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" In other places, the sand and argil had from each other. The new shoots, produced. glided along, liko torrents of lava, and large fince the period of the earthquake, had taken portions of mountains had been trant- a vertical direction, and formed an angle with ported for the space of several miles into the trunk, which added fill more to the line vallies without undergoing any change of gularity of the scene. This effect has, howa korm, Whale fields were precipituted ever
, been omitted in the plate. auto luollows in their original dorizontal
F. marks the entrance of one of the subpotition; while forne remained inclined, of affording an outlet to the waters.
terranean hollows, excavated for the purpose. and others vertical. In a space of ten
found necessary to have recourse to fuch exIcagiles, by fix in breadth, included be- pedients, as the earthquake produced two huntiveen ibe river Metrano, the mountains, dred and fiteen different lakers ur ponds, the and the fea, there was not a lingle acre, ftagnant waters of which, corrupting by the that had not futtered fume change, either extreme heat of the atmosphere, gave rise to in form or potition. We faw in several peftilential diseases, which carried off more places, springs of water which rofe to the inhabitants than had been destroyed by the bright of several feet, and carried with earthquake. them iuuch fand and mud."
We find then here, though on a finaller Dolomeu next attempts to explain fcale, the image of inany of the livgular why buildings raised upon granite, and fornis of our continents, which may be folid ground, futier less than others. On attributed to the various convulsions timular principles he renders it highly that the surface of the earth underwent probable, that a cavern of an immense before and after its confolidation, viz. extent extits between Etna, and the the vertical dispolition of the sides of Forthern part of Calabrin, and concludes leveral montains; the various inclinations with offering fome conjectures on the of their Itrata, and of their lides; the ancase of this earthquake. In fupport of gles which fometines correfpond, and are this description, I might add fume obfer- at others dillimilar, the formation of rations from Sir William Isamilton, who vallies and lakes, by the accumulation of preceded Dolomien, and who tunfolf earth, even in the midit of plains; the wirneiled the last shocks of the earth- acclivities of sea-coatis, at the foot of quake; but its the principal circumstances which no bottoin is discoverable; isolated of that catujirophe are too well known to peaks, and confideralıle mafies of matter sender that neceffiry, 'I thall now pro
Scattered at a distance below the moun. ceed to give an explanation of the lub- tains, of which at one period they evigrumed plate wiuch represents the more gently conttituted a part; profound fiftriking etfects, produced by the earth- fures, either empty or filled with extraquake that occurred in the vicinity of neous matter, and lume of which afford a Bettuzzano, in Calabria, during 1783.
pallige to volcanic eruptions; appearA. B. represent the vertical cut, nearly
ances of vertical lirata, which are often three hundred feet in height, of an extensive merely folid cuts troin the mountains plain planted with olive tuces, in quincunxes, themelves. From the contideration of and very clevated.
the above, and various other phæuomena, C. D. E. are hills, each confilling of several we are necellarily led to attribute these acres in extent, which formed a part of this forms of the mountains to causes dinilar pain, and which were projected into an im- to those which have given birth to the menfe hollow or ravine, tu about a mile dir. Dow hills of Calabria; the strongest antant Thele maffes, variously inclined, farin with the horizon angles from twenty-five to alogy forces us to refer them to the faine ferty degrees; fome parts are vertica); in ooth crigin, and to the falling in of cavities the strata correspond with those of the plain; Luntained within the crult of our globe. but we seldom observed, that the falient and
F. DE BELLEVI F, oppofite angles of the plain and these maffea, Corresponded with each other : a circumstance To the Editor of the allonthly Magazine. which may be ascribed to their irregular SIR, projection, and the collifion fustained in their IN compliance with the request of yoxır lang pullage. The Irecs, with the exception of those on the borders, had experienced no lected the following particulars refperting change, for their items, or trunks, were uni one of those remarkable instances of formly perpendiculu to the furface of the Longevity referred to in his list. ground, and they tood at regular distances
Edward Lawton, of Sanderland, a
native of Northumberland, was for many Many examples were it neceffary, might years fettled in the parish of Bishop Wearbe utdated as furnithing exceptions to this po. mouth, where he rented fuccellively Stina
leveral finali fornis, particularly at DA
Hendon Grange near Ryhope, and in the marks on the improper Elision of Parcels) vicinity of Hylton Ferry. During his re- that reduces the sentence to such tautos, fidence at the latter place, when he had logy and nonfenlę, that I am obliged to nearly attained his 80th year, his occu- request the opportunity of a confpicuous pation becoming unprofitable, he gave up correction. I had stated that “ his farm, and engaged himself in the fer- our fyllables will be found, even in orvice of a gentleman in the same ncigh- dinary delivery, to be liable to a condbourhood, by whom he was employed is derable degree of latitude, both in QUANthe fields or stable, or in such other work city and TUNE;" but your compozitor as he was capable of attending to bring (who may very well be excused for never always considered trusty and well-duspor having heard of the tune of syllables, 114 ed. As he had long prided liinfelt on the ordinary pidnunciation of (peech) las his dexterity in inowing, when he was fubftituted the word time; and made inc almost ninety, he anxiously folicited liis dwell upon a dirtinction (infinitely too employer for the loan of a guinea, to subtile, I suppose, for the apprehension of wager against the fall of a much younger any of your realers) between the quantity coinpetitor. For the last fifteen years of of a fvilable and its time.* his life, he refided in Sunderland, in the I throw no reproach, therefore, on the house of a grand-daughter, by whom, with corrector of your press, on account of this the assistance of other descendants, he inaccuracy: but as the diserinination of was decently and respectably maintain- the various properties of English fyllables ed; ftill, however, keeping up his con- is one of those topics, to which, both nexion occasionally with the family of his from taito and from profesional duty, I Jate master, who had removed into the am in the habit of paying a very parti. environs of the town. Being one day, cular attention ; I avail mytelf of ilic prewhen he was upwards of a bundred years fent opportunity to elucidate the distincold, requeited by his mistress to purchase. tion alluded to in my last communication. her fome fowls, with an expectation that English fyllables then, Sir, I conceive he would bring them from the market, (and I believe I might confidently atinin which was held very near his own reli- the fame of the syllables of all languages, dence in Sunderland, he set out on foot that ever did, or ever can exisi) differ for a village seven miles distant, where from each other, not only in the enuncia, he had some acquaintance, and having ative elements (i. e. the simple qualities procured some fowls of a superior quality, of the letters of which ibcy are compofed) returned home from his marketing with- and in their respective quantities, (i. e. out delay. He was a strong muscular the time they occupy in pronunciation) man, about five feet fix inches high; he but, also, in the following quulities, which was fimple and of an easy temper, never constitute (in the most comprehensive apdistretling himself about any thiug beyond plication of the word) their tune; and the occurrence of the moment, à circum- which I shall endeavour to contradiktinttance which probably contributed much guillo by appropriate fymbols, the greater. to the prolongation of his life. Having part of which I have borrowed froin the never been añlicted with any species of ingenious work of Mr. Jodhua Steele.t infirmity or ill bealth, he retained his
First, svllables differ from each other bodily vigour to a very late period, and in their poile—that is to fay, in the affecbis other faculties, with the exception of tions of heary (A) and light (..)-the his fight which failed him in his last year, Thejis and Arsis of the Greeks:-ih alto his death at the advanced age of 106, ternations of which (not proceeding from in the summer of 1805. He left a fou opwards of 70, whom he always called his Either the lapse of noy pin, or of your lad, a man of stouter make than his compositor, has brought me under the impu. father, who bears at this moment every
tation of another error, which though general appearauce of reaching a very advanced idiom would excuse, accuracy would of courie
reject-I mean the phrase "three first lines," age. Dec. 20, 1806.
in my paper upon Elifions, instead of " first
three lines." Though I utterly abjure such To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. I should not have thought it worth while to
colloquial phraseology, in critical disquiution, SIR,
correct it, i fome unknown correspondent had errors of the press; but there is interrogation. one in the last line of the second column, † Prosodia Rationalis, or a Treatise on the page 445,of your last Magazine, (in my Re- Measure and Melody of Speech Nichols, 1779.
I to importance enough for epiholary | meditate &c. cadences of si unimportant particles; nor would our le bles and dilylables - 90%! Bolder
pairing" | cadences of triple time, ubject of attention in the generalmente con
mere tafte and ele&lion, but resulting nuendo, or foftness, than the other parts from the physical necesities under which of speech : 8 circuinitance, by the way, to the primary organ of vocal impulse, and wbich it would be well, it lome even of indeed all organs and implements of mo- our very first rate players would pay more tion must eternally act) constitute those attention; as they would be sure to do, ascertainable and ineasureable cadences, it they were but in the habit of observing by, which alone (in the Englith language and analyting the pure unpremeditated at least, the proportions and varieties of speech of thule with whom (of whatsoever rythuius can be rendered palpable to the rank or intellect) they may occationally çar. – Thus Fancy Pasture &c. con
converie, We should not theo so tre
quently hear the five fentences of our flitute cadences of coinmon measure ; immortal Shakespeare deformed and de| Absolute
Meditate A.... triple measure. So also the monofyllables ears be shocked by those frequent thunNon lo
derings of“he, the, it, and, we, ye, they.hu |
A À and the following mixture of monofylla- cle of a rickety child; the feebleness of bles and diffyllables
whose trunk and the flaccidity of whole
waited muscles, are deplorably compen days pear
fated, by the largeness of his writis and
“ For his common; and the following,
I use the word loudness in the above
paragraph, in preference to the word I country he hgh'd when at tæeilight' force; and, indeed, in contradiftinction A ...
founded. Force is, indeed, rather an A:. SECUNDLY-Syllables may be further ment of the voice, than a property of distinguished by the property of percus particular fyllables: though its distinccon ( )-that is to lay, by an explotive tions may indeed be fuper-added to para force fuperadded to the heavy pole, or ticular tyliables, or combinations of fylmore emphatic part of the cadence. lables, as one of the moditications of einSnch percuflion is always luperadded to platis : but a well regulated utterance Corne one syllable of every word that has will render the fotteit' and the lighteft more heavy (yllables ihan one
fyllables forcible; as well as the loud, Abra | lutely || Intre-pidity | Se
the heavy, and the perculed: 402 pality Tourinly-Syllables differ from cach
other in those molt evanescent, yet highly ringapa- tam It belougs also to the important properties -- their muứcal ac
cents. But with what an unfortunate Leavy syllable of some eliffyllabic words, word au I obliged to conclude this enuwten arranged into sentences; and even, meration!- decent ! that word to perpleoccasionally, tu certain monofyllables, tually used by oar gramınarians and prounder funilar circumstances :-25
“Ye fodiits, but fo little undertiood.--Accent!
that unfortunate forvant of all work in airy sprites
fwho oft as fancy the houtehold of English pytluuical critiA.A.
citin, almost incessantly employed in every
office it is unfit for, while the departinent calls I hope that the
for which it is exclutively qualified, remains almost entirely neglected. For
example, the term dicent is applied in will do lus duty." 11-Proje and verse the care of all words (either of two or
three fyllables) that confiitute but one Salling, in this respect, precisely under the cadence, exactly as I apply the term fune laws.
heavy, aud as Else Groek grainmarians THODLE—The tune of syllables is applied the word thefis :-thus the words fill further divertfied by different degrees “fancy,” “ absolute;" “ appear," of loudacla and fofibels: fubjiuntives and A A
.A el for exwuple, (as a general rule) pairing," &c. are said to be accented, the dertuoding a more swelling loudness, and articles and coujuuctions more oi dimi- firit and second on the initial, the third
and fourth on the second syllable; but light per culled and although precisely the same property of
unper thesis or heary, which is given to the syl
A.. lable fan, in " fancy,” pair, in “ repair
1. Yet nothing can be more difing," &c. is given to lute, in “ absolutely," ferent than their accents :—that is to say, to in, in “ intrepidity,” and to ring, in (for in this respect
, and this only, thie A..A
vulgar application of the term is cors * Serringapatain," here the term accent rect) than the Idiomatic tune of the re..A
spective provinces; or the mode and is by the generality of writers absolutely rately defines, “ the tuning of the voice,
system of what old Ben Jonson to accudenied to these mere heavy tyllables, and by listing it up and down in the mufical exclusively confined to the individual Syllable that receives the superadded and that has been written upon the subject of
'-a definition which is worth all perfectly distinct quality of percutlion. So that we have the same name applied accent, from the days of that admirable to two distinct properties of utterance; but which we cannot be surprised that
gramınarian, to thote of Joshua Steele; and the appellation positively denied in fucceeding graminarians have forgotten; one instance to the very, fame quality since old Ben himself seems to have forwhich in another is insified upon as conftituting its fole and indisputable elience. gotten it the very instant it was dismissed But that is not all. That confusion may practical illustration of his own axiom,
frorn bis pen : having abfolutely, in the be still worfe confounded, the very ap- confounded it again, with that very proplication of the term accent is, by all our grammarians, imperiously denied to all pesty of perculjice force, from which it monofyllables; although such of our ino
seemed to have separated it for cver. nofyllables as are subjiuntives have, di- « the tuning of the voice, by lifting it
Thus then by the term accent, I mean verfally, by the most deducible and iinperious law of English pronunciation, of up and down in the musical scale;" and necessity, that identical quality of heavi
I mean nothing elle. Accents (thus do ness, or affection to thesis, which in words fined) muft of necellity be regarded as of two fyllables is called their accent; fyllables: every tyllable (whethier poken
universal and indispensable properties of and are even liable, as luas been already or sung) being necessarily characterized Mewn, to that fuperadded quality of per- by a certain portion of tumeable found; cuffion, to which the name of accent is which must be either higher or lower in configned in the longer words. But the measure of absurdity is not yet musical proportions.
an afcertainer, or ascerluinulle scale of full. What grammarian is there who,
And, further, it after all his confused applications of this may be stated, that if such tlable' bc unfortunate word, would fcruple to talk spoken, it must not only have its characof a Scotch accent, an Irish accent, a
teristic elevation or depretlion in such Welch accent, a Northumbriun accent, a
scale, but also its motion through a cer French accent, &c. Yet most affuredly tain portion of that scale, either upwards the different modes of otterance thus in
or downwards, or both; for if we dwell, dicated, depend upon something elien during the interval of any fyllable, and ually diftinét from those qualities of lyi especially any of the long iyilables, on au lables indicated by the tern accent in uninterrupted monotone, linging and not any of the former instances. With
speaking is the consequence. Thus the
very few exceptions, the Scotchinan, the Irish accents of speech have not only their difman, the Welchınan, the Londoner, the of conimon mutic (though on a scale of
tinctions of high and low, like the notes native of Northumberland, &c. would place the percussion precisely on the fame more minute division) but have also their
minute movements, or apparent slides ; through
that is to lay-their distinctions of acute syllable, and would make,
© ), grare ( ), graro-acute (*) and acutogruve (*), or circumtexes; fome one of
which motions of the voice, muft nccefour
any given fentence, the sarily take place, during the pronunciaA.. A. A.. A.. tion of every syllable (whether the voice,
at the commenceucnt of such syllable, Pumcr diftribution
were pitched high or low), or the character 4..
of speech is toit.
Such are the distinct properties of the
tune of syllables; in the application of land, will, I trust, oblige the public with whicb (as well as of the attribute of his fystematic and admirable work on the quantity, or duration, it was my meaning genius and elements of Englith metre; to utrin, that, in many instances, con- and the world will then have little reason liderable latitude is allowed, in the ordi- to regret that other labours than those of Lary conversational delivery, even of the the pen, engrois the time and attention of molt correct and harmonious speakers;
Your's &c. and to the extent of which latitude, (and Bedford Place, J. TUBLWALL. Du further) I congder the writer and the Dec. 7, 1806. reader of serje to be at liberty, nay to be called upon, to extend his discretionary To the Edilor of the Monthly Magazines Selection; in what to the respective provinces of the writer and the repeater cap
HERE is a whimsical expression in practically belong.
I an conscious, Sir, that this balty and decypher, till the other day chance let imperfect icrawl may expose your com- me into the secret. I mean the phrase, politor to freth ditficulties; and, what in spite of his teeth. Looking into a it worfe, perhaps, from the want of French dictionary under the word uidant, perspicuous and sufficient elucidation of I found this paliage : On difoit autrefois, xlini s new or difficult in the theory, Malgré lui fjes AIDANS, dont on a fuit Bay rather tend to perplex than to in- ce proverbe corrompu, Malgré lui & jes for the fiudent of English prosody. But dents. It seeins then that this phrale, the incelant calls of profesional duty, (as like to many others in our language, is a a public and as a private teacher,) forbid literal translation from the old French, in me the opportunities both of more ann- which the words which answered to his ple and exphcit developement of my alifunts, happening to resemble in found ideas, and of the necessary talk of revising those which anfwer to his teeth, the latter what I have lo hastily set down. It has, words, by negligence, or drollery, came indeed, been long my will to submit to to be substituted initead of the former. the world a methodical and ample deve
I am, Sir, your's, &c. lopement of that entire fyftem of elocu- Dec. 12, 1806.
PHILOLOGUS. donary science, which the labour of ten years læs enabled me in fome degree to To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. digest, though at present it has no writteu existence, except in those short notes policisto have beeu prepared for the pur- I City of our but diffent from the valifufe of my public lectures, and which in Pickbourn has made on my letter relative reality can be intelligible to no one but to the nature of Greek accents.* To the mytelt. But the publication of a work pasiage which was quoted from Bishop of such extent is so fortuidable a fpecut Hare, Mr. P. has given the following lation; and it is, in fact, fo much more meaning:-“ Accent gives a little addiprofitable to talk to maukind than to tion to a long vowel, but the privation of write for thein, that I ain much inclined accent does not occation a long syllable to believe that, notwithstanding the dif- to become short." Now this appears to advantages of detached and partial dif me to convey a meaning directly conquditious, upon a fubjeft which ought to trary to the words and intention of the be examined as a whule, an occalional alty etny like the prefent, is likely, for fone years at least, to be all that attention at present meditates, ought not entirely to to the interests of my fatuily will pernit ine fuperfede. To those who are not already ing tu curatit tu publicatinn. I have hopes, itiated in the ordinary fystem of musical nohowever, that a part of what I had ine" ta:ion, the fimple
proportions of a measured ditated, will be cxecuted by an abler feale, and the directions for the use of a meband. 'My learned and very ingenious but be highly acceptable; the musical nota.
chanical index, in the original work, cannot friend, Mr. Roe, of Scramore,
tion adopted in the enlarged performance will
be, however, much more fatisfactory to the Mr. Roe has already published an ele. fcientific student, and the more comprehensive prestary work upon this subject, of great view that is taken of the subject, increases the though negle&cd merit-" Elements of En- interest and enhances the value of the per. gith Metic, both in Prose and Verle, by formance. kickard Rose," -Longman and Ress, 1801, Vide Monthly Magazine, vol. XX. whisk, pechups this more enlarged work he
P: 499; and vol. XXI. p. 104,