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bravery, or virtue. That man is little to be envied, whose patriotism would not gain force upon the plains of Marathon, or whose piety would not grow warmer among

the ruins of lona!" After a fortnight's stay in this part of Devon fhire, I with realregret, bid my friend, and his family, an adieu for in many respects they reminded me of the happy group delineated' by Thomson, and who are said to have been blessed with,

An elegant sufficiency, content,
Retirement, rural quier, friendship, books,
Ease and alternate labour, useful life,

Progressive virtue and approving heaven. My next letter will embrace Exeter, Honiton, and Taunton. That you may, however, be relieved from' this long, and perhaps tedious narrative, I haften, my worthy friend, to subscribe myself,

Yours, respectfully.

SHORT ACCOUNT

OF THE

MANNERS AND MANAGEMENT OF THE HOGS,

DURING THE TIME OF THEIR AUTUMNAL

RESIDENCE IN THE WOODS.

TH

[From Gilfin's Remarks on Forejt Scenery.] HE first step the swineherd takes is, to investi.

gate fome close theltered part of the forest, where there is a conveniency of water, and plenty of oak or beech maft; the former of which he prefers, when he can have it in abundance. He next fixes on some spreading tree, round the bole of which he wattles a light circular fence, of the dimensions he wants, and VOL. VII.

0

covering

covering it roughly with boughs and fods, he fills it plentifully with straw or fern.

Having made this preparation, he collects his colony among the farmers ; with whom he commonly agrees for a Ibilling a head, and will get together a herd of FIVE or SIX HUNDRED HOGS. Having driven them to their destined habitation, he gives them a plentiful supper of acorns or beech mast, which he had already provided, founding his horn during the repast. He then turns them into the litter, where, after a long journey and a hearty meal, they sleep deliciously.

The next morning he lets them look a little around them, shows them the pool or stream, where they may, occasionally drink, leaves them to pick up the offals of the last night's meal, and as the evening draws on, gives them another plentiful repast, under the neighbouring trees, which rain acorns upon them for an hour together, at the found of his horn. He then sends them again to seep.

The following day he is, perhaps, at the pains of procuring them another meal, with music playing as usual. He then leaves them a little more to themselves, having an eye, however, on the evening hours. But as their bellies are full, they seldom wander far from home, retiring, como

mmonly, very orderly and early to bed.

After this, he throws his stye open, and leaves them to cater for themselves, and from henceforward has little more trouble with them during the whole time of their migration. Now and then, in calm weather, when mast falls sparingly, he calls them, perhaps, together, by the music of his horn, to a gratuitous meal; but, in general, they need little attention, returning regularly home at night, though they often wander in the day, two or three miles from their stye. There are experienced leaders in all herds, which have fpent this roving life before, and can instruct their juniors in the

method

method of it! By this management the herd is carried home to their respective owners in such condition, that a little dry meat will soon fatten them.

CURIOUS PARTICULARS CHARACTERISTIC OF EACH MONTHIN THE YEAR, Chiefly extracted from the New Edition of Dr. Aikin's

Calendar of Nature.

CALENDAR OF NATURE.

OCTOBER.

.
The fading many-colour'd wood,
Shade deep'ning over shade, the country round
Imbrown; a crowded umbrage dusk and dun,
Of every hue, from wan declining green
To sooty dark.

ANON.

NHIEF business of nature, at this season, with

for the feeds are now to be deponted in the fortering bofom of the earth. 2. The parent vegetable, if herbaceous, either totally perishes, or dies down to the root; if a tree or shrub, casts away all its tender leaves. 3. Seeds scattered in various manners, fome by the winds, which, therefore, most generally, to be met with, as dandelion, groundsel, rag-wort, thistles, &c. others by hooks, catching hold on animals palling, as common

fome thrown abroad by an elastic Tpring, as the touch-me-not, and cuckoo flower; others eaten by birds and discharged, uninjured, by them, flying. 4.

Gloom of the declining year enlivened by the rich and bright colours of fading leaves, to some more interesting than

burs ;

thie

02

the blossoms of spring or the radiance and verdure of summer :

Those virgin leaves, of purest vivid green,
Which charm'd ere yet they trembled on the trees,
Now cheer the sober landscape in decay ;
The lime firtt fading, and the golden bcech,
With bark of silver hue; the moss-grown oak,
Tenacious of its leaves of rufset-brown,
Th’ensanguin'd dog-wood, and a thousand tints,
Which Flora dress’d in all her pride of bloom,

Could scarcely equal, decorate the groves. 5. Ripened berries in a great variety adorn the hedges, as the hip, the haw, the Noe, the black-berry, and the berries of the bryony, privet, honey-fuckle, elder, holly, and woody night-thade. 6. These a valuable supply for birds in cold weather, and Lord Bacon says they are most plen:iful when the ensuing winter is to be most fevere. 7. The swallow, which builds its nett under the eaves of houses, disappears ; then the sand-martin, the smallest kind of swallow, and latest in migration. 8. The royston, or hooded-crow, bred in the north, now migrates to the southern districts, next to the raven for destruction, fo that in Scotland a reward is offered for its head. 9. Woodcock begins to appear, and water-fowl arise from their arctic summer residence, to winter on the shores of Britain. 10. The amusements of rooks, in the evening, now curious ; a pleasing murmur, not unlike the cry of a pack of hounds in deep hollow woods, or the tumbling of the tide on a pebbly fhore. Stares also begin to congregate in the fens, deItroying the reeds. 11. Ground covered with spiders, weaving gollamer. 12. A remarkable shower of goffa. mer mentioned in White's Natural History. 13. Fogs thick and frequent, because the cold air condenses the vapour rising from the warm carth. 14. This month the height of the hunting season---the weather being suitable and the products of the earth housed:

AU

All now is free as air, and the gay pack
In the rough bristly stubbles rangé unblam'd;
No widow's tears o'erflow; no fecret curse
Swells in the farmer's breast, which his pale lips,
Trembling, conceal, by his fierce landlord aw'd:
But courtcous now, he levels ev'ry fence,
Joins in the ceremony, and hoiloos loud,
Charm'd with the rattling thunder of the field.

SOMERVILLE.

15. Bee-hives despoiled of their boney. 16. In the wine countries of Europe the vintage now takes place. 37. This month, on account of its mild temperature, chosen for brewing malt liquor, designed for long keeping, therefore called old Ollober. 18. The decoy businefs begins in the marsh lands of Lincoln fhire. 19. London market supplied from thence, particularly from the ten decoys near Wainfleet, which have been known to send to the metropolis, in a single season, 31,200 ducks, teals, and widgeons. 20. The farmer continues to fow corn, but not wheat, till the end of it; acorns fown, forest and fruit trees planted ; a few flowers ftill cheer the eye, a second blow of some kinds, particularly the woodbine, but the scent of all these very faint ; but The GREEN HOUSE forming a beautiful contrast with the nakedness of the fields and garden, is, at this period, in high perfection

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