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and case : See' ru’le 19th.p. 127, rule, 21st. p. 129, and
rule gth. p. 120, 125.
I 4 3
Rule 4th. Yau', prosperly speak’ing, is the ad pers'.
on plu’ral ; but įs, complaisant'ly, applied to one as
well as to moʻre pers'ons, and a'lways ta'kes a plu'ral
ve'rb ; as, you a're and ev'er we're my
2 3 ladie's
and gen’tlemen you or ye a're and ever ha've been' very oblig'ing : But, we ney'er y’se the sing'ular instead of
We hâ've feen' in p. 125 and p. 126, .
that ge’nder has' respec't to o'nly the third' pers'on sing'
ular of the proʻnoûns hê, m: shå, f. it, nêů'ter : Yet,
by an id'ìom pecul'lar to the E'ng-lish tongʻue, it is fre'
qûently join'ed in explanatory sen’tences, to a noûn' or
proʻnoûn of the mas'culine or fem'inine ge’nder; as, it
wa's (or was it?) he', she or theỹ' ; It wa's (or was it ?)
I', thoû', the gen’tleman or the gen'tlemen ; the lad'y of
the lad'ies that' or who did it : Was' it? It wa's.
RULE 6th. Possess’ive pro'ngúns, so' called because
they express' possess'ion or proʻperty, and ther’efore i'n.
ad'jectives ; as, my', thy',
my, thị, his, bér', ör'r, you'r, their
4 fa'ther or fa'thers, moth'ër or mothers, pa'rent or
pa'rents, hoûs'e or hoû'ses, pen' or pen's, &c. We see that
the’se pro'nouns are com'mon to all the ge’nders and nu'mbers. Mi'ne, thi'ne, hi's, her's, oú'r's, you'r's, thei'r's
seem to imply' com'poûnds of bo'țh sub'stantives and ad’jectives ; and are call'ed ab'solute possessivęs, becau'se
, they stand alon'e at the end of a phra'se ; as, this
girl', pen', the'se boy's, girl's, pen's is or are mi'ne,
or thi'ne, or hi's, or her's, or oứ'r's, or you'r's, or thei'r's:
The'íe last are declin'ed like other pro'noûns, and are
Rule 7th. In Fren'ch, the poffefs'ive pro'noûns are
governed by the person or thing' ow'ned or possess'ed ;
: but', in E'ng-lish y'ice versa: fòr, the ow'ner or possess'.
or go'verns the possessives his, m. her and her's', f. and
My, mi'ne ; thy, thi'ne ; qú'r, ou'rs; you'r, your's, are
com'mon to the masculine and fem'inine, as well'as to
the singular and plu'ral; as, hi's broth'er or broth'ers,
his sister or sisters, his pen' or pen's; speak’ing of perl
pen' or pen's
; fpeaking of perf
ons or thing's belong'ing to a mal'e : her broth'er or
broth'ers ; her sister or sisters ; her pen' or pen's ;
bröthiếrs ; her sister or siľters;
her pen 'or pen's :
speak’ing of thing's belong'ing to a fe'male : and, ou'r,
, , ,
you'r, thei'r broth'er or broth'ers, sist'er or sisters, pen' or
pen's ; speak’ing of a thing' or thing's belong'ing to
plu'ral noûn's of a'ny ge’nder : Is not this' a fin'e log?
of wood' ?-I think' it i's'; pray giv'e me it's dimen’sions.
Rule 8th. We nev'er prefix' an art'icle to a pro'noûn. Ev'ery gen'itive fuppoʻles a nom’inative, and
Abl. from' me', from mi'ne. from us', from' oậr's.
Examples—' and mi'ne, we and oûr's a're at your fèr.
vice. What' sa'y you of me, of mi’ne, of us', of cûr's ?
It belong's to me, to mi'ne, tå us, to oứr's. Yồu will
oblige me' and mi'ne, us' and oậr's. Accep't this' from