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Then a Marble, soften'd into life, grew warm,
But · Britain, changeful as a Child at play, 155
Notes. tonic sentiments always finks into the dregs of the gentle pasion. Thus in attempting a more natural representation of it in the little AMATORY Novels which succeeded those heavier volumes, tho’the writers avoided the dryness of the Spanish Intrigue, and the extravagance of the French Heroism, yet, by giving too natural a picture of their subject, they introduced a worle evil than a corruption of Taste, and that was a corruption of Heart.
At length this great People (to whom, it must be owned, every branch of Science has been infinitely indebted) hit upon the true secret, by which alone a deviation from ftri&t fact, in the commerce of Man, could be really amuhing to an improved mind, or useful to promote that improvement. And this was by a faithful and chalte copy of real LIFE AND MANNERS.
In this species of writing, Mr, De Marivaux in France, and Mr. FIELDING in England Itand the foremoft. And by enriching it with the best part of the Comic art, may be said to have brought it to its perfection. VER. 142. A Verle of the Lord Lansdown.
P. Ver.149. Lely on animated Canvas flole --The fleepy Eye, etc.) This was the Characteristic of this excellent Colourist's expression; who was an excessive Manierest.
VER. 153. On each enervate firing etc.] The Siege of Rhodes by Sir William Davenant, the first Opera sung in England. P.
Quidpiacet, aut odio est, quod non mutabile credas?
NOTES. VER. 158. Now all for Pleasure, now for Church and State ;] The first half of Charles the Second's Reign was passed in an abandoned diffoluteness of manners; the other half, in factious disputes about popish plots and French prerogative.
Ver. 160. Effects unhappy! from a Noble Cause.] i. e. The love of Liberty.--Mr. Voltaire, while in England, writes thus to a friend in Paris -“I had a mind at first to print our poor “ Henry at my own expences in London; but the loss of my
money is a sad stop to my design. I question if I shall try “ the way of Subscriptions by the favour of the Court. I am “ weary of Courts. "All that is King or belongs to a King, 1“ frights my republican Philosophy. I wont drink the least “ draught of Slavery in the Land of Liberty, I have written
Now Whig, now Tory, what we lov'd we hate; Now all for Pleasure, now for Church and State ;
: ; Now for Prerogative, and now for Laws; Effects unhappy! from a Noble Cause. 160
Time was, a sober Englishman would knock His servants up, and rise by five o'clock, Instruct his Family in ev'ry rule, And send his Wife to church, his Son to school. Tof worship like his Fathers, was his care; 165 To teach their frugal Virtues to his Heir ; To
prove, that Luxury could never hold; And place, on good & Security, his Gold. Now times are chang’d, and one " Poetic Itch Has seiz’d the Court and City, poor and rich:170 Sons, Sires, and Grandfires, all will wear the bays, Our Wives read Milton, and our Daughters Plays,
NOTES, - freely to – and I will always do so, having no reason to lay “ myself under any restraint. "I fear, I hope nothing from your “ Country: all that I wish for, is to see you one day here. « am entertaining myself with this pleasant hope. If it is but “ a dream, let me enjoy it : don't undeceive me: let me believe “ I Thall have the pleasure to see you in London, drawing up thie s strong fpirit of this unaccountable Nation. You will tranflate " their thoughts better when you live amongst them. You will “ see a Nation fond of their Liberty, learned, witty, despising - Life and Death, a nation of Philosophers. Not but that " there are fome fools in England. Every Country has its “ madmen. It may be, French folly is pleasanter than English
Ipfe ego, qui nullos me affirmo scribere versus,
Invenior Parthis mendacior ; et prius orto
Sole vigil, calamum et chartas et scrinia posco.
«Navem agere ignarus navistimet: abrotonum aegro
Non audet, nisi qui didicit,dare: quod medicorum est,
Promittunt 'medici: tractant fabrilia fabri:
m Scribimus indocti doctique poemata paffim.
NOTES. “ madness, but by - English wisdom and English honesty is “ above yours.” MS. Eng. Let. O&t. 15, 1726.
VER. 180. to shew our Wit.] The force of this consists in the ambiguity.To shew how constant we are to our resolutions - or, to shew what fine verses we can make.
VER. 181. He feru'd etc.) To the simple elegance of the original, the Poet has here added great spirit and vivacity, without departing from the fidelity of a translation.
VER. 182. Ward] A famous Empiric, whose Pill and Drop had several surprizing effects, and were one of the principal subjects of writing and conversation at this time.
P. Ibid. Ward try'd on Puppies, and the Poor, bis Drop;] It was the Poet's purpose to do Mr. Ward honour in afligning to him
To Theatres, and to Rehearsals throng,
He serv'd a 'Prenticeship, who sets up hop;
periculum faciamus in corpore vili. SCRIBL. VER. 183. Evn Radcliff's Doctors travel first to France, Nor dare to praktise till they've learn'd to dance. ) By no means an infinuation as if these travelling Doctors had mispent their time. Radcliff had sent them on a medicinal mission, to examine the produce of each Country, and see in what it might be made fubfervient to the art of healing. The native commodity of France is DANCING. Mercurialis gives the Gymnastics, of which this is part, a necessary place amongst the non-naturals (by which term the Physicians mean air, exercise, diet, etc. as if the natural way of living in health was by physic) and the