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sideration for it. One reflects upon the great Duke of Marlborougb and him at the same Time.
Your Pen with Marlborough's Sword is much the same, He fought, you write, for Profit, more than Fame: His Eagles after Grants and Pensions flew, And all your Lawrels from Subscriptions grew. His Friendship too, like your's was salse and feign'd, No longer lasting than his Ends were gaiu'd: Thus rhen at once we both your Deeds rehearse, Gold was his God of War, your God of Verse.
His Disappointment in Mr. Addison was the greater because of the Encouragement he had receiv'd from him not only after Part of the Translation was seen, but actually before it was begun, within the Space of two Months, he wrote Mr. Pope the two following Letters.
Oflober 26, 1713
I Was extreamly glad to receive a Letter from you, but more so upon reading the Contents of it. The + Work you mention will, I dare say, very sussiciently recommend itself when your Name appears with the Proposals: And if you think I cari any Way contribute to the forwarding of them, you cannot lay a greater Obligation upon me than by employing me in such an Office. As I have an Ambition of having it known that you are my Friend, I shall be very proud of showing it by this, or any other Instance. I question not but your Translation will enrich our Tongue, aud do Honour to our Country: For I conclude of it already, from those Performances with which you have obliged the Publick.
f Translation of the Iliad.
lick. I would only have you consider how it may most turn to your Advantage. Excuse my Impertinence in this Particulari, which proceeds from my Zeal for your Ease and Happiness. The Work wou'd cost you a great deal of Time, and unless you undertake it, will, I am afraid, never be executed by any other, at least I know none of this Age that is equal to it besides yourself.
I am at present wholly immersed in Country Business, and begin to take Delight in it. I wish I might hope to see you here sometime, and will not despair of it, when you engage in a Work that will require Solitude and Retirement. I am Tour, Sec.
Nov. 2. 1713'
IHave received your Letter, and am glad to find that you have laid so good a Scheme for your great Undertaking. I question not but the Prose will require as much Care as the Poetry, but the Variety will give yourself some Relief, and more Pleasure to your Readers.
You gave me Leave once to take the Liberty of a Friend, in advising you not to content yourself with one half of the Nation for your Admirers, when you might command 'em all. If I might take the Freedom to repeat it, I would on this Occasion. I think you are very happy that you are out of the Fray, and I hope all yourUndertakings will turn to the better Account for it.
You see how I presume on your Friendship in taking all this Freedom with you, but I already fancy that we have lived many Years together in an unreserved Converfation, and that we may do many more, is the sincere Wish of
VOL. I. I
But the great Prop and Support of all was the Duke of Buckingham, his Name, Interest, and all the Lights and Helps he was able to give; and he was able to give a great many, were more than a Compenfation for all the Opposition, or Falling-off of Friends that might probably happen, as Mr. Prior observes in his Alma, or, The Progress of the Mind.
Happy the Poet, blese'd the Lays* Which Buckingham has deign'd to praise*
Not to confound the Reader with a bare Titles which might make him mistake who this illustrious Nobleman was, our Poet's greatest Friend, (speaking as to Quality ;)
HE was the Right Noble John Sheffield, Duke of Buckingham/hire, Marquiss of Normanby, Earl of Mulgrave, &c. Descended from Sir Robert Sheffield, Knight, who liv'd in the Time of King Henry III. Robert the Son of the faid Robert was likewise Knighted by King Edivard I, and in Right of his Wise Genet, eldest Daughter and Coheir to Alexander Lownde, Esq; became Lord of the Manor os Botterwick in the County of Lincoln. Robert, Grandson of the last nam'd Sir Robert Sheffield, was Father of another Robert, who marry'd a Daughter of Sir Thomas Staunton of the County of York, and by her had Robert Sheffield, Esq; his Soft and Heir; which Robert had Issue, Sir Robert Sheffield, who in the Reign of King Henry VII. was Speaker of the House of Commons. Sir Robert, by Helen, Daughter and Heir to Sir John Delves, had Issue Robert Sheffield, Father of Edmond Sheffield, advanc'd to the Dignity of Baron of Botterwick in she first Year of Edivard VI. This Edmond marry'd Anne, Daughter ter of John Vere the sixth Earl of Oxford, and by her left Issue John his Son and Heir: He was a Nobleman of great Loyalty and Valour, but was unfortunately slain by Rebels upon the Insurrection of the Commons in Norfolk. John, his Son, by Dowglas, Daughter to William Lord Howard of Ejjingham, had a Son likewise nam'd Edmund, made Knight os the Garter by Queen Elizabeth, and created Earl of Mulgrave by King Charles I, and he had Issue Six Sons; but all dying young, 'he was succeeded by Edmund his Grandson. This Edmund marrying Elizabeth, Daughter to Lionel, Earl of Middlesex^ Lord Treasurer to King James L had by her John, the greatest Ornament of this noble Family; and him now spoken of having travell'd abroad in France and Italy for some time, was (during theDutchWars) a Volunteer with the Earl of Ojfory, in that bloody Engagement at Solbay, and behav'd himself so gallantly, that he had immediately given him the Command of the Royal Catharine, a First-Rate Ship: But his Royal Highnfess the Duke of York, under ivhom he serv'd, being forc'd to quit the Sea after that Summer was over, on Account of his Religion, this Lord had first a new rais'd Regiment given him, and soon after an old one, call'd the Holland Regiment; his new one and that being incorporated, it became to have twenty-four Companies, and so continu'd all that Dutch War.
Afterwards he was in savour enough to be made a Lord of the Bed-Chamber, and Knight of the Garter, and when the Duke of Monmouth lost all his Commands, succeeded him in the Government of Hull: All which Imployinents he kept for many Years, till he was made Lord Chamberlain. And it should not be forgotten, that during his remaining lii the Army, he went several times either to the
j 2 Hutch Dutch or the French, according as England engag'd in those Quarrels; and when Tangier was besieg'd by the Moors, he, by his own Request, obtain'd the commanding a Detachment thither of two thousand five hundred of our best Troops; which, tho' transported with much Difficulty and extraordinary Haste, not arriving till after the Siege was rais'd, and aTruce made for five Months, with a Prospect of future Peace, his Lordship return'd with such a surprizing Account, sign'd by all the Ossicers there, of its being not tenable by the Moors, being improv'd in Cannon, and consequently of the King's having been deceiv'd in expending five hundred thousand Pounds to make a Mole there, that it was thought fit to be all blown up at last.
When the Revolution happened, his Lordship, though not in any Way contributing to it, was so kindly used, and such an Opinion had King William of his great Merit, that after King James's Death he made him of his Cabinet Council, and a Marquiss, with a Pension of 30001. a-Year. Upon the Death of King William, the first Ministers of Queen Anne were the Duke of Marlborough, the Earl of Godolphin, the Earl of Nottingham, the Earl of Rochejler, and this noble Lord, whom that Princess made Duke of Buckingham/hire, and Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal, with a Pension added to it; which, on some Change in Affairs, he could not be prevail'd with to continue, even with Offers of greater Favours. But in the Year 1710, he was made first Lord Steward, and afterwards President of the Council: This important Place he kept 'till the Queen's Death, and consequently had the greatest Post in theRegency.
This great Person (besides two excellent Tragedies in Blank Verse, which, tho' never so muchimportun'd, yet he has not suffer'd to be acted) has