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be of the sing'ular, join'ed by' a conjunc'tion cop'ulative,

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reqùi're plu'ral ve'rbs, noûn's and pro'noûns ; as, grea't

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ou'ght to be infe'parable ones. The King' and Queen? are in their robes ; but, with or withoût these, they

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Ru’LE 5th. But, when the conjunc'tion is repeat'ed,

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as in the following fen’tence, each' nom'inative agree's

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with its ve'rb, &c. in the sing'ular; as, pai'n and want',

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and even death' itself, is easier to bear, than' pri'vate

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Rule 6th. A who'le sen'tènce, or one or mo're in.

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fin'itives may be a nom'inative; in which case the ve'rb

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must be in the third pers'on sing'ular ; as, to instruct

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a pro'mising youth in all the useful know'ledge which one's-self' has lea'rned, and, abov'e all', to fed'son his

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mind with pi’ety and bon'or, is the du'ty a tut'or owes

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one anoth'er, come togeth'er, that to which the oth'er

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belong's may ta'ke the termination of the gen'itive ; as,

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instead' of, the troop's of the King, the paslaces of King's, we say, the king's troop's

, King's

" pa’laces, the man's

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pro'perty, men's pro'perty, a wom'an's fan'cy, wom'en's

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mo'desty, a lad'y's charms, the lad’ies' prerog'atives, the Thảmes

' water. Thus' we see that every possessive

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cas'e suppo'ses a nom'inative. But the termina'tion in 's

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or s' is fe'ldom or ev'er u/sed, unless' in cas'es of ab'so

2 lute pro'perty or possess'ion, and not a'lways even then': Fo'r, we say, the King', the glory of Grea't-Brit'ain, the

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Emp'eror of Germany, the gardens of Italy, the

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cha’rms of mu'sic, the fire of youth', the crown of the

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head', &c. This' nic'e distinc'tion can be taught but by

. prac'tice and a good' ea'r.

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nifying the same thing', arc put in the same cas'e ir 4 2 3 apposit'ion to each oth'ér ; as, King' Geo’rge, Se'cre. táry Pitt', Admiral How'e, Goʻvernor Mil'nes, Gen'eral

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Rule 9th. But when such' sub'stantives do not sig'

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nify the fa'me thing', that plac'ed befo're the oth'er be

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com'es an ad’jective; as, a coun’try girl', a town'hoûf'e, a

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si’lver spoon', a gold min'e.

Rule 1oth. A súb’stantive, withoût" an article, is taken in its most extens'ive sens'e; as, man' was made

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for society and hap'piness, i. e. all' men'. Man's fol'.

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lies a're the chief', if not the o'nly obstructions to his

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are wi'se. For collec'tive noûn's, see' p. 120,

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N. B. A sub'stantive can' sta'nd in a sen'tence with

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oût. an adjective; but an ad’jective cannot withoût a lub'Hantiye : I can say, a stone falls ; but I cannot sayo

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av'y falls. If the me're word', thing', be plac'ed in.

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med'iately aft'er an ad’jective it makes sens'e ; but non

1 sense if soʻjoîn'ed to any oth'er part of speech' ; as we

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say, a good thing, a bad thing, a whit'e thing'; but not, a man' thing', a beast thing', I see thing, you loved thing':

3d Part of Speech: An adjective or ad'noûn is that which' sig'nifies a

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qûal'ity or other accident of a sub'stantive; as, a good

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man', à hap'py wom'an, a fin'e boģ', a charming girl', a

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white horse, a heaviy load', an idle dream'; the good!

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man', the hap'py woman, the fin'e boy. See Rule 6:

p. 117:

Rule 2d. Ad’jectives are inva'riáble in ge’nder, nu’mber and case : but most of them, þe’ing capable of

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ha've three stat'es, vize the positive, the compar'ative and

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RULE 3. The pos'itive exprelles the qûal'ity of a thing sim'ply, withoût compa'ring it to any thing'; a's, this'

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qûal'ity of the thing', a degree from the positive; a's, that paper is whit'er, la’rger, smaller, better than this

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RULE 5th. The superlative raises the sense of the

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positive to the highest, or dimin'ishes it to the low'est degree' possible; a's, that' oth'er pa'per is the whit’est, , the la’rgest, the small'est, the best of all'.

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Rule 6th. The positive, having but one or two '.

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fyl’lables and e'nding with a con'sonant, ta'kes the sylla

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ble er to form its compar'ative, and the fyllable est to fo'rm its supe'rlative; but if it e’nd with e fi'nal, it takes

, o'nly r and At; as, long', long'-er, long'-est ; polit’e, po

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