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most per'fect that ever exifted : Why' should we not give a sim'ilar conftitution to cûr language? Why

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fash'ion, an'ŷ more than the foʻrmer ? The a'rt of speak'ing, being the art of all ath'er a'rts and sciences, molt

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good' subjects in gen'eral; and that of oûr Legislatura in particular,

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INTRODUCTION.

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I MUST '

beg leave to introduce my humble Él'lay, u’nder the auspices of the celebrated John'son, Ash' and

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“ Most of the writ'ers of E'ng-lih Gram'mar have giv'en long' ta'bles of word's pronoûnc'ed otherwise than

sles of theŷ a're written; withoût confid'ering, that' of E'ng, lih, as of all living tongʻues, there are two pronuncia'.

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tions; one cursory and collo-qüial, t'he oth'er reg'ular

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vague a’nd uncert'ain, be'ing mad'e different in dif'ferent moûths, by ig'norance, negʻligence or affe&ta'tion.

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is more permanent, less' remote from orthogʻraphy and

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less' liable to capricious innovation. They ha've gen'-er

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speech' of tho'se with whom theỹ hap'pened to convers'e; ; and concluding that the who'le na'tion combin'es to

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viciate la'ngủage in one man'ner, they oft'en esta’blish the

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ja'rgon of the low'est class' a's the model of speech'.”

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“ The best gen'eral Ru'le for Pronuncia'tion is to con

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of soû'nds, in o'rder to mak'e them correspo’nd with

'1 their arch'etypes, [i. e. let'ters] the 4 fol'lowing ru'les

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should be strictly obse'rved.”
1. “No' char'acter (a) should be set down',

' in any

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(a) Thoʻse which are not pronoûnc'ed are, in this El'say, printed in ital'ics.

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2. “Ev'ery distinc't sim'ple foû'nd should' ha've a diftinc't char'acter to mark' it, for which' it should' unica

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(6) This' ru'le is fully compli'ed with' in my' Ke'y to

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the vowels and consonants : for, as où'r Da'vid Garrick,

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changed his dress and ai'r ; fo' do où'r let'ters in this និb,

3. “ The fa'me character (c) should' nev'er be set down'

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(c) It nev'er i's, withoût' a distinct’ive mark'.

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by such' characters (d) as will' na'turally and nec'essarily

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assum'ed na'me, in the Gaʼmut; will', naturally and

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N. B. It is tru'e that' the pau'city of où'r characters

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oft'en compel's us to set down' the fa'me character as the

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representative of different Soû'nds : but', all

' such' char'.

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acters are he're disti'ng-ûished by a cha'nge of dress' or

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mark'. Let' us then' suppo'fe ev'ery character to be', in

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fac't, that' which' it reprefent's, protem'pore; and if the

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ac'cent be le'gally plac'ed, the fou'r preced'ing Ru'les

1 will' an'swer oậ'r pur'pose, as well as that' of the Greek's

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and La'tins: and thus' we remo've the grea't evil of

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which' Mr. Sher'idan, ver'y justly complain's, in the

,

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“ The'se fou'r ru'les were strictly obse'rved in the two',

p3 just’ly celebrated, la'ng-llages of o'ld Greece and Rom'e;

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inso'much, that the knowledge of their alphabet alon'',

info much, that

togeth'er with the man'ner of their joîn'ing let'ters, lo' as

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to ma'ke syllables and word's, ena’bled every one, with

oût farth'er aid of ru'les or ma'sters, to pronounc'e their

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word's pro'perly, at sight in read'ing; and the prac'tice

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of a few week's o'nly might re’nder them adep'ts in the

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