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confirm me in this opinion; it is in After all, I am the first in France, Italian what the Plurality of Worlds is and I may fay in Europe, who have in French. It has the appearance of made these matters plain to the underbeing copied from that work; and there standing. St. Gravesende addressed himis, moreover, a great deal of unneceffary self to mathematicians only; and Pemwit. The work is not more profound berton has but made Newton more diffithan the Plurality of Worlds. I be cult to be understood. I am not für. lieve there are more truths to be met prised, that at Paris they would give a with in ten pages of my work, than are better

réception to lampoons and scurto be found throughout his whole vo- lity, than to such an useful work. It cannot luine; and that is just what will sink and be otherwise, for fcurrility and lampoons carry me to the bottom, whilst his work are the soap-bubbles which delight the will swim down with the stream of time froward children of that great capital

, and make a fortune. He has gathered And again, you ought to know the furithe flowers, and left me only thorns. Que jealousy of the Zoili, and the infaMaupertuis, the man who of all France mous arts of some men of letters. But understood these things beit, was very I promised you to make mention of auwell pleased with my Newton's Elements, thors of reputation only, and here am I and you

will allow that his opinion ought talking of myself, and have already said to have great weight. I know well a great deal too much on that subject. enough, that, in spite of all the demon- Friend. And why not talk of yourstrations I have collected together to op- self? We beg you to be pleased to pose the chimera of vortices, the phi- take notice that we are not Freronians. losophical romance of Descartes will Volt.-I will not say a word of my maintain its ground for some time with Maid of Orleans: it is a work fit only many grey-beards, who are unwilling for the jakes. From the perosal of my to forget the lessons of their younger Cundide, little more is to be collected days.

than that the world is a fink of impurity

and abomination. I was troubled with for the Use of Ladies, in Six Dialogues yf fits of spleen at the time I wrote many of Light and Colours, from the Italian of sig. the chapters of the Optimist-(To be Algarotti.” See Monthly Magazine, for July continued.) 1806, p. 534. Translator.




Harriet, for you I pen the tale,
Wbo, dove-like, seck the filent vale!
Rich in the virtues, rich in pow'rs of mind,

Content, where WISDOM points the way,

Ta modeft folitude to ftray,
And leave a bustling frenzied world bebind.
A BUTTERFLY, of plymage gay,

Descended on a hazel spray,
Where dweit a maggot in his nut,
Contented in his humble hut.
The coxcomb pertly now pressid in,
Exclaiming, with fatiric grin,
“Who's here that bids the world farewell?

Hoh! mafter Maggot, are ye dead ?"

The maggot heard--popp'd out his head
Just like a hermit from his cell.
“ What, Friar Maggot! alive and moping;
Amid the dark for ever groping?

Why, what a borrid life is thine !

I range at will the hill and vale,

I face the sun, enjoy the gale,
And on the honied blossoms dine.
“ Amid the fields of air I ftray,
And, tell me, who dares itop my way
Not of proud man the crawling nation.

Why, thou art e’en beneath the Mole'

Heavens, how I pity thee, poor soul!
Thy birth disgraces the creation."
• What infolence (the grub replies ;)
Alas! how vain are Butterflies.
Know, then, that Heaven my wishes grants,

Contented with my loumble food,

I know that Providence is good,
And feel his bounty in my wants.
" Blaspheming creature learn, O learn
What thy dull optics can't discern;
The hand which gave the Sun its form,

Fram'd ocean, bids the winds arise,
Displays its pow'r on earth aort kies,
Displays a world within a worm."


The Maggot ended now behold!

Teach him alost to foar on tow'ring wing, The beau, with plumes of glitt'ring gold, And of thy sons, their deeds sublime,-to Was, with a grin, prepar'd to treat him;

fingWhen forth a sparrow hopp'd, unseen, Without thy aid, vain were his feeble lays,

Spoil'd monsieur's meditated mien, And weak the voice that tries to found their In triumph bore him of, and ate him.


Who, led by thee-(the friend of human How few simplicity endears! •

kind Ah! who would lose, for sighs and tears, That seeks in peace the warring world to The charms of friendship, love, and calm se- bind) curity,

Struck the foul fetter from the suff'ring To graodeur's giddy heights to climb ?

Qave, The bappy ftate, and true sublime, And by one act, did fable millions save. Live in two words - Contentment and Obfcu- o Wilberforce, 'twas thine that path to tread, rity.

To point the place where Slav'ry Teard his January 27, 1807.


To follow still where'er the demon trod, VERSES WRITTEN BY WILLIAM CON. And from his iron hand to wrench the rodom GREVE, THE DRAMATIC POET. Afric's pure incense at thy name shall rise, [NLXR BEFORE PUBLISHED.)

And fraught with fragrance fill the ap.

proving skies. FALSE tho' you've been to me and love, And shall the bleflings of the fable train, I ne'er can take revenge,

The mem'ry of the virtuous Smith retain, So much your wond'rous beauties move, For Grey and Grenville Thall the pray'r asTho' I lament your change.

cend, In hours of bliss we oft have met

And rescu'd thousands shall their voices lend. They could not always last;

Accept, o Clarkson,* 'mid the honor'dthrong, And tho the present I regret,

The simple tribute of the Muse's song-
I fill am grateful for the past.

For tho' no splendid rhetoric marks thy name But think not * * tho' my breast

On history's page, and hands it down to fame ;

Yet fhall a life, spent in a heav'nly cause, A gen'rous flame has warm'd,

Receive a nation's thanks, and loud applause ; You ere again can make me bleft, Or charm, as once you charm'd.

Long shalt thou live rever'd among the wise,

Afric shall laud chee, and Britannia prize! Who may your future favours own And far renown'd thro' time, to latest age, May tuture change forgive,

By Fame inscrib'd on Mem'ry's clearest page, In love the first deceit alone

By meek-ey'd Pity school'd, on Wisdom's Is what you never can retrieve.


Fox {tands immortal, as the friend of man. VERSES ON THE BILL FOR THE ABO- For it was his-Britannia's brightest boast,

LITION OF THE SLAVE-TRADE. To banish slavery from Afric's coaft, HAIL, woe-worn Africa! let grief no more, And tell the fons of Guinea, they are men !

To drag th' oppreflive monster from his dea, In forrowing strains, her numbers plain. While his lips trembled with bis latest

tive pour ; But joy throughout thy num'rous nations That just refolvet made smooth the path of

breath, reign,

death! And gladness gay pervade thy alter'd plain!

E're yet the accents quiv'ring left his tongue, Let all thy Cable sons and daughters hear,

Still on th' unwearied theme the patriot Britannia can for Afric drop a tear ;

hung; Yes, let the waters of the weitern wave Bcar them the charter, Britain's fenate gave;

The wrongs of Afric long bis breast had

fird Waft the glad tidings ev'ry wind that blows,

He broke her chains exulting, and expird!Frum equinoctial heat, to polar (nows; From Barbary's strand to distant India's fer, Let ev'ry breeze declare that Afric's free!

* Thomas Clarkson, AM. a gentleman who, Op blood. Main d pinions,Rapine flies the shore, although out of the bouje, has perhaps done And the fell tratfic thews his guilt no more ;

more than any other individual, towards the Slav'ry, with favage fternpers, leaves the abolition of this abominable traffic. His phi. plains,

lanthropy in devoting the last 20 years of his Oppreffion ceases, and fair Freedom reigns !

life, in vindicating the rights of the African, Long Plumb'ring Juftice reaflumes her leat,

will fecure him a place in the hearts of the And Afric's injur'd fons protection meet,

wife and good of the present and future times. Mercy and Peace benignant hail the day,

Refolution of the House of Commons Which gives to Liberty her pristine (way.

moved by Mr. Fox, 10th of June 1806, dtCome, mild Benevolence, the verse inspire, claring the Slave Trade inconítteve with jufAnd let the poct catch thy heav'n boru fire,

tice, humanity, and found policy, &c.


Hail ye his friends for freedom truly dear, Adown the hill, as Pleasure leads,
Ye who to mercy lend the willing ear,

He bounds with nimble hcel,
Go on, the righteous path humane to trace, But swister run yon frighted fteeds
And be where'er Opprefsion shews his face,

Ah ! fafter tolls the wheel!
Rememb'ring still that o'er th’Atlantic deep

All mangled is that lovely form, Still Afric's Tons expatriated weep;

Which thone with grace before; That man bencath the planter's goad,

And, like the ruins of a torm, Is doom'd to bleed and bear dire llav'ry's That face is fair no more! load,

And fault'ring is that tuneful tongue, Stay not your hand till, midft Jamaica's fields,

And dim that closing eye;
Emancipation just her bleflings yields,
Tin equal rights the White and Negro guide,

And ev'ry nerve is now unftrung,

And death is in that ligh.
And equal laws alike o'er all preside.
No more let England, on whose hallow'd -0! were I in my father's bed!"

The fainting suff'rer cry'd ;
No Nave can breathe, where never save is His weeping mother hung her head

He kiss'd her cheek, and dy'd !
The rights of men so sacred e'er degrade, They bore him to his father's bed,
Or in their species dare the impious trade.

The bed to him so dear;
Detefted traffic ! which, to Britain's Thame, They bore him to his father's bed
So long has tarnith'd her corimercial name; That bed is now his bier.
Long has her av’rice Virtue proftrate laid,

O! long, long will his playmates look
And sordid interest war with justice made ; For MOWBRAY as they roam;
Her mercy now proclaims a laiting peace,

And never will his parents brook Virtue's restor'd, and Afric's insults cease !

Their childless cheerless home. Now, thali Atonement lift her grateful head,

With him, when age should comfort crave, And o'er the peaceful land her influence shed;

They hop'd to end their care ! Example pure, with Christian precept join'd,

Now, nought but hope beyond the grave Undaunted now, thall teach the heathen

Can smooth their pasage there! mind.

J. MAYNL. The Mufe prophetic views a future time, When all the virtues live in Afric's clime;

IMPROMPTU, In Guinea's groves so long o'erspread with

guile, The honest arts, and commerce useful, smile, Amid the tranquil Congo's happy vales SPIRIT of harmony, whose power extends The holy lamp of sacred truth prevails ;

Through Nature's vaft domain-whole And mild Angola, unto Virtue known,

voice is heard Religion, Science, both shall call her own : In every breeze, in every murmuring rill, While Gambia's streams that thro' the val- In every sound, when evening's placid smile,

Lulls the rude discord of the world to rest And Nile and Niger speak the joyful change, Oh breathe thy influence o'er my soul, and Mosambique's diftant ifles thall catch the

teach sound,

A language to its feelings.—Hallowed harp! And Truth and Justice reign supreme around.

How shall I dare profane thee with my touch? Sunderland.

R. Genius and friendship o`er thee spread a


Sweeter than even thy own mellifluent tones. O! little did his mother dream,

Come, lingering Spring, ye gentle breczes come Proceeding to the fair,

And wake these magic itrings, and whilft my

Her darling, by a cruel team,
Would meet difafter there!

Feels their soft cadence soothing every sense,

The ardent with, the filent prayer shall rise And little did his father dread,

That Heaven's encircling presence may preWhom cares at home detain,

serve No more, till number'd with the dead,

And whispering angels foothe her every grief To see his son again.

Who with an angel's kindness foftens mine. Up Port(down*, in his mother's hand, Brougklon, April 2, 1807.

M. D.
Th' exulting boy ascends :
Fairings invite un cv'ry stand-

He meets with troops of friends.

MRS. Montague told me, and in her owa

house, Portsdown is a hill in the neighbour- She car'd not about me, " Tbrce pipe of a hood of Portsmouth, where there is an an.

louse;" nual fair. The calamity which gave occa- But I'm not offended at what the has faid, fion to these verfes, happened the 29ch July, For women will talk of robar runs in this 1806.

J. F.




lies range,

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Extracts from the Port-folio of a Man of Letters.

GRAMMATICAL ELUCIDATION. excite the idea of more than one death, A

has enquired why the words suicide, not accomplish the reforination de proreguide, &c. are employed to express poses ; though, for one, I would concur both the act and the perpetrator; and in writing sucidy and juicider. The conwhether we rnight not use suicifin, regi- cert of authors is the true road to the cism, &c. for the Jeed of self-llaughter, emendation of language. or king-Naughter. He attacks a real disease of language; but suggests a bad An ill-made novel with this title remerly.

was printed foon after the RestoThe Latins have paricidium for the act, ration; it is full of Aattery to Charles and paracida for the perpetrator of par- the Second, and was written by one ricide. In old French books the 'ab- John Burton. Will some of your bioftract fubftantive is gallicized by parri- graphic correspondents say whether this cidie, and the agent by parricide. But is the fane Burton who wrote the Anaas words in ie are feminine in French, tomy of Melancholy? The following parand as neuter Latin substantives become fage from Eriander, is such as we might masculine iu French, the word parricidie expect from himn :was felt as anomalous, and abandoned « Certain days were appointed for for parricide. From the French we have sports and recreations, a piece of pruour English word.

dent and cautelous policy. It is easy for Had English writers been borrowing any man to observe, that sedentary and directly from the Latin, they would have inelancholic perfons, who are either by faid purricidy and parricider; suicidy and nature or custom averse from merriments, fuicider; regicidy and regicider: they are inclined to malice, peevithness, dif would thus have preserved the desirable content and envy, fit to devise villainy diftin&tion.

and mischief. But sportive recreations Words in ism describe the theory or with convenient motion clear the spirits Joétrine of the word fo terminating. Thus of inan, dillipate bis dumpish and lullen theisin means the doctrine of deity; humours, make him brilk and fociable, mortalism, the doctrine that there is no and adaptate him to love and kindheartfuture ftate; regicidism the doctrine of edness. Therefore, Alcidruinus prudently king-killing; and juicidism, the doctrine appointed such meetings, as means to of self-daughter. The shorter forms promote peace, procure hospitality and regicifin and juicisin are inadınillible, good neighbourhood, beget friendlip eren in this fenle; because they do not and alliance annong the people, and preinclude a syllable essential to the etymo- vent many mutinous discontents, 'which logy, and consequently to the significance retired and fullen thoughts might hatch of the terius.

in their working brains." There is little hope of familiarizing in The story of Eriander is wholly uninthis instance the expedient innovation. teresting; but there are many good comSome of the words to be inflected would ion-places interspersed through the nar. becoinc too long. Who could be in- rative, which might merit transcription. duce to write tyrannicider, and tyran- Lelling, as your correspondent has told sticidy Tyrant-slayer is bearable; but us, proposed a periodic publication, aut Tyront-fluughter, because it would which was to select the best from bad

books :


books: in such a review, the Hittory of care, and fatigues his amanuenls by his Eriander might delerve paring to the caprices. Hence it happens, that a poor pulp:

author is almost always superior to his There was a Burton, who wrote a Hif- book; and a rich author almoit always tory of Scotland, a History of Ireland, interior to his book, and a History of British Empire in America, which were published between the There is much jargon in our best grain, years 1685 and 1695 : fome History of mars : things are pretendedly explained Englijl Acquisitions in Africa exists by and classed in unmeaning words. The ühe same pen. Was this the Eriander combination demonftrative pronoun is Burton?

one instance. To point at, to indicate, PERSECUTION.

to shew; to demonitrate, cannot be an Can some one tell me who wrote the attribute of that which stands for a noun: following hymn? I met with it in the thus the thing indicated would be its own laid-afide hymn-book of a congregation index, it would be at once active and of Unitarian Diflenters. It is the only pallive, thowing and thown. Articles attempt I recollect to make the doctrine are the very lame parts of speech as of toleration a part of the liturgic precepts thete demonstrative, or indicative, proof christianity. In this point of view it nouns: they might he clatled together is indeed precious.

under the intelligible denoinination inAbsurd and vain attempt ! to bind

dicaters. Some, which is commonly With jron-chains the free-born mind;

called a pronoun, is the plural of 1, To force conviction, and reclaim

which is commonly called an

ar ticle: The wandering by destructive fame. the is a middle terin between this and

that, wholly of the same fort. Mr. Bold arrogance! to snatch from heaven

Lindley Murray changes the epithet de Dominion not to mortals given; O'er conscience, to usurp the throne,

mnonftrative, which is defenůble; but reAccountable to God alone.

tains the terin prorroun, which is wholly

improper: he claffes one, all, fiuch, other, Jesus, thy gentle law of love

either, neither, each, any, every as adDoes no such cruelties approve;

jective pronouns.

In rude languages Mild as thyself thy doctrine wields

these thades of idea are expre No arms but what persuasion yields.


gefture-dixTixus-by various inotions By proofs divine, and reason ftrong,

of the fingers; their names are verbal It draws the willing soul along ;

substitutes for different forms of pointing And conquests to thy church acquires By eloquence, which heaven inspires.

at objects. Articles

quafi fore-fingerjoints is not an absurd denomination

for this peculiar class of words. At Gratz in Silesia, a differtation has

ANECDOTE OF JOBBES. lately been published to recommend the Lord Clarendon conlidered the Leviainstitution of a new candle-manufactory. than of Hobbes as a defence of the BriThe author ftates, that the blossoms of tifh republicans, and for that reafon comthe populus nigra, or black poplar, yield posed a refutation. He says that Hobbes by pressure an oil, or resin, woich con- hewed him at Paris a proof-lheet, which folidates in the usual temperature of the he had just received from England; and atinosphere, and which, when made into added, that his lordship would not recandle, is found to give a light cheaper lith his conclusions. Clarendon enquired. than that of tallow, and more brilliant why he would publith such doctrine. than that of wax. The only inconve- Hobbes, between jest, and earnest, annience, and this the author hopes by swered: The truth is, I have a mind to chemical bleaching to overcome, is that

80 these new tapers have a tawny colour,

ON GOOD AND EVIL DAYS. duller than that of bees-wax, or of relin

Notwithllanding the ridicnle which of fоар. .

later ages has been defervedly thrown on

. the idea of good and evil days, it is cerHe who writes for bread, has feldom tain that, from time immemorial, the most money to buy, or leisure to quote, the celebrated nations of antiquity, the Chalbooks which treat best on his topic: he deans, the Egyptians, the Greeks, and who writes to kill time, willingly orders the Romans, adopted and placed impliand awaits and compares scarce editions cit faith in this fuperftitious notion, which and curious documents; he faunters to is still prevalent in all parts of the East. the public libraries, revises with fastidious. According to Plutarch, the kings of





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