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JAN.

deus, King of Sardinia, in 1730. - See also January

16, 1556. 5, 1783. Onore, in the East-Indies, taken by the English,

with a moit terrible carnage. 6, 1536. Qucen Catharine of Arragon, the divorced wife

of the tyrant Henry VIII. died at Kimbolton, in Huntingdonshire. The acute and comprehensive critic, Dr. Johnson, in his remarks upon the tragedy of Henry VIII. says, that the meek sorrows and virtuous distresses of this queen have furnished some scenes which may be juítly numbered among the greatest efforts of tragedy. But the genius of Shakespeare, he subjoins, comes in and goes out with Catharine. Soine state her death to have happened on the

8th of January. She was interred at Peterborough. 1539. Henry VIII. was married to Anne of Cleves;

a fine duchy in the circle of Weftphalia, Germany. 7, 1558. Calais surrendered to the French, after it had

been in the pofsession of the English above 210 years. 1785. Mr. Blanchard, accompanied by Dr. Jeffries, went from Dover to the forest of Guienes, near Calais, in France, in an air balloon, in about two hours. In consequence of this acrial voyage the late King of France presented Mr. Blanchard with 12,000 livres,

and granted him a pension of 1200 livres a year. 8, 1536. See January 6, 1536. 10, 1644-5. Laud, archbishop of Canterbury, was be

headed on Tower-Hill, in the 71st year of his age, for high-treason, not proved against him ; but he fell a sacrihce to party-violence and his own high-church sentiments, which induced him to attempt a general uniformity in religion, or rather to impose the doctrine, discipline, and hierarchy of the church of England, on the three kingdoms. He was a native of

Reading in Berkshire. 1698. Gave birth to the celebrated and unfortunate

poet, Richard Savage, who died in a jail at Bristol, 1743; an eminent instance of the uselessness and insignificancy of knowledge, wit, and genius, without prudence and a proper regard to the common maxims JAN.

of life. For an account of his sufferings, through the unnatural cruelty of his mother, the countess of Mac. clesfield, we refer our young readers to Mr. Jones's

New Biographical Dictionary. II, 1698. Peter the Great, Czar of Muscovy or Ruffia,

came to England and remained incognito. He im. proved himself here in the art of thip-building, and King William presented him with one of his royal

yachts. 1753 Sir Hans Sloane, baronet, died at his house at

Chelsea. He was first physician to George the Second, and many years president of the Royal Society. His immense collection of books, manuscripts, and curious productions of nature and art, now form a mott valuable part of the British Museum. Sir Hans was a

native of Ireland. 13, 1790. Monaftic establishments were suppressed in France.

Protestants have always been accustomed to consider monastic institutions as the haunts of ignorance and superitition, where the proud priest and lazy monk fattened upon the riches of the land. It mutt, however, he admitted, that though we have now reason enough to rejoice that they are fallen, they have, nevertheless, in their day, been made subservient to some useful purposes. See Miscell. Pieces, by Dr. Aikin

and Mrs. Barbauld. 14, 1792. Died Joseph Jackson, a letter-founder of distin

guished eminence, with whole types Mr. Bensley prints the splendid edition of the Bible now publishing by

Mr. Macklin. 14, 1794. Died, in the 65th year of his age, Dr. Edward

Harwood, an eminent dissenting minister and excellent classical scholar, whose learned works are well known, some of them having gone through many edi

ons. His « Introduction to the Study of the

New Testament” is a very valuable performance. 15, 1559. Queen Elizabeth was crowned at Weitminster.

1779. David Garrick, an illuttrious actor, called the

English Roscius, expired. Roscius, the famous Roman comedian, flourished about 50 years B. C. He

was

JAN.

was contemporary with Æsop, the fabulift, and Cicero,

the orator. 1795. The Prince of Orange, Stadtholder of the United

Provinces, and his family, in consequence of the successes of the French, were obliged to leave the Hague, and efícet their escape to England, where they arrived on the 21st of the same month. They failed from

Helvoetsluys and landed at Harwich. 16, 1556. The Emperor Charles V. after a long and turbu.

lent reign, resigned the crown of Spain, and other dominions, to his son Philip, reserving nothing for himself but an annual pention of 100,000 crowns; and chose for the place of his retreat, St. Juste, near Pla

centia in Spain., Sce January 4, 1724. 1780. Admiral Rodney deitroyed several Spanish

fhips, near St. Vincent's Cape, Portugal. This celebrated naval commander, who immurtalized his name

by numerous public services, died in 1792, aged 74. 1794. Expired, Edward Gibbon, Esq. author of a cele

brated work, entitled, “ An History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire,” great part of which was written at Lausanne, in Switzerland. Mr. Gib

bon was born at Putney, in Surrey, 1737. 17, 1792. Died George Horne, bishop of Norwich, whose

- Sermons” and “ Commentary on the Psalms” are

highly esteemed. 18, 1719. Died Sir Samuel Garth, an excellent poet and

physician, and author of a most admirable satirc, called

in The Dispensary.” 1732. The birth-day of the late King of Poland. See

Feb. 11, 1798. 19, 1728. Died William Congreve, a celebrated dramatic

writer and poet, author of several comedies and poems, and of the tragedy of the “ Mourning Bride.” He was descended of an ancient family in Stafford

shire, and born in 1672. 1730. The Czar Peter II died of the small-pox, in the

He was 15th year of his age, and the 3d of his reign. the grandson of Peter the Great. Dd 3

20, 1.90.

Jan. 20, 1790. The far-famed philanthropist, Howard, died at

Cherson, the capital of New Ruflia. He was a native of Hackney. A brief account of this “ patriot of the world,” is given in the Author's Arithmetical Ques

tions. 21, 1793. Louis XVI. King of the French, was beheaded

at Paris. This unfortunate monarch was born in 1754; succeeded his grandfather, Louis XV. in 1774,

and was crowned, at Rheims in 1775. The 21st of the month is said to have been fingularly

ominous to Louis XVI.; April 21, 1770, he was married *; June 21, 1770, at a fête, given in consequence of his marriage, a vast number of persons were trampled to death ; June 21, 1792, he escaped from Paris, to Varennes; Sept. 21, 1792, royalty was abolished in France; and January 21, 1793, he was executed

between eleven and twelve in the morning. 22, 1561. Francis Bacon, Viscount St. Alban’s, and Lord

High Chancellor of England in the reign of James I. one of the greateit and most universal geniuses that any age or country has produced, was born at York

House in the Strand. See April 9, 1626. 23, 1570. The Eart of Murray, Regent of Scotland during

the minority of James VI. was shot at Linlithgow, by Hamilton, of Bothwellhaugh, who, after the battle of Langside-hill, in 1568, had been condemned to death as a rebel, but, at the powerful intercestion of Knox, the Reformer, obtained a pardon. Part of his estate was, however, bestowed upon one of the Regent's favourites, who seized his house, and turned out his wife naked, in a cold night, into the open fields, where, before the next morning, she became furiously mad. This injury made a deeper impression on him than the benefit he had received, and from that moment he vowed to be revenged on the regent. The assassın esa caped to France.

* Some state the marriage to have taken place on the igiha of April, 1770.

Historians

JAN.

Historians are much divided concerning the character of Murray; but it is generally admitted, that his administration was extremely popular; and he was long and affectionately remembered among

the

commons, by the name of the Good Regent. 23, 1766. Expired, at Bethnal-Green, William Caron, uni

versally esteemed a first-rate artist in the art of letterfounding, his foundery in Chiswell-itreet having been one of the most capital in this, and equal to any in foreign countries. He was born in 1692, in that part of the town of Hales-Owen, which is situated in

Shropshire. 24, 76. The Emperor Adrian was born at Rome. In a

visit to Britain he built the famous wall which itill
bears his name. It extended from the Solway Frith
to the river Tyne, where Newcastle now stands. The
design of it was to secure the Romans from the incur-
fions of the Caledonians. Adrian died at Baiæ, in the
63d year of his age, having reigned 21 years. The
Latin verses he addressed to his fuul have been tranf-
lated by Pope. Sce the Ency. Brit. Art. Adrian, and

Pope's works.
Baiæ was a city of Campania ncar the sea, famous for

its delightful situation and baths, where many of the

Roman fenators had villas.
No bay with pleasant Baiæ can compare,

HORACE

1793

The King of Prussia, contrary to all the principles of national justice, took possession of the city of Thorn.' This was the birth-place of that eminent

astronomer Copernicus, in 1472; he died in 1543. 28, 1547. · Died, after a life distinguished by caprice, vio

lence, and tyranny, Henry VIII. He had reigned

37 years and 9 months. 1725. Peter the Great expired, at Petersburgh, in the

53d year of his age, and 29th of his reign. This mo. narch gave a new face to the Russian empire; he rendered it at once formidable and flourishing, by disciplining his troops, by creating a powerful navy, by perfecting the education of the young qobility, by el

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