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OR, OF THE ART OF
SINKING IN POETRY.
WRITTEN IN THE YEAR MDCCXXVII.
II. That the Bathos, or Profund, is the natural
Taste of Man, and in particular of the
IV. That there is an Art of the Bathos or Pro-
V. Of the true Genius for the Profund, and by
VII. Of the Profund, when it confifts in the
VIII. Of the Profund, confifting in the Circum-
ftances, and of Amplification and Peri-
IX. Of Imitation, and the Manner of Imitating 227
X. Of Tropes and Figures; and firft of the
variegating, confounding, and reverfing
XI. The Figures continued: Of the magnifying
XII. Of Expression, and the feveral Sorts of Style
XIII. A Project for the Advancement of the Ba-
XIV. How to make Dedications, Panegyricks, or
Satires, and of the Colours of Honourable
T hath been long (my dear Countrymen) the subIT ject of my concern and furprize, that whereas numberless Poets, Critics, and Orators have compiled
Martinus] The learned Mr. Upton has made an ingenious remark on the title of this piece: " "Tis pleasant enough to confider how the change of a single letter has often led learned Commentators into mistakes; and a П, being accidently altered into a B, in a Greek Rhetorician, gave occafion to one of the best pieces of fatire that was ever written in the English language, viz. ПЕРІ BA☺OYE; a treatise concerning the Art of Sinking in Poetry. The blunder I mean is in the fecond fection of Longinus: EI EETIN ΥΨΟΥΣ ΤΙΣ Η ΒΑΘΟΥΣ ΤΕΧΝΗ, inftead of ΠΑΘΟΥΣ ; a moft ridiculous blunder, which has occafioned as ridiculous criticisms." Obfervations on Shakespeare, p. 256.
M. De Larchet, the tranflator of Herodotus, gave a French translation also of this Life of Scriblerus. It is easy to imagine that the humour has evaporated in a French tranflation.
The blunder relating to the word abs, reminds one of a moft egregious mistake of Rapin the critic, whofe knowledge of Greek has been much queftioned. Relating a ftory of Euphranor the painter, he says, "Apion has related it." Having read the ftory in Euftathius; who says, aπ εypar; which meant, that Euphranor, hearing a description of Jupiter read in Homer, "went away and painted it."