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of polyanthenon the author expresses a doubt whether it be a sufficiently distinct species ; and inquires if colchicum lusitanicum fritellaricum, & C. neapolitanum fritillaricum of Para kinso 's Paradise, may not be specifically distinct from any of the above.
The Botanist's Repository co tains, i A large figure, on a folio plate, of a new species, variety of the tree pæony, which is here called pronia papaveracea (papaverea, or papaves vala, would have been more classica'), from the globular form of the sed vessel, the six capsules coalescine into one six-celled fruit, leaving only their extremities free. 2. Diosma ovata. 3. Protea divaricata, a species very nearly allied to P. anemonisol a of Bot. Mag. and like that o' a native of New South Wales, 4. Goodenia teneila, a new species of this very interesting genus, and a very pretty little piant, but not extraordin vry well figured. 5. Lythrum trucicorum Lin This is the grislea tomentosa of Comandel plants, and Wildenow's specie: plants. Woodfordia floribunda of Salisbury. It is surprising that it should be claimed here a, a discovery that this plant is the lythrum fruticorum of Linnæus, this name being expressly quoted as a s.nonym by all the above authors, but was deenied by them to differ too much in the structure of the flower to admit of being united with the genus Lythrum.
The Paradisus Londinensis contains, 1. Claytonia Caroliniana of Michaux, here called C. spatalæsolia, as Mr. Salisbury, deaf to all remonstrances against the continual changing of name3, never adopts such as do not accord with his own principles of nomenclature. The figure of Cl: virginica, in the Botanical Magazine, is here accused of falsely representing the petals a, lanceolate and sharp, instead of otovate and retuse ; but this criticism, we suspect, is unjust. Perhaps two species may have been confounded under this name, or the petals may be subject to vary in their shape ; for we possess a description taken from a living plant, and of older date than the figure in the Botanical Magazine, in wnich we find the petals are said to be ? ovate lanceolare. 2. Begonia nitida. 3. Burtonia grossulariæfólia, a new gee nus, nearly allied to Dilenia and Hibb, rtia, named in memory of David Burton, an industrig vus gardner, sent by Sir Joseph Banks to New South Wales, to collect seeds for the Royal Garden at Kew, on which mission he unfortunately died Mr. Salisbury has here att mpted to establish a new natural order, under the appellation of dillene e, for this botanist being, by his own confession, fastidiously averse from the high-sounding Greek termination of oidery haas invented a Gallico-Latin terminology to his natural orders ; but with what success to an English ear. may be easily inferred irom one of which he has given an account in the Annals of Botany, vol. II. page 69, the Nymphæe æ !
That charming work, the En lish Botany, now pro eeding with hasty strides to a conclu. sion, with respect to phænogamous plants, at least, though the unpublished cryptogamous ones are still numerous, contains, in the last number, besides seven lichens and one fucus, sisym: brium terrestre oi Curtis, w.io first distinguished it as a species from amphibiura; sinapis arvensis ; urtica dioicu ; and medicago saliva ; the last has, indeed, little right to be cnumerated in a list of plants indigenous to the British isles; but far from blaming its introduction, we believe it will be generally acceptable, if all the plants cultivated in our fields should be included; for who, in his search after native plants, would not wish to understand what he meets with, not scattered here and there, skulking, as it were, from his prying eye, tue coyering acres of ground in proud array.
NATURALIST'S MONTHLY REPORT.
Anticipating wealth from summer skies.
to be hatched; but nearly a week elapsed bciore all the caterpillars had quitted their shells.
May 23. The flowers of the hawiborn begin to expand. The asb-trees are putting forth their áist leaves; and the bully is in Aower.
A fuss moib (phalana vinula oi Linnæus) emerged from its chrysaled state this day. It was a female; and, as I had already several specimens, I put it out or the window. On the fol. lowing morning this inset was found nearly in the same place where I had left her. She was accompanied by a male, and had deposited against the window frame a great number of cggs. I collected several, and placed them on paper in the window of my sitting room, in order, it caterpillars proceeded from them, to watch their changes
May 30th. The wind in the east, and the weatber very storiuy, attended by a considerable fall of rain. The neckrel-fisbers have been employed for several days, but hitherto without success ;
and is, the present easterly winds continue to pievail, there will be a chance whatever of their carching any fish.
May 30th. The eastern winds are still prevalent. Many of the gardens have been con iderably injured by them. The cockcbafers, however, which, a few days ago, wete tu be seca in great abundance, have all been driven away. As I have not observed any of these insects lying dead, either in the roads or fields, it is not improbable that they may have passed in:e che interior of the country. An observing and intelligent friend, who resides near me, says, that after being driven away, they sometimes return : such, however, has not been the case this year. I am informed that the country people here generally look for two or three days of stormy weacher from the east, in the month of May. For the last four years, their observa Lions have been remarked to be correct.
The walnut and chesnut-trees are in flower and leaf.
June 5. Those beautiful plants the wbite and yellow water lilies (nymybes alba and lates) (re in flower,
June 7. I found a female of the leptura inquisitor of Linnæus, on one of the flowers of time dog-rose, in the same place where, four years ago, I found the same insects.
The death-watebes (prinus iessellatus) are no longer heard. June 9. This morning some of the eggs laid by the puss matb above-mentioned were hatched. The caterpillars proceeding from them were of a blackish colour, and about two lines in length. They had each two tails, about the length of their body, and a process os conside rable length and thickness on cach side of the head.
Wbeat is in ear, and the bedge rose (rosa arwentis) is in flower.
June 11. The Austrian, or yellow rose, (rasa austriaca), meadow clary (saiva pratensis), and will obistle (cardus marianus), are in flower.
func 16. For some days past salmon have been caught in tolerable quantity. Loisters and prawns are this year very scarce on our coast.
June, 1807, inclusive, Two Miles N.W. of St. Paul's.
Highest 81°. May 25. Wind East Lawest 29.60. June 9. Wind N.W. Lowe: 40°. 30. Wind East The mercury stood
On the Sith ulte 29.8 only at noon,
as is seen above, Greatest 39-hun. on the 16th, and
the mercury was at variation in dredths of on the next day at
40°, but on the 24 hours. same hour it was
Sist it was at 490 24 hours. as high as 30-19.
The quantity of rain fallen this month is too trifling to be particularly noticed; we shall give it with the next report. Once only we have had a heavy rain, and it has rained alse os five other days. Every other day of the month may be denominated brilliant, excepting the in which clouds intercepted the sun's rays for a good part of the morning. The wind has been chicity in the N. and N. E. though occasionally it has veered a little to the opposite puints: one day it stood pretty steadily to the West, and once, we have noticed, stationary to ibe South.
The changes in the temperature and density of the atmosphere have, by no means, been remarkable. The thermometer standing at 81°, on the 25th of May, is very unusual, and a similar circumstance has not been known, in this climate, we believe, for very many years, but the average heat for the whole month, viz,-61° 564, is half a degree less than it was for the same period last year, although it is more than 70 higher than it was for June 1805; nevertheless in the same mopth, 1804, the average heat was 63o.
ERRATA, Page 349, 1st col. linc 38, for " enjoyed," read “ plundered."-In the same page, 2d col. line 28, dele « his eldest son."
Page 507, in the Sonnet, for "Thou, eager e'en to guard the hardy bed, "-read Thod, cager c'er to guard the hardy bed."-In page 508, instead of " Her trmple's trembling tasture seem'd to suit," read “ Her temper's trembling texture seem'd to suit.**
N. B. The SUPPLEMENTARY NUMBER will be published, as usual, on the Leat Dan of July, completing the Twenty-third Volume.
TO THE TWENTY-THIRD VOLUME OF THE MONTHLY MAGAZINE. Vol. 23, No. 159.] JULY 30, 1807. [Price is. 6d.
HALF-YEARLY RETROSPECT OF DOMESTIC LITERATURE. Non refert quam multos librus sed quam bonos affecting simplicity of style which is one habeas.
of their greatest merits; and display the WHE plan of our half-yearly Retro- mind of St. Louis with the most exact that the ceremony of an introduction may are as follow : 1. The Genealogy of the be waved. Learning and genius, it will House of Joinville. 2. Dissertation on the be seen, defying or neglecting those Life of St. Louis written by the Lord events which destroy the peace of man- de Joinville, by M. le Baron de la Baskind, continue to exert their operations. tie. 3. Additions to the same. 4. The Though
History of St. Louis, by John Lord de
Joinville. 5. Notes on the above Hisbas of late years received but few acces- tory, by Charles du Fresne, sieur du sions of primary importance; there are Cange. The second volume is entirely one or two works even in the present Re- filled with Du Cange's Dissertations on trospect, upon which we cannot but con- the History. The work is accompanied gratulate our readers. “ The Memoirs of by a portrait of the Lord de Joinville, of John Lord de Joinville,” translated by taken from his monument; a map of the Mr. John Es; in two volumes in quarto; Crusade of St. Louis in Egypt and in Padeserve especial notice. The Sire de lestine; a map of the Delta, explanatory Joinville, it need hardly be said, was an of the expedition; a view of the town eminent French statesman, who alourish- and castle of Joinville; an outline of St. ed about 1260, and was descended from Louis, from his monument, and a map of one of the noblest and most ancient fa- Syria and Palestine. The Lord de Joinmilies in Champagne. He was seneschal, ville, died about 1318, at not much less for high steward of Champagne, and one than ninety years of age. The Memoirs, of the principal lords of the court of as they now stand, were the last producLouis the Ninth, whom he accompa- tion of the Hafod press; and were luckily nied in all his expeditions except expedited before the conflagration of Mr. that of Tunis; and was greatly be- Johnes's Library; the loss of which will loved and esteemed for his valour, bisbe deplored by every lover of our ancient wit, and the frankness of his manners. history. We understand Mr. Johnes is That monarch placed so much confidence again collecting for another library; and in him, that ali inatters of justice in the trust that that spirit of research which palace were referred to his decision; prompted him to the publication of Froisand his majesty undertook nothing of im- sart, will not end with the Memoirs of portance without consulting him. The Joinville. familiarity with which Louis honoured There is another work, which, though him, gave him an opportunity of tracing written in French, we shall not besitate the links of every event in his reign: and to mention here; it is “ The Campaigns the candour and simplicity of the recital of Marshal Schonberg in Portugal, from which he has left as of these events, af- 1662 to 1668," by GENERAL Dumouford strong proofs of his exactness. He In an advertisement prefixed, we does not extend his account of facts far- are informed that the leading outline of 'ther than what he personally witnessed the campaigns has been extracted from The Memoirs, which Joinville finished in the Life of the Marshal, written in Ger1309, were not published till after the man, by Hagner: but a perusal of the death of Philip the Fair : and although work convinced us it was not to be conthey include a space but of six years, they sidered as a mere translation. It contains give us sutiicient information respecting many additional facts collected on the the military system of those days, and the spot; and will be found interesting even principles of administration adopted by to the military reader. The Duke of St. Louis. They present to us a faithful Schomberg was descended of a noble picture of the customs and manners of German family. He served first in the ihe ancient Freuch; charm us with that army of the United Provinces; but after: MOXTILY MAG., No. 159.
wards retired into France. The chief ob- trenched in a position which he did not stacle to his promotion in that country, Occupy; the movements executed the day was his firm adherence to the protestant before the attack, and in sight of the EDC religion. In 1659, he offered his service my, in order to gain the right flank of the to Charles the second, for his restoration French; the great interval between the to the throne of England: but was soon columns when they quitted the heights of after sent by the court of France to Lis- Pratzen; and their want of communicabon, to assist in the support of Portugal tion with each other. These are repreagainst the Spaniards. It may be suffi- sented as the causes of the first misfor. cient to say, that, anterior to his arrival, tunes which befel the Austro-Russian the Portuguese were unacquainted with army; added to whiclı, the second and the art of regular encampments, and even third columors of the allies are representwhen a ditch was to be thrown up, the ed to have thought too much of their priearth was constantly placed on the mary disposition, and to have been inalwrong side. His rewards for the preser- tentive to those inanæuvres of the eneny, vation of Portugal were, the empty title by which the basis was completely overof Count de Mertola, and a pension of thrown on which the plan of attack was 314 florins froin the privy purse, which founded. sum was to be doubled at a peace. In In this class also, we place the “ Bio1663, on his return to France, le ob- graphical History of England, from the tained the title of Duke, was intrusted Revolution to the End of George 1.5 with the direction of the army in Catalo- Reign," in continuatiou of GLANGER. nia, and became a Marshal. In 1683, Many of the materials were collected by he was still serving at the head of the ar- Mr. Granger himself, the rest have been mies, when, in conscquence of the edict of supplied by the editor, the Rev. MARE Nantz, he was obliged to emigrate from NOBLÉ. In point of execution we France. In 1686, he retired to Portugal, think the thres volumes here presented, but being persecuted by the Inquisition, hé by no means equal to the former work. accepted the coinmand of the troops of the The stores of anecdote, indeed, are house of Brandenburg. Having traver- more copious; but the characters are sed Holland, he had a conference with not drawn with Mr. Granger's felithe Prince of Orange, (afterwards Wil- city. As a specimen we shall quote the liam III,), and concerted in conjunction account of Catharine Queen-dowager of with him the expedition which placed the England. latter on the throne. He afterwards ac- « After Charles II's, death, the queescompanied the Prince of Orange to Eng- dowager, never of much political conseland; discomfited the measures of king quence, retired to Somerset House, where James in Ireland; and at the age of 74 she lived very privately, and with an ecofought, in conjunction with his sovereign, nomy she had never seen pracused in the battle of the Boyne, dying, to use England. The Revolution by no means the words of Bishop Burnet, like Epami- pleased her majesty. She thought it a nondas, in the day of his triumph, and matter of religion, and she was crery suy in the hour of victory. He had been pre- attached to the Roraish faith. Williar viously created by king William, Baron paid her all the attention duc to her illu Teys, Earl of Brentford, Marquis of Har- trious birth and rank. Mary was tuigłdy wich, and Duke of Schomberg; with a incensed that she had forbade a prayer to vote from the Commons of England, of be used in her chapel, imploring seccess 100,0001. for his services.
to William's arms in Ireland. She said The “ Detailed Account of the Battle to the king, in another letter, dated of Austerlitz," by the Austrian Major-Ge Whitehall, Sept. 18th, 1690. I had a neral STUTTERIEM, will be read with compliment last night from Q. Dowager, interest and advantage. It lias been who came to town on Friday; she sent, I translated by Major PINE COFFIN; and believe, with a better heart, because Lime though it is impossible we should enter ricke is not taken; for my part, I don't liere into any full details of the inilitary think of that or any thing else tot you; operations it relates to, it may not be imi- God send you a good journey home, ani proper to state the principal causes to make me thankful, as I ought, for all bis which the loss of the battle is ascribed. inercies.' In all probability she wished These are, the want of correctness in the to have ended hier days in Esigland, where information possessed by the allies, as to she was better known, and had sesiapilaithe enemy's army; the bar! plan of attack, ed herself to the customs of the city supposing the enemy to bare been ene by long residence; bus the disagreeable
ress of her situation made it necssary to or other, to Thomas Burdet, esq. of return to Portngal; perhaps she had some Bromcote, in Warwickshire. In the preintimation, that her jointure would be sent edition, we are informed, the casfaithfully and punctually paid to her trations which were principally made in there. Teaviny England on March 3, the third volume of the original work will 1692, she passed through France and be restored to their places. The defiSpain in her way to Lisbon : she was re- ciencies of this nature in the generality ceived by the french and Spanish courts of the copies are accurately explained with every honour that could be paid ber. by bishop Tanner in his Bibliotheca BriHer majesty survived this reign, dying at tanvicu-Hibernica. They principally reLisbon, on December 30, 1705; greatly late to the history of lord Cobliam and courted and caressed by Pedro Il. her the earl of Leicester, during the time of brother, whom she left heir to the vast queen Elizabeth; and consist of facts and fortune she had saved; which the clergý observations which were thought, after had with an eager eye viewed as their the printing of the work, unseasonable own.
Catharine displeased Charles II. to be published. The Description of by what he called prudery; but relaxing England prefixed to the Chronicles, is to the other extreme, in courting the fa- one of the most curious and authentic mevour of his mistresses, she sunk into con. morials of the manners and domestic histempt. She was too much a Portugueze tory of the sixteenth century that can be to be popular in England; and when she produced. The whole is proposed to be returned, too much English to be happy completed in six quarto polumnes, at the in Portugal. A woman without vices, a price of two guineas ench. queen without virtues."
Here also may be noticed, the new ediIn the account of Lord Chancellor So- tion of LORD CLARENDON'S' “ History of mers, as well in those of many other cha- the Rebellion," published under the di racters, the materials seem not sufficient- rection of the university of Oxford, in ly compressed. The sketch of Sir Isaac three volumes large octavo. Newton's Life occupies near seven In “ The Ancient and Modern History pages: and there are many others as dis- of Nice," by Dr. Davis, we have a full proportionately long. By the collectors detail of the different revolutions which of Portraits, these volumes will no doubt that fertile territory, has experienced. be deemed a curious accession.
The manners of the inhabitants also are The publication of the first volume of not only faithfully but pleasingly delinea« The Chronicles of Holinshed” bespeaks ted. a feature in our Domestic Literature, on Nor bave we a less important work to which we cannot but bestow conmenda- mention, in the “ Historia Anglicana tion. It has long been a reproach to the circa tempus Conquestus Angliæ u Guliterary character of this country, that its lielmo Notho Normannorum Duce, Seold historians have been fated to slumber lecta Monumenta :" edited by Baron in obscurity: confined either to manu- MASERES, from the more copious collecscript or black letter. There now ap- tion of the Norman writers, by Duchesne, pears a chance that we shall one day see published at Paris in 1619. The tracts an uniforin edition of our old chronicters, here given, are principally such as relate To begin with Holinshed however is ex- cither to the conquest of England by the traordioary; as both he and his coadju- Normans, or to the state of the country tor Harrison were for the greater part for a few years before and after that iincompilers. Holinshed himself, says Dr. portant change in its condition. The Fariner in bis Essay on the learning of first of them is entitled, Emne, AngloShakespeare, has been usually represent- rum regine, Richardi primi, ducis Nored by his biographers as a clergyman: mannorum, filiæ, Encomium. Incerto and bishop Tanner goes still farther, in auctore, sed coetaneo: comprising the representing him not only as having been history of twenty-seven years from A. D. educated at Cambridge, but as having 1013 to 1040. The second tract is intaken the degree of M.A. in 1544. The titled Gestu Guillelmi, Ducis Normangraduate, however, was one Ottiwell IIol- norum, et Regis Anglorum; a Gulielmo lingshed, who was afterwards named by Pictavensi
, scripta. The third, contains, the founder one of the first fellows of the Excerpta, froin the Ecclesiastical Trinity college: and from the will of the History of Ordericus Vitalis. The fourth historian, printed by Herne, it appears historical tract is a short yearly chronithat even at the end of life he was only cle of public events, from the year 633 a steward, or a servant in sonse capacity to the year 1293, from a manuscript