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be of the sing'ular, join'ed by' a conjunc'tion cop'ulative,
reqùi're plu'ral ve'rbs, noûn's and pro'noûns ; as, grea't
ou'ght to be infe'parable ones. The King' and Queen? are in their robes ; but, with or withoût these, they
Ru’LE 5th. But, when the conjunc'tion is repeat'ed,
as in the following fen’tence, each' nom'inative agree's
with its ve'rb, &c. in the sing'ular; as, pai'n and want',
and even death' itself, is easier to bear, than' pri'vate
Rule 6th. A who'le sen'tènce, or one or mo're in.
fin'itives may be a nom'inative; in which case the ve'rb
must be in the third pers'on sing'ular ; as, to instruct
a pro'mising youth in all the useful know'ledge which one's-self' has lea'rned, and, abov'e all', to fed'son his
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mind with pi’ety and bon'or, is the du'ty a tut'or owes
one anoth'er, come togeth'er, that to which the oth'er
belong's may ta'ke the termination of the gen'itive ; as,
instead' of, the troop's of the King, the paslaces of King's, we say, the king's troop's
" pa’laces, the man's
pro'perty, men's pro'perty, a wom'an's fan'cy, wom'en's
mo'desty, a lad'y's charms, the lad’ies' prerog'atives, the Thảmes
' water. Thus' we see that every possessive
cas'e suppo'ses a nom'inative. But the termina'tion in 's
or s' is fe'ldom or ev'er u/sed, unless' in cas'es of ab'so
2 lute pro'perty or possess'ion, and not a'lways even then': Fo'r, we say, the King', the glory of Grea't-Brit'ain, the
Emp'eror of Germany, the gardens of Italy, the
cha’rms of mu'sic, the fire of youth', the crown of the
head', &c. This' nic'e distinc'tion can be taught but by
. prac'tice and a good' ea'r.
nifying the same thing', arc put in the same cas'e ir 4 2 3 apposit'ion to each oth'ér ; as, King' Geo’rge, Se'cre. táry Pitt', Admiral How'e, Goʻvernor Mil'nes, Gen'eral
Rule 9th. But when such' sub'stantives do not sig'
nify the fa'me thing', that plac'ed befo're the oth'er be
com'es an ad’jective; as, a coun’try girl', a town'hoûf'e, a
si’lver spoon', a gold min'e.
Rule 1oth. A súb’stantive, withoût" an article, is taken in its most extens'ive sens'e; as, man' was made
for society and hap'piness, i. e. all' men'. Man's fol'.
lies a're the chief', if not the o'nly obstructions to his
are wi'se. For collec'tive noûn's, see' p. 120,
N. B. A sub'stantive can' sta'nd in a sen'tence with
oût. an adjective; but an ad’jective cannot withoût a lub'Hantiye : I can say, a stone falls ; but I cannot sayo
av'y falls. If the me're word', thing', be plac'ed in.
med'iately aft'er an ad’jective it makes sens'e ; but non
1 sense if soʻjoîn'ed to any oth'er part of speech' ; as we
say, a good thing, a bad thing, a whit'e thing'; but not, a man' thing', a beast thing', I see thing, you loved thing':
3d Part of Speech: An adjective or ad'noûn is that which' sig'nifies a
qûal'ity or other accident of a sub'stantive; as, a good
man', à hap'py wom'an, a fin'e boģ', a charming girl', a
white horse, a heaviy load', an idle dream'; the good!
man', the hap'py woman, the fin'e boy. See Rule 6:
Rule 2d. Ad’jectives are inva'riáble in ge’nder, nu’mber and case : but most of them, þe’ing capable of
ha've three stat'es, vize the positive, the compar'ative and
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RULE 3. The pos'itive exprelles the qûal'ity of a thing sim'ply, withoût compa'ring it to any thing'; a's, this'
qûal'ity of the thing', a degree from the positive; a's, that paper is whit'er, la’rger, smaller, better than this
RULE 5th. The superlative raises the sense of the
positive to the highest, or dimin'ishes it to the low'est degree' possible; a's, that' oth'er pa'per is the whit’est, , the la’rgest, the small'est, the best of all'.
Rule 6th. The positive, having but one or two '.
fyl’lables and e'nding with a con'sonant, ta'kes the sylla
ble er to form its compar'ative, and the fyllable est to fo'rm its supe'rlative; but if it e’nd with e fi'nal, it takes
, o'nly r and At; as, long', long'-er, long'-est ; polit’e, po