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he ever relapsed into this paffion, except what is mentioned in the Introduction of the Spanish Lady's Phenomenon.




T was in the year 1699, that Martin fet out on his Travels. Thou wilt certainly be very curious to know what they were. It is not yet time to inform thee. But what hints I am at liberty to give, I will.

Thou shalt know then, that in his firft Voyage he was carried by a profperous Storm, to a Discovery of the Remains of the ancient Pygmaean Empire.


*It is very acutely and juftly observed by Mr. Cambridge, in the Preface to his Scribleriad, that it was surprising Mr. Pope fhould make his Scriblerus fo complicated a character as he reprefents him towards the end of his Memoirs, attributing to him things quite incompatible. Nay, fuch is his luft of loading this character, that he declares Gulliver's Travels to be the Travels of Scriblerus; and this without any other pretence, than that Swift had once defigned to write the Travels of Scriblerus. What reasons induced him to change this work of humour, to a particular gratification of his fpleen, it is not to the present purpose to make known; but this is certain, that when he made so total an alteration in his defign, he took care not to give one feature of Scriblerus to his Gulliver. This hath been observed in a remark on a former Chapter.

That in his fecond, he was as happily ship-wrecked on the Land of the Giants, now the most humane people in the world.

That in his third Voyage, he discovered a whole Kingdom of Philofophers, who govern by the Mathematicks; with whose admirable Schemes and Projects he returned to benefit his own dear Country; but had the misfortune to find them rejected by the envious Minifters of Queen Anne, and himself fent treacherously away.

And hence it is, that in his fourth Voyage he difcovers a Vein of Melancholy proceeding almost to a Difguft of his Species; but above all, a mortal Deteftation to the whole flagitious Race of Minifters, and a final Resolution not to give in any Memorial to the Secretary of State, in order to fubject the Lands he difcovered to the Crown of Great Britain.

Now if, by these hints, the Reader can help himself to a farther discovery of the Nature and Contents of thefe Travels, he is welcome to as much light as they afford him; I am obliged, by all the ties of honour, not to speak more openly.

But if any man fhall fee fuch very extraordinary Voyages, into fuch very extraordinary Nations, which manifest the most diftinguishing marks of a Philofopher, a Politician, and a Legislator; and can imagine them to belong to a Surgeon of a Ship, or a Captain of a Merchantman, let him remain in his Ignorance.



And whoever he be, that fhall further obferve, in every page of fuch a book, that cordial Love of Mankind, that inviolable Regard to Truth, that Paffion for his dear Country, and that particular attachment to the excellent Princess Queen Anne; furely that man deferves to be pitied, if by all those visible Signs and Characters, he cannot distinguish and acknowledge the Great Scriblerus.




ERE therefore, at this great Period, we end our first Book. And here, O Reader, we entreat thee utterly to forget all thou haft hitherto read, and to caft thy eyes only forward to that boundless Field the next shall open unto thee; the fruits of which (if thine, or our fins do not prevent) are to spread and multiply over this our work, and over all the face of the earth.

In the mean time, know what thou oweft, and what thou yet may'ft owe, to this excellent Perfon, this Prodigy of our Age; who may well be called, The

The Philofopher of ultimate Causes, fince by a Sagacity peculiar to himself, he hath discovered Effects in their very Cause; and without the trivial helps of Experiments, or Observations, hath been the Inventor of most of the modern Systems and Hypotheses.

"He hath enriched Mathematicks with many precife and geometrical Quadratures of the Circle. He first discovered the Cause of Gravity, and the intestine Motion of Fluids.

To him we owe all the obfervations of the Parallax of the Pole-ftar, and all the new Theories of the Deluge.

He it was that first taught the right use sometimes of the Fuga Vacui, and fometimes of the Materia Subtilis, in refolving the grand Phenomena of Nature.

He it was that first found out the Palpability of Colours; and by the Delicacy of his Touch, could distinguish the different Vibrations of the heterogeneous Rays of Light.

His were the Projects of Perpetuum Mobiles, Flying Engines, and Pacing Saddles; the Method of difcovering the Longitude by Bomb-Veffels, and of encreasing the Trade-Wind by vaft plantations of Reeds and Sedges. I fhall mention only a few of his Philofophical and Mathematical Works.

1. A com

a How juftly foever the knowledge of Mathematicks is faid to contribute to make men found reasoners; yet it may be observed, that neither Hobbes, nor Bayle, nor Locke, nor Hume, nor Chillingworth, nor Hooker, nor Butler, fome of the clofeft and most acute reasoners that ever wrote, knew much of the Mathematicks.

1. A complete Digeft of the Laws of Nature, with a Review of those that are obfolete or repealed, and of those that are ready to be renewed and put in force.

2. A Mechanical Explication of the Formation of the Universe, according to the Epicurean Hypothefis. 3. An Investigation of the Quantity of real Matter in the Universe, with the proportion of the specifick Gravity of folid Matter to that of fluid.

4. Microscopical Obfervations on the Figure and Bulk of the constituent Parts of all fluids. A Calculation of the proportion in which the Fluids of the Earth decrease, and of the period in which they will be totally exhausted.

5. A Computation of the Duration of the Sun, and how long it will last before it be burned out.

6. A Method to apply the Force arifing from the immenfe Velocity of Light to mechanical purposes.

7. An Answer to the question of a curious Gentleman: How long a New Star was lighted up before its appearance to the Inhabitants of our Earth? To which is fubjoined a Calculation, how much the Inhabitants of the Moon eat for Supper, confidering that they pass a Night equal to fifteen of our natural days.

8. A Demonstration of the natural Dominion of the Inhabitants of the Earth over those of the Moon, if ever an intercourfe should be opened between them.

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