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If black man, as white, is the work of thy If your itch be pat reclaiming, hand

So receive your due delight; (And who could create him but Thee ?) As old bullies, broke by gaming, Oh give thy command

Still take pleasure in the light. Let it spread thro' each land, That Afric's sad fons thall be free! If, erst when the man-stealer's treacherous TRANSLATION OF A LATIN POEM, WRIT

guile Entrap'd me, all thoughtless of wrong,

By Mr, RING. From my Niciou's dear love, from the infan. tile (mile

A SURGEON-DENTIST newly starts,

Who causes great surprize, of my Aboo, to drag me along; If then, the wild anguish that pierced thro By fetting his unrival'd arts

Before our wondering eyes. my heart, Was seen in its horrors by thee,

He fcales the teeth, and can at will O cale my long smart,

From their own sockets draw; And thy sanction impart,

Transplanting them with equal skill
That Afric, at luft, may be free!

Into another's jaw.
If while in the flave-fhip, with many a groan, The grandam, toothless long hefore,
I wept o'er my sufferings in vain;

Perceives the springing tooth ; While' handreds around me reply'd to my And seems to be reviv'd once more. moan,

In all the charms of youth.
And the clanking of many a chain :-
If then thou uut deign'dit, with a pitying eye, The grandfire now can talk or eat
Thy puor shackled creature to fce,

Without his usual pother;
Oh chy mercy apply,

And one man takes, to chew his meat, Afric's sorrows to dry,

The grinders of another. And bid the poor Negro be free!

A num'rous, poor, and hungry pack li kere, as I faint in the vertical fun,

The surgeon's door attend; And the scourge goads me on to my toil,

Here stands a collier dy'd in black,
No hope faintly foothing, when lahour is done,

And there bois sooty friend.
Of one joy my lorn heart to beguile;am. The duftmen take an active part
If thou view’it me, Great Spirit! as one thou In this renown'd election;
bai mide,

Some that with athes load the cast,
And my fate as dependent on thee,

Some of an aih complexion.
O impart chou chy aid,
That the scourge may be itay'd,

How oft in such a form uncuuth,
And the Black Man, ai lakt, may be free. Like gems in dirkeit mines,

The thickret, polith' 1, iv'ry tooth, VERSES WRITTEN BY WILLIAM CON

In all its luitre thines ! GREVE, THE DRAMATIC POET.

The teeth most perfect, and most txis, (NEVER BEFORE PUOLISHED.]

The subtle dentist buys; FADED Delia Inoves compaflion,

Akljuftiy to the brightest ware But no longer can subdue;

Augns the brightest prize Now her face is out of fathion,

Thy fell their teeth, and freely fe'i She must take her turn and fue.

The foundeit and the best; All ber airs, fu long affected,

No wonder, when they gain so well
Might in blooming youth be borne ;

Provision for the rest.
But in age, it not corrected,
Nove our pity, or our fcorn.

O Doctor, by that lingle art,

You render mutual good; Wealth nor titles can support ye,

For while to food you tectb impart, Wretched Delia, in decay;

To rerib you furniih food. 'Tis allowed to nymphs patt forts To look on, but not to play.

Nitv fireet, Hunct:rjausre.

MONTHLY MAG., No. 155.




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SOCIETY OF ARTS, COMMERCE, these we fall not attempt to follow AND MANUFACTUPES. him.

fociety, long diltinguished for The third thing proposed by Mr. Curhave voted to J. C. Cikwex, Efq. M. P. or Weed-Harrow, in which the carriagethe gold medal, tur various Improvements wheels are to be half the width of the in the Business of Agriculture, which we butts, or stitches; so that once going up, Mall briefly notice in the order in which and once returning, will be sufficieat to they were taken up by the fociety. The clear each butt from weeds. The hoe first object was to recommend the use of or harrow is attached by chains to the carrots as a fubiiitute for oats; he fays, carriage, and may be raised higher or he had been accutiomed to allow each funk lower, or placed more on one side working horfe eight pounds of oats per or another as occalion may require, by day; that he cauled one half to be taken altering the position of the chain. There away, and supplied by an equal weight are fix double rows of teetb or kuives, of carrots, which he continued so long which are so placed in the fraine that each as the carrots lasted, and it was generally double row may pass up the interval beadmitted that the horses improved in tween the rows of corn, and cut or pull their condition upon this food. In a firit up the weeds that grow in fuch intervals trial, an acre of carrots was found equal without injuring the corn. These knives to twenty-three of oats, allowing úxty are trong, and have a sharp edge in Winchesier bushels of oats per acre, and front. There are two handles, by which three tione the bulhel. Nr. Curwen's the person who holds them may direct method is, on taking up the carrots, to the kntres or teeth of the barrow to pass cut a finall piece from the top of each, in straight lines up the intervals. Owing to prevent it from vegetating; these he to the simplicity and case with which iminediately used. The remainder were this inachine is worked, a man and boy, piled in rows, two feet thick, and five with one horse, are able to clean inore feet high, leaving room for the circula- than seven acres a day. tion of the air. Mr. C. adınits that the Ten guineas have been granted to expence of cultivating carrots is consider- Mr. Charles W11.90x, for a method of able, viz. 15l. per acre; yet, when they Сuring Damp Walls, by the application are used in part instead of oats, he con- of the following comporition : “ Boil two tends that they will most abundantly re- quarts of tar, with two ounces of kitpay the expences.

chen grease, for a quarter of an hour in Mr. Curwen's second object has been an iron pot. Add some of this car to a to devise a Method of feeding Cows dur- mixture of naked lime and powdered ing the Winter Season, with a view to glass, which have pasied through a four provide poor persons and children with lieve, and been completely dried over milk at that tine. The introductory ob- the fire in an iron pot, in the proportion servations and general hints thrown out of two parts of lime and one of glass, by this gentleman do honour to his till the mixture becomes of the confiftheart, whether his plan be or be not ence of thin plaster. The cement mult good. The food which he makes use of be used immediately after being inixed, is cabbages, common and Swedish tur- and therefore it is proper not to mix nips, kholrabi, and cole-sued; chaff, more of it than will coat one square foot boiled, and mixed with refuse grain and of wall, lince it quickly becomes too oil-cake. He uses straw, instead of hay, hard for use; and care must be taken to for their fodder at night. Mr. Curwen prevent any moisture from mixing with says, the greatest ditticulty be bad to the cement." For a wall merely daur, contend with was to preveut any decayed a coating one-ciglith of an inch thick leaves being given, and to see that the will be füfficient; but if the wall is wet, ball of the turnip was the only part made there must be a second coat, Platter use of. These precautions being attend- made of lime, hair, and plafter of Paris, ed to, the milk and butter were excel inay afterwards be laid on as a cement. lent. "Mr. C. bas given in calculations The cement above described will unite to prove huw protitable the method re- the parts of Portland tone or marble, cominended is to the proprietor, and so as to make them as durable as they luw beneficial to the public; but in were prior to the fractare.


Among the several communications on till the cloth is finished. 16, The hedthe fubject of manufactures, Mr. Joan dles, reed, and brushes, will wear longer Austin, of Glasgow, has been deemed than usual, and more than half the work. worthy of the gold medal, for a loom to manship is saved. be worked by itean or water. The ad- Mr. William CHEETHAM, of Mellor vantages which thus loom is said to pof- Moor, Derbyshire, was presented with sels are as follow : 1, That from 300 to the silver medal, for cultivating Watte. 400 of tbele loums may be worked by Land. After detailing pretty much at que water-wheel or steam-engine, all of large the method by which Mr. C. brought which will weave cloth fuperior to what the land in question into use, he savs, is done in tue coinmun way. 2, They “ I greatly prefer the method of paring, will go at the rate of 60 thoots in a mi- burning, and limeing, as well as plougtnute, and keep regular time in working. ing in the autunn, to any other. Paring 3, They will keep conttantly working, deitroys the heath, and prepares the land, except at the time of thitung the shuttles. so that a team may come upon it in dry 4, In general no knots need be tied, weather." He made experiments upon and never more than one, in place of finail plots, of liineing and manureing two, which are requilite in the cominon with back dung upon the heath, and way wiien a thread breaks. 5, In cate found that it required from seven to ten the thuttle itops in the thed, the lay will years to destroy the heath. Whereas by not coine forward, and the loon will lowing oats and hay leeds, a good crop ttop. 6, They will weave lower or was produced the first year, and on the quicker, according to the breadth and following a better palture was made than quality of the web, which may be the after the term of ten years by the other bruadett now made, and they may be mode. “Upon the whole,” says Mr. C. nwunted with a harness to weave any “ I prefer, in peaty land, ploughing four pattern. 7, There is but one close thed, years successively." the same in both breadthis; and the The gold medal of the fame fociety has bore and temples always keep the fame been adjudged to J. G. CalTHROP, esq. dutance. 8, There is no tiine loft in of Golberton, Lincolnshire, for the Cullooming, or cutting out the cloth, which tivation of Spring Wheat, which was town is done wlule the loom is working, after on eighty-two acres, fourteen poles of the frit time. 9, The wett is well land, between the 25th of March, and ftretched, and even to the fabric re- the 6th of April, and reaped between the quired; and every piece of cloth is mea- 11i and 14th of September. The wheat fured to a straw's breadth, and inarked fown was the borned, or rough eared where to be cut, at any given length. fpring wheat: the expence was 2621. 10. The loom will work backwards in 155. and the produce 1068l. 2s.6d. case of accidents, and every thread is The gold medal was also given to Mr. as regular on the yżurn-bearn as in the Joun SauckrORD Wade, of Benhall, cloth. 11, If a thread appear too coarfe Suffolk, for plantjog fitteen acres of land, or fine in she web, it can be changed, with upwards of twelve thousand sets of of any ttripe altered at pleasure. 12, Oliers per acre, which it was certitied by They will weave the finest yarı, more respectable authority are now in a thriving tenderly and regularly than any weaver fiate, and fit for basket-making. can do with hands and feet. 13, When Tó CHARLES LAYTON, efq. was ada thread breaks, the loom will inítantly judged the dilver medal for his comparative stop, without ttopping any other bom, Culture of Turnips, by which it appears and will give warning by the ringing of a that a very decided preference thould be bell. 14, A loom of this kind occupies given to the drilled bulbandry: the difthe same space is a common loom, and ference in functhing lcis than two tons the expence of it will be about half inore, of Turnips, was four cwt. and four stone which is compenfited by the various ad- in favour of the drill. ditional machinery.

15, The recling, Mr. ROBERT SALMON, obtained the winding, beaning, looming, coinbing, lilver medal for bis Remarks on Pruning dressing, &c. &c, which is nearly one Fir Trees. He recommends the praning half of the weaver's work, together with to commence when the trees are lix years ube general watte (about 61. per cent.) old, or when there is discernible five tier of the value of the yarn, do not occur of boughs, and the shoot; the three lower in this loom, which by its Gingle motion tiers are then to be taken off. After this performs every operation after spinning the trees are to be let alone tor fuar or

Kk 2


five years, then, and at every fucceeding top of the bench and fence, fcrew-bolts four or five years, the pruning to be re- faitened by thumb-nuts, by means of peated, till the stem of the tree be clear which, and a parallel motion, the fence is forty feet; after which, as to pruning, it regulated, and confequently the conductor may be left to nature. The rule for the of the wood, and admits it to be fawed height of pruning, after the first time, to through. The fence, conductor, and be half the extreme height of the trec, faw, must all be curved alike; but to law till it attain twenty years growth; and in smaller circles, with the fame faw, and atter that time, half the height of the tree, at the same time fquare with the face of and as many foot more as it is inches in the bench, a steel lider, regulated by two diameter, at four feet from the ground. Screws, is made to prets, as occasion inay The proper time for pruning, is between require, on the convex fide of the faw, and September and April, and the tool to be raile the vertical line of it to a right angle uled the faw.

with the bench, otherwise the top of the Fitteen guineas have been voted by the bench itself musi receive the fame incliSociety to Mr. William NEVEN; for nation to the vertical line of the fixed weaving Cloth of an extremely fine qua- saw. lity; by which inprovement, cotton, Fifteen guineas have been given to Mr. linen, &c. can be made much fooner and James HARDIE, of Glafgow, for a Booktiner, than by any method yet discovered. binders' Cutting-press,which, the inventor Mr. N. says, he has made a small piece modelily observes, claims no other merit of plain nk clothi, tróm hard thrown fill than that of having timplified the comin the gum, that contains 65,536 meshes mou press, rendered it more powerful, in a square inch. " It is impoflible,” he and adapted to save the time of the adels, "for any reed-maker to make a rced workinau. This press effects the business halt fo tine, as to weave fuch cloth upon by one iron screw, instead of two wooden the pretent principles of weaving; and ones, formerly used. The screw works in even if that could be done, no weaver a mut let into, and Screwed to a top piece, could make use or it: but by my method, its lower end working in a collar, screwed I weave as fine cloth in a twelve hundred to a moving piece, tliding in grooves recil, as by the prefent method in one of within the two bides of the frame. twenty-four hundred, and with rather lets, Twenty guineas have been voted to than inore trouble."

Mr. BENJAMIN STOTT, for his invention The Society have again voted a pecu- of a Machine for Splitting Sheep-lins, nary reward of ten guineas, for a Ma. The cominon mode of drelling skins, is to chine to cnable Shoemakers to inake Nave one side of', making glue of the Shoes and Boots, without fuffering any parings; but by Mr. S's. method, the pretlure upon the tiomach, This premiuin ihavings are taken off in one piece, foris awarded to Mr. A. Stass, of Newportining a good skin of leather. Market. The machine is described by the inventor as limple in itself, and to constructed that a man may Itand to his

ROYAL SOCIETY OF LONDON. work, lit, or recline in a half fisting point D'Royal Society, which occupied the

R. HERSCHEL bas laid before the work presling againit bis breate or for attention of that learned body three erenmach.' This, we believc, is the third or ings, a paper on the Coloured Concentric fourth premium given by the Society for llinys seen through their Plates or Lenfes, machines having the fame object in view, The Doctor detailed a great variety of yet we have heard of none of them being experiments, made with lenses of one likely to be brought into general use. hundred and tnenty fect focus, down to

Joux TROTTER, etg. of Soho Square, thole of the most common glasTes. These hists obtained the gold medal for luis in- experiments, which we thall bereafter vention of the ('ürrilmear Saw. It con- give at larye, feem to establish the fnct, Siis of a tpindle moving on two criters, that light could not have, as the great baving at one end a pullev, and at the Newton suppored, tits of easy trantmihoa other a concave law, (with a correspon- and reflection, and therefore, that this ding convexity to the curve required to phcomenon of conceptric rings mest be belawed,) fucured on the convex fidely acriled to another caute, which be irre * rollar, and on the concave title by å tends to investigate at another time. loaie collar, and fcrew-irut. There are Mr. Everandilour, has made foine Ob. wo groured plates, adinitting through the fervations on thic Stomachs of Cetareuus

Animals. Animals. The late Mr. Hunter observed, that the first inhabitants of Britain were that this genus, had ftomachs composed neither Celts, Scandinavians, nor Gauls, of four cavities, or bags, through which but Cantabrians, originally, and directly de food patled before it was prepared to descended from aboriginal Spaniards. turun chyle. Mr. Home has examined lle traced the manners of the people of ft veral of these animals, and lately has Cornwall

, and those on the oppolite coast diffccted a bottled-nofed porpoise, which of Brittany, and also the dittrict in Enghaud fix of these bags couitituting its fo- land, in which he conceived the Cantamach; he has succeeded only in afcer- trians had originally settled, whence they taining the relative dimensions of these migrated to Ireland. Ireland, it appears, parts, without being able to aflign any was never visited by the Romans, and, of Latisfactory cause for such an important course, its manners and language were difference of organical liructure.

unknown to them. The fimilarity beMr. KUIGNIT, whole discoveries in the tween the Irish and modern Spaniards of principles of vegetation have obtained Biscay, the descendants of the fierce Canfor liiin fo high a reputation, has laid he- tabri, tends to confirm this hypothesis. ture the Royal Society an interesting A large ftone ring, taken from the paper on the Bark of Trees,

finger of l'ippoo Saib, was exhibited be

fore the Society, containing an Arabic ANTIQUARIAN SOCIETY.

infcription, which in Englith is, “Domi

nion to God, he is the only, the victoR. GREATHEAD las presented to the rious."

Mr. Carlisle is chosen Secretary to Origin of the earliest Race of Britons: in the Society, in the place of Mr, BRAND, which, from a number of facis, he inters




MR. WILLIAM BELL'S (DERBY), for an His improvements in irons for planes

improved Method of making Smoothing and other edged tools, are by making the Hrons, Plane Irons, und various Edge plane irun of any fuitable materials, and Tools.

leaving a vacaocy which is intended to WE articles denominated smoothing be filled up by a thin piece of steel made which are commonly made use of for foldered together, with foft folder : the ironing washed linens, mullins, &c. have reason assigned for the preference of foft been frequently complained of as defec. folder is, that it requires the finallest heat tive in their construction. The patentee to bring it into fution, and causes the least profelles to obriate these defects. First, injury to the temper of the iteel. The in heating the faid irons they become steel may, however, be foldered to the dirty, and require confiderable trouble iron or metal back in a soft state, and in cleaning before they can be used; afterwards hardened. Mr. Bell obferves, and secrmdly, they are frequently over that "the usual method of connecting hented, fo as to endanger and fometimes tieel and iron, by means of welding, reto damage the articles on which they are quires fo fevere a heat that it injures the ufed. To prevent these inconveniences, quality of the steel, which by my imAlt. Bell has inscnted a thin case of feel provement will be preserved in its best or iron, filled with a ipring er other fal- polsible tiate. By the fame method of tenings, which fecure it to the iron with connecting my fieel to iron or other mewlucis it is intended to be used. The tals tor plan- iroas, fo do I intend mafail cafe being thus completed, the iron nufacturing chiflels and various other properly beatod is introduced, which be- edge tools." ing minds of thin metal becuines almost inunedately fuficiently leated for its ARCHIBALD EARL OP DONDONALD's, for intended purpolo. Tlie handles of the Improeements in Spinning Machinery. irons made by Mr. Bell are moveable, The improvements," lays Lord Donto prevent them from being over-licatod. donald, " for which patents have been


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