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1897. A communication from the Board of Health of the City of Philadelphia requested the Institute to appoint a committee to confer with the Board of Health with a view of taking action to abate or modify the smoke nuisance. A full report appeared in the JOURNAL.

1899. National Export Exposition held in conjunction with the Commercial Museum of Philadelphia.

1901. Resolutions passed to promote commerce by the improvement of waterways and approving the creation of the Department of Commerce.

1902. The metric system fully discussed at the monthly meetings. Resolutions passed petitioning the national government to enact such laws as will ensure its proper use.

1906. Resolutions passed urging the improvement of national waterways, particularly the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal.

1914. Conducted meeting in Philadelphia celebrating thirtieth anniversary of the International Electrical Exhibition.

1915. First awards of The Franklin Medal.

1917. Established and maintained a recruiting and examination station for applicants for admission to the aviation service of the United States Army.

Established School of Navigation for the United States Shipping Board. Conducted Free Radio School for men of the selective draft.

1920. Published “The Physics of the Air" by W. J. Humphreys, C.E., Ph.D.

CHARTER AND BY-LAWS

THE

THE FRANKLIN INSTITUTE OF THE STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA FOR THE PROMOTION OF THE

MECHANIC ARTS An Act, to incorporate The Franklin Institute of the State of Pennsylvania for the Promotion of the Mechanic Arts.

SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in General Assembly met, and it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same, That the subscribers to the association called The Franklin Institute of the State of Pennsylvania for the Promotion of the Mechanic Arts, and all such persons as may hereafter be admitted members of the same, shall be, and they are hereby declared to be, a body politic and corporate, by the name and style of “THE FRANKLIN INSTITUTE OF THE STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA FOR THE PROMOTION OF MECHANIC Arts,” to have perpetual succession, to sue and be sued, implead and be impleaded, in all courts of record or elsewhere, to use a common seal, and break, alter, and renew the same at pleasure, and to take, hold, and enjoy lands, tenements, and hereditaments; Provided that the yearly income of the real estates held by them shall not exceed two thousand dollars. Sec. 2.

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That the objects of the said corporation shall be the promotion and encouragement of manufactures and the mechanic and useful arts, by the establishment of popular lectures on the sciences connected with them, by the formation of a cabinet of models and minerals, and a library, by offering premiums on all objects deemed worthy of encouragement, by examining all new inventions submitted to them, and by such other measures as they may judge expedient.

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That the members of the said corporation shall consist of manufacturers, mechanics, artisans, and persons friendly to the mechanic arts; they shall pay such sum annually, or in gross, as shall be required by the by-laws of the said corporation for an annual, or life, subscription; Provided that nothing herein contained shall be construed to prevent the said corporation from electing honorary or corresponding members, who may be exempted from such payments and other duties of membership, in such manner and to such extent as may be prescribed by the by-laws of the said corporation.

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That the officers of the said corporation shall be a president, two vice-presidents, a recording secretary, a corresponding secretary, a treasurer, and twenty-four managers, who shall, together, constitute a board of managers of the said corporation, and such other officers as the said corporation shall deem needful; two-thirds of the managers shall be manufacturers or mechanics; the

Sec. 3.

SEC. 4.

1897. A communication from the Board of Health of the City of Philadelphia requested the Institute to appoint a committee to confer with the Board of Health with a view of taking action to abate or modify the smoke nuisance. A full report appeared in the JOURNAL.

1899. National Export Exposition held in conjunction with the Commercial Museum of Philadelphia.

1901. Resolutions passed to promote commerce by the improvement of waterways and approving the creation of the Department of Commerce.

1902. The metric system fully discussed at the monthly meetings. Resolutions passed petitioning the national government to enact such laws as will ensure its proper use.

1906. Resolutions passed urging the improvement of national waterways, particularly the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal.

1914. Conducted meeting in Philadelphia celebrating thirtieth anniversary of the International Electrical Exhibition.

1915. First awards of The Franklin Medal.

1917. Established and maintained a recruiting and examination station for applicants for admission to the aviation service of the United States Army.

Established School of Navigation for the United States Shipping Board. Conducted Free Radio School for men of the selective draft.

1920. Published “The Physics of the Air" by W. J. Humphreys, C.E., Ph.D.

CHARTER AND BY-LAWS

THE

THE FRANKLIN INSTITUTE OF THE STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA FOR THE PROMOTION OF THE

MECHANIC ARTS An Act, to incorporate The Franklin Institute of the State of Pennsylvania for the Promotion of the Mechanic Arts.

SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in General Assembly met, and it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same, That the subscribers to the association called The Franklin Institute of the State of Pennsylvania for the Promotion of the Mechanic Arts, and all such persons as may hereafter be admitted members of the same, shall be, and they are hereby declared to be, a body politic and corporate, by the name and style of “THE FRANKLIN INSTITUTE OF THE STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA FOR THE PROMOTION OF MECHANIC Arts," to have perpetual succession, to sue and be sued, implead and be impleaded, in all courts of record or elsewhere, to use a common seal, and break, alter, and renew the same at pleasure, and to take, hold, and enjoy lands, tenements, and hereditaments; Provided that the yearly income of the real estates held by them shall not exceed two thousand dollars. Sec. 2.

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That the objects of the said corporation shall be the promotion and encouragement of manufactures and the mechanic and useful arts, by the establishment of popular lectures on the sciences connected with them, by the formation of a cabinet of models and minerals, and a library, by offering premiums on all objects deemed worthy of encouragement, by examining all new inventions submitted to them, and by such other measures as they may judge expedient.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That the members of the said corporation shall consist of manufacturers, mechanics, artisans, and persons friendly to the mechanic arts; they shall pay such sum annually, or in gross, as shall be required by the by-laws of the said corporation for an annual, or life, subscription; Provided that nothing herein contained shall be construed to prevent the said corporation from electing honorary or corresponding members, who may be exempted from such payments and other duties of membership, in such manner and to such extent as may be prescribed by the by-laws of the said corporation.

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That the officers of the said corporation shall be a president, two vice-presidents, a recording secretary, a corresponding secretary, a treasurer, and twenty-four managers, who shall, together, constitute a board of managers of the said corporation, and such other officers as the said corporation shall deem needful; two-thirds of the managers shall be manufacturers or mechanics; the

Sec. 4.

said officers shall be elected at an annual meeting of the said corporation, to be held on the third Thursday of January; if an election shall not take place on that day, the corporation shall not for that cause be dissolved, but an election shall be held as soon afterwards as may be, and until such election the officers in place shall continue to act; public notice of all elections shall be given in such manner as may be prescribed by the by-laws of the said corporation; the present officers of the said association are hereby constituted the officers of the corporation hereby created; and shall continue to hold their respective offices till otherwise elected under the provisions of this act; Provided always, that the said corporation shall have power to increase the number of vice-presidents and managers hereinbefore mentioned, to such number as may be deemed advisable and convenient at a stated meeting of the said corporation, the same public notice of such intended alteration being previously given as may be required to be given of the election of officers of the said corporation.

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That the duties and rights of the members of the said corporation, the powers and functions of the members of the said corporation, the powers and functions of the officers thereof hereinbefore mentioned, and of such others as may hereafter be added, the mode of supplying vacancies in office, the times of meeting of the said corporation, and of the board of managers, the numbers which shall constitute a quorum at any such meetings, the mode of electing members, the terms of their admission, the causes which shall justify their suspension or expulsion from the corporation, and all other concerns of the said corporation shall be regulated by the by-laws and ordinances of the said corporation hereafter to be made, which the said corporation is hereby authorized and empowered to make and alter, in the manner which may be therein mentioned; Provided that the said by-laws or ordinances shall not be repugnant to, or inconsistent with, the constitution or laws of the United States or of this Commonwealth.

Sec. 5.

OFFICE OF THE CLERK OF THE SENATE OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA,

March 30th, 1824. I certify that the foregoing Bill passed both branches of the Legislature, and received the signature of the Governor on this day. As witness my hand the day and year above written. (Signed.)

JNO. DUPUY, Clerk.

An Act to amend and alter the Act incorporating The Franklin Institute of the State of Pennsylvania for the Promotion of the Mechanic Arts.

WHEREAS, The Act approved March thirtieth, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-four, incorporating The Franklin Institute of the State of Pennsylvania, for the Promotion of the Mechanic Arts, has been found insufficient and inconvenient for accomplishing the objects of said corporation, and the said corporation has applied for alteration and amendment thereof.

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