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express' two' or mo're persons in the sing'ular. To say,

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“ The two doctor, the two Miss Howards” is not less'

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the two' lad'y, the two physic'ian, the two' gen’tleman,

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the two' tailor Howards :" nor is it possible to alter'

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the na'ture of an absu'rdity, an'y mo're than that of in.

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We must say, “ The two' doc'tors, the two' Mifles

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Howard ; and we giv'e to fo'reîgners the tit'les giv'en them in their own coun’try; as, thể Côûnt' d'Artoi's,

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Rule óth. Sub'stantives, gen'erally, form their plus

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rals by adding s. to the 'sing'ular; as, noûn', noûn's,

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verb, ve'rbs, cap', cap's, &c. Substantives, e'nding in

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ce, ge, fe, or ze, fol'low the above ru'le, but ha've an ad

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dit'ional fyl'lable ; as, plac'e, plac'es ; a'ge, a'ges ; judge,

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jud'ges; hoûl'e, hoû'ses ; ma'ze, mazes.

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ŘULE 7th. When the sing'ular e'nds in ch, sh, ss, or

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, the plu'ral is fo'rmed by ad'ding the syllable es; as,

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church', church'es; witch', witch'es ; bush', bush'es;

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glass', glatl’es ; Mils', Miffes ; box', box'es : excep't substantives from the Greek', in ch ; as, mon'arch,

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monarchs ; stomach, stom'achs, and word's which have

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no' plural ; as, brass', grass, wheat', baʼrley.

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Rule 8th. Substantives, in f or fe, have their plu'rals

substantives, in f or fe, håve their plurals in se; as, ca'u, calves

; han, harves ; táir

, náves , , , ,

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muff', cuff, puff, ruff, stuff', which' ta'ke s in the plu'ral. Rule gth. Sub'stantives in y, preced'ed by anoth'er

in yow'el, ta'ke s in the plu'ral; as, day, da’ys, boģ', boŷ's,

, , , attoʻrney, attoʻrneys. But y, preceded by a con'fonant, ta'kes ies in the plu'ral ; as, baby, ba'bies, cher'ries,

, cherry, lad'y, lad'ies.

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lar in their plu'rals: Man', men'; wom'an, womn'en (wim'èn); child, children ; tooth', teeth'; gồd'e, geele; foot', fect'; ox', ox'en; moûfe, mic'e ; loûfe, lic'e; die,

; ,

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Rule 11th. Word's purely La'tin, Greek' or He

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brew retain' their original plu’rals ; erra'tum, erra'ta ; ra'dius, ra'dii ; má'gus, ma'çi; phænomenon, phænom

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ina; cher'ub, chèr'ubim ; seraph, seraphim; and, by:

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the Chalda'ic termination, cher'ubin, ser/aphin.

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Rule 12th. Word's puérely Fren'ch retain their orig'.

} inal plu'rals and pronuncia'tion, excep't the finals and

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x in pluráls, always foû'nded z; as, fusi'l, fusi'ls ; con

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noiffèú'r, connoiffeurs ; machin'e, machines ; a bella,

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belles; a beau, (bo') beau'x (boʻz); a bill'et-doux, bill.

et-doux.

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RULE 13th. Som'e sub'stantives are of bo'th nu’mbers;

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as, dee'r, sheep', fùixe : som’e ha've no' plu'ral; as, gold,

, silver, copper, i'ron, lead', wheat', barley, pitch', lloth',

, , have no ling'ular ; as, áliés

, bel" pri'de, &c. and oth'ers have no' singʻular ; as, ash'es, bel". lows, bow'els, breech'es, éntrails, lights, lung's, sheers, fcil-fôrs, snuf'fers, thank's

, tong's, wages, nêw's : yet',

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this

' last is gen'erally prefixed to á ve'rb in the sing'ular;

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as, no' nêw's is good' nêw's ; this' is nêw's to me'; whát

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is (or afre) the best' nêw's ; this' is a very good' nêiv'i

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RULE 14th. Ge’nder be'ing the distinc'tion of sex,

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3 there can be no more than two, viz. masculine and

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fem'inine : yet', we admit' a third', viz. neu'ter, i. e.

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neithes the one nor the other; implying neither sex'.

RULE 15th. The mas'culine and fem'inine a're, with Rule

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si'ngular propri'ety, applied to divin'ities and to liv'ing

3 4 an'imals ; as, God, m. God'dess, f. Jupiter, m. Ju'no,

m, m

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f. man', m. woman, f. Natha'niel, m. Märy, f. King',

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m. Qûeen', f. hu'sband, m. wife, f. cock', m. hen', f.;

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and the nêu'ter is, with' e'qual propri'ety, appli'ed to in.

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an'imate or lif'eless thing's, and to ab'ítract nam'es ; as, book', hoûf'e, bed', blood', food', ca'ndle, e'nd, ac'cent,

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noʻtion, dream', opin’ion, fen'timent, vir'tue, hon’or.

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Rule 16th. Liv'ing crea'tures, of who'se sex' we are

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ig'norant, are put in the nêu'ter i it is a fin'e chi'ld, it

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is a large fish'. All' sai'ling ves'sels are, by custom,

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put in the fem'inine ; as, she is a fin'e boa't, she is a Good' ship'. Rule 17th. The plan'ets, the church', the names

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of coun'tries, vir'tues and vic'es, when person'ified, rea

2 tain their La'tin and Fren'ch genders ; oth'erwise, they

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RULE 18th. Nam'es, com'mon, to, bo'th genders, a're disti'ng-ũished by oth'er word's; as,

word's ; as, bè, m. fode

, it, n. John', m. Ma'rý, f. male, m. male, f. man'

, m. maid, f. cock', m. hen', f. buck', m. dóe, f.

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