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that given by lisp'ing chi'ldreri to Jorjor g; as, "j'ai, faim."
i i 4 th is as'pirate at the begin'ning and e'nd of word's, and when fol"lowed by r or w; as, thank', think'eth,
, thank, thinkét, Bắth', leng'th, thought, through, thrów', thwack', thwart; excep't thoû', and its deriv'atives, and, than', that', the or the, them', then', thence, thei'r, the’re,
the'se, they', this', thith'er, hither, whith'er, wheth'er,
weath'er, leather ; and fo'on' between two vowels, in wörd's půrelý t'ng-lith; as further, father
, gath'er, ra'ther, ei'ther, nei'ther, neth'er ; and when' preced'ed
, by r in the mid'dle of English disfyl'lables ; as, farth'er ; ånd in thốle
, thus, thị'. The aspirate found of th is the same as that given by lisping French children to s or c, and the vo'cal sou’nd is that giv'en by the fame to g, or j, in je, fai, cela.
th, followed by e silent, has its vo'cal soû'nd ; as,
ba'thc, brea'the, loathe ; and, vice versa in bath'
, breath', loath', &c. unless' it be preced'ed by the long breath', loath', &c.
loû'nd of e oro; as, wred'th, boo'tḥ, to soo'th, to too'th; fo'r, it is al'pirate in heath', sheath', tooth', s. becau'se
the soû'nds are short'; as it is in word's from the Greek',
whence we ha've this character; as, e'ther, eth'ics,
th. I believe this char'acter is aspirate in all word's
not' he're excep'ted; as it is when followed by y in the last syllable ; as, health'ỹ; excep't worthy, wrea'thy.
with', when' alon'e, is aspirate, as it is befo're a con'.
sonant, excep't th; as, withdraw', with much ado',
with them, but vo'cal befo're a vow'el; as, within',
This soû'nded t, in Tha'mes, thill', Thom'as, thymes
ÉTÝMOL'OGÌ ẢND SÝN'TÅX.
WÔRD's, divided in'tó Claffes, are called parts of
speech', of which there are ten', videl'icet, the art'icle, ,
noûn'-sub'stantive, noûn-adʻjective, pro'noûn, verb, part'. iciple, ad'verb, conjunc'tion, preposition, interjection.
An article is a word' prefix'ed to noûn's, in
o'rder to point oût the extent of their signification.
A fub'stantive is the me're nam'e of a person,
place or thing'; wheth'er real or ima'ginary.
3. An ad’jective exprefs'es fom'e qual'ity, or oth'er
4. A pro'noûn is put instead of its relative fub'
4. A prónoen is pú
5. A verb expresses Being, Do'ing or Suf'-fering.
6. A part’iciple parta'kes of the verb and ad’jective.
7. An ad'verb is join'ed to a verb, ad'jective or oth'
9. A preposition is put befo're noûn's and pro'noûns,
? ? 3 4
to express the relation or connection between' word's.
Rule ift, a, the. There a're two' art'icles, ftric'tly fo
call'ed, viz. a or a, and the or the, not confoü'nded
A or a, the in'defin'ite article, is u'sed in the
si'ngular nuʼmber oʻnly, and is com’mon to all genders ;
And like it, it an'swers to the Fren'ch article un, une ; and lik'e it,
it an+fwere to the Prénéen áreicle un, une
ca'ves the sense of the word', to which it is prefix'ed,
in a vagué, undeterminate state ; as, a man', i. e. an'y
RULE 2d. The in'defin"ite 'art’icle a is plac'ed be
fore words. begin"ning with' a consonant or h as'
and takes n, after it, when it preced'es a voû'el or la sil'ent ; as, a boý, a girl
' or girl', a ro'se, a wom'an, a
youth', a horse, a hoûf'e, a hu'ndred ; an awl, an egg's
1 an i'dol, an ox', an heiér, an hoû'r, an hon'or, a hoûnd.
Rule 3d. The indefin'ite article is prefix'ed to in’defin'ite or undefined näûn's
, to collec'tive noûn's,
and to all such' as may be nu’mbered-one, two, three;
as also to the ad’jectives few and many (the lat'ter with
the word great, befo're it ;) as, a man', a boỳ', a wom'an,
a lad'y, a vir'tue, a toil'et, an a'rmy, a multitude, a doz'en, a scoʻre, a hu'ndred, a thoû'sand, a mill'ion, a
pen'ny, a shill'ing, a crown', a dol'lar, a guinea, an oûnc'e,
a poû'nd, a vic'e, an idea or ide'a, a bull', a coû, an
o'range. I have seen' a few or a great mạn'y men',
I wom'en, bịrd's, ap'ples, &c. Many, being the plural of
much', can'not be u’sed in the fi'ngular (or sing’ul-ar) nor