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mect-ing be-tween two' vowels, must be divided ; a's

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a'r-bor, a'r-bour, buraden, lob-fter, &c.

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4th. Con'-sa-nants, pro'-per to begin' word's, muft

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be divided when the first is ac-cent-ed ; a's, prof'-per, Tep'-ro-bate, res-cue, s. (re-scu'e, v.)

, , 5th. Two' vowels, bo'th distinc't-ly soû'nded, must be se'parated ; as, a-er-i-al, be'-ing, be-a-ti-tude, co-a

, lesce, cru'-el, coo-ing, &c.

6th. Grammat'ical termina'tions fhould be observed,

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i. e. Com'-poûnds and De-riy'-a-tives should be di-vid'-ed in'-to their prim'-i.tive parts ; as, lov'e, lov'-ed, lov'-er,

lov'e-ly, lov'-ing, lov'e-li-ness, lov'e-lett'er,

love-léls

, un-love-ly, lov'e-li-er, lov'e-li-est, blood'-y, wa'terish, fed'fon-able, in-act-ive, an'ti-christ'îan, retrib'-u-to-ry, ret'-ri:

3 3 3 bute, tri'-bute, &c.

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N. B. The six preceding rules may be uľeful ; but',

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7th. The best gen'eral rule for the divi’sion of

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fyll'a-bles, is to di-vid'e them', according to the mode

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1 2 Ź of pro-noûnc'-ing them', i. e. to keep' to-geth'er, and

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lé '-pa-rate from the rest', all' the let'ters which' a're

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united in the ut"-ter-ance of a fyllable as, a'rt-ful,

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ba’r-ba-rous-ly, cra'v-ing, de-pe'nd-ing, fa't-al, ga'z-ing, ha'v-ing, ja'd-ish, i're-ful, i-ron"-i-cal, i'-ron, kna'v-ish,

i la-boʻr-a-tor-y, noil-y, foʻl-ar, tri-bu'n-al, fac'e, fac'-ed or

noir,

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fac”d, cec'-ity, ve-loc'-ity, ci'der, suf-fice, care, vegʻ-etate,

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gen'-i-us, pa-pa', pa'-per, unc'-le, su're, as-su-red-ly, pre'

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sent-ly; na'-tion, pe-tit'-ion, &c. By this' and ru'le 6th.

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ma'y be governed two of the fa'me con’sonants between'

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two' vowels ; of these, fom'e may, fom'e must', and

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som'e may not be divid'ed; as, ab"-ba or abb"-a, or abb"-ot, beg'-gar or begg'-ar, &c. But ac'.cent,

-", ag'-se-rate, call'-ed, will'-ing, bill-îard, bull-ìon,sciss"-ors,

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See Euph'-o-ny, and read', in Sher'idan the three

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following word's, viz. ex-pi-a'-to-ry, ex-pos-tu-la'-tor,

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A's à certain stress of the voic'e, laid on a sing'le or

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Houb'le char'acter of a syllable, is called ac'cent ; so' is

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a cer’tain stress' or modulation of the voice, laid on

modulation of the voice, lård on

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fom'e partic'ular word' or word's of a sen'tence, call'ed

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it is lai'd, and ma'kes it mo're disti'ng-ûished, by the ea'r,

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than the rest'; fo' em'phasis enno'bles the word' to which'

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it belong's, and present's it in a strong'er light to the understa'nding : and the word', so ennobled or disti'ng.

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uished, is call'ed the emphat’ical word' ; because it car'.

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ries in itselfmo're weight or importance than any oth'er

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word' in the fa'me sen’tence, or becau'se the sense of the reft depe'nds on it. The emphatic word' or word's

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must be expressed in a mo're loûd', in a mo're low, in a mo're smart and poign'ant, o'r in a mo're serious and

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soʻlemn ton'e of voîc'e than the rest of the sen'tence;

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accoʻrding to the sense of the pass'age, or the effec't in

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te'nded to be produc'ed by' it. The voic'e must express“,

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a's nea'r as ma'y be, the very sense or idea, design'ed to

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be conveỹ'ed by the emphat’ical word', by a strong',

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rough, and violent ; or by a soft, fmoo'th, and te'nder

foûnd. Thus' the different pass'ions of the mi’nd a're

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to be express'ed by a different foû'nd or tone of the

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voîc'e, viz. A'ng-er, by a strong', vehement and ele.

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vated voic'e ; Joŷ' by a qûick', fw eet' and clea'r voic'e ; forrow, by a low, flex'ible, interrupt'ed voîc'e ; fear', by a deject'ed, trem'ulous, hes'itating voice ; perplex'ity, by

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a gra've, stead'y, earnest voîc'e ; courage hath a full',

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boʻld and loûd' voîcle ; and love a soft“, smooʻth, la'ng

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tif-ing voice. Brieflý, in exoʻrdiums, the voice shồuld

4 2 4 be low'; in narra'tions, distinc't ; in rea'soning, flow;

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in perfùasion, ftrong ; it should thu'nder in a'ng-er,

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foften in for'row, tre'm-ble in fear, and melt in love.

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As we express' oùr ide'as by word's ; fo' we express

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oûr feel'ings or emo'tions by sign's or ton’es, he're called

, emphasis.

. Henc'e, the la'ng-llage of oûr ide'as i's the

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a'rbitrary inven'tion of man' ; but, that of oứr emo'.

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tions is stamp'ed by na'ture ; and, therefore inva'riable.

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llenc'e, whenev'er man' interfe'res, by sub'stituting an'y

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oth'er not'es in the room' of tho’se which na'ture has an.

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nex'ed to the ac'ts and feel'ings of the mi’nd ; so' fa's

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the la'ng-u'age of emo'tions is corrupted, and fail's of

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out by na'ture ; and henc'e it is that we nev'er misplac'e

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it in conversation, tho'ugh we oft'en do in read'ing ;

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becau're we do not, a’lways comprehend or relish what

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are read'

. Tở place the em'phasis properly; the instead of artificial rules

, mut sudý pure

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nature, good' sense and the best readers : He may,

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he're observe how the mean’ing of a sen'tence may be

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