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teen fo improved on by Rabelais and his praile, and the public voice confinin Fontaine, is to be ascribed to Pulci, led the inerit of the work. A volume of Inow not

engravings serve to exemplify the narraHowever, Orlando's remonftrances bad tive, which we cannot read without adToaled han to a fenfe of hovor and wiring the intelligent otlicer in the ditlinframe, and he ifloes forth to the field guitled author. His Filay on War as a with the following exclamation : Science, comprehending all its grandeft My word is pass'd, and I will keep the ground oljects, is fo critically conpiled from With tance in ret, and this good fword the most valuable authorities, both fland fhield;

cient and modern, that his fysiem is But how myself with my own weapons wound completc. The ditfidence of the author How make my matter bow, my cooqueror would not perinit him to make the tightyield?

ett deviations from his text, which he Orlando bad now blown a blast on his cites literally, as in the original docukory horn, (the same that was afterwards ment, noting the volume and page; and, {plit in pieces at Roncesvalles); Anthea although he realous as he proceeds, his had notired, and the encounter began. Its obfervatious are altogether detached iffue was such as might have been expect- from his borroweal materials. A fuppleed. Rinaldo, in the middle of the course, ment is added to this book, “On the threw his shield behind him, and cast Reveries of Marthal Saxe," in whicha away his lance. Richardetto and Oliver he strives to reconcile the leading fucceffively challenged the fair enflaver, principles of that ufficer with those of Were overthrown, and surrendered then our tervice. felves prisoners. Orlando, full of rage

Raynal's Iittory elucidates the moft and defpair, Dext encountered the vic- interesting period of modern occurrences: torious Amazon: Rinaldo, for the first I mean the European ettablillments tune forgetting his faith and his friend, in the two Ludies. A tuwing style, and was forced by his ill-fated paflion to pray oruainented periods, cıbelliih his picfor the fuccefs, or at leaft the fafety, of ture of lituations the inoit opposite, and Lis mistress; and we know not what accounts the woli extravagant. bright have been the fuccess of Iris rene

as a science, formed no part of his plan; gado orisons, had not the fall of night yet his details are instructive. The exploits separated the combatants, and faved the of the Portuguese, onder the Great Albus donor and life of one of them.

querque, are among the prominent pas, Meanwhile Gano, who had been wan

sages of this work, and mult be read with dering over the world in pursuit of mif- pleasure. chief and revenge, had arrived at the GREAT include all the fundamental prin,

The Instructions of FREDERIC THE Soldan's camp; and persuaded brinu that by reculling his army, with the pritoners ciples of war; be exposes w his generals whum his daughter had made, he would

a lelem founded on his own experience érzw Orlando and Rinaldo into a firare : and, by nobly, pointing at his own milfor they would certainly pursue lvim to takes, be teaches when to avoid ligular attempt the rescue of their friends, and, errors, Nor is this work (lo worthy its when once in his city, might eality bé illustrious author) his only

claim on the extrapped and difpatched. The advice gratitude of every inilitary aran: like of the traiter was adopted, and Anthea, Cæfar ju all things, he wrote the narra with her army and ber captives, retura- tise of his campaigns, entitled “The ed to Babylon:-(To be continued.)

Hittory of my Tiinc." Thele comment

taries great generally on the publie For the Monthly Magatine.

eveats iu Europe, from his acccllion to OBSERVATIONS on the WRITINGS e HTS

bais jari campaign in Bohemin ju 177.8. Toktams all ages und COUNIRITS, lan minats, occupied the labours of

This period, to memorable in the Prufae Their MILITARY DESCRIPTION", und many other valuable writers : among their SNOWLEDGE of the art oj"WAN oders

, LLOYD, by birth an Englilumu, By GEMEEST ÁN DREOST.

but actively employed duriug the Seven TContinued from p. 532 af vol. 22.

Years' War in the annies of Auftria and

Prullia. His works, torning an inex "ESPAGNAC, who was the aid-do hautiible fource of moral, political, and

camp of field Marthal Sake, wrote military infurmation, confilt: 1it, of this the life of that great general, with to logroduction to the Fittory of a Seven react ability, that Voltaire was loud in Years War, entitled "Meinoiss Military

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and Political," afterwards translated into principal actions'; all which he narrate's French by an officer named Saint-lo witi a correctness and ability attributmon : adly, the History, in tivo volumes; able tolely to experience and iuperior the firit of whichi, containing the cam- judgenicnt. paigns of 1756-7, was party tranliated This demoir on the Invasion and Deby caint-lemon, and tuily by Rout- fence of Great Britam is not candid, Faziliac; and the second, including the and would be devoid of intereft, it he campaigns of 1758-9, has no avowed did not relume his military retiections in translator, aluough it is conjectured that applying them to a project, the event of a manufcript tramlarion has been made which, however, was altogether dépenby G. Imbert : July, his Memoir on the dant on circumstances. Invalia and Derence of Great Britain, Mr. Lloyd died in the year 1783, at trautlated by Imbert.

the moment lie had it in contemplation In the preface, Mr. Lloyd touches on to compose a general bittory of the wars the art of war generally; but with such in Flanders, Germany, and Italy, for exquilite Skill, that we are prepared to the two foregoing centuries. The world expect the profound reasoning and ex- will, no doubt, long deplore the prematenlive knowledge which characterise his ture loss of this officer's valuable exerfubfequent difcuffious. The remainder tions. of his introduciion is under live heads : TEMPELHOFF, a Pruflian officer of

1. On the formation of armies, an- great merit, continued Lloyd's History of cient and modern: here he hazarus foine the Seven Years' War. Tle ferved for opinions, more or less erudite, on the a length of tiine under Frederic, for formation of an army; but the result of whom he appears to have entertained a his arguinent is, that three qualities per- more equal admiration than his predcfect the proportions of a military body, viz. cellor expresses, and gives a more cirftreugel, activity, and perpetual motion. cumltantial account of the actions he

2. On the philosophy of war: he ana- records. “ His work is, in many relyzes the various faculties effential to the spects, exemplary as a military history, guidance of an army, and discovers those and full of local information. Every operative fprings whofe influence, more officer withing to understand the princior less, give energy to enterprise, and ples of his proteslion, is advised to ttudy inspire the troops. These ideas are per- this admirable treatise on practical tacfectly original, and worthy the genius of tics, which, in truth, has no compea Plutarch or a Locke..

titor."* 3. On the counexion existing between THELETHE, a Saxon colonel, procurdifferent forins of government, and their ed a distinguished name among the Gervarious systems of warfare.

mans, as the author of a work entitled 4. Military tactics, exclusively confi- “Memoirs on Military Operations, and deredd. llis discussion on this lubject is on the Seven Years' War.” Such praise at once profound and luminous. The from a military people is no small proof balis of all offensive and defensive opera- of an author's merit. The Colonel contions he affirms to be, the art of always tines himself to a dittinct narrative of keeping a good line.

the most memoruble actions during that lafily, In analyzing the frontiers of period, to all of which he bears perFrance, Austria, Hungary, Poland, Tur- fonal testimony. Each detail is, in itkey, and Ruffia, the genius of the author felf, an independent biftory. His facts burtis upon his reader with increasing are related with candour; le developes brilliancy. His topographical is as in- causes and cifects, and draws inferences fallible as his argumentative knowledge. froin the whole pregnant with instruction

His Tuttory of the Seven Yeurs' War, to all inilitary men, particularly to those in plan and execution, presents an inva- of the engincer and staff departments. luable model to other writers. It con- The attack and defence of fortiticd tains general remarks on the art of war, polis and entrenched camps,, with pracuccording to the existing System; bé ticul rules, occupy much curious and traces a brief sketch of the relative fitu- interesting difcullion. The tour leges ations, political and inilitary, of the futiained by the fortress of Schweidnitz, belligeront powers, and developes the during the campaigns of 1757 to 1702, operations of each canopaign. He gives us a general vicw of the theatre of war, Mirabeau, in his Pruffian Military Syle bont paruicularizes the scenes of the tem.

occupy

COMPANY.

occupy one volume. His researches into De Thou, in his very judicious treatise, the art of encamping are novel and pro- repeats and justities them all. The Marfound; and, although the author an- Thai's subsequent work, however, namer, bounces that he writes only for the in- by Henri IV., “ The Soldier's Bible," itruction of subaltern officers, all ranks is not less esteemed for this little weakmay profit from the perufit of it. ness. No better judge could liave de

The King of Prutiia's cainpaigo in Bo- cided on its merits. The book ran through hemia, in 1788, has found a rigid critic feveral cditions, and has been trantlated in the Comte DE SCHMETTAU, who, with into Italian and Englith ; and, notwiththe rank of major-general of cavalry, standing the late iinprovements ou tacwas the wbole tine attached to the per- tics, it will ever deserve to be the comfon of his royal master. His remarks on panion of military inen who wish to imthe operations of this campaigu discover prove in the profession. the mind of an intelligent vificer, who Du BELLAY seems to have collected relates with exactitude facts ettablished all his panegyric into one focus, to emby experience. This work is written blazon the character of Francis I. In with extreme boldness; it has been tranf- his narrative he dwells too long on those lated into French.

battles where he was either an agent or Ancient luistory has usually been found witness. more seducing, as well as more interesiing, than inodern liftory: nevertheless, For the Monthly Magazine. the Fall of the Roman Einpire, the ori- JOURNAL of a vorage performed in the gin of the modern kingdoms in Europe, INDIAN SEAS, to MADRAS, BENGAT., the discovery of America, and (in France, CHINA, 80., &c., in MIS MAJESTY'S particulurly) the exploits of Charles SHIP CAROLINE, in the YEARS 1803-1-5, magne, the crusades, and the revival intersperjed with Jhort DESCRIPTIVE of the arts under the fottering reign of SKETCHES of the PRESENT STATE of The Francis I., are, at least, cqually impor- principal SETTLEMENTS of the INDIA tant events with the Grecian wars or Roman conquests. It is not, therefore, Communicated to the MONTHLY MAGAZINE the materials that form this distinction, by un OFFICER of that ship. at is the manufacturer of whom we must [Continued from l'ol. 22, p. 540. coropla'n. Our historians are neither painters, philosophers, nor iatelinen ; row and provisions, as the winds Come one of which qualities every writer were very faint, and sometimes contrary, of antiquity pofseffed, and many of them we proceeded ilowly down the river on mat inifrequently the whole. A man the ebb tides; bringing up during the cannot be effectually qualified as an hif- floods at the villages on the banks, and torian, unless he holds a confiderable making excursions from thence into the part in the government, and rises with its country to see the manufactures, manprosperity. Such an one, from having a ners, and customs of these harmless peoperpetuul crowd of objects within his ob- ple: thus prolonging this little voyage fervations, has opportunities of forining of pleasure to the length of three or four comparisons, of conceiving vast projects, days. and of combining causes and effects, with We visited the botanical garden, which advantages impervious to other people : is delightfully situated on the western bence the peculiar merits of many of bank of the river, a few miles from Calour Memoirs. But although amusement cutta ; its appearance from the water mingles with infiruction in this style of too, while palling it, is very picturesque. composition, the reader will do well to

“ Here waving groves a chequer'd scene dif beware of its impoting qualities: the pen play, Fanders when the imagination is preju. And part admit, and part exclude the day; diced, and private feelings speciouliy dit- There, interspers'd in lawns and opening guile the truth.

glades, In Marthal De MONTLUC's Commen- Thin trees arise, that shun each other's shades." taries, tlus fort of bias is remarkably The natives were exceedingly civil to glaring. We mult, lowever, declare that us wherever we weut, thewing us cvery the author does not indulge bis vanity thing, and supplying us with all kinds of at the expence of his veracity. In his fruits for a inere tride. ipiendid reprefentations of his owu ac- Having dropt down to Sangur roads, tion, he calls upon the candour of living in order to collect the homeward-bound Nimelles tu corroborate, or refute, them. Iudiamen, we here fpcut our Chritinias

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with the utmost feftivity. This is a jubi- And, more gigantit fill, th' impending trees
lee which British tars never fail to contac- Stretch their extravagant arms athwart the
morate, whatever part of the globe they gloom."-Armtrong.
may happen to be in at the time.

The latter part of our journey was We lailed from Saugur with the con- fteep, rugged, and narrow, aud fo overvoy, which we accompanied till abreast thadowed with the thick woods, that we of the Andaman islands; when we haul could lee nothing of the fall until we ed off to the eastward, and left them to came to the bason into which the water pursue their voyage.

tambles: all at once then this little fairy We patled between the Andaman and glen opened to our view, and displayed Carnicobar islands, close to the southern a flender and beautitul catcade of water, extremity of the latter, with several other clear as cryital, and illuing (as it were) islands is hight, all having a dreary and from the middle of a little tuft of trees, inhospitable appearance; the winds near- about 200 feet above our heads. The ly duc east, with fine weather, but (as fiream is twice intercepted in its descent in the vicinity of molt islands) qually at by thin ledves of rock that run across intervals. The next day ran cluic past the fall, and, by splitting it in thinner Tolonga, which is of considerable bright, theets of water, add greatly to the benubut in other respects similar to the rett ty of the cascade. li at length precipiof the Necobars.

tatcs into a bason of folid rock, from one We this day had a view of Pulo-Rou- lido of which it glides off into a steep do, Pało-Way, and the high land of and rugued channel, that forms a series Suinatra, aty ut Acheen head. We now of other little cascades all the way dowa experienced little elle than a fucretion to the foot of the mountain. of violent fqualls of wind, with deluges The balon is bounded on each fide by of rain; in the night, thunder and light- craggy precipiccs, whose brows are overning in an awful degree.

hung with lofty pines, fome of which It was not till the 21st of January have occafiomally given way, and their that we could reach Pulo Penang, or trunks are seen lying in various directions Prince of Wales's Inland, fituated at tbe at the bottom, being julit and torn by entrance of the firaits of Malacca, and the fall. two or three miles distant from the Ma- After cnjoying our little cold collation lay coaft. A party of us went to fee, in this romantic spot, and batbing in its the day after our arrival at the itland, cool and refreihing waters, we reluctantly a very beautiful little waterfall, about took our departure, and retraced our Gx miles from the towo.

ficps back to the town; admiring the We started from the town at day- beautiful natural icenery of this island. brcak, and rode a few miles through pop- On the morning of the 24th January per plantations, groves of the cocoa- we weighed and made fail once more för nut, betel, &c. highly delighted with the Bengal. As the north-oaft munfoo wis. fragrance of the air, which at this time now in its height, we were obliged to of the day is ftrongly impregnated with keep along the Malay coatt, which is the gratctul odours that rito along with high, and much divertitied in its outline the eakaling Jews, from the trees, ilsrubs, features from the great variety of forms and flowers. At the foot of the moun: wirich the mountains atrame. The next tain, however, we were obliged to dif- day (25th) paflert Pato Baton, (2611.9 mount, and proceod on foot up a wind- Pulo Sayer, and on the 29th defcried the ing path, thài led through a foreft of easi Andaman. trees of the most gigantic tize, and which, Ou the fame evening we got fight of by meeting over head, almoft exclurled Barren, or Volcano Iand, which at this the day; involving us in a kind of pleaf- tiine was burning very hercely, the crupo ing gloom, the effect of which was tions taking place every eight or ren heightened by the distant voile of the minutes, with a hollow rennbling noifc. waterfall.

This is a snall circular itland, lying -" I hear the din

almoft in fight of the eaft Andaman, beOf waters thund'ring o'er the ruin'd cliffs.

tween that and the Malay coat: it apWhat folenın twilight, what itupendous shades, pears to be a perfeit cinder, or at least Enwrap these infant foods!—Through ev'ry covered in every part with tava, without

the fmallett veftige of vegetation; it is A fosed horrar clorills. A plcaling fear of conliderable height, and the volcanic Glides o'er my frame. The foref deepens genug or crater is in the centre of the rouid; island. We padled witliia little more

than

nerve

than a mile of it ; and, as the winds were bour of her father's and himself, and rituang, we obferved the cruptions for having in his own appre hention, no itsee days and nights fuccedively. better way to be avenged of her than

The inlabitants of these illanıls (An- this, he impioully caused his daughter, damans) are a most wretched race of on the receiving of the facrament, to murtals; they go entirely naked, live engage to imitate one bewitched, and principally upon fith, and 'tis faid are ascribe it to that woman, which she did, cambals when they can procure human and acted this part in to exact and deh.

wonderful a mainer, that the deceived

all the country where the lived, who For the Monthly Magazine,

thought it to be a truth. After which,

coufellion she was very quiet, and the NEGLECTED BIOGRAPHY,

king giving her a portion, the married, EDWARD JORDEN, M.D.

and thus was cured of her inimical THUS MHIS learned phyhcian was born of a witchery."

good family at High Halden, Kent, and After practising some time in London, after receiving a preparatory education, Dr. Jorden removed to Bath, where he was removed to Hart-ball, Oxford, where lived many years enjoying the “applausa be ftudied fometime, but without taking of the learned, the respect of the rich, a degree. Having chosen phyfic for his the prayers of the poor, and the love profeffion, he went abroad and visited of all." different universities, particularly Padua, He married the daughter of a gentlethen the woft famous medical school in man named, Jordan, in Wiltfhire, the aes Europe. Ile there took his doctor's de- count of which marriage being very lingree in tint faculty, and returning to his gular, I shall give it in my author's own native country was admitted a member words. of the royal college of physicians. He “ The Doctor being on a journey bes fettled at firit in London, and became nighted on Salisbury plain, and knowing Fery diftinguifhed in his profeslion: but not which way to ride, happened to meet having a great inclination to mineral a fhepherd, of whom he made enquiry works, says his biographer, he was at what places were near, where he might great charges about the making of alum, havc entertainment for that night: the wluch not fucceeding according to ex- Shepherd telling bim there was no place pectation, le was thereby much injured near enough for him conveniently :o i his ettate. He was much respected by reach in any seasonable time, the Doctor King Janes, who committed the Queen alked what gentleman lived thereabouts ; to his care when she made use of the the shepherd replied, there was oue Mr. Bath waters. The faine monarch also Jordan not far off, a man of good quality, employed him in another case, which is and a great estate. Presently the Doctor carlos enough to deferve notice in this looking on this as a good omeu) resolved place. A young woman in the country on his house ; where he was so kindly enwas troubled with such unaccountable tertained, and so well accepted, that Mr. fymptoids, as caufed a report to be spread Jordan, undertanding him to be a bachabroad that she was bewitched. James elor, beftowed bis daughter on hiin, with hand great faith in the doctrine of Demo- a confiderable fortune." rology, and wrote a ponderous book in By his lady he had four children, Edits deteuce against Reginald Scott, and ward the elder was au ensign in the attack other kuptical writers on that fubject. on the isle of Rić, where be was Main, Tlus circumstance, therefore, utforded " making his colours his wiading-lheet." laim an opportunity of proving the truth His elder daughter was married to Mr. of luis pontions. By bis orders the pof Thomas Benford, an apothecary at Bati, jefferi porian was brought up to London, and mayor of the city: the others dieu quris placed under the obterration and young. carr of Dr. Jorden, who, by giving her Dr. Jorden died of the stone and gout laupiet tuogs wirlinut any thing of a me- in 1652, aged 63, aud was buried in the druni mature, and by other means, dif- Abley church at Bath. His works are, arad the cheat, which he reported to 1. “ A Brief Discourse, called the Sustothe king. The girl was at firii vury un- cution of the Mother," &e. London, 1603, sdling to disclose the juggle, but after 4o. 2. “A Discourse of Natural fone tlireats and promiles, the coutefied Battis

, and Mineral Waters; wherein that a furetime before there bappened the original of Fountains in general is dierende dels cop a feinab heiglia declares. The Nature and Diverence

of

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