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he perused, even at that early period, with delight and satisfaction.

We are not ignorant that the subject of our Memoir has been turned into ridicule by the profligate muse of a modern satirist; the perversion of whose Tuperior talents, on other occasions, has excited our indignation. Such wanton attacks can neither disturb the serenity of her mind, nor shake the fair fabric of her fame, which stands reared on an immoveable foundation. Her writings speak for themselves, and have already enfured to themselves the favourable decisions of an enlightened public. Afferting the right of private judgment, we are not, indeed, disposed to defend every religious sentiment, which she has from the best of motives inculcated. Nor, on the other hand, are we fo convinced of our own infallibility, nor would we be so pnjust to the rights of others, as on this account to withhold the meed of praise. But blest with the approbation of the wife and good, and conscious of having directed her efforts to the melioration of her fellow creatures, Miss More may calmly repose on her past exertions, and consign, without an anxious thought, her well-earned reputation to the judgment of posterity.

BRISTOL has, in former times, been reproached with a selfish dullness; and even Hume has contributed to the prejudice, by a reflection contained in his Hiltory of England. Her credit, however, has been redeemed by the production of a Chatterton, a More, a Yearsley, a Southey, a Coleridge, a Gottle, and other writers, who have attracted the attention of the literary world, Commerce ought, in justice, to lend her support to literature, and literature will, most assuredly, in return, confer a dignity on commerce. The one refines, exalts, and sublimates the other. A part they decrease in respectability; but let it be remembered that an honourable junction of them secures and perpetuates the welfare and prosperity of the human race.

The

The mere gains of the merchant are not to be put into competition with that intellectual and moral wealth, a portion of which at least, every individual should endeavour to acquire; and which, wherever it is found, either on a throne or in a cottage, will be remunerated with the plaudits of the Divine approbation. E.

TH

GOSSIPIANA.

[No. XXXV.) CURIOUS CHARACTER OF THE FRENCH, DRAWN

SOME TIME AGO. "HE French unite every extreme of conduct;

they have virtues and vices, strengths and weak. neffes seemingly incompatible. They are effeminale, yet brave; insincere, yet honourable ; hospitable, but not benevolent; vain, yet subtle ; splendid, not generous ; warlike, yet polite ; plausible, not virtuous ; mercantile, yet not mean ; in trifles serious, in danger say; women at the toilet, heroes in the field; profiigate in heart, yet decent in their conduct; divided in opinion, but united in action; weak in manners, but strong in principle ;' contemptible in private life, and formidable in public.

SOLITUDE.

MADAM DE STẠeconsidered it as a vulgar error, to suppose that freedom and comfort could be enjoyed at court or in public, where even the minute actions of our lives are observed, where our sentiments must be regu. lated by the circumstances of chofe around us, where every person assumes the right of scrutinizing our character, and where we never have the smallest enjoy: ment of ourselves. The enjoyment of one's felf (says the) can only be found in solitude. It was within the walls of the Bastille, that I first became acquainted with myfelf

THE DUKE OF MARLBOROUGH. This great General, observing a soldier leaning pen. fively on the butt end of his musket, just after victory had declared itself in favour of the British arms at the battle of Blenheim, accosted him thus, “Why fo penfive, my friend, after so glorious a victory ?" It may be glorious," replied the brave. Briton, “but I am thinking, that all the human blood I have spilt this day, has only earned one four-pence! To the credit of humanity be it fpoken, that the Duke, turning asidega tear was obferved to fall from his check.

LIBRARIES, AMONGST modern libraries, the four largest are supposed to be the Emperor's at Vienna ; the Vatican library; the library of the Grand Duke of Tuscany, at Florence, and that now belonging to the French Republic, at Paris. Of ancient libraries, the Alexandrian was the most celebrated. Among the oiher ancient li. braries, that of Lucullus is laid to have been very conliderable, as was also that of Trajan, which was called after him the Ulpian library. But one of the most elegant was thai founded at Rome by Simonicus, preceptor of the Emperor Gordianus. It is said to have contained 8000 select volumes, and that the apartment in which they were deposited was paved with gilt marble. The walls were composed of glass and ivory ; and the shelves, cafes, presies, and desks, madu of ebony and cedar.

GEORGE HERBERT.

It is recorded of this gentleman, who was stiled in his day the divine Herbert, and who was celebrated for his piety and his poetry, that being prælector in the rhetoric school, at Cambridge, in the year 1618, he thought pro. per to pass by the orators of Greece and Rome, and chore to read upon an oration of King James. In his lecture, he analysed the parts of the royal speech, he thowed their connection, and he pointed out the propriety of

the

.

the language, and its power to move the affections. He alto illustrated the beauties of the style, which, as he very properly observed, was of a kind utterly unknown to the ancients, who had no just conceptions of the excellencies of regal eloquenc

SUBLIME POETRY. In the 74th Pfalm, of Sternhold and Hopkin's version, will be found the following curious lines. David is addressing the Divine Being, and thus xclaims

Why doft thou draw thy hand aback,

And hide it in thy lap!
O! pluck it out, and be not flack,
To give thy foes a-raj."

SLINGING. To teach any new habit or art, we must not employ any alarming excitements : small, certain, regu. larly recurring motives, which interest, but which do not diftract the mind, are evidently the best. The ancient inhabitants of Minorca were said to be the best Ningers in the world. When they were children, every morning, what they were to eat, was slightly suspended to high poles, and they were obliged to throw down their breakfasts with their fings, from the places whence they were suspended, before they could fatisfy their hunger. The motive seems to have been here well proportioned to the effect that was required : it could not be any great misfortune to a boy to go without his breakfast; but as this motive returned every morning, it became fufficiently ferious to hungry fingers.

SLAVE TRADE. LORD Orforel, in a letter to Mifs Hannah More, remarks, “I do not understand the manœuvre of fugar, and, perhaps, am going to talk nonsense, as my idea may be impracticable ; but I wilh human wit, which is really very considerable in mechanics and merchantry, could devise fome method of cultivating

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canes, and making sugar without the manual labour of the human species. How many mills and inventions have there not been discovered to supply fuccedaDeums to the work of the hands, and which, before the discoveries, would have been treated as visions? It is true, manual labour has, sometimes, taken it very ill to be excused, and has destroyed such mils—but the poor negroes would not rise and in fist upon being worked to death. Pray talk to some ardent genius, but do not name me; not merely because I may have talked like an idiot, but because my ignorance might, ipfo fa&to, stamp the idea with ridicule. People, I know, do not love to be put out of their old ways : no farmer listens at first to new inventions in agriculture, and I do not doubt but bread was, originally, deemed a new fangled vagary by those who had seen their fathers live very comfortably on acorns. Nor is there any harm in starta ing new game to invention ; many excellent discoveries have been made by men who were in chase of fomething very different. I am not quite sure that the arts of making gold, and of living for ever, have been yet found out ; yet to how many noble discoveries has the pursuit of those noftrums given birth! Poor chemistry, had lhe not had such glorious objects in view !

“ If you are fitting under a cowslip at your cottage *, these reveries may amuse you for half an hour, at least make you smile ; and, for the ease of your conscience, which is always in a panic, they require no antiver,”

NEW TITLE.

LORD OR FORD, writing to the fame lady, says, speaking of his newly-acquired title, “ For the other empty metamorphosis that has happened to the outward man, you do me justice in concluding that it can do nothing but tease me; it is being called names in one's old

* Miss More lives at a place called Cowhip Green, a few miles from Bristol, VOL, VIII,

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age.

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