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Quam puer et validus præsumis, mollitiem ; feu Dura valetudo inciderit, seu tarda senectus ? * Rancidum aprum antiqui laudabant : non quia

nafus Illis nullus erat; fed, credo, hac mente, quod hofpes Tardius adveniens vitiatum commodius, quam Integrum edax dominus consumeret. · hos utinam

inter Heroas natum tellus me prima tuliffet.

* Das aliquid famæ, quæ carmine gratior aurem Occupet humanam ? grandes rhombi, patinæque Grande ferunt una "cum damno dedecus, adde

Iratum patruum, vicinos, te tibi iniquum, Et frustra mortis cupidum, cum deerit egenti P As, laquei pretium.

9 Jure, inquit, Trausius iftis Jurgatur verbis : ego vectigalia magna, Divitiasque habeo tribus amplas regibus. 'Ergo, Quod superat, non est melius quo insumere poffis ? 'Cur eget indignus quisquam, te divite ?

quare * Templa ruunt antiqua Deûm? cur, improbe, caræ Non aliquid patriæ tanto emetiris acervo ? Uni nimirum tibi recte femper erunt res?

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O magnus

NOTES.

VER. 118. How dar's thou] Very spirited, and superior to the original; for darst is far beyond the mere eget. Two lines on this subject in Armstrong are exquisitely tender, especially the second : 66 E'on modest want may

bless
your

hand unscèn, Tho' hush'd in patient wretchedness at home.'

WARTON.

96

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* Our fathers prais'd rank Ven'son. You suppose Perhaps, young men! our fathers had no nose. Not so: a Buck was then a week's repast, And 'twas their point, I ween, to make it last ; More pleas’d to keep it till their friends could come, Than eat the sweetest by themselves at home.

Why had not I in those good times my birth, Ere coxcomb-pies or coxcombs were on earth?

Unworthy he, the voice of Fame to hear, That sweetest music to an honest ear, (For 'faith, Lord Fanny! you are in the wrong, The world's good word is better than a song,) Who has not learn’d, " fresh sturgeon and ham-pie Are no rewards for want, and infamy! When Luxury has lick'd up all thy pelf, 105 Curs’d by thy o neighbours, thy trustees, thyself, To friends, to fortune, to mankind a shame, Think how posterity will treat thy name; And buy a rope, that future times

may

tell Thou hast at least bestow'd one penny well.

4 « Right,” cries his Lordship, “ for a rogue in need " To have a Taste, is insolence indeed : “ In me 'tis noble, suits my

birth and state, “My wealth unwieldy, and my heap too great. Then, like the Sun, let' Bounty spread her ray, 115 And shine that superfluity away. Oh Impudence of wealth! with all thy store, How dar'lt thou let one worthy man be poor? Shall half the new-built churches round thee fall ? Make Keys, build Bridges, or repair Whitehall :

Or

IIO

O magnus posthac inimicis risus! uterne
• Ad casus dubios fidet sibi certius ? hic, qui
Pluribus afluêrit mentem corpusque superbum ;
An qui contentus parvo metuensque futuri,
In pace, ut fapiens, aptarit idonea bello?
Quo magis his credas: puer hunc ego parvus

Ofellum
Integris opibus novi non latius usum,
Quam nunc "accisis. Videas, metato in agello,

Cum

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NOTES.

VER. 122. As M**o's was, &c.] I think this light stroke of satire ill placed; and that it hurts the dignity of the preceding morality. Ho:ace was very serious, and properly so, when he faid,

cur, Inprobe ! caræ Non aliquid patriæ tanto emetiris acervo ?" He remembered, and hints with just indignation at, those luxurious Patricians of his old party ; who, when they had agreed to establish a fund in the cause of Freedom, under the conduct of Brutus, could never be persuaded to withdraw from their expenfive pleasures what was sufficient for the support of fo great a cause. He had prepared his apology for this liberty, in the preceding line, where he pays a fine compliment to Auguftus !

quare “ Templa ruunt antiqua Deûm?” which oblique Panegyric the Imitator has very properly turned into a direct stroke of satire.

WARBURTON. Ver. 122. not at five per cent.] He could not forbear this stroke against a nobleman, whom he had been for many years ac. customed to hear abused by his most intimate friends.

A certain parafite, who thought to please Lord Bolingbroke by ridiculing the avarice of the Duke of M. was stopt short by that Lord, who said, “ He was so very great a man, that I forgot he had that

121

Or to thy Country let that heap be lent,
As M**o's was, but not at five per cent.

Who thinks that Fortune cannot change her mind,
Prepares a dreadful jest for all mankind.
And " who stands fafest ? tell me, is it he 125
That spreads and swells in puff’a Prosperity,
Or bleft with little, whose preventing care
In

peace provides fit arms against a war ? * Thus BETHEL spoke, who always speaks his

thought, And always thinks the very thing he ought: 130 His equal mind I copy what I can, And as I love, would imitate the Man. In South-Sea days not happier, when furmis'd The Lord of Thousands, than if now w Excis'd; In forest planted by a Father's hand,

135 Than in five acres now of rented land.

Content

NOTES.

vice." - WARTON.

Ver. 122. five per cent. ] Among the papers of the Orford colle&tion, is a curious note to Sir. Robert Walpole, when Secretary at War, from the Duke of Marlborough, in which he says, he has a hundred thoufand pounds he does not know how to dispose of, and desires Walpole to put it out for him. From Mr. Coxe.

VER. 129. Thus BETHEL Spoke,] This speech of Ofellus continues in the original to the end of this Satire. Pope has taken all that follows out of the mouth of Bethel, and speaks entirely in his own person. It is impoflible not to be pleased with the picture of his way of life, and the account he gives of his own table, in lines that express common and familiar objects with dig. nity and elegance.

WARTON. Ver. 133 In South-Sea days not happier, &c.] Mr. Pope had South Sea stock, which he did not sell out. It was valued at be. tween twenty and thirty thousand pounds when it fell.

WARBURTON VOL. IV.

1

Cum pecore et gnatis, fortem mercede colonum,
Non ego, narrantem, temere edi luce profesta
Quidquam, pri ter * olus fumofæ cum pede pernæ.
Ac mihi feu' longum poft tempus venerat hofpes,
Sive operum vacuo gratus conviva per imbrem
Vicinus; bene erat, non piscibus urbe petitis,
Sed pullo atque hædo : tum ? pensilis uva secundas
Et nux ornabat menfas, cum duplice ficu.
Poft hoc ludus erat cuppa potare magistra :
Ac venerata Ceres, ita culmo furgeret alto,
Explicuit vino contractæ feria frontis.

Sæviat atque novos moveat Fortuna tumultus! Quantum hinc imminuet ? quanto aut ego parcius,

aut vos,

O pueri, nituistis, ut huc novus incola venit ?

Nam

NOTES.

VER. 134 than if now Excisid ;] Pope naturally joined the violent cry against the Excise, with the Party in opposition to Sir R Walpole. Pulteney exclaimed upon another occasion :

“ There is another thing impending ! a monstrous project ! such a project as has ftruck terror into the minds of most gentle. inen of this House, and into the minds of all men without doors, who have any regard to the happiness, or to the constitution, of their country. I mean that MONSTER, THE Excise! that PLAN OF ARBITRARY POWER, which is expected to be laid before the House in the present Parliament.” Coxe's Memoirs, chap.41.

VER. 136. Than in five acres] He had a lease of his house and gardens at Twickenham for his life. The lease was purchased of a Mrs. Vernon; hence the expressions,

-Does it concern one, Whether the House belong to Pope, or Vernon? Ver. 152. double tax’d,] An additional tax was laid on the eftates of Papists and Nonjurors.

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