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27e two uncouth terms applied by certain Again, a monosyllablic name is perfectly other writers and speakers." In some parts of easy to be obtained from the fame rout; and Europe we have been distinguished as Anglo- to him who thinks the lant word too long or Americans; and this appellation is in fume lofty, it will be wholly at his option to call reipects worse, und in nu respect better, than himseli FREDE; and in this respect he will either of the others.

put himseli on a par with a Mede and a What are we to do? Are we never to have Suede. a ecographical di inction? Is the land to be Moreover, mould an adjective be defired for ever coll-d United States, and its people to quality exprellions and facilitate discourse, ticed States men? And even then, on a there is such a thing immediately ready for fupposition that the union should cease, must use in FREDISH ; and thereby we can speak te region it occupies be nameless?

of a Fredith thip, or a Fredith nian, or a It is in the power of the people to find Fredith manufacture or production, after the ani adupe fitting names for their country and same manner, and according to the fame themelves, by common consent. These rule, by which we employ the adjectives ough to be expreslive, concise, nervous, and British, Spanish, Danish, Turkish, and the pietical.

And any new word pofielling these like. qualities, may serve to designate this part of Thus, our nation is in posestion of a the planet we inhabit: from such a word, as prosaic word for its whole territory, Frea rar cal term, all others proper for diftin- don; a poetical word for the same, Fredonia ; Erling the people, &c. may be derived. a grave and fonorous yeneric title for its

To fupply this fad deficiency in our geo. people, property, and relations, Fredonian; graphical and national nomenclature, the fo!- a thort and colloquial appellation, Frede; Irwing project is respect ully submitted to and a convenient universal epichet. Fredith. the cofije:ation of our map-makers, en- A language fo rich and copious is scarcely to Favers, printers, legislators, and men of let- be found ; and it is hoped our citizens will ters. The authors of it are citizens of the male the moft of it. Critei States, and are zealous for their pro- In case any of our countrymen should with sperity, honour, and reputation. They willi to express himself according to this novel them to pofleis a name among the nations dialeci, the following is offered as an examof the earth. They lament that hitherto, ple, alluding to a recent subject of public and at present, the country is deflitute of difcuffion.

" It has been a favourite object with a Let the extent of land ceded to our nation certain class of men to involve Fredon in a by the treaty of 178.), be distinguished hence- war with Spain, France, or both of them, for xari on charts, globes, and in elementary about the rigiit of depoiit on the Millilippi. books, by the name of FREDON: the ely. The outrageous conduct of the intendani at mology of this is obvious and agrecable; it New Orleans was indeed very provoking ; inay mcan 1 free gift, or any ibing dene hut the Fredonian spirit, though roused by Joe's, or the land of frie privileges and do- juit indignation, was tuo temperate and magved. This is the proper tem to be employ- naninious to ruil immediately to arms. ed in all grave,

formn, and prose cumpo. was thought mot wise and politic for the a la fitions, and in ordinary conversation. It miniftration to attempt a negociacion in the is beter adapted than Albion is to England. first instance; wild accordingly, one of the

If, however, any of the javourites of the Fredith ships Winte ordered to be got in readiMufis defire a poetical n.ime for this tract nels to carry an envay extraordinary from of earth, it is caly to supply them with one America to Europe. Should war brcome ne. whicis founds and pronounces to great advan- cellary for the naticpai honour and security, tage, Such an one is FREDONIA, which our public enemies will nind to their corrow wil meet the ear more excellently than that the Fredes will make brave soldiers and Italia, Gailia, Parthia, Hispania, Germania, gallant failors. Never will trey quit the or even Britannia itilf - America and Co. hardy conteft ursi! their deeds thali be worthy luona will retdir. ticing elen: fignification of buing recorded in immutal verse, cqually, ofertelding to the whole weitern biernic honubie to the bards and the heroes of ipere.

Fregon." 'I he citizens and inhabitants of the United The rafic:l word is also well adapted to States, when spoken of gencially, whout songs and rhymes, And this is a great conreference to any particular itute, miv be venience and relicity in a national point of kna) in and distinguished as FazDOSTANS; view. Obfcure, bow prettily our poets can and that such a person bring abied in Europe, make it jingle: for inltare, if the fubje& in or any other part of the world, from what warlic, then country he comes or to what nicion hele.

" Their chiefs to glory lesion loodmay currently and precisely unswer

The nobi: tons of Fredon." thxic is a Frezonan. And this will meet the ear much more aubly than a Franchin.),

Or, if it is mor al fublimity, : Sparbant, Portugurie, 1 Turk, and the * Noi Piato, in his Phadon,

Excels the fine 0. Fredon,"

Should

one.

1

Should it be commercial activity,

And, indeed, if it is his desire to ejaculate “ All nations have agreed on

in a serious strain, it may be written The enterprize of Fredon."

" In this fair land of Fredon Perhaps it may refer to our exports ; why May right and justice be done." tben « The Portuguese may feed on

We give these as samples of what may be The wheat and maize of Fredon." accomplished in this way; adding, that the It may be desirable to celebrate our agricul- Sweden, or compare it to Eden, if he is puz.

poet may easily contrast his country with ture, as in the following distich,

zled for a rhyme. "No land so good as Fredon

On the whole, we recommend these words To scatter grain and feed on."

to the serious consideration and speedy adopOn the supposition that a swain wishes to tion of our fellow-citizens: that our common compliment his country-women, he may in- and beloved portion of the earth may thereby form them that

acquire a name, and be famous amung the

nations. " The graceful nymphs of Fredon Surpass all belles we read on"

MEMOIRS OF EMINENT PERSONS.

A

MRS. CHARLTOTE SMITH. liar vein of humour, which rendered him Sketch of the Life of this justly ce- the delight of society. Her mother,

lebrated, and much lamented lady, whose maiden name was Towers, was as was intended to have been inserted in this distinguished by the graces of her mind, work for the month of November, but the as by a person of exquilite beauty; but friend who undertook to supply it was this lady died in childbed before her eldest prevented by accidental circunstances daughter had attained her fourth year, from fulfilling his intention, and it has and the care of her perfon devolved on consequently been postponed.

an aunt, the filterof her deceased mother. Three accounts of the Life and Wri- Mr. Turner early discovered such indicatings of Mrs. Smith have appeared; one, tions of genius in the infant mind of his fome years previous to her diffolution, in child, that he determined no expence the Third Volume of Public Characters, should be spared in the cultivation of and two fince; the first, very imperfectly those talents which she seemed to have executed in the European Magazine for inlierited from both her parents; and the Month of November, and the second, therefore bestowed on her what was in the first nuinber of a new work enti- thought the best educatio!. She was tled Censura Literaria, by Samuel Eger- placed in one of the most diftinguithed leton Bridges, Esq., whose elegant pen has minaries in the neighbourhood of Lonpaid a just tribute to the genius, literary don; and, on quitting school, which the talents, and private virtues of the de- did at an early age, the was attended by ceased; and the intention of her fainily various masters: and, if expence conftituhas already been announced of publishing ted a good education, the may be laid to her Memoirs on a more enlarged plan, have received the best that could have with a selection of her correfpondence; bcen given; but Mrs. Smith frequently it would therefore he anticipating the regretted, that in the conduct of it to pleasure the public are ţikely to receive little judgment was thewı), and that the from so debirable and interesting a piece time lost in the attainment of superficial of Biography, were we bere to enter into accomplishments was not employed in a minute detail of circumttances; and it more useful liudies, in the acquirement is hoped this reason, combining with other of languages, and still more, that fo little confiderations, will apologize for the bre- attention was paid to cnforce those im vity of the present article.

portant priuciples wliich fortify the mind, Mrs. Smith was the eldest daughter of and enables it to tiruggle ngainit the ine Nicholas Turner, Esq., a gentleman of vitable evils of life. fler father was hime fortune, who inherited confiderable estates, felt a poet, and encouraged this talent in in the counties of Surry and Suslex. lle bis daughter, who, as the tells us in one of was a man of very fuperior talents, her last works, composed verses at a very remarkable for the brilliancy of his wit, early age; but her aunt had imbibed an Liis powers of convertation, and a pecu- opinion, that learning disqualified women

for

for their own peculiar duties, and was in and foretold all the misery that would general unfavourable to their establish- infallibly result from an union, in which ment in life, and observed with great dif- neither the habits, nor the teinper of the approbation this turn of mind, and the parties had been considered; when neipaffion of her niece for reading, and pro- ther were arrived at a time of life, to afmbited her froin fo employing her time, certain or appreciate the character of without however taking any effectual cach other ; but most unfortunately lie meature to prevent her gratifying this had not fufficient weight to induce thule, taste; so that the bad always the power who law this connection in a different of carrying on her contraband studies, view, to break off the negociation. Mr. and every book that came in her way, Turner was on the point of marrying a ile devoured with avidity, and with little fecond wite, who, although the exacted difcrimination. By this means the ac- much contideration in consequence of quired a mass of delultory knowledge, bier large fortune, had little claim to it whicti, by exciting her curiosity, led her froin hier personal qualities, and whose on at a subsequent period in pursuit of authority a grown-up daughter, who had nore perfect information. Her father, never been accustomed to controul, would having fold his Surry eitates, divided his most probably have relifted : he confetime between his house in Sussex and one quently felt no reluctance in closing with he took in London; and his daughter was proposals, which relieved him froin the early introduced into fociety, partook of apprehensions he entertained, and this all the amusement and dillipation her fa- marriage took place on the 22d. of Fetber and aunt engaged in, and entered bruary, 1765!' The residence of the into them with that eagerness natural to young people was in a very disgusting 2 young perfon; and as her very fine part of the city, from whence they remoforin lad attained the stature of a woman, ved in the course of two years; the death the wore the dress of one, and it has been of their first child, and the effect this first faid that her father received proposals for aftliction had on a young mother, so enher, at the early age of thirteen, from a dangered her health, and that of her legentleman who had seen her at a public cond child, whom the nursed, and who affenbly, and was struck with the charms was born on the same day its brother exof ber figure-an offer which was declined pired, that it was found absolutely necefon account of her extreme youth. It had fary to remove them to purer air and a heen happy, had a reafon so substantial less inelancholy abode. The village of nperated a few years longer; but before Southgate was chosen for this purpose, The was fixteen, the was married to the where Mrs. Smith's excellent constitution younger son of Richard Smith, esq., who enabled ber to recover from her indispowas a West India inerchant of much emi- fition; and her understanding in time nence, and this fon was adociated in the fubdued the forrow which the had first father's butiness. After having been ac- given way to, with an excess natural to a customed to the most boundless indul inind of such acute senlibility; in this gence from her own tiunily, (and to ber quiet Spot, the had now more command aunt every with and caprice of hers was of her time, and the use of a good library, a las), the was suddenly involved in and the power, from being inuch alone, boulliold cares, transplanted into a foil of following those pursuits to which the totally ungenial to her habits, and repuga was attached, enabled her to forın her want to her taste, and became subject to taste and devote her thoughts to intellecthe will of a man who, tar tiom poiletling tual improveinent: but this produced one the power of regulating the conduct of a untortunate result, it opened her eyes to wile scarcely emerged from childhood, those defects the 'had hitherto been un.. knew mot how to govern linell. From willing to lee; yet, although the could no blais fatal marriage, which had been longer be blind to them herself, she evbrought about by the officioufnels of deavoured to conceal them from the obInends, and which was by vo means the servation of others, and, in her own effect of attachment ou cither lide, as both behaviour towards her husband, tried to appeared to have been talked into it by give him that confequence, which the be intermeddling of those short-fighted po- was contcious he was little entitled to. Lucians, all the future misfortunes of the His inattention to buliness was extremeSubject of these pages originated : an un- ly difplealing to liis father, and the illele of Mrs. Smith was the only person crease of the faunily making a larger houte of the family who seemed to have had necellery, their nest residence was within cuttinon fenle on this occasion; he saw, tive uniles of London; and it was hoped BloxtoLY MAG, No. 155.

I:

the

the many hours which had been lost, in Smith did not in the hour of distrets defert going to and from Southgute would now her husband, but Hared in the misery he be retrieved by a clofer application had brought on bimtelf, and exerted to his duties: but these hopes were the powers of her mind with such indefafallacious; the time which should have tigable zenl, that, after the space of a few been occupied in the counting-house months, thic succecded in difentangling or on the exchange, in keeping up or ex- him froin his immediate embarratlinents. tending commercial connections, was and the property was vested in the hands frittered away in tritling but espentive of trusices, iwo of them gentlemen conpursuits; and Mrs. Smith, ever fanguine, vected with Mr. Smith's family, high in fondly imagined it more advantageous to situation and affluent in circumstances. her family to retire into the country, and It was foon after thete events, that give up the buliness to the prudent ma- Mrs. Smith thought of collecting fuck Aagement of her father-in-law, who,equal poems as the had originally written for ly tired with liis fun's inability and im- her amusement; they were first offered provident conduct, acceded to this pro- to Dodiley and refused; they were afterposal, and confented to purchafe un estate wards thewn to Dilly in the Poultry, who in Hamploire, called Lys Farm, on which allo declined having any thing to do with was a very handsome new-built mantion, them. It has been seen with what de fufficiently commodious for a more ex- gree of judgment these decisions were tentive establishment than that of Mr. nade: through the interest of Mr. Hay. Smith. But he had no fuoner removed ley, they were at length printed by Dodthither, than he began enlarying the icy on Irs. Smith's account, and the fahouse, and making additions to the gar-'pid fale, and almolt immediate deinand den and offices on an extensive plan; liis for a second edition, futficiently juttificd agricultural pursuits becaine expensive the author'sconfidence in ber own powers, and ruinous in proportion to his inexpe- and encouraged her to proceed in a line, rience; and Mis. Smith foon found, that, which, as it might render her in a great dealthough her tatie for rural scenery, and grec independent of the persons who had tor a more elegant fociety was gratified now the management of the affairs, conby the change of lituation ; yet her do- tributed to divert her thoughts and to lead mestic comforts were by no means in- her mit into the vilionary regions of created, and the liad only bartered one fancy, rendering the fad realities she was fpecies of milery for another. Here the suffering wider, in fome meafure less lott her eldest son, a boy of very fuperior poignant. The still encreasing derangeintellect, and who proinised to partake ment of Air. Smith's affairs soon after much of his mother's genius: this was a obliged him to leave England, and in the deep aillicrion to his mother; he did not autumn of 1784, be cítablithed his family long furvive his grandfather, the father in a gloomy and inconvenient chalcauit of Mr. Smith, whose death was far from Normandy, very injudicioally chofen nine being an advantage to his daughtvr-in- miks from any town; his wife's sufferings law, for in bom the lost a licady and at in this very inconvenient and countirtice fećtionate friend, who had wav; her in- tituation, where she gave birth to her terest and happiness at huom. lie leit a youngest chill, were ruch, that few hovery large property ainong his grande lit- men could bare bome with fortitude; dren, of which there were leveral, berides but her a mirable mind and perferenzen the eight chuluren of his youngest 10n; but prit till fupported her; and again inte his will was fo extremely prulix and con- rary pursuits fcrved to lighten her cares fused, that 110 two laivyers under fisod it; during the very severe winter which bagi in the faine manner, from whence the pened that year; and when her health trufees appointed by it, refuleit to ac!, would not imit of her going out, fc nid Mr. Smith brcaine, as principal exe- translated into Englith, the novel of In• cutor, podelled of the entire manageruent non l'Escaut, by thic Albé Preindt. It of' there extentive concerns, in the con- was afterwards publitlied, and confiarze duri, of which be acted with so little cau- as being iinmoral; but the mc w:rs, ir fell tion, and tu little to the filetačiiou of the necrutally in her way wiscn 8.c Ioad out feveral collateral branches of the family much opportunity of selection, and at a concerned, that they felt themselves em tinc shen the engerly fought for tilly repelled to appeal to the law. As the coule- fource to mitignie her anxieties. In the quences that ensued have been already spring of 1705, the family returned 11 detailed, let it futice to fav, that Hrs. Tinuland, and foon after retired for the See Third Volume o: Public Charac: erst anciont mandion then belonging t. Sie

Charles (' les Mill, at Woollading, now the his mother, who, having.contracted a reudence of Lord Robert Spencer, and very alarıning rheumatic complaint, was of which parish the father of Ot way the advised to try the Bath waters, and thicher poet had been rector; a circumniance de removed in 1794, where in the spring which rendered it clatiic ground to Mrs. of 1705, that which the contidered as the Smith, and infpired thotë benotitul fon- scaricii of her domestic calanities betel uets in which his name is so happily in- her, in the death other second daughter, troduced; here alto the translated those a lovely and inviable young woman, of very interefing extracis tiom les Caves rapid decline. She bond been two years Celeines which have been to defervedly the wife of the Chevalier de Foville, an aimired, and which was a mori ditńcult emigrant. Mrs. Smith is said uerer lo undertaking from the tingularity of the have recovered this allo:10.1; but at work, and the obscurity of the law-terins. times the original cheantuinets of her Again it became neceflary for Mr. Smith temper returned, and latterly she never to exert her tortitude, when the parted mentioned ber lost daughter. Her love from her cldest tun, who had been ap- of change, which might always be nunpornted to a writership in Bengal; and Lered among her foibles, was now bewbeu the second was watched from her came an habitual refilcfsness; and the by a rapid end malignant fever, which continued to wander from place to place, more or lets affected the whole family, in hopes of attaining that happiness which and which carried him off after an illnels ever seerned to olide her puifuit. Her vaof three days. Other domestic calarni- rious relidences may be traced in her Lies, insupportable to a fpirit like hers, 'poems. In 1801, the had to lament the on eriook her very soon afterwards; und death of that fun who lost his limb in the circumftances which delicacy forbids us service of his country, which took place to detail, determined her to quit her huf- at Barbadocs, where the affairs of his fabaud's house, and withdiaw with moti of mily bad called hiru, and by his ardent spirit her children to a linall cottaye ucar (bi- and exertions, the property fituated there chefier-aftep approved of by her friends, was disposed of'; but he was not deftined and which she was fully jutiificd in taking to reap the benefit of his successful negoin tlie opinion of thote who knew the true ciation, he fell a victiin to the yellow femotives which induced it. The charm- ver, from the benevolence of this disposiing novel of Einmeline was written at tion in attending his fervant, who was this place, in the courte of a few montlis; first seized with the malady. His loss the novelty of the descriptive feenery was deeply regretted by kris mother and which Mrs. Smith tirti introduced, and fainily. In 1803, Mrs. Smuth again chanthe clegance of the tiyle, obtained for it ged her lubication, and removed from the the loft unbounded luccots, and encreaf- neighbourhood of Tunbridge Wells, to a el the ardour and perfevering application village in Surry, regarding it as hier naof the author, which Lrought forward to tive loil, baring patied ber intancy at ber veral other works of the faine kind, al father's place at Stoke, and there ihe had molt all equally pleting, and which fol- long expresied a dctire that all her forlowed with a rapidity and variety wuly rows might repose. Her wishes have alionithing.

been complied with; the relis near her Mrs. Smith after the lapse of fume mother and many of ber ancestors in the tue removed to Brighthelnatione, where parish-church of that villaye. Death the coutmed till 1793, and where her cloled her long fufferings in her 57th year, talents introduced her to many diftir ou the 28th of October, 1806, after a guished and literary characters: circum- moli tedious and paintul illneis, which liances and the love of change next car- had totally exhautted her fratre; but the ried ber to another part of Subles, lier pewers of her extraordinary mind luct turd fun had entered the army, and neither their strength nor their brilliancy: served as the continent in the campaign She was a midow at the time ot' ber die of that year, as enlign in the 1.1th regi- folution, and from that circumstance be dient; he had been distinguished for his care poflefied of her own fortune. Of guod conduct, but unfortuontely received a family of twelve children, fix ouly are #dangerous wound before 'Dunkirk, living, three fons and threc daughters. In which made the amputation of his leg her thea surviving funs she was particularly Deceliary. Ile returned to England in this happy, having lived to see the two elder melancholy fituutiou; and fuch a diš ones, advanced to bunourable und lucrat treiling event, combining with other tive appointmncats in the ciul fervice of caufas, preyed on the couuitation of India, and both as high in character is

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