Abbildungen der Seite

II. In any one metal the force of cohesion varies inversely as the square of the distance between the centres of its atoms.

We may expect these facts to be of great use in the study of the properties of matter. For, knowing the size and weight of the atoms and the velocity with which they move, all that was wanting to enable us to calculate the behavior of the atoms of matter, in the same way as we do the motions of the planets, was a knowledge of the laws of the force which holds them together; and, from the evidence given above, I have no doubt that you will agree with me in saying that we have at least made a beginning in that direction.

A few words might be said about Poisson's ratio. It is, as I said, not fair to argue from the behavior of cork or india rubber that there is no relation between longitudinal extension and lateral contraction or between a and b. When we compress a cork we are not compressing the substance which forms the cork any more than we are compressing a piece of paper when we crumple it up in our han i. A cork is like a dry sponge, and when we squeeze a sponze up in our hand we are simply doubling up the cell-walls, not compressing the substance of the sponge. The only way in which we can determine the compressibility of cork is to soak it in ether or some substance which fills all its

pores and then subject it to hydrostatic pressure. In the same way when we stretch india rubber, or ivory or jelly, the longitudinal extension of the piece of rubber is not in the least a measure of the longitudinal extension of the substance of the rubber. All such substances are made up of two parts; rubber, for instance, of a hard elastic skeleton insoluble in most solvents, and of a soft plastic substanc», soluble in many solvents, by use of which the two parts may easily be separated, similarly ivory and jelly. Let us take a square cell as in Fig. 3, the walls of which are of elastic material and the contents an incompressible plastic substance. Suppose it to be extended till its length is 4 centimeters and its breadth and thickness each 2 centimeters, as in Fig. 4. The total area of cell-wall is 40 square centimeters, and the total volume of incompressible contents is 16 cubic centimeters. Imagine the cell to be released, it will regain its position as in Fig. 3, and form a cube of side 2.52 centimeters. In this case, the volume being the same, the cell area will be 38.1 square centimeters. So we find that by stretching the cell till its length was 60 per cent greater than before, we have only had to stretch the cell-walls 5 per cent. This gives us the explanation of the well-known fact that stretched rubber contracts when heated. For if we heat the cell shown in Fig. 4 the incompressible contents will expand and tend to make the cell-walls take that shape in which they can hold the most. This is obviously that of the original cube, therefore the result will be a contraction.

Of course the formulæ, derived from this theory of cohesion, give us the means of calculating the physical properties of metals which have never been examined, or even discovered. For example, it shows us that we have at our disposal a metal far superior to any metal yet known, one which is stronger than iron, lighter than aluminium, and a better electrical conductor than silver. Aluminium, in spite of its lightness, is too weak mechanically and too poor a conductor to be used in many cases. But this new metal is four times as strong as aluminium, and is twice as good a conductor of electricity. The metal referred to is glucinum or beryllium. All that is known about it is that it has an atomic weight of 9.1 and a density of 1.7 to 2, the exact figures not being known. But from these scanty data we can deduce the following figures:

Tensile st❜gth Conductivity Sp. gr.




[blocks in formation]


[blocks in formation]


IN the CORISIDE Corisa Harrisii Uhl. is very common in our park lakes, and the drag net brings many of them to land at every haul. Another species as yet undetermined is about one-third the size of Harrisii, and equally abundant. In NOTONECTIDE Notonecta undulata Say. is very common. This was at one time known as variabilis Fieb.. a name quite appropriate, for they are variable to a marked degree, some of them being nearly white, while others are very dark. Notonecta irrorata Uhl. is also common, and is a very beautiful insect, and more uniform in coloration. In NEPIDÆ Ranatra fusca Pal. Beauv. is our only representative, as far as my observation goes; this was at one time known as R. nigra H. Schf.

In BELOSTOMATIDE we have two species. Benacus griseus Say., that giant among Hemiptera. This much-named creature has been known as B. haldemanus Leidy, B. har pax Stal., B. ruficeps var. Duf., B. distinctum Duf., and B. augustatum Guer.; but at last has settled down to B. griseus, which name, I hope, gives credit where it belongs. Zaitha fluminea Say. is very common in our lakes, and the females are often taken with their backs completely covered with eggs, deposited in regular rows upon the elytra; at the same time the young of all sizes will be brought up with the drag-net.

In the family HYDRODROMICA and sub-family SALDIDE I have but one representative species, Salda orbiculata Uhl., and it is exceedingly rare.

In the sub-family HYDROBATIDÆ I have taken three species, viz, Limnoporus rufoscutellus Lat., Limnotrechus marginatus Say., and Hygrotrechus remigis Say; they are all about equally common on the waters of our lakes and in ditches and pools.

In the family REDUVIDAE the sub-family PIRATINA is represented by Melanolestes picipes H. Schf., which is quite common under stones along with Carabidæ.

In the sub-family REDUVIINA We have three species. Diplo dus luridus Stal. is very common with us, but in Professor Uhler's list it is only given as from Mexico. Acholla multispinosa is also common; this has been known as A. ser· spinosus Wolff., and A. subarmatus H. Schf.

Sinea diadema Fabr. is not rare with us; this insect has had a number of names, and has been studied as S. multispinosus De G., S. hispidus Thunb., and S. raptatorius Say. I have a pair of insects from this State labelled Har pactor cinctus Fabr., which are probably what is now known as Milyas cinctus Fab. They are of a beautiful pinkishwhite color, and have the limbs banded with black.

In the sub-family CORISINA three species of Coriscus are represented. Coriscus subcoleoptratus Kirby, a very common, and curious insect, and formerly known as C. canadensis Prov., C. annulatus Reut, which is very rare, and C. ferus Linn, rather common.

In the family PHYMATIDÆ the sub-family PHYMATINA is represented by that very common and curious insect Phy mata Wolffii Stal. Phymata erosa, which is quoted as common throughout the State of New Jersey, I have never found here.

In the family TINGITIDÆ and sub-family TINGITINA I have Corythuca arquata Say. as one of the most common. This species of Tingis is found on the butternut, and was at one time known as Tingis juglandis Fitch, and Dr. Riley found it on the white oak.

Corythuca ciliata Say, formerly known as Tingis hyalina H. Schf., is, I believe, the one so common on the buttonwood, Platanus. I have a species taken from the paper mulberry Broussonetia and another species from Stophylea, both new to me.

In the family ACANTHIDE and sub-family CIMICINA We have Acanthia lectularia Linn., which is very abundant and well distributed all over our city. In the family CAPSIDE we are quite well represented. Plagiognathus obscurus Uhl. is very common.

the time visible even to the naked eye, was connected with the disturbances mentioned.

The meteorological observations also presented much that was interesting. The temperature on the west coast of Norway does not fall nearly so low as might be expected in such high latitudes. Even at the North Cape the mean of the coldest month is only 23° F., whereas in West Greenland on the same latitude the temperature sinks every winter to 40°. As, however, the distance from the coast increases, the temperature falls rapidly. The minimum observed at Gjesvar, near the North Cape, is 2° F.; at Bossekop, 33 miles from the open sea, Episcopus ornatus Reut is - 22°; and at Karasjok, further south but 120 miles from the coast, - 60°. Thus the influence of the Gulf Stream, which prevents the fiords from freezing over, does not penetrate inland. The fall of snow in winter is not very large at Bossekop, but also increases towards the interior. In very cold weather the snow does not come down in flakes, but takes the form of crystals of ice, which, having no cohesion, are blown about by every puff of wind. the very poor

quite rare; I have only taken about a dozen specimens. Garganus fusiformis Say is rather common, and Hyaliodes vitripennis Say is exceeding rare.

Capsus ater Linn. is also rare, but is conspicuous on account of its shining black color. Orthops scutellatus Uhl. is very rare indeed; I have only taken about half a dozen specimens. Comptobrochis grandis Uhl. is also very rare. Poecilocapsus goniphorus Say. is very common; this has been known as P. dislocatus Say and P. melaxanthus H. Schf. P. lineatus Fabr. is more common than goniphorus, and destroys a great variety of plants. Poeciloscytus basalis Reut., formerly known as P. sericeus Uhl., is also common. Lygus pratensis Linn., which much resembles the last, is exceedingly common; this was formerly known as L. lineolaris Pol. Beauv, and L. oblineatus £ay. Calocoris rapidus Say. is common, and was formerly known as C. multicolor H. Schf. Neurocolpus nubilis Say. is very rare with us; I have but three specimens representing it. Phytocoris eximius Reut. is also very rare, and a species of Phytocoris, not determined, more common. Lopidea media Say. is very rare, as is Resthenia insignis Say. Collaria meilleurii Prov., which Uhler gives as Trachelomiris meilleurii Prov., is quite rare. Leptopterna dolobrata Linn. is common everywhere where there are grass and weeds. Miris offinis Reut., formerly known as M. instabilis Uhl., is not common. Trigonotylus ruficornis Fall. is rare with us, making about twenty species of CAPSIDE taken here, which is probably only about one-third of the species that occur with us.


THE close connection between the Aurora and magnetism induced Herr O. Baschin to accompany Dr. Brendel to Bossekop for the purpose of observing this phenomenon. On January first of this year they entered the Alten Fiord, at the end of which lies Bossekop. It is built on the slope of one of the raised beaches so common on the shores of the fiord and in the adjacent valleys. An elevation of the shore amounting to 43 inches is said to have taken place during the last fifty years, but the calculations are not beyond suspicion. Dr. Brendel succeeded in obtaining photographs of different forms of the Aurora, the only ones at present in existence. Violent magnetic disturbances have often been observed during displays of the Northern Lights, and the close relation of these phenomena is further demonstrated by the fact that the centres of the arcs of light lie on the magnetic meridian, and that the corona, the most splendid form of Aurora, lies in the magnetic zenith. The most remarkable disturbances took place on February 14, accompanied by an unusually gorgeous display of the Aurora, when the magnetic declination was observed to vary more than 12° — the greatest deviation ever noticed within eight minutes. At the same time the disturbances in Europe and North America were so great that most of the selfregistering instruments were unable to record them. It is not possible at present to determine with certainty the cause of these striking phenomena, but it seems probable that the great sun-spot, seventeen times as large as the surface of the earth, which was at 1 From the Scottish Geographical Magazine.

The Lapps may be divided into two classes, fishermen of the coast and the nomadic Lapps of the mountains, who often possess considerable property. Of late years a third class has sprung up, which has settled in two inland places, Karasjok and Kautokeino. At the beginning of March the Lapps gather to a great fair at Bossekop, where many thousand ptarmigan, several tons of reindeer flesh, besides butter and tongues, change hands. Herr Baschin drove to Karasjok in a reindeer sledge, a vehicle that requires a deal of management, in order to inspect the dwellings of the Lapps settled there. The village is situated on a stream of the same name, one of the headwaters of the Tana, the second largest river of Norway, and contains about 200 inhabitants-all, with few exceptions, Lapps. Their dwellings are conical tents, 13 to 16 feet in diameter, with openings at the top to let out the smoke from the fire in the centre. Many Lapps own 2,000 to 3,000 head of reindeer. These people are not so powerful, intelligent, and honest as the Eskimo, and give the Norwegian Government much trouble through their propensity to steal reindeer. In Karasjok Herr Baschin found Balto and Ravna, the two Lapps who accompanied Dr. Nansen on his journey across Greenland, and on his voyage home he inspected that explorer's new vessel, which is being built at Laurvig. It has a nearly semi-circular cross-section, and is rigged as a three-masted schooner. It is of 250 tons register, and is constructed almost entirely of German oak. A small engine will enable it to make six knots an hour during calms.


Correspondents are requested to be as brief as possible. The writer's name is in all cases required as proof of good faith.

On request in advance, one hundred copies of the number containing his communication will be furnished free to any correspondent.

The editor will be glad to publish any queries consonant with the character of the journal.

Laboratory Teaching.

IN a recent number of Science there appeared an excellent article by Professor Chas. F. Mabery upon "Aims of Laboratory Teaching," in which occurred the following sentence: "Probably the earliest attempt in this country to give systematic laboratory instruction, to classes of any magnitude, was made in 1865 at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology."

Professor Mabery is surely in error upon this point, as such instruction had been given the students of the Rensselaer Polytechnic Instituie for many years previous to the date quoted. Our present laboratory, which is very complete and accommodates seventy-six students at a time in analytical chemistry, was built in 1862, to replace the one destroyed by fire in that year. Permit me to quote from a letter just received from Professor James Hall, geologist of the State of New York, who graduated from this institution many years ago: "In regard to systematic laboratory instruction in chemistry, I can only say that when I entered the Rensselaer School in 1831 there were already laboratories fitted up for giving systematic instruction in chemistry, and each student of the class

was required to do laboratory work, and to prepare himself his
material and apparatus, to give each day during the course an
extemporaneous lecture, illustrated by experiments, and full ex-
planation of the phenomena and the laws governing them. Every
student was well grounded in the principles and elements of the
science, and by a method of teaching never surpassed, if ever
equalled, by any other."

Troy, N.Y., July 29.


THE ninth annual issue of "The Year-Book of the Scientific and Learned Societies of Great Britain and Ireland" has recently been issued by Charles Griffin & Co., Exeter Street, Strand, London. The present issue gives a well-edited chronicle of the work done during the past year by the learned societies of Great Britain and Ireland, together with lists of the officers and a brief statement of the history and purposes of the organizations. The lists of the papers are quite complete, most of the society secretaries having given the needed information, and make a showing of scientific and literary activity with which we have as yet but little to compare in America. The hand-book is well made for its purpose, and would prove an excellent book of reference in American libraries.

[blocks in formation]

For information address Mr. FRITZ RUHL, President of the Societas Entomologica, Zurich-Hottingen, Switzerland.

A vigorous statement of the scientific principles upon which the treatment of criminals should be based will open The Popular Science Monthly for August. It is by Professor Edward S. Morse, who takes as his title "Natural Selection and Crime." The Warfare of Science papers, by Dr. Andrew D. White, will be continued with a chapter on 66 'Geography,” in which are given the various mythological and theological ideas concerning the form of the earth and the proper mode of representing it that have prevailed in ancient and medieval times. 66 The Manufacture of Boots and Shoes" will be described by George A. Rich. This is one of the illustrated series of Articles on American Industries, and, in both the text and the pictures, tells a story of wonderful progress. An ethical study on "Veracity," by Herbert Spencer, will be among the contents.

- The Geographical Society of Germany will shortly publish a volume commemorative of the four-hundredth anniversary of the discovery of America by Columbus, which will, it is said, be one of the most elaborate publications ever issued by the society. Dr. Konrad Kretschmer, the editor of the forthcoming work, has visited all the principal libraries of Italy in search of material, and has had access to many rare manuscripts hitherto unused. The memorial volume will contain forty five maps relating to the discovery of America, thirty-one of which are said to have never been published. Emperor William has contributed 15,000 marks


[Free of charge to all, if of satisfactory character. Address N. D. C. Hodges, 874 Broadway, New York.] Taxidermist going out of business has quantity of finely-mounted specimens of North American birds, mammals and reptiles and skins of birds for sale, including a full local collection of bird skins, showof skulls with horns of deer and mountain sheep, ing some great variations of species; also quantity Will give good exchange for Hawk Eye camera with outfit. Apply quickly to J. R. Thurston, 265 Yonge St., Toronto, Canada.

and mounted heads of same.


Any person seeking a position for which he is qualified by his scientific attainments, or any person seeking of a teacher of science, chemist, draughtsman, or what some one to fill a position of this character, be it thất not, may have the Want' inserted under this head FREE OF COST, if he satisfies the publisher of the suitable character of his application. Any person seeking information on any scientific question, the address of auy scientific man, or who can in any way use this the paper, is cordially invited to do so. column for a purpose consonant with the mature of


JOHNS HOPKINS graduate (1892) desires a For exchange.-A fine thirteen-keyed flute in leather position as instructor in mathematics and covered case, for a photograph camera suitable for mak-physics. Address A. B. TURNER, Johns Hopkins ing lantern slides. Flute cost $27, and is nearly new. University, Baltimore, Md. U.O. COX, Mankato, Minn.

To exchange; Experiment Station bulletins and reports for bulletins and reports not in my file. I will send list of what I have for exchange. P. H. ROLFS, Lake City, Florida.

fine fossils or crystals. Will be given only for valuable
Finished specimens of all colors of Vermont marble for
specimens because of the cost of polishing. GEO. W.
PERRY, State Geologist, Rutland, Vt.

[ocr errors]

For exchange.-Three copies of "American State Papers Bearing on Sunday Legislation," 1891, $2.50, new and unused, for "The Sabbath," by Harmon Kingsbury, 1840; "The Sabbath," by A. A. Phelps, 1842; History NEO-DARWINISM AND NEO-LAMARCKISM. of the Institution of the Sabbath Day, Its Uses and Abuses," by W. L. Fisher, 1859; "Humorous Phases of the Law," by Irving Browne; or other works amounting to value of books exchanged, on the question of governmental legislation in reference to religion, personal liberty, etc. If preferred, I will sell "American State Papers,' DISON BLAKELY, Chicago, Ill.


Annual address of the President of the Biological Society of Washington delivered Jan. 24, 1891. A


WANTED.-A collection of postage stamps: one made previous to 1870 preferred. Also old and curious stamps on original letters, and old entire US. stamped envelopes. Will pay cash or give in exchange frst-class fossils, including fine crinoids. WM. F. E. GURLEY, Danville, Ill.

[blocks in formation]

historical and critical review of modern scientific and buy other books on the subject. WILLIAM AD-WANTED. We want any and all of the following,

thought relative to heredity, and especially to the
problem of the transmission of acquired characters,
The following are the several heads involved in the For Sale or Exchange for books a complete private
discussion Status of the Problem. Lamarckism. chemical laboratory outfit. Includes large Becker bal-
Darwinism, Acquired Characters, Theories of Heance (200g. to 1-10mg.), platinum dishes and crucibles,
redity, Views of Mr. Galton, Teachings of Professor agate motors, glass-blowing apparatus, etc. For sale in
Weismann, A Critique of Weismann, Neo-Darwin- part or whole. Also complete file of Silliman's Journal,
ism, Neo-Lamarckism, the American "School," Ap- 1862-1885 (62-71 bound); Smithsonian Reports, 1854-1883;
plication to the Human Race. In so far as views U. S. Coast Survey, 1854-1869. Full particulars to en-
are expressed they are in the main in line with the quirers. F. GARDINER, JR., Pomfret, Conn.
general current of American thought, and opposed
to the extreme doctrine of the non-transmissibility
of acquired characters.

Price, postpaid, 25 cents.

Wanted, in exchange for the following works, any standard works on Surgery and on Diseases of Children: Wilson's "American Ornithology," 3 vols.; Coues' "Birds of the Northwest" and "Birds of the Colorado Valley," 2 vols.:

providing we can trade other books and maga zines or buy them cheap for cash: Academy, Lonvol. 1 to 66: American Antiquarian, vol. 1, 2; Ameridon, vol. 1 to 28, 35, Jan. and Feb., '89; Age of Steel. vol. 3; American Field, vol. 1 to 21: American Geolcan Architect, vol. 1 to 6, 9; American Art Review. ogist, vol. 1 to 6; American Machinist, vol. 1 to 4: Art Amateur, vol. 1 to 7, Oct., 4; Art Interchange, vol. 1 to 9; Art Union, vol. 1 to 4, Jan., 44. July, 45: Bibliotbeca Sacra, vol 1 to 46; Godey's Lady's Book, vol. 1 to 20; New Englander, vol. 11; Zoologist, Series 1 and 1, Series 3 vol. 1 to 14; Allen Armeudale (a novel). Raymer's "Old Book" Store, 243 4th Ave. S., Minneapolis, Minn.

N. D. C. HODGES, 874 Broadway, N. Y. Pavol afino's Land and Game Birds of New Eng W



We will allow the above discount to any subscriber to Science who will send us an order for periodicals exceeding $10, counting each at its full price.

N. D. C. HODGES, 874 Broadway, N. Y.

land;" Samuels" Our Northern Eastern all
the Reports on the Birds of the Pacific R. R. Survey,
bound in 2 vols., morocco; and a complete set of the
Reports of the Arkansas Geological Survey. Please give
editions and dates in corresponding. R. ELLSWORTH
CALL, High School, Des Moines, Iowa.


To exchange Wright's "Ice Age in North America
and Le Conte's "Elements of Geology" (Copyright 1882)
for "Darwinism," by A. R.Wallace,Origin of Species."
by Darwin, "Descent of Man," by Darwin, Man's
Place in Nature," Huxley, "Mental Evolution in Ani-
mals," by Romanes, "Pre-Adamites," by Winchell. No

books wanted except latest editions, and books in good
condition. C. S. Brown, Jr., Vanderbilt University,
Nashville, Tenn.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

towards the expenses of publication, etc., and the work will undoubtedly be a most valuable contribution to the early history of America. It is expected that it will leave the government printing office early in August.

- In a capital address on "tooth culture," delivered at the annual meeting of the Eastern Counties Branch of the British Dental Association, and printed in Lancet, Sir James Crichton-Browne referred to a change which has taken place in bread, as one of the causes of the increase of dental caries. So far as England is concerned, this is essentially an age of white bread and fine flour, and it is an age therefore in which we are no longer partaking, to anything like the same amount that our ancestors did, of the bran or husky parts of wheat, and so are deprived to a large degree of a chemical element which they contain-namely, fluorine. The late Dr. George Wilson showed that fluorine is more widely distributed in nature than was before his time supposed, but still, as he pointed out, it is but sparingly present where it does occur, and


Acid Phosphate,

Recommended and prescribed by physicians of all schools




the only channels by which it can apparently find its way into the animal economy are through the siliceous stems of grasses and the outer husks of grain, in which it exists in comparative abundance. Analysis has proved that the enamel of the teeth contains more fluorine, in the form of fluoride of calcium, than any other part of the body, and fluorine might, indeed, be regarded as the characteristic chemical constituent of this structure, the hardest of all animal tissue, and containing 95 5 per cent of salts, against 72 per cent in the dentine. As this is so, it is clear that a supply of fluorine, while the development of the teeth is proceeding, is essential to the proper formation of the enamel, and that any deficiency in this respect must result in thin and inferior enamel. Sir James Crichton-Browne thinks it well worthy of consideration whether the reintroduction into our diet of a supply of fluorine in some suitable natural form-and what form, he asks, can be more suitable than that in which it exists in the pellicles of our grain stuffs? - might not do something to fortify the teeth of the next generation.


Anyo e sending us $1 00 at once and mentioning OF NEWSPAPER AND PERIODICAL
"Science," will receive a copy of "Historical
Sketches and Events in the Colonization of Ameri-
ca," by G. B Hall. A square 8vo. book (6x9

inches), 223 pages, illustrated. This is a regular Catalogues and Classifies Each Week

$2.00 book and a bargain at that price...
200 Private Library Labels; they should be
used by all who own books...

The Library," a 100-page b ok containing a
brief list of most important standard and mis-
cellaneous books in every department of li era-
ture. Intended for those who are about form-
ing a library. Hints about what bo ks to read
and how to buy them..

1 year's subscription to the "Literary Light," a monthly magazine of Ancient, Medieval and Modern Literature..



That huge mass of material heretofore inaccessible
to the eager student is now rendered available.
Special attention is invited to the Bulletin's

Send for a free sample copy and learn how

100 $4.00

$4.00 actual value for $1.00. Sample copy of "Lit
erary Light," 10 cents (postal card won't do).
Address, Literary Light,
243 4th Ave. S.

Minneapolis, Minn.

[blocks in formation]

and all diseases arising from im- Leading Nos.: 048, 14, 130, 135, 239, 333

[blocks in formation]

The Bulletin Supplies

The Articles Catalogued.

Address THE WEEKLY BULLETIN, 5 Somerset Street,

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Boston, Mass.


25 Cents.


25 Cents.

Ex-President Andrew D. White, of Cornell University, says: "I believe tha tthe highest interests of Christian civilization and of humanity would be served by its adoption."

"So set down, our tongue is the best for the world to unite upon."-Brooklyn Eagle.

The idea of Mr. Bell has much to recommend it, and the presentation is charmingly clear."—American, Phila.

"The result is a language which cannot fail to meet with acceptance."-Boston Traveller.

"World English deserves the careful consideration of all serious scholars."- Modern Language Notes. Sent, postpaid, on receipt of price.

N. D. C. HODGES, 874 Broadway, New York.



This book is the result of an attempt to collect the scattered notices of fossil resins, exclusive of those on amber. The work is of interest also on account of descriptions given of the insects found embedded in these longpreserved exudations from early vegetation. By CLARENCE LOWN and HENRY BOOTH 12°. $1.

N. D. C. HODGES, 874 Broadway, N. Y.


For use in Colleges and Normal Schools. Price 50 cents
Sent free by post by

N. D. C. HODGES, 874 Broadway, N. Y.


Can any reader of Science cite

a case of lightning stroke in



which the dissipation of a small Titles of Some Articles Published in Science since | Baur, G., Clark University, Worcester, Mass.

conductor (one-sixteenth of an inch in diameter, say,) has failed to protect between two horizontal planes passing through its upper and lower ends respective ly? Plenty of cases have been found which show that when the conductor is dissipated the build

ing is not injured to the extent explained (for many of these see volumes of Philosophical Transactions at the time when light ning was attracting the attention

of the Royal Society), but not an exception is yet known, although this query has been published far and wide among elec


Jan. 1, 1892.

Aboriginal North American Tea.

Agriculture, Experimental, Status of.

Amenhotep, King, the tomb of.

Beal, W. J., Agricultural College, Mich.
Beals, A. H., Milledgeville, Ga.
Beauchamp, W. M., Baldwinsville, N.Y.
Boas, Franz, Clark University, Worcester,
Bolley, H. L., Fargo, No. Dak.
Bostwich, Arthur E., Montclair, N.J.
Bradley, Milton, Springfield, Mass.

Anatomy, The Teaching of, to Advanced Medical Brinton, D. G., Philadelphia, Pa.


Anthropology, Current Notes on.

Architectural Exhibition in Brooklyn.

Arsenical Poisoning from Domestic Fabrics.
Artesian Wells in Iowa.

Astronomical Notes.
Botanical Laboratory, A.

Bacteria, Some Uses of.

Brain, A Few Characteristics of the Avian. Bythoscopidæ and Cereopidæ.

Canada, Royal Society of.

Celts, The Question of the.

Chalicotherium, The Ancestry of.

Call, E. Ellsworth, Des Moines, Ia.
Chandler, H., Buffalo, N. Y.
Comstock, Theo. B., Tucson, Arizona.
Conn, H. W, Middletown, Conn.

Cragin, F. W., Colorado Springs, Col.


Davis, W. M., Harvard College, Cambridge, Mass. Dimmock, George, Canobie Lake, N.H.

Farrington, E. H., Agricultural Station, Champaign,


Ferree, Barr, New York City.

Flexner, Simon, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md.

Foshay, P. Max, Rochester, N.Y.

Chemical Laboratory of the Case School of Applied Gallaudet, E. M., Kendall Green, Washington, D.C.

[blocks in formation]

Eyes, Relations of the Motor Muscles of, to Certain
Facial Expressions.
Family Traits, Persistency of.
Fishes, The Distribution of.

Fossils, Notice of New Gigantic.
Gems, Artificial. Detection of.

Four-fold Space, Possibility of a Realization of.

Glacial Phenomena in Northeastern New York.
Grasses, Homoptera Injurious to.

Great Lakes, Origin of the Basins of.

"Healing, Divine."

Hemipterus Mouth, Structure of the.

Hofmann, August Wilhelm von.
Hypnotism among the Lower Animals.
Hypnotism, Traumatic.

Indian occupation of New York.
Infant's Movements.

[blocks in formation]

Klamath Nation, Linguistics.
Laboratory Training, Alms of.

Lewis H. Carvill, Work on the Glacial Phenomena.
Lightning, The New Method of Protecting Buildings


Garman, S., Museum of Comp. Zool., Cambridge, Mass.

Golden, Katherine E., Agricultural College, Lafayette, Ind.

Hale, Edwin M., Chicago, Ill.

Hale, George S., Boston, Mass.

Hale, Horatio, Clinton, Ontario, Canada.

Hall, T. Proctor, Clark University, Worcester, Mass. Halsted, Byron D., Rutgers College, New Brunswick, N.J.

Haworth, Erasmus, Oskaloosa, Iowa.

Hay, O. P., Irvington, Ind.

Haynes, Henry W., Boston Mass.

Hazen, H. A., Weather Bureau, Washington, D.C. Hewitt, J. N. B., Bureau of Ethnology, Washington, D.C.

Hicks, L. E., Lincoln, Neb.

Hill, E. J., Chicago, Ill.

Hill, Geo. A., Naval Observatory, Washington, D.C. Hitchcock, Romyn, Washington, D.C.

Holmes, E. L. Chicago, Ill.

Hotchkiss, Jed., Staunton, Va.

Howe, Jas. Lewis, Louisville, Ky.

Hubbard, Gardiner G., Washington, D.C.

Jackson, Dugald C., Madison, Wisconsin

James, Joseph F., Agricultural Dept., Washington,

Johnson, Roger B, Miami University, Oxford, O.
Kellerman, Mrs. W. A., Columbus, O.

Kellicott, D. S., State University, Columbus, O.
Kellogg, D. S., Plattsburgh, N. Y.

Lintner, J. A., Albany, N. Y.

Loeb, Morris, New York City.

Mabery, Charles F., Cleveland, Ohio.
Macloskie, G., Princeton, N.J.

McCarthy, Gerald, Agricultural Station, Raleigh,

[blocks in formation]

THE LABRADOR COAST. Lissalou's Curves, Simple Apparatus for the Produc- Mill-paugh. Charles F., Morgantown, W. Va.

A Journal of two Summer Cruises to that region; with notes on its early discovery, on the Eskimo, on its physical geography, geology and natural history, together with a bibliography of charts, works and articles relating to the civil and natural history of the Labrador Peninsula.

tion of.

Nichols, C. F., Boston, Mass.

Baltimore, Md.

Maize Plant, Observations on the Growth and Chemi- Nuttall, George H. F., Johns Hopkins University,
Maya Codices, a Key to the Mystery of.
cal Composition of.
Medicine, Preparation for the Study of.
Mineral Discoveries, Some Recent, in the State of Osborn, Henry F., Columbia College, New York

[blocks in formation]

By ALPHEUS SPRING PACKARD, M.D., Ph.D Psychological Training. The Need of.

8°, 513 pp., $3.50.

Psylla, the Pear-Tree,

Rivers, Evolution of the Loup, in Nebraska.
Scientific Alliance, The.

N. D. C. HODGES, 874 Broadway, N. Y. Sistrurus and Crotalophorus.


By DANIEL S. TROY. This contains a discussion of the reasons for their action and of the phenomena presented in Crookes' tubes.

Price, postpaid, 50 cents.
N. D. C. HODGES, 874 Broadway, N. Y.

AUTHORS AND PUBLISHERS. Material arranged and compiled for all kinds of works, excepting fiction. Statistics a specialty. Indexing and cataloguing. Address G. E. BIVER, 835 N. 18th Street, Philadelphia.

Star Photography, Notes on.
Star, The New, in Auriga.

Storage of Storm-Waters on the Great Plains.
Teaching of Science.

Tiger, A New Sabre-Toothed, from Kansas.
Timber Trees of West Virginia.

Trachea of Insects, Structure of.
Vein-Formation, Valuable Experiments in.
Weeds as Fertilizing Material.
Will, a Recent Analysis of.

Wind-Storms and Trees.
Wines, The Sophisticated French.

Oliver, J. E., Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y.

[blocks in formation]

Schufeldt, R. W., Washington, D.C.

Scripture, E. W., Clark University. Worcester, Mass. Slade, D. D., Museum Comp. Zool., Cambridge, Mass.

Smith, John B., Rutgers College, New Brunswick, N.J.

Southwick. Edmund B., New York City.

Stevens, George T., New York City.
Stevenson, S. Y., Philadelphia, Pa.

Stone, G. H., Colorado Springs, Col.

Thomas, Cyrus, Washington, D. C.

Thurston, R. H., Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y.
Todd, J. E., Tabor, Iowa.

True, Frederick W., Natlonal Museum, Washington, D.C.

Turner, C. H., University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati,


Wake, C., Staniland, Chicago, Ill.

Zoology in the Public Schools of Washington, D. C. Ward, R. DeC., Harvard University, Cambridge,

Some of the Contributors to Science Since Jan. 1, 1892.

Aaron, Eugene M., Philadelphia, Pa.
Allen, Harrison, Philadelphia, Pa.
Baldwin, J. Mark, University of Toronto, Canada.
Barnes, Charles Reid, Madison, Wis.


Ward, Stanley M., Scranton, Pa.

Warder, Robert B., Howard University, Washington, D.C.

Welch, Wm. H., Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore. M.D.

West, Gerald M., Clark University, Worcester, Mass. Whitman, C. O., Clark University, Worcester, Mass... Williams, Edward H., Lehigh University, Bethle hem, Pa.

« ZurückWeiter »