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this marvellous tree is only a particular deviation from the common standard of its species. Thus does Science, by her divine influence, put to flight the dreams of superstition.
A few miles onward, we came to the small, but neat city of Wells, which, together with Bath, forms a joint bifhopric. It is situated at the bottom of the Mendip Hills, and derives its name from the great number of springs that are in and about it. The catbedral is a fine piece of architecture; the front of this gothic structure, which has been built upwards of 500 years, is much admired for its imagery and carved stone work. It has also a most curiously painted window. lace of the bishop, fortified with walls and a moat, is reckoned the handsomest in the kingdom. Here the pious Bishop Ken and his lady were killed in their bed, by the palace falling in during the great storm of 1703, which did immense damage in different parts of the country: The city abounds with public charities.
Not far from Wells, on the south side of the Mendip Hills, is a remarkable cave, known by the name of Okely Hole. The entrance to this cave is parallel to the horizon, at the bottom of a rock 180 feet high, and over the rock is a steep mountain, the top of which is thought to'be a mile above the bottom of the rock. At the entrance into the cave, there is a deep descent of 50 or 60 feet; the cave itfelf is about 200 feet in length, in some parts 50 or 60 broad, and the greatest height is 50 feet, though, in some places, the roof is not above four or five feet from the bottom. There are several partial divisions of it, which the imaginations of some people have distinguished into a kitchen, a hall, a dancing room, à cellar, and other apartments. Water, of a petrifying quality, constantly drops from the roof, and forming a variety of itony figures, fancy has ini. proved them into resemblances of old women, dogs, bells, organs, and other things. The echo of any noise within this cavern is so strong, that a large stone drop-.
ped on the rocky bottom of the cave, sounds with a noise as loud as the report of a cannon.
At the extremity of the cave there issues a stream of water sufficient to drive a mill, and pasting with rapidity and noise the whole length of the cavern, it bursts out through the rock near the entrance into the valley.
We now took a poft chaise, and crossed the country to Frome,
We saw Shepton Mallet on the right, a clothing town, for which it is peculiarly fitted by the rivulets with which it is surrounded. We also passed by the little retired village of Nunny, where a dismantled castle, of some extent, tells the sad tale of former
Ruins indeed, of every kind, form an awful spectacle, and to a mind disposed to moralize, suggest many melancholy reflections. The evening fun ihone strongly on these battered towers, and reminded me of that tremendous dissolution in which all terreftial things fhall be finally involved. It is not unworthy of observation, that a celebrated female author, speaking of in, sanity, pronounces the most terrific of ruins to be that of the human soul. " What,” says she, “is the view of the fallen column, the mouldering arch, of the more exquisite workmanthip, when compared with the living meinento of the fragility, the instability, and the wild luxuriancy of noxious paflions ? Enthugasm turned adrift, like some rich stream overflowing its banks, ruhes forward with destructive velocity, inspiring a fublime concentration of thought. Thele are the ravages over which humaniiy must ever mournfully ponder with a degree of anguish, not excited by crumbling marble or cankering brals, unfaithful to the trust of monumental fame. It is not over the decaying productions of the mind, embodied with the happiest art, we grieve molt bitterly. The view of what has been done by man, produces a melancholy yet aggrandizing scene of what remains to be archieved by human in telleét; but a mental convulsion, which like the devas tation of an earthquake, throws all the elements of
thought thought and imagination into confusion, makes contemplation giddy, and we fearfully ask on what ground we ourselves fiand.”
We reached Frome, a large manufacturing town, whose streets are marked by great irregularities. The clothing business is carried on to a vast extent, and about fifty years ago it supplied all England with wire cards for carding wool.
Here is no more than one church, with a ring of fix good bells; but several meeting houses, two of which, the Presbyterian and Baptist, are built of freestone, and are deemed as handsome and as spacious as any meeting houses in England. In the former lie the remains of the ingenious Mrs. Rowe, au. thor of Letters from the Dead to the Living-her write ings are still much read and admired.
We next set off for Warminster, a little populous town, which formerly enjoyed great privileges.' It is now principally famous for its corn and malt, carrying on in each of thefe articles the greatest trade of any town in the West of England.
In travelling this road, a curious phænomenon is feen at some distance, being in the county of Berkshire. This is the rude figure of a White Horse, which takes up near an acre of ground, on the side of a green hill, whose foil is formed of chalk. A horse is known to have been the Saxon standard, and some have supposed that this figure was made by Hengist, one of the Saxon Kings. But Mr. Wise, the author of a letter on this fubject to Dr. Mead, published 1738, brings several arguments to thew that it was made by the order of Alfred, in the reign of his brother Ethelred, as a mo. nument of his victory over the Danes, in 871, near Athen or Ashbury Park, at present one of the seats of Lord Craven, and at a little distance from the hili. Others have supposed it to have been partly the effect of accident, and partly the work of thepherds, who, observing a rude figure, fomewhat resembling a horse, as there are in the veins of wood and stone inany
figures figures that resemble trees, caves, and other objects, reduced it by degrees to a more regular figure. But, however this be, it has been the custom immemorial, for the neighbouring peasants to assemble on a certain day, about Midsummer, and clear away the weeds from this white horse, and trim the edges to preserve its colour and shape : after which the evening is spent in mirth and fefivity.
We now posted forwards to Salisbury Plains, those immense downs, where the stranger, without a guide, would be soon bewildered. We drove to the spot where kands Stonehenge, the most wonderful curiosity in the kingdom. Here quitting the carriage, we gazed for fome time at the immense pile with silent astonishment. Whence these vast stones were brought hither ? what could have been the mode of conveyance ? and to what purposes the structure was originally appropriated, are queries not easily resolved. Every effect must have an adequate cause--hence the great learning and ingenuity employed by learned men on the subject.
The following sketch of STONEHENGE affords a just idea of it:
• This celebrated piece of antiquity has been, for many ages, and still is, the admiration of those who view it. Various conjectures have been formed, as to the authors, and the use of it ; however, as Dr. Stukely has examined it with greater accuracy than others, his account is therefore to be more relied on, Inigo Jones surveyed it many years before the Doctor, and drew up a handsome account of it, making it a Roman temple of the Tuscan order. We thall give an abstract of both, beginning with Jones's and leave it with the reader to judge for himself.
Within a trench, about thirty-feet broad, and on a rising ground, are placed huge stones in three circles, one within another, in the figure of a crown.
From the plain it has three entrances, the most considerable lying north-east; on each of which were raised, on the
outside side of the trench, two ftones gate-wife ; parallel whereunto, on the inside, were two others of less proportion. The outward circle is about an hundred feet diameter; the stones of it very large ; four yards in height, two in breadth, and one in thickness. Twoyards and a half within this circle, is a range of lefser stones. Three yards further is the principal part of the work, called the cell, of an irregular figure, made up of two rows of stones ; the upright ones in height are twenty feet, in breadth two yards, and in thickness one yard. These are coupled at top by large transom stones, like architraves, which are seven feet long, and about three and a half thick. Within this was also another range
of leffer pyramidal stones, of about fix feet in height; and in the inmost part of the cell, Mr. Jones observed a stone lying towards the east, four feet broad and fixteen long, supposed to be the altar-stone.
When Dr. Stukely came to view Stonehenge, he could not find the number of stones mentioned by others. This may
many people are filly enough to look on the stones as factitious, and often break off large pieces to prove it: this, and the industry of country people in carrying them away for building, has greatly diminished their number: notwithstanding all the injuries Stonehenge has received, the Doctor beheld it with rapture; the greatness of the contour, the dark parts of the ponderous imports over one's head, the chalms of sky between the jambs of the cell, the odd construction of the whole, and the magnitude of every part, strike you, says he, into an extatic reverie, which none can describe, and they only can be sensible of, that feel it. He thus determines the measure used in this work. Take a staff ten feet four inches and three quarters long, divide it into fix equal parts, these are palms, the original measure.
The founder's intention was to form a circle, whose diameter was to be fixty cubits. Accordingly each stone was to be four cubits broad, and each interval two
be true ;