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An improper diphthong is that in which only one of the vowels is sounded; as, oa in boat.

A triphthong is the union of three vowels in a syllable; as, eau in beau; iew in view.

A proper triphthong is that in which more than one vowel is sounded; as, uoy in buoy.

An improper triphthong is that in which only one vowel is sounded; as, eau in beauty.

Words are classified as simple or compound, primitive or derivative.

A simple word is not composed of other words; as, police, man, never, the, less.

A compound word is composed of two or more simple words; as, policeman, nevertheless.

A primitive word is not formed from any other word; as, hard, great, fly, watch.

A derivative word is formed from some similar word; as, harder, greatness, watchful.

A prefix is a syllable, a number of syllables, or a word added to the beginning of another word to modify its meaning; as, use, abuse, misuse; fine, superfine.

A suffix is a syllable, a number of syllables, or a word added to the ending of another word to modify its meaning; as, cost, costly.

Derivative words are formed from primitive words by means of prefixes and suffixes; as, move, remove; close, inclose; skate, skating.

49

WORD BUILDING (Prefixes)

=

a=on; ad, af = to; arch = chief; ante, pre, fore=

before; anti = against.

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win'try hoard lav'ish rea'son ap'pe tite wel'fare

“ Heap high the farmer's wintry hoard,

Heap high the golden corn,
No richer gift has Autumn poured

From out her lavish horn.”
“ Reason should direct, appetite obey.”

“ The wise and strong should seek the welfare of the weak."

The corpse was placed in the hearse and taken to the place of burial.

corpse hearse bur'i al

51

au tum'nal
shorn
row'en
de cline
de clin'ing
rat tan'
doc'ile

66 And now the autumnal dews are seen
To cobweb every green;
And by the low-shorn rowen doth

appear
The fast declining year."
The rattan chair is well made.
The scholar has a docile mind.

52

min'strel in firm' fon'dle gal'lows e nough' e clipse'

“The way was long, the wind was cold,
The minstrel was infirm and old.”
The child fondles his pet kitten.
“ Have they cut down the gallows

tree?"

“ One cloud is enough to eciipse the

sun."

53

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ca'ret In writing, the caret (or) is used to in'di cate indicate the omission of a letter or word; o mis'sion as, The boy fl'es, kite. ob serve “ It has been the true glory of the ob servling United States to cultivate peace by justice

observing justice.” rug'ged “Strong limbs may dare the rugged host

road." en ter tain'

The host will entertain the strangers stran'ger

over night. urge

Hope ever urges on, and tells us urg'es to-morrow will be better."

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54

WORD BUILDING (Prefixes)

be = to make, by; bi = two, twice, double; con, co =

with, together; counter = against, opposite,
contrary; de = down, from, out.

de cry' de grade'
be numb' be side'
con join'
be smear' bi'col or

be fit'
be calm'
co-a'gent
be friend'

dem'on strate bi-month'ly coun ter act coun'ter charge

co here'

55

re pent' We seldom repent of having eaten in crease' too little. in creas'ing “The men who are increasing the knowl'edge world's knowledge are studying, not scoff'ing scoffing at, the Bible.” Sab'bath “ The Sabbath is the savings-bank of hu man'i ty humanity.” fas'ten

“ Little duties are the golden pins to se cure'ly fasten the mantle of God's love securely

about us.”

56 ceil'ing The man will paint the ceiling. swol'len The streams were so swollen by the re'cent recent rains that the cavalry could rot

ford them. ford

“ A little gall spoils a great deal of gall

honey."

cav'al ry

las'so al'pha bet

in tro duce'

in tro duced'

Greece

riv'u let

der'rick

guy

57

The man will lasso the wild steer. Writing by means of the alphabet was introduced into Greece about 1519 B.C. (Before Christ).

"Rivulet, little rivulet, run,
Summer has fairly begun."

58

The derrick consists of a mast held in position by guys or stays, of a boom or arm acting as a lever, and of tackling of pulleys and ropes. It is a very powerful machine, and is used to raise and swing into position immense weights. Each movable pulley that is added to the tackle increases the working power of the derrick.

le/ver

tac'kling

pul'ley

im mense'

mov'a ble

in creas'es

tac'kle

read'i ly

lathe

prop'er ly

sweat

nes'tle

flu'id

launch

law'yer

"Even the hardest rocks are readily turned into any required form in the lathe, by use of a diamond properly set as a turning tool."

co'coa

heif'er

wea'ry

dis turb'

pleas'ure

REVIEW

nerve

knuc'kle

po'et ry

liq'uor

gen'tian

res'cue

lei'sure

sur round'

de vour'

quo'tient

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