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Nay, but of men, most sweet Sir ? Beza then,
Some Jesuits, and two reverend men
Of our two academies I nam’d. Here
He stopt me, and said, Nay your Apostles were
Good pretty Linguists; fo Panurgus was,
Yet a poor Gentleman; all these may pass
By travail. Then, as if he would have sold
His tongue, he prais’d it, and such wonders told,
That I was fain to say, If you had liv'd, Sir,
Time enough to have been Interpreter



VER. 71. "Onslow, ] By an affected gravity, and a solemn and important air, he presided for many years over the House of Commons; but not with the ability, knowledge, patience, prudence, and amiable manners, of the present Speaker, Mr. Addington, 1795. It is a curious fact in the History of English Liberty, that the very first person who was raised by the Commons to the diguity of their Speaker, was a member who had been imprisoned by Edward the Third, for attacking his Ministers and his Mistress in Parliament.

WARTON. Ver. 73. " But Hoadiy for a period ] Party occafioned this cenfure on a Writer, whose ftyle, it must be confeffed, was sometimes, but not always, (as for instance, in his Treatise on the Sacrament,) languid and diffuse : but who, having spent his life in defending the British Conftitution, the Revolution, and the Succession of the House of Hanover, certainly did, by no means, deserve to be ftyled, as he hath lately been, " That Republican Prelate, Bishop Hoadly." The late excellent Bishop of London, Dr. Lowtlis thought very differently of him, and calls him, in his admirable Life of Wickham, “ The great Advocate of Civil and Religious Liberty."

WARTON. No name is more obnoxious to the Roman Catholics, than that of Hoadly, whose manly and liberal principles were as remote from Republicanism, as from Popery and arbitrary Power.

VER 73. a period of a mile.] Afadium of Euripides was a stand. ing joke amongst the Greeks. By the same kind of pleasantry,


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You miss my aim; I mean the most acute, 70
And perfect Speaker ? —" Onslow, past dispute.”
But, Sir, of writers ? “ Swift for closer style,
“ But Ho**y for a period of a mile.”
Why yes, 'tis granted, these indeed may pass :
Good common linguists, and so Panurge was ; 75
Nay troth th’ Apostles (tho' perhaps too rough)
Had once a pretty gift of Tongues enough:
Yet these were all poor Gentlemen! I dare
Affirm, 'twas Travel made them what they were.

Thus other talents having nicely shown, 80
He came by sure transition to his own;


NOTES. Cervantes has called his Hero's countenance, a face of half a league long; which, because the humour, as well as the measure of the expression, was excessive, all his translators have judiciously agreed to omit ; without doubt paying due attention to that fober rule of Quintilian, licet omnes hyperbole fit ultra fidem, non tamen debet effe ultra MODUM.

SCRIBL. Ver. 75. fo Panurge was ;] It is surprizing that Rabelais, whose book is the most cutting satire on the Pope, the Church, and the principal events of his time, should have escaped severe censure and punishment. Garagantuas is decisively Francis I. and Henry II. is Pantagruel ; and Charles y. Pierocole. Swift, who formed himself on Rabelais, has exactly copied the famous speech of Panurge, in the Tale of the Tub, where Lord Peter, giving to Martin and John a piece of dry bread, tells them, it contains beef, partridge, capons, and the best wine of Burgundy. Rabelais, like Swift, loved politics. See his Letters from Rome, when he accompanied the Cardinal Bellay, Embassador of Francis I. to Pope Paul III. Rabelais imitated, in many passages, the Litere Virorum Obscurorum.

WARTON VER. 78. Yet these were all poor Gentlemen!] Our Poet has here added to the humour of his Original. Donne makes his thread. bare Traveller content himself under his poverty, with the reflec.


To Babel's Bricklayers, sure the Tower had stood.

He adds, If of Court life you knew the good, You would leave loneness. I faid, Not alone My loneness is; but Spartanes fahion To teach by painting drunkards doth not last Now, Aretines pictures have made few chaste; No more can Princes Courts (though there be few Better pictures of vice) teach mé virtue.

He like to a high-stretcht Lutestring squeaks, O Sir, 'Tis sweet to talk of Kings. At Westminster, Said I, the man that keeps the Abbey-tombs, And for his price, doth with whoever comes Of all our Harrys and our Edwards talk, From King' to King, and all their kin can walk :



tion, that even Panurge himself (the great Traveller and Linguist in Rabelais) went a begging. There is infinite wit in this paffage of Donne, yet very licenijous, in coupling the Apostles and Panurge in this buffoon manner.

WAR BURTON. By adding the words, “ a pretty gift of Tongues," Pope has made it ftill more licentious.

WARTON. VIR. 95. Aretine has made ;] Alluding to the infamous Sonnets which this celebrated Italian wit composed to accompany the Sixteen obscene Figures that were designed by Julio Romano, who, as well as Titian, was his friend; and engraved by Marc Antonio Raimondi By writing which, Aretine loit the favour and countenance of Leo the Tenth, and Clement VII. but was afterwards restored to the favour of the Medici Family, and wrote fome books of devotion. The lines written for his epitaph shew his character fufficiently :

Qui giace l'Aretin poeta Tosco,
Che disse mal d'ogn’un fuor che dio,
Scusandosi col dir non lo conosco.

Mazzuchelli, vol. i. .p. 1012.



Till I cry'd out, You prove yourself so able,
Pity! you was not Druggerman at Babel ;
For had they found a linguist half so good,
I make no question but the Tow'r had stood.

Obliging Sir! for Courts you sure were made :
Why then for ever bury'd in the shade ?
Spirits like


should see and should be seen, “ The King would smile on you-at least the Queen.” .

90 Ah gentle Sir! you Courtiers so cajole uş. But Tully has it, Nunquam minus folus : And as for Courts, forgive me, if I say No leffons now are taught the Spartan way: Tho' in his pictures Lust be full display'd, Few are the Converts Aretine has made;

95 And tho' the Court show Vice exceeding clear, None should, by my advice, learn Virtue there.

At this entranc'd, he lifts his hands and eyes, Squeaks like a high-stretch'd lutestring, and replies; « Oh, 'tis the sweetest of all earthly things “ To gaze on Princes, and to talk of Kings !" Then, happy Man who shows the Tombs! said I, He dwells amidst the Royal Family ; He ev'ry day, from King tò King can walk, Of all our Harries, all our Edwards talk, 105




Ver. 104. from King to King] Much superior to the Original, where is a vile conceit.

“ The way to it is King's-street." WARTON.

Your ears shall hear nought but Kings; your eyes meet Kings only : The way to it is King's-street. He smack'd, and cry'd, He's base, mechanique, coarse, So are all your Englishmen in their discourse. Are not your Frenchmen neat? Mine, as you see, I have but one, Sir, look, he follows me. Certes, they are neatly cloath’d. I of this mind am, Your only wearing is your Grogaram. Not so, Sir, I have more. Under this pitch He would not fly; I chaff'd him : but as Itch Scratch'd into smart, and as blunt Iron ground Into an edge, hurts worse: So, I (fool), found, Crossing hurt me.

sullenness, He to another key his style doth dress; And asks what news ; I tell him of new playés, He takes my hand, and as a Still, which stayes A Sembrief 'twixt each drop, he niggardly, As loth to inrich me, fo tells many a ly, More than ten Hollensheads, or Halls, or Stows, Of trivial houshold trash : He knows, he knows When the Queen frown'd or smil'd, and he knows what A subtle Statesman may gather of that ; He knows who loves whom ; and who by poison Hafts to an Offices reversion;


To fit my


Ver. 116. Wild to get loose,] Donne in this Satire' imitates the Impertinent of Horace. Sat. ix t. 1. And Horace copied the character from Theophrastus. There was an edition in folio, 1737, with this title, I be Impertinent, or a Visit to the Court, á Satire, by Mr. Pope.-And no mention is made of Donne in this Edition,


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