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by this Mr. Pope found all he went in Search of, Money and Fame, and this was a fresh Mortification to Mr. Dennis, who could get little of either; indeed his Pieces against our Poet are somewhat of an angry Character, and as they are now scarce extant, a Taste of his Style may be fatisfactory to the Curiousi ......
"A young short Gentleman, whose outward "Form tho' it should be that of a downright Mon"key, would not differ so much from human Shape, '** as his unthinking immaterial Part does from hu
.*' man Understanding.- He is as stupid and as
'' venemous asahunchback'd Toad. A Book, thro' *' which Folly and Ignorance, those Brethren so f* lame and impotent, do ridiculously look very big, "and very duJ], and strut and hobble Cheek by I* Jowl, with their Arms on kimbo; being led, and *' supported, and huily-back'd by that blind Hector,. "Impudence." RjfieSi. on the Essay on Crit. Page
26, 29, 30. , ,
, I regard him (faith he) a? an Enemy, not so much .to me^ as to my King, to my Country,-to "my Religion, and to that Liberty which has been the sole Felicity of my i Lise. , A Vagary of Fot'.' tune, who is sometimes pleased to be frolicksome, "and the epidemic Madness of the Times have giV ven him Reputation, and Reputation (as Hobbs ic lays) is Power, , and that has made him dangerous. '.' Therefore I look on it as my Duty to King *? George, whose faithful Subject I am; to my Coun"try, of which I have appear'd a constant Lover; .*.* to the Laws, under whose Protection I have so '.' long liv'd; and to the Liberty of my Country, .'f more dear then Life to nie, of which I have now for forty Years been a constant Assertor, &c. I tSk lobk-upon it as my Duty, I fay, to do—you shall
"see "see what—to pull the Lion's Skin from this little "Ass, which popular Errors has thrown round him; ** and to show, that this Author, who has been late"ly so much in Vogue, has neither Sense in hit "Thoughts, nor Englijh in his Expressions." Dennis, Rem. on Horn. Pref. P. 2, and P. 91, &c.
Mrs. Centllvre is complain'd of, as having wrote a Ballad against Mr. Pope's Homer, before he had begun it; and accordingly she has a Place of one Line in the Dunciad:
At last Centlivre selt her Voice to fail.
Mr. Lewis Theobald, after having in the Censor given a Character of the Tranjlation, which extols it to the greatest Height, changes his Sentiment in his EJsay on the Art of Jinking in Reputation, where he fays thus: " In order to sink in Reputation, let him *< take it into his Head ':o descend into Homer, (let '' the World wonder as it will how the Devil he got "there) and pretend to do him into Englijh,, so his ** Version denotes his Neglect of the Manner how."
It was insinuated that Mr. Broome was, in Reality, the Translator of Homer, and only the Versification Mr. Pope's. The Opinion our Author had of Mr. Broome was sussiciently shewn by his joining him in the Undertaking of the Odyjsey, in which Mr. Broome having engaged without any previous Agreement, discharg'd his Part so much to Mr. Pope's Satisfaction, that he gratified him with the full Sum of Five Hundred Pounds, and a Present of all those Books, soy which his own Interest could procure him Subscription, to the Value of One Hundred more; but he is denied to have had any Hand in the Iliad. "After the Iliad he undertook (lays Mt. Theobald, "Mist's Journal June 8.) the Sequel of that Work, "the Odyjfey; and having secur'd the Success by a
"numerous ** numerous Subscription, he employ'd some Under"lings to perform what according to his Proposals "should come from his own Hand." To which heavy Charge, we in Truth oppose nothing but the Words Of Mr. Pope's Proposals For The Odyssey, printed by J. Watts, Jan. 10, 1724.
"I take this Occasion to declare, that the Subs' scription for Shakespear belongs wholly to Mr, «' lonjon; and that the future Benefit of this Pr O P O *« s Ai is not solely for my own Use, but for that of "two of my Friends, who have assisted me in this « Work."
His Adversaries were Dennis, Gihlon, Weljied^ Theobalds, Sec. but what are Dennis, Gildon, WelJied, or Theobalds; the great Mr. Addison began not to care that Mr. Pope should prosper too much in Poetry, tho' he had rais'd himself by it, being the Son of Lancelot Addison, was born at Milfton near Ambrosebury, in the County of Wilts, in the Year 1671. He receiv'd his first Education at the Charter-House in London, from whence he was removed to ^ueen's-College in Oxford; he was afterwards elected into Magdalen-College, where he took the Degrees of Batchelor and Master of Arts. He wrote several very good Poems, both in Latin and Englijh; and in the Year 1695 he wrote a Poem to King William, upon one of his Majesty's Campaigns, addresi'd to Sir John Somers, Lord Keeper of the Great Seal. This occasioned a Message from that Nobleman to Mr. Addison, desiring to see him ; Mr. Addison was then in the 28th Year of his Age, and expressing a Pesi re to fee France and Italy, a Pension was obtained from the Crown of 300/. per Annum, to support him in his Travels. The Account of his Travels was publish'd in the Year 1705, which at first was but indifferently receiv'd. His Dialogues
S upon Medals were begun to be cast into the Form he gave them at Vienna in the Year 1702; it is a posthumous Work; an admirable Poem of Mr. Pope's is prefix'd to it.
Mr. Addison remained without any Employment 'till the Year 1704, when writing a Poem called the Campaign on the Duke of Marlborough's Success, the Lord Treasurer Godolphin bestow'd on him the Place of Commissioner os the Appeals, vacant by the Removal of M/-. Lock to the Council of Trade. In 1705 he attended the Lord Hallifax to Hanover, and in 1706 was made Secretary to the Secretary of State, who was then Sir Charles Hedges.
About this Time he wrote his Opera called Rosamond, which did not succeed on the Stage, being wholly un-theatrical, and but badly help'd up with Mustek.
The Karl of Wharton being made Lord Lieutenant of Ireland in 1709, he appointed Mr. Addison Secretary for that Kingdom; the Salary of Keeper of the Records in Ireland was considerably augmented, and that Post was bestow'd on him.
He had a considerable Hand in the Spectators, Guardians, &c. In the Year T713, thinking todo Service to his Party, he produe'd Cato; Mr. Pope wrote the Prologue, and it run (being strongly sup^ ported by Party) a whole Month.
There are in it a great many fine Verses, but the Plot being ill laid, and the Love Plot being almost the lowest that appears on our Modern Stages, and the monstrous Absurdity of two Roman Maids conversing as Lucia and Martiado, haslesfen'd it much:
O Martia, Martia, might my big swoln Breasts, &c.
The French Voltaire, though very often mista: ken, has here certainly all the Argument on his Side, • On On the whole we consess the Campaign, and what went before it, are the best of this Gentleman's writing, who began to quit Poetry for Power. Here is not Room to enumerate the several Faults pointed at in Cato by the Criticks and Poets then judging, nor did he, I believe, care much, for his End was fully answered. After the Death of Queen Anne he was made Secretary to the Lords Justices; and when the Earl of Sunderland was constituted Lord Lieutenant of Ireland in September, 1714, he became a second Time Secretary for the Affairs of that Kingdom, and was made one of the Lords Commissioners of Trade a little after that Earl resign'd his Post of Lord Lieutenant; and in the Year 1717 he was made Secretary of State, through the Means of the Lord Hallisax.
He died at Holland-House, near Kensington, of an Asthma and Dropsy, on the 17 th of fune, 1719) and left behind him only one Daughter by the Countess of Warwick and Holland, to whom he was married in 1716.
This Gentleman at once threw off all his former Esteem, Love, and good Treatment of our Poet; and began to endeavour to lessen his Translation of the Iliad, though in the Spectator, Numb. 258, he had given Mr. Pope such a Profusion of Praise, which he never could, with Honour, withdraw from him again.
"The Art of Criticism (faith he) which was "published some Months since, is a Master-piece '' in its Kind. The Observations follow one ano"ther, like those in Horace's Art of Poetry, with"out that methodical Regularity, which would M have been requisite in a Prose Writer. They are "some of them uncommon, but such as the Reader "must assent to, when he sees them explain'd with