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Like gentle Fanny's was my flow'ry theme,
A painted mistress, or a purling stream. 150
Yet then did Gildon draw his venal quill;
I wish'd the man a dinner, and sate still.
Yet then did Dennis rave in furious fret ;
I never answer'd, I was not in debt.
If want provok'd, or madness made them print, 155
I wag'd no war with Bedlam or the Mint.

Did some more sober Critic come abroad;
If wrong, I smil'd; if right, I kiss’d the rod.
Pains, reading, study, are their just pretence,
And all they want is spirit, taste, and sense. 160
Comma's and points they set exactly right,
And 'twere a sin to rob them of their mite.
Yet ne'er one sprig of laurel grac'd these ribalds,
From Nashing Bentley down to pidling Tibalds :

Notes. managed, and artfully disposed, might be made to represent and illustrate the noblest objects in nature.

VER. 150. A painted meadow, or a purling stream. is a verse of Mr. Addison.

P. VER. 163. these ribalds,] How deservedly this title is given to the genius of PHILOLOGY, may be seen by a short account of the manners of the modern Scholiafts.

When in these latter ages, human learning raised its head in the Welt, and its tail, verbal criticism, was, of course, to rise with it; the madness of Critics soon became so offensive, that the lober Stupidity of the monks might appear the more tolerable evil. 7. Argyropylus, a mercenary Greek, who came to teach School in Italy, after the lacking of Constantinople by the Turks,

Each wight, who reads not, and but scans and spells, Each Word-catcher, that lives on fyllables, 166.

NOTES. used to maintain that Cicero understood neither Philosophy nor Greek: while another of his Countrymen, 7. Lafcaris by name, threatened to demonstrate that Virgil was no Poet. Coun-tenanced by such great examples, a French Critic afterwards undertook to prove that Ariftotie did not underftand Greek, nor Titus Livius, Latin. It was the fame discernment of spirit, which has since discovered that 70fephus was ignorant of Hebrew; and Er mus so pitiful a Linguist, that, Burman aflures us, were he now alive, he would not deserve to be put at the head of a country school. For though time has strip'd the present race of Pedants of all the real accomplishments of their predecessors, it has conveyed down this spirit to them, unimpaired; it being found much easier to ape their manners, than to imitate their icience. However, those earlier Ribalds raised an appetite for the Greek language in the West: insomuch, that Hermolaus Barbarus, a pailionate admirer of it, and a noted Critic, used to boast, that he had invoked and raised the Devil, and puzzled him into the bargain, about the meaning of the Aristotelian ENTEAEXEIA. Another, whom Balzac speaks of, was as emirent for his Revelations: and was wont to say, that the meaning of such or such a verse, in Perfius, no one knew hut God and himself. While the celebrated Porrponius Latus, in excess of Veneration for Antiquity, became a real Pagan, railed altars to Romulus, and facrificed to the Gods of Latium : in which he was followed by our countryman, Baxter, in erery thing, but in the expence of his facrifices.

But if the Greeks cried down Cicero, the Italiar Critics knew how to support his credit. Every one has heard of the childish exceffes into which the ambition of being thought CICERONIANS carried the most celebrated Italians of this time, They abftained from reading the Scriptures for fear of spoiling their style: Cardinal Bembo used to call the Epistles of St. Paul by the contemptuous name of Epiftolacc. 15, great olla on Erit?.es. But ERASMUS cured their frenzy in that arece of good sense, his Ciceroniunus. For which (in de vor Lungtiis treat their Physicians) the elder Soliger infused hina with all the brutal fury peculiar to his family and proietiion.

Ev'n such small Critics some regard may claim, Preserv'd in Milton's or in Shakespear's name.

NOTES. His fon Joseph, and Saln:afius had indeed such endowments of nature and art, as might have raised modern learning to a rivalIhip with the ancient. Yet how did they and their adversaries tear and worry one another? The choiceft of foleph's flowers of speech were, Stercus Liaboli, and Lurum plercore maceratum. It is true, these were lavished upon his enemies; for his friends he had other things in Iture. In a letter to Tbuanus, speaking of two of them, Cluvius and Lipfius, he calls the firit, a monster of ignorance ; and the other, a save to the Jesuits, and an idiot. But so great was his love of sacred amiry at the same time, that he says, I fill keep up my correspondence with him, notwithstanding his Idiatry, for it is my principle to be con/lant in my friendships ---

Je ne reste de luy escrire, nonobstant fin Idio:erie, d'autant que je suis conftant en 'amitié. The character he gives of his own Chronology, in the same letter, is no less extraordinary: Vous Vous pouvez assurer que noftre Eusebe sera un trésor des merveilles de la doctrine Chronologique. But this modelt account of his own work, is nothing in comparison of the idea the Father gives his Bookseller of his own Perfon. Who, when he was preparing something of Julius Scaliger's for the Press, delired the Author would give him directions concerning his Pićture, which was to be set before the book. Whose answer (as it stands in his collection of Letters) is, that if the cngraver could collect together the several graces of Maslinilla, Xenophon, and Plato, he might then be enabled to give the public fome faint and imperfect resemblance of his Peifon. Nor was Salmafius's judg. ment of his own parts less favourable to himself; as Mr. Colomies tells the story. This Critic, on a time, meeting two of his brethren, Mefl. Gaulmin and Maussac, in the Royal Library at Paris, Gaulmin, in a virtuous consciousness of their Importance, told the other two, that he believed, they three could make head against all the learned in Europe: To which the great Salmafius fiercely replied, “Do you and M. Moussac join " yourselves to all that are learned in the world, and you shall “ find that I alone am a match for you all.”

Vollius tells us, that when Laur. L'alla had snarld at every name of the first order in antiquity, such as Ariftotle, Cicero. and one

Pretty! in amber to observe the forms 157 Of hairs, or straws, or dirt, or grubs, or wins!

NOTES whom I should have thought this Critie the ikellett to pay the redoubtable PRISCIAN, he improuilv joattet hat je sad arms even against Chriji himielt Bure Corders Cien t further, and actually used thote arms the other oniv threatenet with. This man while he was preparing fome riting sere se Criticism for the preis, kad the misfortune to terr jis papers were destroyed by fire: Or which he is reported to save voice out-- Quodnam ego tantum ceļus concep!, Carita fuen « ego tuorum unquam æfi, ut ta nevojatuli in ne scio tengas s cheris? Audi ea quæ sibi mentis compos. et ex mimo jirim “ forte, cum ad atimum riæ inem gereneris, ungeacean e ad te oratu.n, neve audias, eventer 206 206 yas vy; frem “ Infernis Duis in æternum rtam tere lecrer." jerenong says my author, he quired the converte Of Ben, chrper simself into the thickelt at a creit, ad wire sur ce weet remair.der of his lite in i he agoniez iť te bar.

VER. 164 hari yang us reat nang hapon 11 his faulis, deieved to be at letter opp.21. Tjeni low.neo words of Cicers un 107 mil. " nin “ nature genus quoddam suminis, juos sram te images or « Goc erat in reprehendendis 7'us sit:im servers. At * fæpe borracholum, nonnunquam tuum, interdum eriam u jacet ."

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The things we know, are neither rich nor rare, 171 But wonder how the devil they got there.

Were others angry: I excus'd them too; Well might they rage, I gave them but their due. A man's true merit 'tis not hard to find; 175 But each man's secret standard in his mind, That Casting-weight pride adds to emptiness, This, who can gratify? for who can guess ? The Bard whom pilfer'd Pastorals renown, Who turns a Persian tale for half a Crown, 180 Just writes to make his barrenness appear, And strains from hard-bound brains, eight lines a

year ; He, who fill wanting, tho' he lives on theft, Steals much, spends little, yet has nothing left:184 And He, who now to sense, now nonsense leaning, Means not, but blunders round about a meaning:

NOTES. as a toad, or a beetle, become pleasing when well represented in a work of Art. But it is no less eminent for the beauty of the thought. Por though a scribler exists by being thus incorporated, yet he exists intombedy a lasting monument of the wrath of the Muses.

VER. 173. Were others angry :) The Poets.

VER. 174. -- I gave them but their due.] Our Author always found thosc he commended less sensible than those he reproved. The reason is plain. He gave the latter but their due; and the other thought they had no more.

Ver. 180.- a Perfien tale.] Amb. Philips translated a Book, çalled the Persian tales.

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