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The morals blacken'd when the writings 'scape,
P. VER. 354, Abuse, an all be low'd, ar lovåd him, spread,] Namely on the Duke of Buckingham, the Earl of Burlington, Lord Bathurst, Lord Bolingbroke, Bishop Atterbury, Dr. Swift, Dr. Arbuthnot, Mr. Gay, his Friends, his Parents, and his very Nurse, aspersed in printed papers, by James Moore, G. Ducket, L. Welsted, Tho. Bentley, and other obscure persons. P,
VER, 356. The whisper, that ta greatness fill top near,] By the whisper is meant calumniating honest Characters. Shake, spear has finely expressed this office of the sycophant of greats ness in the following line:
Rain facrificial whisperings in his ear. By which is meant the immolating mens reputations to the vice or vanity of his Patron, Ver: 357. Perhaps, vet vibrates] What force and elegance
andhele of expression! which, in one word, conveys to us the physical effects of sound, and the moral effects of an often repeated scandal,
Ver. 359. Fur thee, fair Virtue! welcome ev'n the last!) This line is remarkable for presenting us with the most amiable image of steddy Virtue, mixed with a modest concern for his
Alike my scorn, if he succeed or fail,
Yet soft by nature, more a dupe than wit,
Once, and but once, his heedless youth was bit,
NOTES. being forced to undergo the severeft proofs of his love for it, which was the being thought hardly of by his SOVEREIGN.
l'ER. 374. ten years! It was so long after many libels bekre the Author of the Dunciad pub.hed that poeń, till when, he never writ a word in aniwer to the many fcurrilities and haithoods concerning him.
Who has the vanity to call you friend, 295
Let Sporus tremble ---A.What? that thing of filk,
NOTE S. Ver. 295. Who has the vanity to call you friend, Yet wants the honour, injur'd, to defend ;] When a great Genius, whose writings have afforded the world much pleasure and instruction, happens to be enviously attacked, or fallly accused, it is natural to think, that a sense of gratitude for fo agreeable an obligation, or a sense of that honour resulting to our Country from such a Writer, should raise amongst those who call themselves his friends, a pretty general indignation. But every day's expe. rience thews us the very contrary. Some take a malignant satisfaction in the attack; others a foolish pleasure in a literary conflict; and the far greater part look on with a selfish indif. · ference.
Ver. 299. Who to the Dean, and silver bell &c.] Meaning the man who would have persuaded the Duke of Chandos that Mr. P. meant him in those circumstances ridiculed in the Epiftle on Tafe. See Mr. Pope's Letter to the Earl of Burlington concerning this matter.
P. Yet let me flap this bug with gilded wings,
Notes, VER. 319. See Milton, Book iv.
Ver. 326. Half froth,] Alluding to those frothy excretions, called by the people, Toad-spits, seen in summer time hanging upon plants, and emitted by young insects which lie hid in the midst of them, for their preservation, while in their helpless ftate.
Fop at the toilet, flatt'rer at the board,
Not Fortune's worshiper, nor Fashion’s fool,
NOTES. VER. 340. That not in Fancy's maze he wander'd long,] His merit in this will appear very great, if we consider, that in this walk he had all the advantages which the most poetic Imagination could give to a great Genius. M.Voltaire, in a MS. letter now before me, writes thus from England to a friend in Paris. “ I intend to send you two or three poems of Mr. Pope, the “ best poet of England, and at present of all the world. I hope “ you are acquainted enough with the English tongue, to be « sensible of all the charms of his works. For my part, I look " upon his poem called the Esay on Criticism as superior to " the Art of poetry of Horace; and his Rape of the Lock is, in "s my opinion, above the Lutrin of Despreaux. I never saw « so amiable an imagination, so gentle graces, fo great variety, " so much wit, and so refined knowledge of the world, as in to this little perforinance." MS. Let. Oct. 15, 1726.
VER. 341. But fiocidio Truih, and moraliz’d his song :) This