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Rule 7th. The pos'itive, ha'ving more than two' [yl'
lables, fo'rms its compar'ative by prefix'ing more, and its
2 superlative by prefixʼing most'; as, ex'-cellent, mo're ex':
cellent, most excellent; a'miable, mo're a'miable, most!
Rule 8th. But', as disfyllab'ic ad’jectives, accent'ed
on the first' fyl'lable, would' foû’nd harsh' by the ad.
ditions of er and est, theġ ta'ke mo're and most'; as, am'.
ple, moʻre àm'ple, molt ample ; bar'ren, con'stant, doûbt'ful, ea'ger, fruit'ful, gall’ing, gallant, hairy, jeal'.
ous, kna'vish, lov'ing, mau'led, ne'rvous, o'pen, pee'v.
ilḥ, qủag"gy, rai'ny, rag'ged, kil'ful, ta’rdy, useful, verfed, want’on, worthy, youth'sul, zealous, and most?
Rule gth. Som'e superlatives terminate in most';
as, foremoft, hondermot, nethermot, hithỏermoft, un
dermost, up'permost, ut'most, ut'termost.
Bule roth. Mor', very, extrè nelý, &c. are prefix
ed to adójectives foʻrming ab'solute supe'rlatives, i.e. such'
3 3 2
as admit' of no compar'ison; as, she is most beau'tiful,
yet most meck' and lov'ely; she is ver'y witty, yet'
ver'y wi'le; she is extre'mely rich', yet fupe'rlatively
huma'ne, grac'eful and polit'é.
Rule 11th. Som'e ad ́jectives, who'se sig-ni-fi-ca'-tion
3 3 3 can be neither increased nor dimin'ilhed, are u'sed in the
positive o'nly; as living, dead', roû'nd, sqûa're, all', ev'
ery, much', man'y, &c. and all num'eral ad’jectives ; as,
one, two', &c. and others can be u'sed but in the fupe'rlative o'nly ; as, chief', principal, ete'rnal, infin'ite, ex
tre'me, immense, omnipotent, per'fect, &c. N. B. see Rules 3d. and 6th.
3d. and 6th. p. 116 and
116 and 117, and
the art'icle does' bo'th ; excep't adjectives of dimens'ion;
as, a pillar fif'ty feet' high, the ditch' cơen'tý feet deep' and ten' broad': and, that the article is often puc
after the ad'jectives all, such', and aft'er tho'se that are
, , preceded by the ad'verbs, Jó, as, how; as, åll the gold,
all the men', such' a man', so' grea't a man', as hand
Come a woman, how good a man! It is baʼrbarous to say two trvó foot', man'y a man'. We u’se means in the plu'ral
with a pro'noûn or ad'jective of the sa'me nu'mber; as,
by these mean's, by all mean's : for, ev'ery noun' must
4 3 agree
in nu'mber with its pro'noun and ve'rb.
Rule 12th. The fol'lowing adójectives a're irreg'ular in compar'isons; as, good' and well, bet'ter, best’; ba'd,
' e'vil and ill', worl’e, worst'; little, less', least'; much,
and many, moʻre, most; nea'r, nea'rer, next and nea'r. eft ; låt'e
, låt'er and lat”ter, last and lat'eft : lef'er is a
a're very impro/per; as, mo're bra'ver, most bra'vest:
But the double fupe'rlative, the most hi’ghest, is, with
si'ng ular propri'ety, appli'ed to the Supre'me Be'ing.
2 3 4 4
tives ; as, the vir'tuous a're nev'er qûit'e misserable, and,
in the end, must be hap'py : the wicked a're fool's, be
cause they hurt themselves : Bo'th God' and man' re
wa’rd the good'; but pun'ish the ba'd: mo're has nev'er enough': I ha've mo’re-much-enough'—all', &c.
Rule 15th. When the word' thing' or thing's is a sub'
ftantive to an ad'jective, it is elegantly omit'ted, and the
ad'jective is put ab'solutely; as, Who will show us an'y
good ? i. e. an'y good thing': yet ev'ery ad“jective has a
fub'stantive ei'ther expressed or understood'.
The 4th Part of Speech'.
A pro'noûn is u'fed instead of a noûn', to prevent
the too freqüent repetition of the lat'ter ; as, the gen'
tleman is merry, because he is in good com'pany ; the
lady is ver'y han’dsome, because she is ver’y good ;
the bởok’ is good', notwithstanding it's fåu'lts, for, it
Rule 2d. There a're sev'en ki'nds of pro'noûns, viz.
2 4 3
pers'onal, impers'onal, relative, demon'strative, interrog'ative, poffess'ive, and indefin'ite.
, N. B. The first two' a're by som'e call'ed pronoûns
as pers’ons, viz. three' sing'ular and three plu'ral : The
first pers'on is he', she' or theỹ who speak': The
sec'ond is he', she' or theŷ' spok'en to : The third is he',
The' or theģ' spoken of': it with its plural they beling
the sign of the nêu'ter gender, is call'ed the impers'onal
2 pro'noûn, and is in the third pers’on.
Singular. ift. Þam' ; 2d. thoû' art; 3d. he, she or
Plu'ral. ist. We are ; 2d. ye or you a're ; 3d. thej