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SILAS TITUS.

of Minerals, with Examples of particu- of the physicians of Bath, from 1598 to lar Baths. The Generation of Minerals 1076;" — “ Obtervationes Hydrotiaticæ, in the Earth, from whence both the Chromaticæ et Miscellaneæ, uniuscujufactual heat of Baths, and their Virtues que Balnei apud Bathoniam, nat:rain, proceed. By what Means Niineral proprietatem, and distincionem, curatius Waters are to be discovered. And exlabels es," &c. &C.---When hic died is Jastly, of the Nature and Uses of Baths, not certain, but he was living in 1690. but efpecially of our Baths at Bathe, in Soulertetthire,". 4to. 1631. Again This writer, why made the usurper in 1632, and revised and corrected by Cromwell tremble, was born at Bulhy in Dr. Guidott in 100!', 8v0.- This is a llertfordihire. Iu 1637 Le bucainc a performance of no ordinary ingenuity, Conumoner of Chrit Churchi, Oxford, and evinces, for the period, great chemical where he continued about three years, and mineralogical knowledge. From the and then removed to one of the mins of preface to the lali mentioned edition, the court; but the great rebelliou breahing above particulars are taken.

out, he entered at first into the parliaTHOMAS GCIDOTT, M.D.,

inentary service and became a captain. mentioned in the preceding account, was When the king's caul, howeier, declindescended from a noble family at Flo- cd, and he saw which way the indepenrence. His ancestor, Antonio Guidotti, dents were going, Titus adhered to his caine to England about the year 1543, fovereign, and was with the commissioners and received from King Edward VI. the appointed by parliament to his Majetty honour of knighthood. The subject of at Newcastle, and afterwards at Holdenthe present article was born at Lyning- by. The king being seized at that place ton, in Hampshire, in 1638, and was edu- and carried off by Cornet Joyce, the cated at Dorchester grammar School,from commitsioners fent him with an express whence he removed to Wadham college, to the parliament in June, 1617, to acOxford, in 1636. Herbere took bis de- quaint them of the affair, for which service grees in arts, and entered on the study the parliament gave him fifty pounds to of phyfic, in which faculty he took his buy a horse. After the death of Charles bachelor's degree in 1666, with license to the First, he became groom of the bedpraćtife. The year following he settled chamber to his fucceffor, whom he fol at Bath, where he was greatly encouraged lowed into Scotland, and served under by an eminent physician there, Dr. John hin as colonel at the battle of Worcefier. Naplet, to whom he afterwards dedi- Titus had the good luck to escape after cated in a very respectful and grateful that action; and lived retired. In 1657 manner, his Discourse concerning the he printed by ttealth at Loudon, a finalt Antiquity, &c. of Bath, appended to his tract in quario, under the name of Wila edition of Dr. Jorden's book above- liam Allen, entitled “ Killing no Murmentioned. But according to Wood, der;" in which he proved that it was not (Athen. Oxon. II. 1101,) Guidott's prac- only lawful, but highly honourable to tlay tice at Bath decaying, occafioned by his the usurper. Nay, he went so far as to impudence, lampooning, and libelling, advife Croinwell to kill himself, “ very he left that place in 1679, and retired to fairly giving him his choice of banging, London.” In 1671 be performed his ex- drowning, or piftolling," which frightened ercise at Oxford for the degree of doctor Oliver exceedingly, and great pains were of physic, but it does not appear that he taken to find out the real author, but ever completed it.

without effect. This small picce at its Wood, who gives him a very bad moral first coming out was sold for five thillings, character, fays that he was a person of though the ordinary price of such tracts good parts, well versed in Greek and was out sixpence. Latin, and intelligent in his profellion. At the Restoration, Colonel Titus was

The fame author also says that he had elected into parliament for Loitwithiel, INo offers, one to settle at Copenhagen in Cornwall.' lle opposed the prerogaunder Bartholine, and the other of a pro- tive in 1678, on the occasion of Oates's fefforihip of phytic at Venice, both of plot, for which he loft his place at court. which lie declined.

The year following lie was cholen knigbt • Beldes the piece already noticed, he of the thire for the county of lluntingdon, wrote " Same Enquiries into the Nature and in that parliainent le zealuully spoke of the Water of St. Vincent's Rock, near against the duke of York. Briltul, and that of Cattle-Cury:" - Notwithstunding this he was introduced " Account of the Lives and Charucters 10 that priuce when he was James the

Second,

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Second, and killed his hand. He is said tion. I there beheld the exact resemblance Ali to bule undertaken a work, recom- of those mountains, the principal forms nnnding the “repeal of the Tett and of which, leveral naturalists, and partiPenal Lins, its the greatest happinels that cularly Deluc, attribute to the effect could beful the nation, and a bulwark of funilar occurrences, while others afAgunit popery." For this he was sworn cribe them, but in my opinion erronein a meinber of Janues's Privy Council

, outly, to the crofion of water. Hence I aud apon the abdication of that monarch, conceived, it inight prove useful to give Titus alfu thugbt proper tu ablent him- an outline of these malles, which though felf. But luon after the Revolution, he not of equal magnitude as the mountains again appeared on the political itage as in queition, have nevertheless aliumed, member of parliament för Ludlow. His under our own eyes, forins, limilar to electasa was opposed, but confirmed by a theirs. Cunmittee of the House of Commons in The object of the present Memoir is 1690. Colonel Titus died at the close of not to explain, by such events, all the the fercnteenth century.

Belides bis causes of the inequalities of our globe, tract abovementioned, which is written in which are perhaps principally attribut.

remarkably vigorous style, several able to cryftallization, and other circumspeeches of his are in print; and he af- ftances; I conceive, however, I may be Alted Ds. Perinchiet in his History of able to thow, that the original inequaliCharles the First, particularly with respect țies of the earth have not only been Bu the two last years of that inonarch's greatly modified by the sinkings and diseventful life.

ruption of its furface, but that inuny of

them have been actually produced, either To the Editor of the Monthly Mugurine. while the parts were in the act of consoSTIL,

lidation, or after they had attained their SHOULD be very much-obliged to complete consistence. Secondary rocks, who could inform me, through the me- date, afford frequent illustrations of this dium of your valuable Miscellany, what truth. prince or potentate first addreiled him- This was also the opinion formed by ieli wo bis lubjects in the plural number, Dolomieu, when, a few years after having as we nlways fee iu Proclamations; and vilited Calabria, he travelled over the bow long it has been the practice of Alps. This celebrated geologist has wür Kings' printers, to print fuch pro- fince frequently mentioned io me in contions with a capital lecter, in the man- verfation, that he had observed nothing Der in which it is the curtom only to de- which more satisfactorily esplained the grate TLE SCPREME BEING?

fantastic forins often afsumed by mounWhitehall,

INQUISITOR, cains, the unequal inclination of their Deccalu 3, 1800.

firata, and the diffimilarity between the

angles of great vallies, than the above For the Monthly Magazine. theory. Lecouse of the extraordinary EFFECTS

In order to form a correct judgment Inte EARTHQUAKE IN CALABRIA, on the present subject, it is necefsary to illuftratrd by a COPPER-PLATE. enter into some details, and particularly

T is generally known with how much to recall to mind the principal facts which

soruncy Sir William tamilton and M. we owe to this enlightened philosopher. Dalumica lave described the earth It must, doubtless, be discovered, after

make that have so often defolated an attentive perusal of these observations, Calatrin: but neither of them has that iny pencil bas failed to convey an Super-added engravings, fo as to faci- adequate idea of the fubject; if however Jitate the comprehendion of the defcrip- my feeble efforts can contribute to fix,

Treasts rivell in their works. This detici- , in the memory, a few important phænofeucy I have endeavoured to lupply, by incna, they may not prove wholiy ufeless.

ving a sketch, taken on the spot, about It ought to be premised, that Dolomieu Even years after that dreadful event, did not discover the smallest traces of When invelling through Calabria, I was volcanoes in any of the countries which Aruck with the appearance of the enor- lind suffered by earthquakes. lle neither Dus males of matter which had been beheld lava, tufa, fcoria, nor bitumens difplureid, as well as with the variety of of any kind.

er forse, and their perfect preferva- Dolomieu obferves, that iu the contiJustHLY MAG. No. 153.

puation

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inuation of the base of many primitive which composed them were broken and mountains in Calabria, there are tound thattered in a thousanıl pieces. The gefuccellive tirata, compoled of quartzy neral effect produced upon the argillafand, pebbles, white argill, grains of teki ceous tandy foil of the plain was, that it fpath, and mica, as if formed by depofi- acquired an augnentation of dentity by tion. These ftrata, which have originated the diminution of its bulk, that declivities from the decompolition of granite, and 'were formed where betore precipices are intermixed with thiells, and trayments only exifted, that internal cavities were of marine bodies, appear to have been tilled up, &c. The consequence was deposited by the fea." Thele deportivos, that, throughout nearly the whole lousyti at tirit horizontal from north to foutti, of the chain, the toil which had been and with an inclination from east to wett, fupported by the granite of the mounhave afterwards been separated, either tains Caulone, Efope, Sagra, and Aspraby the currents of the fea itself, or by fu- monte, glived down the solid nucleus, perior torrents, and have forined that leaving an opening teveral feet in breadth, fuccellion of hills, vallics, and plains, and nine or ten iniles in length. Thus which terminate in a low shore. On this whole fields have funk below their formet moveable batis, is a bed of black or red- level, without any of the surrounding coloured argillaceous vegetable carth, fpots having experienced a timix change, - from two to five feet in thickness, ex- and forined in this mamer hollow bafons. tremely compact and tenacious, forming Other portions of land have allumed an a kind of cruit which contributes to give, inclined form, while openings and fiffures a Small degree of solidity to the soil. It appear interfećting billocks and plains has been hollowed out'biy copious rains, in every direction. Almost at every tiep into deep furrows, and gorges, which are we inei with such openings; but it was fometimes fix hundred tict in depth. principally towards the borders of sleep Their banks are precipitous, and almost declivities, that the greateit contufion vertical like walls, becaule the superior prevailed. Contiderable portions of lou, itratum, being bound together by roots, covered with vines and olive trees, were retains the fuper-incumbent foil. detached, and thrown down in a tiugle

It refults from a general examination, mais into the hollow of the vallies, dechat granite constitutes the base of nearly fcribing arches of circles, having as radii all Calabria; and that under this appare the beight of the declivities; in that cafe, ently immoveable balis, is situated the the upper portions on which the trees foons of the carthquakes to which it is fo ftood, were removed to a considerable liable.

distance from their tommer lituation, and Dolomieu, when spenking of the - remained in a vertical positions - effects produced by the principai tlock of “It is proper to reinark, that as the fol

the earthquake which occurred on the of tlie plain did not forina massconnected • 5th of February, 1783, aud only latied together in its parts, it was ill calculated two minutes, describes them in the fol- to propagate motion, so that its interior lowing manner:

portion received more than it cominuni. "I cannot better explain these effects cated to the upper furfaces. Hence it is, than by fuppofing that several cubes that the lower parts have always fallen formed of land, moittened, and heaped firit, and gliding away, like fluids, from up by the haud, are placed upon a table, underneath the bodies supported by thes; at a little distance from one another; if theie bodies funk by their own weigbt. we farther fuppoie, that repeated blows " When the projectile force communiare given to the table underneath, while catod was unutually great, the soil was

at the same time it is Naken violently in frequently carried over little bills, and · a horizontal direction, we may then tom transported to a contiderabic distance be

fome idea of the different motions with yond them. When the oppogte lides of which the earth was agitated on that oc- a valley inct, they frequently formed a calion. Belides these transient fixccutài- kind of vault, or cradle. But the rooft

ons, heaving up and down, and a kind of coinwon ctiect wns, when the inferior : whirling motion allo occurred, fu that it bate lasing given way, the foperior foil

was utterly impossible any edifice could lud falleu perpendicularly, and fuccefrefitt cheir united influence; houfes and øvely in Inrge portions so as to allume a even whole villages were levelled iu the potiuon timilar to the fieps of an anpluisame inttant, their foundations appeared ihearrc. The loweit ftup is sometimes as if they had beca ejected by tbe earth three or four bundred fees below its firtt whicle contained their; and the itones putition.

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