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a'rti Wherea's, in the E'ng-lish; all these ru'les are so
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fre'qûently vi'olated, or ra'ther, indeed', so to'tally disre
24 i 4 ga'rded, that lit'tle or no' assistance can' be' deri'ved to
pro'perly, reqùi'res the labor of man'y years. Such',
indeed' is the state of où'r writ'ten laʼng-llage, that the
3 dark'eft hieroglyph'ics or most difficult cyph'ers which
the a'rt of man' has' hith'erto invented, were not bet'ter
them, from all who had not the ke'y, than the state of
oû'r spel'ling i's, to conceal the tru'e pronuncia'tion of
oûr word's from all', excep't a few well' ed’ucated na'. tives."
In oʻrder to remo've an evil, we must remo've it's
cause and apply it's rem'edy , which can'not be effect'.
ed by fals'e orthogʻraphy, falf'e ac'cent, or unna'tural fou'nds.
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Oa'r gramma’rians and l'exico'graphers seem' fa'tally 4 1 attached to the ep'ithets long' and fort', which have beeri
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given to oûr vowels, with evident impropri'ety.
Hence, the vowels a, es e, i, o, u, which' theģ' call'soort;
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3 3 2 3 2 3 are never accent'ed; and the vowels a, a, e, i, i, 0, 0,ů, un
which they call long, a're a'lways accented ; withoût
an'y regard to the quan'tity of their fyllables. Let án'y
4 3 one, who has an ea'r, read' oùr sta’ndard accent-ru'les
and, baʼrring a fêw' excep'tions, he must observe the
gla'ring absu'rdity of accent'ing the voû'el of a short fyl's
lable ; as well as that of accent'ing the con'fonant of a long' fyl’lable. a
He're follow a few of the short'est fyl'lables in E'ng. lish, which', with thoû'sands such', a're vo'cally accented
in Sher'idan, viz. ac'e, baf'e or bass', cafe, dat'e, lat'e,
read', feet', feek', sècd', feen', ic'e, vic'e, book', goof'e, loof'e, ule, so and, he're fol'low a few long' [yl'lables, which',
4 4 1 with thoû'sands such', the fa'me grea't auth'or accent's on
the consonant, viz. a'lb, a'lbion, a'mber, ba'nd, a'ng-ûish,
el-bow, e'lder, e'lm, e'mb-ers, e'nd, E'ng-lish, e'lves, te'rm, pérb, verb, férve, buľid, gild, filbert
, hinder, Chỉ nge, bond, fond, conge, cong-er, wonder, flve, þulb, mylberry, bulge, hu'mble, bu'ndle, u’nder, cu'm,
N. B. The fil'ente final leng'thens not’ it's fyllable,
We should not al'ter the na'tural soû'nd of an'y char's
acter withoût necessity: for in'stance, the d', in wa'nder,
fhould not be foû'nded o ; nor the o in wont like u; nor
the e in gra’ndêur like J; nor the ch in machin'e, mach'
inate like k : we bor’row the two' laft' from the Fren'ch,
and not from the Greek, We may reve're grea't and good' men', withoût' adopt’ing their inadvert'encies. We should stric'tly observe oûr sta’ndard laws, and,
coʻrdîally, embrace the no’ble gen'ius of our la'ng-ûage.
We should' not affect to giv'e Sax'on sounds to fo's,
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eîgn word's, by' sub'stituting oŷ'r a, e, and i, to the ă or
ā, è or ē, or i, of the La'tin and oth'er foû’thern ļa'ng
ûages. Let us not be asham’ed of oûr gloʻrious conqûests or acqùisitions. Let us observe etymology, giv'
ing ev'ery word it's orig'inal soûn'd; unless otherwise
comma’nded by euph'ony or universal cuf'tom : for, to
prefe'r tho'se which are the most ea'sy to the o'rgans of
speech' ; and theʼrefore, the most agreeable to the e'ar.
' sa'y let us adopt the preced'ing notes, togeth'er
with the fol'lowing ga’mut and ru'les : Let us giv'e ev'ery
from short fyl·lables ; and then', the regular’ity, ease and
beau'ty of E'ng-lish pronunciation will re’nder où'rs the
most plea'sing and the most universal of all la'ngûages.
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1 3 2 4 3 ținc'tion to word's, and that' plea'sing modula'tion to the
voic'e, in pronuncia'tion, withoût which the ea'r would
mon'otony. And henc'e it is that, in all pol'ished
la'ngủages, this article has been' atte’nded to, with great exac'tness. The old Greek's and La'tins did', as the
Fren'ch still do', disting-ûish all their fyllables in'to
long' and short ; The former made use of no less than
three distinc't mark's or characters to point' oût' the
(can any one think' otherwise ?) that if the prosper
modes of speak'ing we're to be ca'refully atte'nded to',
we should fi'nd fom'ething sim'ilar to this' in the E'ng
Ac'cent, Articula'tion and Em”phasis may be call'ed