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• Cur alter fratrum cessare, et ludere, et ungi
Præferat Herodis palmetis pinguibus; alter
Dives et importunus, ad umbram lucis ab ortu
Silvestrem flammis et ferro mitiget agrum :
Scit Genius, natale comes qui temperat aftrum:
NATURÆ DEUS HUMANÆ, mortalis in unum-
Quodque caput, vultu mutabilis, albus, et ater.

· Utar, et ex modico, quantum res pofcet, acervo Tollam : nec metuam, quid de me judicet hæres,

Quod

NOTES

Ver 273. All Tcwrfhen.l's turnips,. Lord Townshend, Secretary of State to George the Firit and Second. -When this great Statesman retired from buiiness, he amuíd himself in Husbandry ; and was particularly fond of that kind of rural improvement which ariles from Turnips; it was the favourite subject of his conversation.

WARBURTON. He is said to have been low in his parts, rough in his manners, and impatient of contradiction, but generous and humane at bottom; and of Itrong, good judgment.

WARTON. Ver. 274. like Bu-] Bubb Doddington, afterward Lord Melcombe, whose curious Diary has discovered many despicable court-secrets and mean intrigues.

WARTON. VER. 277. fly, like Oglet.crpe,] Employed in feitling the Colony of Georgia.

Pope. Here are lines that will justly confer iinmortality on a man who well deserved fo magnificent an eulogium. He was at once a great hero and a great legislator. The vigor of his mind and body have feldom been equalled. The vivacity of his genius continued to a great old age. The variety of his adventures, and the very different scenes in which he had been engaged, makes one regret that his life has never been written. Dr. Johnson once offered to do it, if the General would furnish the materials. Johnson had a great regard for him, for he was one of the first perfons that highly, in all companies, praised his London. His first campaign was made under Prince Eugene, against the Turks; and this great General always spoke of Oglethorpe in the highest terms:

Neither

Talk what you will of Taste, my friend, you'll

find Two of a face, as soon as of a mind. Why, of two brothers, rich and restless one 270 Plows, burns, manures, and toils from sun to sun; The other flights, for women, sports, and wines, All Townshend's Turnips, and all Grosvenor's mines : Why one like Bu — with pay and fcorn content, Bows and votes on, in Court and Parliament; 275 One driv'n by strong Benevolence of soul, Shall fly, like Oglethorpe, from pole to pole : Is known alone to that Directing Pow'r, Who forms the Genius in the natal hour; That God of Nature, who, within us still, 230 Inclines our action, not constrains our will ; Various of temper, as of face or frame, Each individual : His great End the fame.

“Yes, Sir, how small foever be my heap, A part I will enjoy, as well as keep.

285 My

NOTES.

Neither he nor Eugene loved Marlborough. He once told me, (for I had the pleasure of knowing him well,) that Eugene, Speaking of Marlborough, faid, “ There is a great difference in making war en maitre, or en avocet.' But his settlement of the Colony in Georgia gare a greater luftre to his character than even his military exploits.

WARTON. Ver. 280. That God of Nature, &c.] Here our Poet had an opportunity of illustrating his own Philofophy; and so giving a much better fenfe to his Original; and correcting both the Naturalism and the Fate of Horace, which are covertly conveyed in these words :

“ Scit Genius, natale comes qui temperat aftrum,
Natura: DEUS HUMANÆ."

WARBURTON.

Quod non plura datis invenerit. et tamen idem
Scire volam, quantum fimplex hilarisque nepoti
Discrepet, et quantum discordet parcus avaro.
Distat enim, spargas tua prodigus, an neque sumptum
Invitus facias, nec plura parare labores ;
Ac potius, puer ut festis Quinquatribus olim,
Exiguo gratoque fruaris tempore raptim.

Pauperies immunda procul procul abfit: ego, utrum
Nave ferar magna an parva ; ferar unus et idem.
Non agimur tumidis velis Aquilone secundo :
Non tamen adversis ætatem ducimus Austris.
Viribus, ingenio, fpecie, virtute, loco, re,
Extremi primorum, extremis usque priores.

& Non es avarus : abi. quid ? cætera jam simul isto Cum vitio fugere? caret tibi pectus inani Ambitione? caret mortis formidine et ira? Somnia, terrores magicos, miracula, sagas, Nocturnos lemures, protentaque Thessala rides? Natales grate numeras ? ignoscis amicis ?

Lenior

NOTES.

VER. 302. In pow'r, wit,] The fix words in the Original,

" Viribus, ingenio, fpecie, virtute, loco, re," are wonderfully close, emphatical, and compact ; but I think they could hardly be better expressed than by our Author. He has not, perhaps, succeeded fo well in imitating another line below,

“ Somnia, terrores magicos, miracula, sagas," a line of admirable brevity.

WARTON. VER. 312. Survey both worlds,] It is observable with what so briety he has corrected the licentiousness of his Original, which made the expectation of another world a part of that superstition, he would explode; whereas the Imitator is only for removing the false terors from the world of spirits; such as the diablerie of witchcraft and purgatory.

WARBURTON,

My heir may figh, and think it want of grace
A man fo poor would live without a place :
But sure no statute in his favour says,
How free, or frugal, I shall pass my days :
I, who at some times spend, at others spare, 290
Divided between carelessness and care.
'Tis one thing madly to disperse my store;
Another, not to heed to treasure more;
Glad, like a Boy, to snatch the first good day,
And pleas’d, if fordid Want be far away, 295

What is't to me, (a passenger God wot,)
Whether

my

vefsel be first rate or not? The Ship itself may make a better figure, But I that fail, am neither less nor bigger, I neither strut with ev'ry fav’ring breath, 300 Nor strive with all the tempest in my

teeth. In pow'r, wit, figure, virtue, fortune, plac'd Behind the foremost, and before the last.

€“ But why all this of Av'rice? I have none." I wish you joy, Sir, of a Tyrant gone ;

305 But does no other lord it at this hour, As wild and mad? the Avarice of pow'r ? Does neither Rage inflame, nor Fear appall? Not the black fear of death, that saddens all ? With terrors round, can Reason hold her throne, 310 Despise the known, nor tremble at th' unknown? Survey both worlds, intrepid and entire, In spite of witches, devils, dreams, and fire? Pleas'd to look forward, pleas'd to look behind, And count each birth-day with a grateful mind? 315 VOL. IV.

Has

Lenior et melior fis accedente senecta?
Quid te exempta levat fpinis de pluribus una ?

Vivere fi recte nescis, decede peritis.
Lusisti fatis, edisti satis, atque bibisti:
Tempus abire tibi est: ne potum largius æquo
Rideat, et pulset lafciva decentius ætas.

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