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Virgilius Restauratus:

SEU

MARTINI SCRIBLERI,

SUMMI CRITICI,

Caftigationum in Aeneidem

SPECIMEN.

AENEIDEM totam, Amice Lector, innumerabilibus poene mendis fcaturientem, ad priftinum fenfum revocabimus. In fingulis fere verfibus fpuriae occurrunt lectiones, in omnibus quos unquam vidi codicibus, aut vulgatis aut ineditis, ad opprobrium ufque Criticorum, in hunc diem exiftentes. Interea adverte oculos, et his paucis fruere. At fi quae fint in hifce caftigationibus, de quibus non fatisliquet, fyllabarum quantitates, goλyóμeva noftra Libro ipfi praefigenda, ut confulas, moneo,

I. SPECIMEN LIBRI PRIMI .

VER. I.

RMA Virumque cano, Trojae qui

A ab oris

Italiam, fato profugus, Lavinaque venit

primus

Littora.

It is very easy, but very ungrateful, to laugh at collectors of various readings, and adjufters of texts, thofe poor pioneers of literature; who drag forward

A waggon load of meanings for one word,
While A's depos'd, and B with pomp reftor'd.

To the indefatigable refearches of many a Dutch commentator and German editor, are we indebted for that ease and facility with which we now are enabled to read. "I am perfuaded,” says Bayle, "that the ridiculous obftinacy of the first critics, who lavished fo much of their time upon the queftion, whether we ought to fay Virgilius or Vergilius, has been ultimately of great use; they thereby infpired men with an extreme veneration for antiquity; they dif pofed them to a fedulous enquiry into the conduct and character of the ancient Grecians and Romans, and that gave occafion to their improving by thofe great examples." Dict. tom. v. p. 795. I have always been struck with the following words of a commentator, who was also a great philofopher, I mean Dr. Clarke; who thus finishes the preface to his incomparable edition of Homer. "Levia quidem hæc, et parvi forte, fi per fe fpectentur momenti. Sed ex elementis conftant, ex principiis oriunter, omnia: Et ex judicii confuetudine in rebus minutis adhibitâ, pendet fæpiffimè in maximis vera atque accurata fcientia." Real scholars will always fpeak with due regard of fuch names, as the Scaligers, Salmafius's, Heinfius's, Burman's, Reiskius's, Markland's, Gefner's, Heynes's, Toup's, Bentley's, and Hare's. "Sans ce qu'on appelle les erudits," fays Marmontel, very fenfibly, 66 nous ferions encore barbares. C'eft grace aux lumieres qu'ils ont tranfmifes, que leurs écrits ne font plus de faison." Jortin ufed frequently to mention this attempt to difcredit emendatory criticism, with strong marks of derifion; and I have now before me, a letter from Toup to Mr. Thomas Warton, in the fame ftrain.

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Littora. multum ille et terris jactatus et alto,

Vi fuperûm

Arma Virumque cano, Trojae qui primus ab aris
Italiam, fatu profugus Latinaque venit

Littora. multum ille et terris vexatus et alto,

Vi fuperûm

Ab aris, nempe Hercaei Jovis. vide lib. ii. v. 512. 550.-Flatu, ventorum Aeoli, ut fequitur-Latina certe littora cum Aeneas aderat, Lavina non nifi poftea ab ipfo nominata, lib. xii. v. 193.—Jactatus terris non convenit.

II. VER. 52.

Et quifquis Numen Junonis adoret ?
Et quifquis Nomen Junonis adoret?

Longe melius, quam, ut antea, Numen. et proculdu-
bio fic Virgilius.

III. VER. 86.

Venti, velut agmine facto,
Qua data porta ruunt.

Venti, velut aggere fracto,
Qua data porta ruunt.
Si corrige, meo periculo.

IV. VER. 117.

Fidumque vehebat Orontem.
Fortemque vehebat Orontem.

Non fidum. quia Epitheton Achatae notiffimum
datur.

Oronti nunquam

V. VER.

V. VER. 119.

Excutitur, pronufque magifter

Volvitur in caput.

Excutitur: pronufque magis ter

Volvitur in caput.

Aio Virgilium aliter non fcripfiffe, quod plane confirmatur ex fequentibus-Aft illum ter fluctus ibidem Torquet.

VI. VER. 122.

Apparent rari nantes in gurgite vasto

Arma Virúm.

Armi hominum: Ridicule antea Arma virúm, quae, ex ferro conflata, quomodo poffunt natare?

VII. VER. 151.

Atque rotis fummas leviter perlabitur undas. Atque rotis fpumas leviter perlabitur udas. Summas, et leviter perlabi, pleonafmus eft: Mirifice altera lectio Neptuni agilitatem et celeritatem exprimit. fimili modo Nofter de Camilla, Aen. xi. Illa vel intactae fegetis per fumma volaret, etc. hyperbolice.

VIII. VER. 154.

Jamque faces et faxa volant, furor arma miniftrat. Jam faeces et faxa volant, fugiuntque ministri : uti folent, inftanti periculo-Faeces facibus longe praeftant; quid enim nifi faeces jactarent vulgus fordidum?

IX. VER.

IX. VER. 170.

Fronte fub adverfa fcopulis pendentibus antrum,
Intus aquae dulces, vivoque fedilia faxo.

Fronte fub adverfa populis prandentibus antrum. Sic malim *, longe potius quam fcopulis pendentibus: Nugae! nonne vides verfu fequenti dulces aquas ad potandum et fedilia ad difcumbendum dari? In quorum ipfum ? quippe prandentium.

X. VER. 188.

Tres littore cervos

Profpicit errantes: hos tota armenta fequuntur

A tergo

Tres littore corvos

Afpicit errantes hos agmina tota fequuntur
A tergo-

Cervi, lectio vulgata, abfurditas notiffima: haec animalia in Africa non inventa, quis nefcit? At motus et ambulandi ritus Corvorum, quis non agnorit hoc loco? Littore, locus ubi errant Corvi, uti Nofter alibi,

Et fola in ficca fecum fpatiatur arena.

Omen praeclariffimum, immo et agminibus militum frequentur obfervatum, ut patet ex Historicis.

XI. VER. 748.

Arcturum, pluviafque Hyades, geminofque Triones. Error graviffimus. Corrigo,-feptemque Triones.

k One would think this note was written to ridicule Warburton's, not Bentley's, mode of criticifing: It is fo exactly appofite to many of his interpretations.

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