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Xxxvi. 10.

2 And he did that which was evil in the eyes of the LORD, A.C. 599. according to all that Jehoiakim had done.

3 For through the anger of the LORD it came to pass in
Jerusalem and Judah, till he had cast them out from his
presence, that Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Ba-
bylon.

JEREMIAH XXIV.
1 Under the type of good and bad figs, 4 he foresheweth the restoration of them

that were in captivity, 8 and the desolation of Zedekiah and the rest.
1 The LORD shewed me, and, behold, two baskets of
figs were set before the temple of the LORD, after that Ne-
buchadrezzar king of Babylon had carried away captives2 Kings
Jeconiah the son of Jehoiakim king of Judah, and the 2 Chron.
princes of Judah, with the carpenters and smiths, from Je-
rusalem, and had brought them to Babylon.

2 One basket had very good figs, even like the figs that
are first ripe : and the other basket had very naughty figs,
which could not be eaten, * they were so bad.

3 Then said the LORD unto me, What seest thou, Jere-
miah ? And I said, Figs; the good figs, very good ; and the
evil, very evil, that cannot be eaten, they are so evil.
4 Ågain the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,

5 Thus saith the LORD, the God of Israel ; Like these
good figs, so will I acknowledge + them that are carried + Heb. the
away captive of Judah, whom I have sent out of this place
into the land of the Chaldeans for their good.

6 For I will set mine eyes upon them for good, and I will bring them again to this land : and I will build them, and not pull them down; and I will plant them, and not pluck them up:

7 And I will give them dan heart to know me, that I am a Deut. xxx. the Lord: and they shall be my people, and I will be 80. Exek. xi. their God : for they shall return unto me with their whole 25, 87. heart.

* Heb. Sor badness.

captivity.

ech. Xxx. 22. & xxxi. 33. & xxxii. 38.

2

* The date and place of this chapter are assigned in ver. 1. The prophecy it contains must have been delivered at the very beginning of Zedekiah's reign, as Jehoiachin's captivity is mentioned as having lately taken place. Under the type of good and bad figs, God represents to Jeremiah the different manner in which he would deal with his people. To those Jews that were taken into Babylon he promises restoration and peace ; while Zedekiah and his subjects are threatened with an utter'dispersion, and the total desolation of their land. The captivity of the former would be " for their good," and the means of their preservation, the liberty and security of the latter," by filling up the measure of their iniquities," would tend to their final destruction.-Blayney; Prideaux; Lightfoot.

fch. xxix, 17.

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removing, or, vexation. gDeut. xxviii.

A.C. 599. 8 And as the evil 'figs, which cannot be eaten, they

are evil; surely thus saith the LORD, So will I give Zede-
kiah the king of Judah, and his princes, and the residue of
Jerusalem, that remain in this land, and them that dwell in

the land of Egypt :
* Heb. for 9 And I will deliver them * to be removed into all the

kingdoms of the earth for their hurt, to be a reproach and a 25. ch. xv. 4. proverb, a taunt and a curse, in all places whither I shall

drive them.

10 And I will send the sword, the famine, and the pestilence, among them, till they be consumed from off the land that I gave unto them and to their fathers.

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Jathe

597.

JEREMIAH XXIX. VER. 1–157.
1 Now these are the words of the letter that Jeremiah
the prophet sent from Jerusalem unto the residue of the

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7 Dr. Blayney observes, (notes on Jeremiah in loc. p. 179.)." There is no person that can read this chapter with attention without being sensible of an embarrassment and incoherence in particular parts of it, which leaves a suspicion of some capital defect either in the text, or its arrangement. Happily the LXX are found to step in here to our relief, by evidencing a transposition of ver. 15, which they have placed, where undoubtedly it ought to stand, immediately before ver. 21. This emendation I have adopted, as by it a due order and connection is restored, both in the place from whence the verse is removed, and in that to which it is transferred. A sufficient proof of its authenticity." In addition to which it may be observed, that the false prophets alluded to in ver. 15, are men tioned by name in ver. 21.

The letter of Jeremiah, sent to Babylon by the messengers of king Zedekiah, was written to exhort the captive Jews to accommodate themselves to their present circumstances—to provide for themselves in the country whither they were carried, as settled inbabitants of the same, and to conduct themselves in every respect as such; praying for the peace of the city. He assures them their captivity would last seventy years, and it was in vain to expect any deliverance till the time that God had appointed. He informs them of what would happen to their brethren left behind at Jerusalem, who, so far from being able to effect their deliverance, would be visited by “the sword, the famine, and pestilence." He denounces God's curse on those false prophets who had deceived the people with hopes and promises of a speedy restoration. Nebuchadnezzar, on finding that the Jews were prevented from settling in the places assigned to them, by the vain predictions of their false teachers, ordered Zedekiah and Ahab (who are supposed to have been the two elders that conspired against Susannah,) to be seized, and roasted to death. This letter being read to the Jewish captives, many of those who believed in the promises of their pretended prophets, and

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elders which were carried away captives, and to the priests, A. C. 597.
and to the prophets, and to all the people whom Nebu-
chadnezzar had carried away captive from Jerusalem to Ba-
bylon;

2 (After that h Jeconiah the king, and the queen, and the h? Kings
* eunuchs, the princes of Judah and Jerusalem, and the car. Or, cham
penters, and the smiths, were departed from Jerusalem ;)

3 By the hand of Elasah the son of Shaphan, and Gemariah the son of Hilkiah, (whom Zedekiah king of Judah sent unto Babylon to Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon) saying

4 Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, unto all that are carried away captives, whom I have caused to be carried away from Jerusalem unto Babylon ;

5 Build ye houses, and dwell in them; and plant gardens, and eat the fruit of them ;

6 Take ye wives, and beget sons and daughters; and take wives for your sons, and give your daughters to husbands, that they may bear sons and daughters; that ye may be increased there, and not diminished.

7 And seek the peace of the city whither I have caused
you to be carried away captives, and pray unto the LORD
for it: for in the peace thereof shall ye have peace.

.
8 For thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel ;
Let not your prophets and your diviners, that be in the midst

deceive you, neither hearken to your dreams which ich. xiv. 14. ye cause to be dreamed.

9 For they prophesy + falsely unto you in my name : I + Heb. in a lie. have not sent them, saith the LORD.

10 9 For thus saith the LORD, That after seventy years k 2 Chron. be accomplished at Babylon I will visit you, and perform Ezta i. 1.ch. my good word toward you, in causing you to return to this xxi 1.9, place.

11 For I know the thoughts that I think toward you,
saith the LORD, thoughts of peace, and not of evil, to give
you an expected end.
12 Then shall ye call

upon me, and

ye
shall go

and

pray tion unto me, and I will hearken unto you.

13 And ye shall seek me, and find me, when ye shall search for me with all your heart.

of you,

& xxiii. 21. & xxvii, 14, 15.

Dan. ix. 2,

Heb, end and expectaI Dan. ix, 3. &c.

T

who were unwilling to submit to their appointed chastisement, requested She-
maiah the Nehelamite, to write by the same messengers to Zephaniah, the second
priest of the temple, complaining of the conduct of Jeremiah, and requesting that
he might be reproved for the same. A severe judgment is, in consequence, pro-
nounced upon Shemaiah.

VOL. 11.

M m

A.C. 597. 14 And I will be found of you, saith the LORD: and I

will turn away your captivity, and I will gather you from all the nations, and from all the places whither I have driven you, saith the LORD; and I will bring you again into the place whence I caused you to be carried away captive.

JEREMIAH XXIX, VER. 16–21. 16 Know that thus saith the LORD of the king that sitteth upon the throne of David, and of all the people that dwelleth in this city, and of your brethren that are not gone forth with you into captivity;

17 Thus saith the Lord of hosts; Behold, I will send upon

them the sword, the famine, and the pestilence, and nch. xxiv.8. will make them like vile "figs, that cannot be eaten, they

mch. xxiv. 10.

are so evil,

curse.

& xxxii, 33.

18 And I will persecute them with the sword, with the

famine, and with the pestilence, and will deliver them to be Heb. for a removed to all the kingdoms of the earth, * to be a curse

and an astonishment, and an hissing, and a reproach, among all the nations whither I have driven them:

19 Because they have not hearkened to my words, saith o ch. XXV. the LORD, which • I sent unto them by my servants the prophets, rising up early and sending them ; but

ye

would not hear, saith the LORD.

20 Hear ye therefore the word of the LORD, all ye of the captivity, whom I have sent from Jerusalem to Babylon :

JEREMIAH XXIX. VER, 15. 15 Because ye have said, the Lord hath raised us up prophets in Babylon;

JEREMIAH XXIX. VER. 21, TO THE END. 21 Thus saith the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel, of Ahab the son of Kolaiah, and of Zedekiah the son of Maaseiah, which prophesy a lie unto you in my name; Behold, I will deliver them into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon; and he shall slay them before your eyes;

2ž And of them shall be taken up a curse by all the captivity of Judah which are in Babylon, saying, The LORD make thee like Zedekiah and like Ahab, whom the king of Babylon roasted in the fire ;

23 Because they have committed villany in Israel, and have committed adultery with their neighbours' wives, and have spoken lying words in my name, which I have not commanded them ; even I know, and am a witness, saith the

LORD.

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24 Thus shalt thou also speak to Shemaiah the * Ne- A.C. 597. helamite, saying,

*Or,dreamer. 25 Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, saying, Because thou hast sent letters in thy name unto all the people that are at Jerusalem, and to Zephaniah the son of Maaseiah the priest, and to all the priests, saying,

26 The Lord hath made thee priest in the stead of Jehoiada the priest, that ye should be officers in the house of the Lord, for every man that is Pmad, and maketh himself p2 Kings ix.

. a prophet, that thou shouldest put him in prison, and in the 24. stocks.

27 Now therefore why hast thou not reproved Jeremiah of Anathoth, which maketh himself a prophet to you?

28 For therefore he sent unto us in Babylon, saying, This captivity is long: build ye houses, and dwell in them; and plant gardens, and eat the fruit of them.

29 And Zephaniah the priest read this letter in the ears of Jeremiah the prophet.

30 q Then came the word of the LORD unto Jeremiah, saying,

31 Send to all them of the captivity, saying, Thus saith the Lord concerning Shemaiah'the Nehelamite; Because that Shemaiah hath prophesied unto you, and I sent him not, and he caused you to trust in a lie :

32 Therefore thus saith the LORD; Behold, I will punish Shemaiah the Nehelamite, and his seed: he shall not have a man to dwell among his people; neither shall he behold the good that I will do for my people, saith the Lord; 9 because he hath taught + rebellion against the Lord. 9 ch xxviii.

boka

+ Heb. revolt.

SECTION VI.

Prophecy of the Restoration of the Jews.

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JEREMIAH XXX 8.
1 God sheweth Jeremigh the return of the Jews. 4. After their trouble they shall
kave deliverance. 10 He comforteth Jacob. 18 Their return shall be gracious.
20 Wrath shall fall on the wicked.

1 The word that came to Jeremiah from the LORD,
saying,

As there is no par

* These two chapters of Jeremiah are made to follow the 29th, on the united
authority of Blayney, Lightfoot, and other commentators.
ticular date annexed to this prophecy, it is not unreasonable to suppose it was
delivered immediately after the preceding one; in which the restoration of the
people from their captivity was clearly foretold. The temporal deliverance of
the Jewa from Babylon is always regarded as a type of their spiritual and glo-
rious redemption ; and both these events are frequently connected together in the

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