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xxd. a year
« March. Sir George Etherington, “ Willmn Forman gave to the frater." knight, of Yorkshire, out of Thonnas nitie of St. Sythe in the said parisbe, for Threlkill's house in Leaden Porch." the fynding of an obite, and for the sus
Holeburne itself is noticed in the Domes- tentacion of a prieste, a meswag' per day Survey, where the king is said to annuin. xxxvijs. ind." have two cottages,
The following short extracts from a to his vice-comes.
roll of the Church-warden's Accompts In the fifth year of Edward III, between the 16th of October, 1477, and (Chart. 5. Edw. II. Ibid. ann. 10, 40.) the 16th of October, 1478, will throw the Manor appears to have been granted soine hutle light not only on the expences to the family of Le Strange: and in of the time, but on the ceremonies which 1386, it passed from John le Straunge, were performed in this as well as other lord of Knokyn, to Richard Earl of of the larger churches. Arundel and Surry, and to Alice and “ Receitts and Gyffts. Eble le Straunge. Their mansion, if
Gadird for Seint Kat'ns they had any on the spot, was probably light. iiijs. vd. re-built by the Southampton family, and “ Item. For two tapers for Cotton's became afterwards Bedford house; the
yer minde, viijs. site and gardens of which have been of “ Item.' Received of the principall of late years occupied by different streets. Furnival's In, for xij gallons and a quarte
Tanner, in the Notitia Monasticu, of lampe oyle for the lampe in the refers to a charter dated so long back as chancell. xiijs. wujd." 1287, in which the grant of a place near
“ Paimenites. Holborne, where the black friars bad before dwelt, to Henry de Lacy, Earl of
“ Item, In Judas Candill, 1 lb. xd. 06. Lincoln, is recited. (Chart. 15. Edw. I
“ Item. A taper weighing xijlb. for m. 6.) Henry de Lacy died here in good feleschip the makyng xjd. 1312; and upon its site ihe older
“ Item. A paskall weying xxxjlb. for of
part Lincoln's inn has since arisen.
the makyny ijs. vijd.
“ Item. The Advowson of St. Andrew's
Our ladie lyght v tapers
appears to have been given at a very early weying vlb. qort the inakyng ij. ob. period by a presbiter of the name of
“ Item. V tapers for Seyat Kat'en, Gladerinus, to the canons of St. Paul, in weying viijlb. iij qiit, the makyng ijd.ob. trust, that the convent of Bermondsey
« Item. For rushis and brede, and ale should hold it of them; paying a yearly on Palm Sondai, in the rode loft ijd. acknowledgement of twelve-pence at the
« Item. To the clerc for colis to cathedral. Henry I. confirmed the wacche the sepulcre iujd, donation by his charter, and it continued
“ Item. For flaggis and garlands, and with the Monks tuil the dissolution under for a brekefast to them that bare the Henry VIII. after which, September 15th, torchis on corpris dai x pi xvijd.
“ Item. For birche and holme to the 1545, the Advowson was given by the king to Sir Thomas Wriothesley, after
rode loft ijd. wards Earl of Southampton. It con
“ Item. For xixlb, tallowę candill tinued in his descendants for a number xviijd. of years, and is now in the possession of
" Item. For xij gallons and a qrte of the Duchess of Buccleugh.
lampe oyle, price the galon xiiijd."" Among the certificates of colleges and
The tower of the church retains the chantries, in the Augmentation Office, original buttresses at each corner. dated the first year of Edward VI, is one
Within the altar rails is an inscription which mentions Holbourn; and states for Doctor Sacheverell, who died rector, that at that time there were a thousand
1724. hou selyng people in the parish; as well
NEW TEMPLE, as that Sir Nicholas Barton was parson, That it was the wish or rather the and bis parsonage worth sixteen pounds first intention of King Henry III. to have 2 year: assisted by a chantry priest who been interred here is more than clear, as had forty shillings a year.
appenrs from an original deed of Henry, An earlier return of chantries states that, transcribed in one of the chartularies be
" Amy Edyman and Johu Rowell by longing to the priory of St. John of Jetheit laste willes gave unto the parson rusalem. The date of it is July 27, 1255, and church-wardeins of the said parish his nineteenth year. There is another to fynde a priest, Landes, and tene- also which relates to the future interment mentes per annum. xii, W. vijs, viiid. of his queen. By a third deed, dated at
Windsor two years after, he founded a “ Wakefield Tower.-Or Bloody Tower, chantry here for three priests.
against the gate, a prison lodging,
« Artillery Tower.-Or Record Tower,
adjoyning to the bloody tower. From a passage in one of Oldham's “ Nuns Tower.-—The prison over Cole satires, Duck Lane seems to have been Harbour gate. famous for refuse book-shops :
“ Lanthorne Tower.-Part of the “ And so may'st thou perchance pass up and king's lodgings, ander which is a prison down,
lodging with a door next the low garAnd please while th' admiring court and dens." town,
MANUSCRIPT CHRONICLE OF LONDON. Who after shall in Duck Lane shops be In a curious old manuscript, entitled thrown."
“Miscellanea HistoricaCivitatis London," TOWER OF LONDON.
preserved in the public library at OxA particular of the naines of towers ford, is a list of the mayors and shers and prison lodgings in his Majesty's from the 15th of Henry III. to the last Power of London, taken out of a paper year of Henry VI. accompanied by misis of Mr. William Francklyn's, sonietime cellaneous particulars. The following Yeoman Warder, dated the 16th of are selected from it. It formerly be March, 1641, as follows:
longed to Mr. Upton, the editor of “ White Tower.- TheWhite Tower, or Spenser. Cæsar's tower, belonging to the office of “ Edward I. anno 24. In isto anno the Ordnance.
Rex Edwardus cepit castellum de Edyng. “ Martin Tower.-Martin Tower with- borgh, in quo invenit regalia Regis Scoout the Byward Gate, belonging to the torum videlit sedem regiun, coropain porter of the Mint,
auream et ceptrum que ora oblata sunt “ Ro Tower. The Byward or Round Sancto Edwardo per dictum regem apud Tower, over the Byward Ğate attWarder's Westmonasterium in Crastino Sancti lodgings.
Botulphi. 66 Water Gate Towers.-Water Gate “ Edward III. anno 34. In isto amo Towers, over the water gate, Warder's xiiijo die April. s. in crastino Pascha, lodgings, formerly belonging to the king's Rex Edwardus cum suis fait ante Civis fietcher.
tatem de Parys quo die tanta fuit frigi" Cradle Tower.--A prison lodging in ditas et nebulæ densitas quod quaruplures the low gardens, where the draw-bridge sedentes super equos moriebantur. Unde was in former times.
usque in hodiernum diem vocatur le blak “ Well Tower.-A prison lodging in Monday. the corner of the low garden towards the “ Richard II. anno 3. Iu isto auno circa iron gate.
pativitatem beatæ Mariæ quatuor galeæ “ The tower gate, leading to iron gate, iniinicorumAngliæ venerunt ad Graverend a warder's lodging.
et combusserunt maguam partem Vila “ Iron Gate Tower.-An old ruinous ibidem, place toward St. Katherine's.
“ Henry IV. anno 7o. L isto anno “ Sal Tower.At the end of the long quidam vocatus Travers, valettus regius, gallery, a prison lodging.
arestatus in camera regis et suspensus “ Broad Arrow Tower.-Upon the apud Tyburne pro intoxicatione sus wall by the king's garden.
uxoris. “ Constable Tower.-Betwixt captain “ Henry IV. anyo 15. Isto anno morie Coningsby's and Mr. Marsh's, a prison bant omnes Leones infra Turrim Loud, lodging
existentes. - Martin Tower.-Over against Mr. * Henry VI. anno 18. In isna anno in Sherborn's house near the green mount, die Sancti Botulphi ante festum Native a prison lodging
tatis Baptistæ quidam dominus Ricardum « Brick Tower.-By the armoury,The Wyche, vicarius de lermettisworthe, fuit Master of the Ordnance lodgings. degradatus apad Sanctum Paulum at
Office of the Ordnance Tower by the combustus apud Turrim Londini propter chapel.
suam heresin. In quo loco homines et « Beauchamp Tower.--Cobham Tower mulieres de London in maxima mulutubetwixt the chapel and the lieutenants' dine, reputantes ipsuya vicarium sanctumt, lodgings, a prison tower.
ereserunt crncera et ceperunt offerre iu " Bell Tower.-Adjoyning to the lieu- argentum et ymagines de ære, qacrastus, tenants' house, a prison tower.
per wandatum 1egium, Major Civitatis
cum vice-comitibus et manu forti fugave- nesse with the Bastard, to fighte with runt populum et cum fuino ammalium him bothe on korsebacke and on footé. turpaverunt locum ne ibi ulterius fieret The Lord Scales did gladly receave his Idolotria.
demauride, and promised him on the " Henry VI. anno 21. In isto anno faithe of a gentylman, to answere him in apud Bakwellehalle in London, quidam the fielde at the daye appointed. The laborarius frangendo parietein lapideum kynge entendinge to see this martial in Thesauro argenteo ibidem abscondito sporte, and valiauntė challenge perforsuperscriptionis et yinaginis incognitæ med; caused lystes royall to be made 2191.
for the champions, and costly galleryes “ Joh'es Cade ad Tabardum in Suth- for the ladyes to loke on, to be newly werk fecit decapitari Ric'm Haywarden erected in West Smithfield in London. qui venit ad ipsum de Sanctuario Sancti And at the day by the king assigned, the Martiini le Graunte."
two Lordes entered within the lysts, well Under the ninth year of Henry IV. mounted, richely trapped and curiously also, there is mention of a frost, which armed, at what tyme they entered cerlasted fifteen weeks; during which nearly tayne courses, and so departed with egall all small birds died. People on foot honoure. Havinge thus dealte with during the whole time crossed the Thames sharp speares the first daye, on the from one part to another.
morowe they entered the field againe, the
Bastard sitting on a bay courser beinge Giltspur street, says Stow, was formerly somewhat dim of sight, and the Lord called Knightrider street, and both that Scales mounted on a graye courser, whose by Doctors Commons and this for the schafron had a longe and a sharpe pike same reason; the knights with their gilt of steele. When these two valiaunte spurs riding that way from the Tower personnes copeu together at the tournay, Royal to entertain the king and his nobles the Lord Scales horse (either by chaunce with justs and tournaments in Smithfield. or custome,) thruste his piké into the They rode from the Tower Royal, through nostril of the horse of the bastard. So great and little Knightrider streets, up that for very payne he mounted so high Creed-lane to Ludgate, and thence up that he fell on thone side with his masGiltspur-street to Sinithfield.
ter, and the Lord Scales rode round The golden or gilt spurs were the dis- aboute him with his sword sliaking in his tinctive mark of a knight, those of a hand, untill the king couimanded the squire being always of silver. The ori- marshall to help up the Bastard, which ginal spurs were mere gods, fastened to openly said, I cannot holde by the the heel of the shoe, as appears from a clowdes, for' thowghe iny horse faile me, seal of Alain Fergent, Duke of Bretany, yet will not I fayle my countercomin 1084, and many other instances. paignons. And when he was re-mounRowels were afterwards invented, and ted, he made a countenance to assaile the size of these was gradually increased his adversary; but the king, either fato such a degree, that in the reigu of vouringe luis brother's honour there gotCharles VII. they were nearly as broad ten, or mistrusting the shame that might as a man's hand, and the necks of the come to the Bastard if he were again spurs were about six inches long. At foyled, caused the herald to cry - Losthe creation of a knight, the king or tell, and every man to departe. The prince who conferred the order, generally morowe after these two nobilemen caine buckled on the spurs with his own hands: into the field on foote, with poleaxes, and as this was the first ceremony of in- and there fought valiauntly like two couvestment, so the hacking of the spurs ragious chanpions; but at the last, the was the first act of degradation. (Way's poynte of the axe of the Lord Scales Fabliaux. vol. i. p. 251.)
happened to enter into the sighte of the An account of a tournament in Smith- healme of the Bastard, and by fyne forca field, in the reign of Edward IV. will might have placked him on his knees, form no unappropriate appendage to the kinge sodavnely çaste downe his these anecdotes : copied from an ancient warder, and then the marshalls them manuscript.
severed. The Bastard, not content with The bastard of Burgoyne, a man of this chaunce, vcary desirous to be rehaughte courage, challenged Anthony venged, trustinge on his comminge at the Lord Scales, brother to the duchesse of pole-axe, (which feate he had greatly Bedforde, (whom the kinge maryed,) a experienced,) required the king of jus. man egall bothe in harte and valigunt. tice, that he might performe his enterprise, which the Lord Scales refused not. known that Virgil was considered so The kynge said he wold aske counsaile, warm an admirer of Homer as to be and so calling unto him the constable called Homericus, it would be sufficient and marshall, with the officers of armes, to read the Æneid to be convinced of it. and after long consultation had and He has evidently throughout his poem lawes of armes rehearsed, it was declared kept his eye on the Grecian Bard, and in to the Bastard for a sentence definitive many places he has not so much ini by the Duke of Clarence, then constable tated, as he has literally translated him. of England, and the Duke of Norfolk, But to convey the beauties of one lasErle Marshall, that yf he wold further guage into another, has always been conprosecute hys attempted challenge, he sidered a mark of genius, and that such must by the law of arms be delivered to a transition is not a work of facility, may his adversary in the same case and like be admitted on the authority of Virgi condicion as he was when he was taken himself, who affirmed, that it would be from him, that is to say, the pointe of the easier to deprive Hercules of liis club, Lord Scales's axe to be fixed in the sights than to steal one line from Homer.' For of his healme, as deep as it was when this adherence to the greatest poet of antheye were severed. The Bastard hearing quity, there are few who will reproach this judgement, doubted much of the him; but he has been more severely, and sequele if he so should proceade againe, more justly, censured, for having been wherefore he was content to relinquishe the plagiary of his own countrymen. Of his challenge, rather than to abyde the this we may be convinced by the numo hazard of his dishonours."
rous examples of lines, borrowed not only LONG ACRE.
from the obscure poets of the time, such Among the entries in the Council as Ennius, Pacuvius, Accius, and Suevius, Books, of the time of Edward VI. is the but from the more illustrious Lucretius, mention of a grant from the king to the. Catullus, Varius, and Furius. · We have Earl of Bedford, and his heirs male, of not the productions of the two faster, the Covent Garden, and the meadow- which of Varius is to be regretted, as, ground called the Long Acre.
from an expression of Horace, he appears FETTER-LANE, HOLBORN,
to have possessed a genius peculiarly Fetter, should be Faitour lane, a term formed for the epic. Virgil" so little used by Chaucer, for a lazy idle fellow. concealed these larcenies, that he boastIt occurs as early as the 37th of Edward ed of having extracted gold from the III. when a patent was granted for a dung-bill of Eunius. This expression toll traverse toward its improvement. does not appear strictly just from tbe The condition in which it yet remains, specimens which we bave of the latter certainly warrants the etymology.--Stowe poet, collected from the quotations of
ancient authors. There is in thein all
evidently a bad taste, and a style which Sir Jonas More directed the re-building proves that the language in his time had of Fleet street, according to an appointed not attained the purity of the Augustan model after the great fire of London. æra: but the many beautiful expressions And from that beginning the city soon and truly poetical ideas with which be grew to a general perfection, and far has furnished Virgil, also prove that Entranscended its former splendor.
nius possessed the talent for whicla (Junt
lian so warmly commends him, and justiFor the Monthly Magazine. fies the veneration which Scipio Africans, LYCÆUM OF ANCIENT LITERA. 90 unenlightened judge, always eater TURE.No. VII.
tained of him. There are still more flagrant proofs of Virgil's plagiarisia.
It does not appear to be very generally THEN we begin to read the Iliad, known that the second Eneid, so univer
we find ourselves in regions of sally admired, which presents the grand the most remote and unrefined antiquity. picture of the sack of Troy, was literally When we open the Eneid, we discover copied (pene ad verbum, is the expressa all the correctness and the improvements of Macrobius) from a Greek poet, naped of the Augustan age. But what strikes us Pisander, who wrote in verse a number most in passing from the perusal of Ho- of mythological tales, Macrobius speaks mer to Virgil, is the implicit devotion of this as a fact notorious in luis time, which the Latin poet seems to have paid even among children; and mentious P to the Greek; and were it not already sander as a poet of the tirst ordet amicie
agrees in it.
the Greeks. This we may easily credit, that emperor. We are not disposed to if that sublime description originated with admit this idea in its full extent, though him; and the loss of his works may be from the extreme servility of the kinan added to the long catalogue of losses poets, it may have some foundation; and which excite deep, but unavailing, re- we see that Virgil takes every opportunigret.
ty which the poem affords bin of paying The subject of the Æneid is, perhaps, court to Augustus, particularly in the more happy than that of the Iliad. Vir well-known passage gil's design was to deduce the descent of Augustus and the Roinans from Æneas Hic Vir hic est, tibi quem promitti sæpius
audis, and his companions. Nothing, certainly,
6 Book, l. 791. could be inure noble, nor better accord with the dignity of the epic; and at the But to imagine that he composed a same time nothing could be more flatter- long poem merely for a political purpose, ing and interesting to the Roman peo- is retining too much. He had sutiicient ple. The subject in itself was splendid. notives as a poet to determine him in It presented to the poet a theme derived the choice of a subject, from its being, in froin the traditionary lijstory of his own itself, both great and pleasing, as being country. He was enabled to connect peculiarly suited to his genius, and calcuwith ii many of the scenes in Homer, lated for a full display of liis poetical and he was at liberty to adopt all his my- powers, thology. He could foretel, with prophe- All the distinguishing properties of the tic pride, the future grandeur of the Ro- epic are perfectly preserved in the Æneid. mans, and he could describe Italy, and The unity of action is no where violated, even Rome itself, in its ancient and fabu- The settlement of Eneas in Italy by the Jous state. The establishment of Ancas order of the gods, which forms the subin Latium, perpetually obstructed by Ju- ject of the poem, is always kept in no, and not accomplished without a great, view. The events which had taken diversity of events, of voyages and wars,' place before the opening are very profurnished a proper intermixture of the perly placed in a narrative recited by the incidents of peace, and martial exploits. hero; so that the real duration of the Il presented also a more instructive les action does not exceed the time preson than that afforded by the Iliad. The scribed by the critics. The episodes are professed subject of the liad is the anger introduced in admirable connection with ot' Achilles, with the consequences which the main subject, and the nodus, or init produced; and the moral' to be inferred trigue, is, according to the plan of anfrom them is, the danger of discord cient machinery, bappily formed. The among the chiefs of nations. But this wrath of Juno, who opposes herself to principle is not so forcibly presented to the settlement of the Trojans in Italy, ilie imagination as the precept inculcated occasions all the difficulties which obin the Eneid, “That a virtuous person is struct the undertaking, and connects the ultimately successful, whatever may be human with the celestial operations, the difficulties he has to contend with throughout the poem. In these princiThe original design of llomer is lost in pal ingredients of an epic, Virgil has certhe irregularity of his poem, and is de- tainly composed his poem with great care, fective by the poem ending at the death and evinced both art and judginent; but of Hector, instead of being protracted in the distribution and inanavement of to the destruction of the city. The no- bis subject, he has not been so happse, ral conveyed by the Eueid is more cuin- All the beauties of the poem are conplete, and is fully accomplished at its fined to the first six books, and in this close, for the death of Turnus and Ama- decoration and improvement the puer tn leaves Eneas peaceable master of Lit- evidently appears to have exhausted his tium and Lavinia.
genius and his invention. The events of It lias long been a favourite opinion the latter books are came and lifeless. eutertained by some critics, that the The marriage of Eneas with Lavinia canÆneid is to be considered as an allego- not interest us after the romantic love of rical poen, which has a constant rete- Dido. The wars with the Latins, occareuce to the character and reign of Au- sioned by a trivial incident, chill be gustus Cæsar, and that, by drawing so imaginarion, hitherto warmed by the perfect a character of its hero,'Virgil grand description of the destruction of designed to pay a fine coniplinient to the Troy. The battles are far inferior tu supposed virtues, and great qualities, of those of Homer, in tice nad sublurity: MUXTELY Mao., No. 158.