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EPISTOLA I.

Prima dicte mihi, fumma dicende camena,

• Spectatum fatis, et donatum jam rude, quæris, Mxcenas, iterum antiquo me includere ludo. Non eadem eft ætas, non mens.

• Veianius, armis Herculis ad poftem fixis, latet abditus agro ; Ne populum extrema toties exoret arena,

Eft

d

NOTES

VER. I. whose love] Equal to the affection which Horace in the original professes for Mecænas. It has been suspected that his affection to his friend was so strong, as to make him resolve not to outlive him ; and that he actually put into execution his promise of ibimus, ibiinus. Od. xvii lib. 3. Both died in the end of the year 745; Horace only three weeks after Mecænas, November 27. Nothing can be so different as the plain and manly style of the former, in comparison of what Quintilian calls the calamistros of the latter, for which Sanctorius and Macrobius, cap 86. say Auguftus frequently ridiculed him, though Augustus himself was guilty of the same fault: as when he said, vapidè fe habere for ma'è.

WARTON. Ver. 3. Sabbath of my days?] i. e The 45th year, the age of the Author.

WARBURTON. Ver. 8. Hang their old Trophies o'er the Garden gales,] An oce casional stroke of Satire on ill-placed ornaments.

He has more openly ridiculed them in his Epifile on Taste:

“ Load some vain Church with old theatric state,

Turn Arcs of Triumph to a Garden gate.WARBURTON. He is said to have alluded to the entrance of Lord Peterborough's Lawn at Bevismount, near Southampton.

There

EPISTLE I.

TO LORD BOLINGBROKE.

ST. John, whose love indulg’d my labours past,

Matures my present, and shall bound my last! Why will

you

break the Sabbath of my days? Now fick alike of Envy and of Praise. Pablic too long, ah let me hide my Age!

5 See modelt Cibber now has left the Stage: Our Gen’rals now, retir'd to their Estates, Hang their old Trophies o'er the Garden gates, In Life's cool Ev’ning satiate of Applause, Nor fond of bleeding, ev’n in BRUNSWICK's cause.

A Voice

NOTES.

There is more pleasantry and humour in Horace's comparing himself to an old gladiator, worn out in the service of the public, from which he had often begged his life, and has now at laft been dismissed with the usual ceremonies, than for Pope to compare himself to an old actor or retired general. Pope was in his fortyninth year, and Horace probably in his forty seventh, when he wrote this Epistle. Bentley has arranged the writings of Horace in the following order He composed the first book of his Sa. tires between the twenty-fixth and twenty eighth year of his age ; the second book, from the year thirty-one to thirty-thret ; next, the Epodes, in his thirty-fourth and fifth year; next, the first book of his Odes, in three years, from his thirty-sixth to his thirty eighth year; the second book in the two next years ; then the firit book of the Epistles, in his forty-fixth and seventh year; next to that, the fourth book of is Odes, in his forty.ninth year: lastly, the Art of Poetry, and second book of the Epilt es, to which an exact date cannot be assigned.

WARTON. Ver. 10. eu'n in BRUNSWICK's cause.] In the former Editions it was Britain's cause. But the terms are synonimous. WARBURTON.

' Eft mihi purgatam crebro qui personat aurem ; Solve 3 senescentem mature fanus equun, ne Peccet ad extremum ridendus, et ilia ducat. Nunc itaque et verfus, et catera ludicra pono: Quid i verum atque decens, curo et rogo, et ominis in

hoc fum: • Condo, et compono, quæ mox depromere poflım. Ac ne forte roges, ' quo me duce, quo Lare tuter: Nullius addictus jurare in verba magistri,

Quo me cunque rapit tempestas, deferor hofpes.
Nunc agilis fio, et merfor * civilibus undis,
Virtutis veræ custos, o rigidusque satelles:

Nunc

NOTES.

VER. 13. Left Riff,] He has excelled Boileau's imitation of these verses, Ep. 10. V. 44. And indeed Boileau himself is ex. celled by an old French Poet, whom he has frequently imitated, that is, Le Fresnaie Vauquelin, whofe Poems were published 16:2. Vauquelin fays, that he profited much by reading the Satires of Ariosto; he also wrote an Art of Poetry; one of his best pieces is an imitation of Horace's Trebatius, being a dialogue between himself and the Chancellor of France. WARTON.

VER. 16. You limp, like Blackmore on a Lord Mayor's borse.] The fame of this heavy Poet, however problematical elsewhere, was universally received in the City of London. His versification is here exactly described: ftiff, and not itrong; stately, and yet dull, like the foher and flow-paced Animal generally employed to mount the Lord Mayor: and therefore here humorously opposed to Pegasus.

Popi. Ver. 26. And house with Montagne now, or now with Locke.] i. e. Chuse either an alive or a contemplative life, as is most fitted to the season and circumstances. For he regarded thefe Writers

II

E A Voice there is, that whispers in my ear, ('Tis Reason's voice, which sometimes one can hear,) “ Friend Pope! be prudent, let your & Mufe take

"

breath, “ And never gallop Pegasus to death; “ Lest stiff, and stately, void of fire or force, 15 s6 You limp, like Blackmore on a Lord Mayor's

" horse." Farewell then - Verse, and Love, and ev'ry Toy, The Rhymes and Rattles of the Man or Boy; What i right, what true, what fit we justly call, Let this be all my care—for this is All: To lay this * harvest up, and hoard with haste What ev'ry day will want, and most, the last.

But ask not, to what 'Doctors I apply? Sworn to no Master, of no Sect am I: As drives the storm, at any door I knock: 25 And house with Montagne now, or now with Locke. Sometimes a " Patriot, active in debate, , Mix with the World, and battle for the State, Free as young Lyttelton, her cause pursue, Still true to Virtue, and as warm as true :

30 Sometimes

NOTES.

as the best Schools to form a man for the world ; or to give him a knowledge of himself: Montagne excelling in his observations on social and civil life ; and Locke, in developing the faculties, and explaining the operations of the human mind. WARBURTON.

VER, 29. Free as young Lyttelton,] A just, and not overcharged encomium, on an excellent man, who had always served his friends with warmth, (witness his kindness to Thomson,) and his country with activity and zeal. His Poems and Dialogues of the Dead are

written

Nunc in * Aristippi ' furtim præcepta relabor,
Et mihi res, non me rebus, fubjungere conor.

9 Ut nox longa, quibus mentitur amica ; diesque Lenta videtur opus debentibus : ut piger annus Pupillis, quos dura premit custodia matrum : Sic mihi tarda' fuunt ingrataque tempora, quæ fpem Corfiliumque morantur agendi gnaviter ' id, quod Aque paupcribus prodeft, locupletibus æque, leque neglectum pueris, senibusque nocebit. ' Reftat, ut his ego me ipfe regam ' folerque ele

mentis : * Non poflis oculo quantum contendere Lynceus;

Non * Omnis Aristippum decuit color, et status, et res.

PupE.

NOTES.

written wi: h elegance and ease; his observations on the Conver. fion of St. Paul, with clearness and closeness of reasoning ; and his History of Henry II. with accuracy and knowledge of those early times and of the English Constitution ; and which was compiled from a laborious search into authentic documents, and the records lodged in the Tower and at the Rolls. A little before he died, he told me, that he had determined to throw ołt of the collection of all his works, which was then to be published, his first juvenile performance, the Persian Letters, written 735, in imitation of thofe of his friend Montesquieu, whom he had known and admired in England, in which he said there were principles and remarks that he wished to retract and alter. I told him, that notwithstanding his caution, the booksellers, as in fact they have done, would preserve and insert there letters Another little piece, written also in his early youth, does him much honour : the Oba fervations on the Life of Tully, in which, perhaps, a more dispassionate and impartial character of Tully is exhibited than in the panegyrical volumes of Middelton.

WARTON

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