr. Gray.

Prof. E. Adelaide Hahn (Hunter College), The Development of Voice in Non-Finite Verb-Forms. Discussion by Messrs. Swadesh, Paul, Fitch, Gray, Bloch.

Dr. Murray B. Emeneau (Yale University), The Nasal Phonemes of Sanskrit. Discussion by Messrs. Hockett, Cross, Swadesh, Bloch.

Dr. George Bechtel (Yale University), The Nature of the Latin Accent. Discussion by Messrs. Swadesh, Kent, Kenyon, Cross, Bloch, Faye.

Adjournment was taken at 1.00 P.M.

The Second Session of the Linguistic Society was held on the afternoon of Tuesday, December 27, in Rooms B and C of The Commodore. President Gray called the meeting to order at 2.28 P.M., and was succeeded in the chair at various times by Vice-President Malone and Professor E. Adelaide Hahn. About 90 persons were present during the session. The reading of papers was at once begun:

Prof. Louis H. Gray (Columbia University), President of the Linguistic
Society of America: The Indo-European Base-Type *dō- and its
Extensions *doi- and *dou-. Discussion by Mr. Sturtevant.
Prof. Clarence Paschall (University of California): The Semasiology
of Words from Indo-European *nem-. Discussion by Messrs.
Faye, Senn, Raymond, Phelps, L. P. Smith Jr., Sherer, Almstedt.
Prof. Max Vasmer (University of Berlin and Columbia University),
as guest of the Society: The Extension of Finno-Ugric Geographical
Names in Russia.

Prof. Joseph M. Carrière (Northwestern University), The Present
Status and the Possibilities of French Dialectal Research in the
Americas (North America and the West Indies). Discussion by
Messrs. Lane, Cowan.

Prof. Alfred Senn (University of Pennsylvania), The Accentuation of Lithuanian Derivatives in -ybė. Discussion by Mrs. Zollinger, Messrs. Raymond, Scherer.

Prof. Edgar H. Sturtevant (Yale University), The Indo-European Pronouns *so *sã *tod and the Indo-Hittite Hypothesis.

Prof. Paul Louis Faye (University of Colorado), The Comparison with de in Modern French.

Dr. Joseph J. Raymond (Marianapolis College and Columbia University), The Semantic Development of Words Meaning 'Time' in Balto-Slavic. Discussion by Messrs. Schwartz, Scherer, Senn.

Adjournment was taken at 5.30 P.M.

The Third Session of the Society was held on the evening of Tuesday, December 27, in Rooms B and C of The Commodore.

President Gray

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