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more than human, to the most delightful, musical emphasis of the recitative air, the best, and the noblest purposes. and chorus, is the speaking emphalis

That Gay was the author of the Acis itlelt, preserved with the most perfect and Galatea, is well known, as it is pub- propriety, and heightened to the most lilled among bis works. Shenttone, in confummate beauty and effect; an effect one mítance at least, composed poetry, which words alone are not capable of which was set by fandel. Hughes, I conveying. think, wrote the poetry of some of the With Mr. Marshall's character of the oratorios, though I cannot at present music of Handel, I entirely and warmly ascertain which, Not much (so far as I coincide; and in the will that the works recollect at the dittance of several years) of this glory of the art may become more has been ascertained on the fubject, by extensively known throughout the island the researches of Dr. Burney, or of Sir Nothing more is wanting to secure to Jolin Hawkins, in their Histories of Mu- them the most extentive, permanent, and fic: I fear therefore, that little can be beneficial influence. learnt. Handel was too incessantly oce To this end what has been already cupied (and happy it is indeed that such for some time in progrets, will assuredly was his application, and such the fruits of inuch conduce : the adapting of his muit) as a composer in mulic to have written fic to the piano-forte. The leavenly the words; even had he been more fami- composition of the air in Solomon, which liar than he appears ever to have been Mr. Marshall has quoted, is wonderfully with our language and versification. But suited to that inftrument. And indeed in general they are excellently adapted the Pathos of Handel is not inferior to to the music, and I think it pretty evi- his fublimity. He is, like Homer, Mildent that the writers must have had con- ton, and Shakespeare, equal in both these fiderable taste in music themselves, and excellencies. habit in the adaptation of words; the dif- And undoubtedly the taste and voice, ficulty and delicacy of which art rises in the ear and the heart of our fair countryproportion to the excellence of the music women, merit that an instrument of itself

. Probably the late Mr. Melmoth, such perfection as the piano-forte now of Bath, and Mr. Avison, the author of is, thould be rescued from frivolities; the excellent Etay on Musical Exprellion, unworthy of itself, and equally unwormight bave both occasionally contributed. thy of them, to whom, when their pur

But harmonious profe teems to be yet suits are not perverted, we are as much more suitable than poetry to accompany indebted for the melioration of our music of the highett order :-—at least, if our hearts, as for all which inost enlivens old translation of the poetic part of the and adorns fociety. Bible can be called profe, and not rather Still I would not make a general con. blank verse in a variety of the free niea- demnation of the modern practice of fure of the dithyrambic kind; into which inufc in this country, till Purcell, Arne, I think it might with the utmost propriety, Jackson, Haydn, Pleyel, and Clementi

, be relolved.

are forgotten, and some other composers, Accordingly, in that unrivalled com- whom it might be invidious or imperposition the Melliah, the alliance be- tinent in me to enumerate, and till tween words and music appears with Handel links into oblivion; and into a divine luftre; both in the selection such barbarifin, I trust England will neand arrangement of the whole, and in ver fall. Mufic cannot cease to prothe appropriate transcendant beauty of duce the most perfect gratification to every kind and species of exprellion the ear, and to interest in the higheti which sacred music appears to admit. degree the noblest powers of the inind,

With the exception of one word, I and the best affections of the heart; agree in the merit of the instance which yet I do acknowledge that there are have been quoted, both as excellent in symptoms, and I fear increasing tumpmoral and pious feutiment, and in all toms, of a decline of talie. Totlung is refpects suitable for music. And one more likely to resist that dechue, than circumftance is most truly remarkable, whatever may bring the music of Planthat fo little of falle accent in relation del, not only into our cathedrals, where to the words, should be found in the it places all heaven before our eyes, amazing quantity of the most exquisite but into our houses. It has the un vocal compositions, by this illuftrious fading freshness of an immortal youth: aud ever memorable foreigner; while very little comparatively is of a mature in numerous and firiking instances, the ever to be obsolete, or to charin the

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ear and heart less at present, or in ages an a&tion, or to words considered as such; to come, than when first composed. as “ Darius was vanquished by AlexShould this contribute to advance such ander". The subject naturally denotes a design, I fall indeed rejoice that it the sufferer, the predicate, the nature of has been written. Your's, &c. the suffering, and by points out the erBury,

Capel LOFFT. ifience of that which the mind will pa3d of April, 1807.

turally suggest, as explanatory of the

fublidiary circumstance of the affininaTo the Editor of the Monthly Maguzine. tion, the first cause of the futtering. SIR,

The prepofition with has two derivaN No. 155, p. 235, of the Monthly tions; one of which, like that of by, de

Magazine, I find certain observa- notes existence; and hence, in many tions on the etymology and nature of instances, we find this with used in the prepositions. Thele, it appears, are in- same way as by, but generally with retended to militate, in foine respects, ference to the secondary cause, or instruagainst the juftly admired, and almost ment; as “ He was killed by him with a universally adopted theory of the learned sword"; i. e. be he the primary cause or Mr. H. Tooke; but, it seems to me, agent, be a sword the instrument or lethat, as far, at least, as the writer has condary caule; the origin, import, and thought fit to develope his own or his use of the une preposition undoubtedly friend's ideas, they are neither satisfac- tending to corroborate those of the other. tory in themselves, nor explanatory of In both equally, the instrumentality the author's system. In attacking Mr. arises from inference and the nature of Tooke's theory, it does not avail, merely things, and not from the intrinsic meanto state a few particular derivations in ing of the prepositions employed. Acwhich philologilis may differ, but it is cording to the other derivation, it deincumbent upon the assailant to Mew notes join or concomitancy; as “ He in what effential parts that theory or went with me"; i. e. join me. This exsystem is, as a whole, unfounded or erro- planation of by and with seeins fo naneous. Mr. Payne's remarks are con- fural, and fo satisfactory, that I muit fined to two heads, the derivation of continue to acquiesce in it, as I suppose by, and the general object or intent of the majority of your readers will, till prepositions.

Mr. P. favours the public with stronger “ N. Salmon”, he says, “ has endea-, objections to it, than those which he has voured to prove that in many circum- as yet cominunicated through your Mar stances, by derives its naine from words gazine. that do not merely denote existence, I am fully aware of the difficulty which but which actually fignify operating, exists, to prove with what degree of pruth creating, &c.; and that it appears as a or propriety, certain remote etymons are forerunner tó whoever or whatever is assigned to many words in our Janguage. caufing, has been causing, or will be Yet, in general, the preference will na'causing, any thing to happen; for exam- turally be given to that derivation which ple, Darius was vanquilhed by Alex- presents to us such a single leading senfe ander : i. 2. Darius was vanquished : or clue, as may the best explain the ra(the) OPERATOR (of this state of Darius rious meanings which we are accustomed was) ALEXANDER".

to attach to many English words. This, It would, I am convinced, afford great Mr. H. Tooke's theory, be it right, or be satisfaction to your readers and corre- it wrong, effects in a inost wonderful fpondents, if Mr. P. would plainly ftate, degree; and this is not the least realou through your Magazine, that origin of which conciliates to his system persons by, according to which it actually signifies, not thoroughly acquainted with ibe ra. inttead of merely implying, operation, rious languages which he has rendered creation, and the like, since many of your subfervient to his etymological labours, readers have not an opportunity of per- and, therefore, not fully competent to using, nor, perhaps, an inclination to decide upon the jultice of all luis dorivapurchase, philological treatifes, which tions. are often very expenfive. According to To the new service or intent of preMr. Tooke, by denotes only existence, politions, as explained by Mr. P.; o and, by implication or inference, primary rather Mr. Salmon, I feel as little inagency or causation. In conformity clined to assent. with this derivation, we find it generally “Prepositions", says he, "are prely applied to the primary cause or doer of used to avoid guetions likely bo pet for

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the sake of obtaining circumstantial stute- venience, into ten, contribute alike to ments".

this purpose. Whether the information Is not the object of every part of speech communicated be given spontaneously, the fame as this? Does such an office or to anticipate or prevent questions, or belong exclulively to prepositions? Does in answer to previous questions, are cirit not belong, in the fame degree, and in cumitances merely accidental or optional, the same way, to the only ellential parts and nowile convected with the intrintić of a fentence, the subject and affirma- nature either of the essential or the contion, the youn and verb; and to the venient parts of oral or of written lanobject, whether noun, pronoun, or any guage. thing elfe? When I lay spontaneously, These few remarks refer merely to “I love her", does not I prevent the the observations of Mr. Payne, and not quettion's being asked, "Who loves her"; to Mr. Salmon's works, either published, does not love prevent the question, or unpublished, which, as a whole, may " What do I"; and does not her prevent not be liable to that kind of ex purte alking“ Whom do I love"? In the fame animadversion, to which they are exway it certainly is, and in no other, that pofed, with, I am confident, no such illiprepositions avoid questions and give their beral intention, by being laid before the information; for, if I say “I went with public in partial or imperfect extracts. John", I communicate in the same way Crouch-end, Your's, &c. two circumstances, and the meaning is April 4, 1807,

J. GRANT. "I went-join John”; or, if, giving a pallive form to the preceding example, To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. I say, “ She is loved by me", does by me,

SIR, a preposition and pronoun, express any relation different from that which, in the A

S the Isle of Wight has of late exactive form, is denoted by I the simple pronoun? In the writer's own example, nity of visiting that delightful spot, or of

your readers who have no opportu" Darius was vanquished by Alexander”, does by Alerunder express a different reading elaborate defcriptions of it, may relation from that which is exprelled by sketch. Should you deem it worthy a

be amused by the following imperfect the mere noun or name in “Alerander vanquished Darius”. Indeed, if Mr.

place in your Miscellany, it is very mucha Tooke's theory be true, according to

at your service. which prepolitions are chiefly nouns and

Leicester. verbs, is it possible that they can have

I could rove any other effential nature than that At morn, at noon, at eve, by lunar ray, which they poffefs as nouns and verbs? In each returning season, through “yon ise" It is true, that, when I say “I went”, I

Could visit every dell, may abitain, if I please, from adding Each hill, each breezy lawn, each wandering more, and the reason is, that “ I went",

brook, being a complete affirmation, constitutes And bid the world admire; and when at last & complete sentence. The other part is the song were closed, each magic spot again merely subsidiary, or an adjunét to the could seek, and tell again of all its charms. affirmation, and I may either mention

G1$BORNE. it at once, to prevent a question, or, af- TO the inhabitant of an inland coun. terwards, in answer to a question. But ty, who has been little accustomed to this circumstance is merely accidental marine excursions, failing down the or optional, and nowile connected with Southampton river affords new, varied, any peculiarity in the nature or service and highly interesting cnjoyment. The of prepofitions ; for, in the same manner, scenery on the borders of this expantive it is optional to me either to declare or branch of the sea, is uncommonly rich to suppress, with or without a question, and diverfified. The country is well the whole of the information contained wooded, agrecably irregular, and highly in the affirmation itself, “ I went”. The cultivated. Manions of various orders truth, I believe, is, that the intention of give cheerfulness to the landscape vicw, all language is to communicate thought; and heighten the interest of the woods that, for this end, only two parts of with which they are ornamented. Netly Speech are indispensably neceffary; and Abbey rises from its faded va'e with to that all the parts, whether reduced to lemu grandeur. The majestic woods two, or distributed, for the sake of con- with which it is surrounded, open fuffi

cicntly

ciently to admit highly interesting views while the stately brocaded dames are of its' hallowed arches, and venerable employed at their looms, and the puittowers. The mind intensibly retraces fant knight and esquires are recounting the long lapfe of ages, and imagination their valorous exploits. Alas! the spruce repeoples the scene with its former in- beau of modern days wonld with diffihabitants. Although these abodes were culty throw open the matlive doors, and often the residence of indolence, super- the delicate goflamir-clad belle could ftition, and vice, yet they doubtless were fcarcely endure the fatigue of ascending sometimes the refuge of refinement, and one of the turrets, to look out at ber the fanctuary of piety, from the pollu- window. When the owner of every mantions of a wicked worlal, and fancy wliile fion expected a siege, it was natural that pers,

he should erect a fortress; but when fo Here the fill dead their holiest hours have total a change of time and manners has given.

taken place, why we should again refort A long range of the New Forest extends fyftem, is an enigma not easily solved."

to habitations only fuited to the feudal on the oppolite side with its little towns, tine woods noping to the sea, greatly and villas dimly seen, the whole forming a grand boundary to the view. The enrich this scene; and should the plantaprofpećt of Spithead and Portsmouth for victory against north-west winds, the

tions flourish which are now ftruggling excites, as we approach nearer the island, approach to the catile will be rendered a different interest, and the little chear till more interesting, and the whole doful town of Cowes, with its busy harbour, main conliderably enriched. is to the fresh-water sailor, arriving from the continent of Britain, a novel and

Ryde had been recommended to us pleasant scene.

as an agreeable station, and thither we The magnificent castle of Lord Henry bent our course. The roads through this Seymour, "recently erected, near East

lovely itland are sweetly varied, and in Cowes, is a very prominent object, and

fome parts highly interesting. They are powerfully arreits the attention. It is li- not open and spacious like thote of the tuated on a considerable elevation; its

mother kingdom, but are narrow, windtall towers, and embattled walls, have a ing, and often thaded; fometimes leailvery grand and striking appearance, and

ing through forest cenery, and afTuming in a few years, when time and tempeft

the appearence rather of a path to a prihave tinged the stone with a fombre

vate dwelling, than the mediuins of pubgrey, and the ivy, which is rapidly creeping up the fides, thall have shrouded fonie * The writer of the present article, would of its angles, and thaded parts of its be gratified by seeing the reasons afligned, windows, it will assume additional in- why our nobility chuse to erect castles for tereft. East Cowes was prefered by our dwelling-houses. They were appropriated to party as a llceping place, and here we

the times of danger in which they were for. found an excellent hotel, clean and

nerly built; the dungeon had its victim, quiet, commanding a good view of the and the subterranean paffage its escaping fo.

gitive : but why imitations to the entrance ocean, and of the neiglıbouring harbour, without being incommoded with its but of these recefses hould be made merely to

cover a dust-hole, or to conceal a pump, is tle. Lord Seymour's is the most interest- unaccountable. One of these fortress-abudes ing object in the vicinity of Cowes; the is now building by a nobleman in the midf folemn shades of the evening were draw- of a considerable town; it is on the scite of ing around us when we approached to an old caftle, but the ground is so circum. take a nearer view, and considerably fcribed, that there is not roor to plant : heightened the effect of this novel cu- fingle tree around it, and the eye is obliged to riolity, a modern catile. This building, look down on all the chimneys of the place! although not completed, has an air of Vaulted roofs, and gothic windows, ought grandeur, and produces a sentiment of to be appropriate to the apartments with awe, and of durability, which it is iin- which they are connected. Large folding gopoflible for mansions built in the taste of thic doors, mafiy, and thickly ftudded with inodern times to awaken. But the mind ed with interelt; but what is the relale,

iron, muft excite attention, and will be openwants fome connecting link between the when they disclose only a scullery? Perhaps past and the present, it reverts to distant no obje&t ought to be lo constructed, as inages; we listen to the bard, we contem- tentionally to excite fille ideas. This is ne plate the tournament, and fancy the

ver the plan of nature, and whenever it is lofty halls to be hung with armour, and adopted in works of art, disgu ft fucceeds to the long galleries clothed with tapettry, dilappointment.

lic

HOMER.

lic intercourse. They are not unfie- the unfortunate persons who are drowned quently fo narrow, that two carriages and thrown alhore, are buried, and here cannot pass each other: when tuch part of the crew of the Royal George are meetings occur, it is a universal rule, interred. When money is found about and seems generally understood, that the person, the body is deposited in conthe vehicle which has proceeded thic fecrated ground, and the funeral service leat distance, shall back to a convenient is read; when otherwise, a hole is dug opening. The spot attracting most at- in this general repository, and without tention in this ride, is Wootton-bridge; coffin, and without ceremony, the duft is the tide flowing into a small river here, conligned to its native element.*--(To forms a beautitul lake in the valley, the be continued.) borders of which are ornamented with hanging woods, and the rising grounds For the Monthly Magazine. beyond are entivened with detached cot- LYCEUM OF ANCIENT LITERA. tages and farms.

TURE.--No. V. Ryde is a neat, cheerful, little town, OF THE ODYSSEY, AND SMALLER POEMS OP built on a pleasant eminence, with a fine command of prospect towards Portsmouth T will not be necessary for us to detain

IT and Gosport. It is the principal port on the reader long on the subject of the this fide the island, whence embarka- Odysley; it has by no means so much entions are daily made for Portsmouth. The gaged the atteption of the Critics as the thore is of beautiful fand, and the bath- Iliad. Criticism is in general produced ing good. Hlad a crescent been here by admiration, and both seem to have formed, as was intended, facing the sea, been exhausted on the latter poem, while the accommodations for company would the other has excited much less discussihave been much more agrecable than on. This, of itself, inay be considered they now are. The modern buildings as a fufficient proof of inferiority. Whoare so arranged, as scarcely to afford any ever, indeed, peruses the Odyisey, will view of the ocean, and from many of the be convinced of the truth of the remark lodging-houses it is too fatiguing a walk made by Longinus, that in this poem, Hofor the invalids often to reach it. Al- mer may be compared to the fetting Sun, though Ryde is one of the principal whose grandeur still remains without the towns of ihe island, there is no relident heat of his meridian beams. It contains clergyman in the place; and a gentleman none of those sublime pictures, heroic who was there on the fabbath, went at characters, of those lively scenes and anithe call of the bell to the chapel; but as mated paffages, of that impaffioned eloneither parfon, clerk, nor congregation quence of sentiment and language, which attended, he entered the desk and read fucceed each other in the iliad with so prayers for his own edification. On much energy and vigour. The Odyssey is the sea-shore, very near the town, is a perhaps a more amuting work, as poflelling large piece of waste ground, over which greater variety. It contains many in the traveller passes to some of the moft terelling itories and fome beautiful pafinteresting fcenery in the neighbourhood. fages. The fame descriptive and dramaA vast number of apparent graves ar- tic genius, and the fame fertility of invenrelted attention ; but the desolateness, tion are ftill observable. But the fables the exposure of the spot, would not suffer of the Iliad are calculated to firike and exus to beli ve it to be the confecrated alt the imagination, while the other, by rest of those who had left the tender re- descending from the dignity of gods and he lative, or the partial friend. On en- roes, are more likely to difgutt and degrade quiry we found, that here the bodies of it. The wildest fictions and the boldest

flights of the Iliad have yet a character of Amidst all our difficult and very expen- grandeur and sublimity which please the five attempts to convey the light of christian fancy of the reader though they may not inknowledge to the most diftant parts of the globe, it is much to be lamented, that more It was with concern I learned that the attention has not been paid to our own family. Humane Society has not extended its beneiles. Even in the Ile of Wight it is not volent auspices to the Ine of Wight. I was uncommon to meet with whole families who assured by a person on the spot, that a body Cannot read. Sunday-schools are unknown, retaining some warmth, had very recently except amongst a respectable fociety of dif- been washed athore; but there is no apparatus, featers, at Newport, and the poor in the no fociety, nu houses of reception for the revillages are in a deplorable fate of igno. covery of drowned persons in the whole

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