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For the Monthly Mngazine. propriated to the horses, are usually PARTICULARS of the PRESENT STATE raited, for a third of the width, some

of POLAND, by an ENGLISH GENTLE- fix or cight inches; the middle depressed Max, recently returned from that space is occupied by the carriages. It SOUNTRY, after a RESIDENCE in it of is provided at the ends with large foldTWO YEARS.

ing-doors, that the carriages may drive TI THE reader is now prepared to under- in at one end and out at the other. At

stand the mode of travelling, and one of the angles, the molt diftant froin the ntuation of a traveller in Poland. The the road, a dvor commonly operis out of ordinary travelling vehicle is a four- the stable into the house; and this is wheeled carriage, resembling our phne- often the only door. On entering the toa, though hung inuch lower, and with boule, you are affailed by the most aboa bead like the common one-horle chuir. ininable hoit of itinks wlich ever conAbove the apron in front are finall told- fpired to war against the pose. It is iug doors with glailes, wbich make all literally true, that frequently, after I close as occalion requires. It is drawn had proceeded a ttp or two within the by three or four borfes (whole traces are threshold, I was obliged to turn back to of card), according to the will, or ra- collect freth air and refolution before I ther the purse, of the traveller. An could advance. The interior is filtby, juferior travelling vehicle, also upon four and wretched beyond defcription. The wheels, used mostly by the farmers, is finor is of earth, and usually covered Sonitructed of wicker, the hinder balf with paltinefs. Other things are of a of which is provided with a tilt of fack- piece. The infiabitants are riqualid, and mg, or canvas, which is sometimes ren

in rags. Frequently, the house is half dered a more secure protection by having full of the wretched peasants and peaod-cale extended over the whole interior fant women, getting drunk upon fihnups, surface. The whole, excluding the (a fort of whisky). In respect of naitiwheels, bears no very diftant resemblance ness, what Giraldus Cambrenfis lays of to a large cradle. Every carriage, about the cottages of the Cambro-Britons at to go any contiderable distance, is pro- the clofe of the twelfth century, seems vided with a large portmanteau, contain- sufficiently applicable to the Polith inos ing at least a mattress, blankets, &c. It and cottages at the prefent day; and, i likewite furnished with all requisite if we are io credit Erasmus, fome of the Provitions, as ham, tongue, chicken, fpi- houses of the Englislı, as late as the tit, wine, &c.; for the Polith traveller reign of lienry VIII, exhibited scarcely calculates upon meeting with nothing at a better appearance. But the characthe inns. If any thing be found, it is ters of the respective inhabitants are an accidental occurrence, The port- widely different : the Polish peasant bowmanteau, too, in the ordinary carriages, ed to the earth by a long and grievous ferves for the feat. When a person of favery--the Welshman, fierce in the enany consequence travels, one of these thufiafin of favaye freedom. carriages, or more (as occasion requires), From the above description, it will be is occupied by domeftics and the lug- easily conceived that the best roou in gage. The traveller thas equipped, the the house is the ftable; and indeed, durpoluillion mounts his little leat, with his ing the summer months, this is commonhorn flung over his fuoulder. Every now ly the sleeping room. In this case, paland then, he meets with a crucitix or a lets of straw are spread in the centre, or faint by the tide of the road, on which deprefled part ; to that the head of the he takes off his hat, and crosses hin- fleeper is turned towards the lieels of the self; and when about to arrive at an inn horfes: at a tolerable distance, it must where be proposes to stop, be plays a be allowed, yet I could not thoroughly fort of tune upon his horn (which relem- divett myfelt of the apprehengon, that hles a French horn, though much finall- the borses may poflibly get loose from er, to announce his approach.

their halters, and trainple over me; It will be proper to give here a brief which, with the noisy and diffonant janga defenption of a Polith inn. The stable ling of their bells, usually rendered me in the most confiderable, and very often vigilant. Our one occasion, the bells the best part, of the houje. It is always made fo much noise, and the horses were htunted close to, and parallel with, the fo restless, that I avoke our whole (ceptrad; is always built' of wood; and is ing fraternity. It was perfertly dark; ironn fifteen to thirty yards loug, and but on kindling a light, my alarm was from ten to fifteen wide. The Gdes, ap- found to be groundlels. Mo>TILY Mac. No. 155.



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When it is found practicable to sleep to ten guinens ferling for carriage-hire in the moule, pullets of straw or bay are alone; my other expences amounted to spread tide by lide, on the earthen floor nearly as inuci: but in tbefe I muti tave of the hitchien or common rooin, as it been impoied upon by the Jews. In may be cailed. Sometimes there are regard to the carriage there was no imtwo roons, but the terond is much finall- pilition; it was hired for me by a perer then the titt. This tule of tleeping, cou of the country, intimately acquaintparticululy when many travellers have ed with all the utages of traveiling. The arrived at the same time, retumbles that diftirnce is called forty iniles, that is, five ot' foldie:s in Barracks; though Englith times forty, in English miles; but it foldier's would be thought to have greatly must be inore. The road winds contie the advantage. The people of the houte, derably, particularly in the forests, and both men and women, mix promilcu- otten projects into a large angle, for the 0!lly in the fociety of sleepers occupy- greater convenience, perhaps, of crolling ing contiguous beds. On thele occa- a river, or to avoid a lake or morals. fions, the men appear to have inore de- The miles are counted by estimation licacy than the women, for they com- only. The fort of carriage in wbich I pionly retain their breeches, taking off travelled on this occation, was of the their coat and waiticoat only: whereas, cradle-form inentioned above, which is the womeo undress into their thifts at the moti convenient for luggage. With night, and get out of bed in the morn- thele, too, you retain the same hories ing, close by your side, with the most throughout, coumonly two a-breast and perfect unconcerni;—a curious instance one before; yet you travel it the rate of of the effect of liabit. In funimer, how- furty, and fometimes tifty, English miles ever, the endrelling of these women con- per day. A common plan is to purchale utts merely in their flipping down à mail travelling carriaye, which may lingle petticoat, which is the whole of be done for twenty or thirty ducats, and their dress. The best teeping accom- which may be fold again at the journey's modations, which these inns occasionally end with a trifling lots. In these carriafford, are in the interior room, on a ages you travel poft; and, in confefinall couch, between two feather-beds; quence, more expeditioully. The total without theets, however, or blankets, amount of the expence does not much Sleeping one night thus circumstanced, I exceed the other inethod. was awakened in the morning by an un- Scarcely any person travels in this usual humming noise, for which I was country without a fervant. The traveller unable to account. I was so buried alto mult, otherwise, do every thing for himbetween the beds, that I was obliged to felf'; even make his owu bed: which, raise myself before I could look about by the bye, is often nothing more than the room. It was a Jew on his knees his own carriage stationed in the Itable. muttering his orifons, at which he con- When a nobleinan or any other perfon tinued for at lealt halt

' an hour. The of contequence is on a journey, he coninns in the interior of Poland are all kept trives, it be can, to halt at a friend's by Jews, who may buafi (if they like) loute, according to the cuttom of ancient the unenvied diftinction of pre-eminent hospitality; but if this be impracticable, filthinefs. Sir Thomas Brown, in his he sends forward two or three fervants Vulgar Errors, difcufles the curious quel- to fume inn, which has at least a fecond tion, whether Jews naturally fiink," room, which they prepare for his recepwhich he deteriniues in the negative: tion. The writer once travelled some but I ain disposed to be of the opinion, seventy or eighty miles with a nobleman that if he had erer been a traveller in only, when we took up our abode for a Poland, this conclusion would have va- night at one of these better fort ot' inns. dergone confiderable modification; nor The room was the cleaneft I had seen; fiould I have been much surprised it it for it had been lately white-wathed, and had stood thus that the Jews are ablo- was highly commended by my noble Jutely and inherently a stinking race. fellow-traveller, as being far above the They poffols, too, all the low cunning common. There were fimply two couches, and alertness at cheating which charac- or rather frames of couches, in two of terize their brethren in other countries. the corners, on which we llept for the

Travelling is expenlive in Poland, esca night. These were firft treired with to the tatives, notwithltanding the day, on which the inattrettes and bertwretchedness of the country. I paid, linen we had brought with us were disfrom Wartaw to Dautzic, un equiridcut poled. In vefpect of foui, we fared ss nel on this occafion as if we had been num, fimply for the privilege of diftilling in his excellency's own houte: for every it on the larvett of lis etiaies. This tinny nieelary to a commodious journey etate, however, is a fort of principe had been provided, even to the materials lity, comprehending at leali 4000 square for making ful for the time course. This iniles. prin nou cutited of eatables, wines, Having now described with fome mi&c.; table-clothis, napkins, knives, forks; nutenets the Itate of things in Poland, I 100s, &c. Ac. There are travelling that proceed in my next comin'nication boxes, containing a number of articles, to ne fume account of perjons, and of as kuiven, förhs, Spoons, &c. to be had the siate of society. in all the connerable towns. Indeed, every traveller provides himself ai lcare wethaa kuite and tirh (in angle hunti),


For the Monthly Alugazine. as well as entables, as there things are PEMARKS On The MORGANTE MAGGIORE never tu be on ro

of LUIGI PUCI. The bal, and almoti the only wjulle TVE two champions of Trance, followthings to be procured at these ims are

, chichen, eggs, and milk. Occationally, got entangled in a wild and pathlef- detoo, the butter is tolerable, though it fert; and there sprung up a new adren. Sort times abounds in large particles of ture, in the midit of which they lost . rock-alt, evidently in the trate in which fight of each other, and could neither it carne froin the mine. I first noticed of them ever recover their abandoned this at an inn not a great number of road. mies diftant from Waitw. In places Orlando fell in with a company of givery remote from any large town, you ants, fron whose power he rescued the scarcely ever meet with any falt at all. fair princets of Bella Haruna (the romana Clucken ney be eaten without it, but I tic name for the Loorits kingdom of had forme ditticulty in eating eges. The Benamarin), whom he took unler his coarse rye-bread which is found at thefe protection, and succeeded in conducting plares is always four, and so difagree- home to lier afilicted parents. Rinaldo, abte, as to require a keen appetite in an ' in teeking for lim, got more and more Englul traveller, aided by a few philofo- entangled in the depths of the defert; and phie reflections on the difference of tattes at last, worn out with fatigue, fell fleep and the power of national prejudices, in a thepherd's hovel, while the matter before he can fuffer it to proceed farther of the wretched place took the opporthan the inouth. It ought to be acknow- tunity and ran oil with his horse Bavardo, ledged, however, thet better coffee which he afterwards fold to the Soldau's (where it is to be had at all) is often grand justiciary: got even at these paltry houfes, than is The grief and despair of Rinaldo ou to be procured perhaps at any coffee- waking may be eally conceived; and house in London; but the excellence of his lamentations, which be pours forth continental coffee is proverbial. The fuccellively on the recollection of Anfile of cookery is abominable, The thea, Orlando, and his faithtal courser, chickens are ferved up sprawling with are really affecting. But he pursues bis their heads on, in a coarse enrthen plat- journey on fout; and the fame good forter, and half-liuothered in butter, which tune which throws in his way another bas been oiled in the melting. I have borse, of which he robs a discourteons mentioned these good things all together, Pagan, brings him before the gate of but they are rarely met with at the fame Babylon, and makes his arrival kuonn place; often not a single article of them: (by incans of a chwce pafenger) to zet, I think, I may fav that schnaps Anthen. That princets, ishule heart aliilky), in wluch aniteeds probably bad fecretly been as much wounded as bave been iufused, is to be had at every her lovers, obtained froin lier father an public-housc, however mean. It is the invitation for the Christian warrior to beverage in aniverfal request by the mi- reft himself in the royal palace; and ferable peasants, and by ordinary tra- proceeded with her comunislion to the vellers. 'I thall give the vader a more gate of the city, where she found him precise idea of the enormous quantity leaning, disconfolate, agnint the trurk which is confomed of this pernicious lie of an ancient mulberry. The meeting quor, by observing, that the Count Zin- between them was as rapturous and termooviki obruins of a company of Jews der as the occasion required; and rethe large fun of 3000l. Iterling per an- called to the mind of the romantic priu

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cefs the tale of Pyramu and Thibe, “At length” she cried, “ 'tis gir'n me to who, in times of yore, held their amor- survey ous interviews in like manner beneath a All that the famous Chriftian pow'rs obey ; mulberry-tree without the walls of this Their mighty castles, and their lofty tow'rs, very city of Babylov).

Their wouds, their moustains, and their But treafun was all this while at work

lovely plains, in the palace, and the courteous recep- Where Malag igi with Rinaldo's pow'rs tion of our knight was only meant to O'er Montauban's renowned ramparts reigns; facilitate liis destruction. In the woods Fair Paris, with her spreading groves and and deterts that lay on the frontiers of flow'rs, the kingdom, lived a powerful favage, (The Power of happy Charles's wide dowho had proved the death of every war

mains,) rior that had hitherto attempted to sub- All the proud warriors of his knightly training die him, and whole depredations over

The brave Astolpho, and the famous Dane. the furrounding country had rendered

Then shall I prove the Paladins in arms, hin the terror of the stouteit hearts in

And my Rinaldo fhall return once more, Babylon. On this hopeless enterprise Recall'd by Charles, amidst these dire alarms, was Rinaldo dispatched, at the initiga- To guard the freedom of his native thore. ' tion of Gano; and both lie and the Sol. With him and Clermont's count, in feats of dan secretly rejoiced that they lould never see him more. Anthea thought I'll raise my fame beyond the deeds of oiherwise; but her warlike and adven

yore." tuous soul was tired with the proposal Such mighty thoughts Anthea's mind porn which was now made her by the traitor

sessid, and her father, which was no lefs than For honour's charms had fired her virgin breast.

C. 17, A. 25. to pass over to France with the soldau's arinies, and by the caly couguest of We will not detain the reader with Montauban to pave the way to the pof- any particulars of the adventures of this feliion of the imperial throne. She re- illustrious princess; but, after alluring joiced in the prospect of fighting, single- him that the succeeded in her attack on Handed, Charles and each of his re- Montauban, and remained quietly misnowned Paladins; and flattered herself tress of the castle and of Rinaldo's browith the glorious iinagination of bellow- thers, return to Rinaldo himself, whole ing on her beloved hero his owu pof- fuccess with the Old Man of the Momsestions, together with the fovereignty of tains,* or (as Pulci calls him) Christendom.

Quel veglio antico maladetto

Che ita nella Montagna d'Aspracurte, Now when Anthea the proud Soldan knew

Resolved upon this bold emprise to send her, was directly contrary to Gano's predic. She antwered with the mild submition due tion and the Soldan's hope. The OW

To her, his age's stay and state's defencer. Man was not only conquered, but conNow in her ancient armour cased anew, verted by him, and afterwards became She breathes of war; while ready to at- his faithful friend and follower. Return

tend her Standards, pavilions, engines, crowd around, the justiciary, who, mounted ou Bavardo,

ing together towards Babylon, they met And all the hills with martial labours found.

was at that moment going to prelide af Not Vulcan with more speed his labours plied the execution of Oliver and Richardetto, In Mongibell's infernal vaults below,

which had long ago been decreed by the Than the supporters of our Suldan's pride. Soldan and Gano. The justiciary’s grave Sume point the lance, fome bend the Sy. afpect and long beard were of no avail

rian bow ; Some fit the rattling quiver to their fide;

to him. He was foon dispatched, and Others the dart or stronger javelin throw,

his javelin-inen put to the rout; winile Or prove the fabre's edge, or arm the horse

Rinaldo, mounted on his recovered deed, With harness suited to the martial course. prefied forward to the rescue of bis

friends. Now fully armed was all the warlike thrung:

Those friends, however, were already The prince bis şarring benediction gave; His valiant daughter led the troops along,

not without another and unexpected deAnd proud in air ch'embattled banners wave;

• The name of this adventure was certainAnd as Anthea saw her force lo frong, ly taken from the celebrated Afatin, who Her martial knights so aumerous, bold, ranged the mountains of Syria in the time of and brave,

the crusades.

livcrer, liverer. Orlando (whose adventures it character, he has well succeeded in his would be tedious to trace through the picture. city of King Falcon, and anong the They had not travelled together long, eight giants of the “Isola della Rena*") before an adventure occurred, in which bad reliored bis fair charge in safety to Margutte displayed his adinirable talents her father, the King of Benamarin. for filching and cozening. The story is While till at bis court, an invitation ar- told in a very comical style, and is the rived from the Soldan to that prince, who beli specimen the book ailords of Pulci's was bis ally, to be present at the execu- peculiar humour. Margutte's pilfering tion of his Christian prifoners. Orlando, abilities were ably feconded through the fhocked at the news, discovered his con- whole affair by Morgante's bullying pownection, and the grateful king proposed ers; and they pursued their journey very to all him in the rescue. Both the much pleated with each other, and in knight and the king of Benamarin were, the merriett mood imaginable. The protherefore, already at Babylon, when Ri- vitions with which they had loaded themmaldo and his companion arrived there. felves foon, however, failed in the vast As the execution is proceeding, the tu- and inhospitalle delert which they had mult begins, and foon a general battle to traverie ; and they both had become ensues. The prisoners are released; very dry and hungry, when they disconumbers killed on both sides, among "ered, to their inettable content, a spring whom is the generous king of Benama- of fresh water, and an unicorn drinking rin; the Soldan's forces driven back

at it.

Morgante foon dispatched the witluu the walls of Babylon; and a re- animal with his club, and Margutte made gular liege formed by the united Pala- a fire with two ftones and dry hay, at dins, the Old Man of the Mountains, and which they roasted him. Morgante, howthe ariny of Benamarin, which itill re- ever, in the division of the fealt rather liajas under Orlando's standard.

ungeneroully thewed the superiority of Meanwhile, the itory carries us back might to right; and his companion grew to Morgante, who had been lett with a little fulky at the prospect of the life Meridiana in France, and (when Oliver's he was likely to lead. long abfence had made her doubt whe- Pursuing their travels through the fother ne should ever fee hiin again) ef- reft, their ears were one morning affailed corted her back to the country of her by the cries of diftress; and they foon father Carndoro. Here the faithful giant after arrived at the mouth of a cavern, did not long remain, being resolved to where a beautiful woman, bare-headed wander over the world in search of the and bare-foot, was tied up and guarded abfent Paladins. Early on his long jour- by a lion. Morgante being attacked by ney he met with a moft fingular being, the furious animal, foon dispatched hiin who became his companion on the rest with his club; and both he and his come of lus pilgrimage, and whose name was panion immediately offered their ferMargutte. The character which this vices to the unhappy lady, who began new Pamurge gives of himself is, that he to relate to them ihe history of her sufbelieves in black no more than in bluc, ferings : in nothing but capons and good roast meat aud boiled, and in butter and beer, My fite a noble castle once possessid, and wine when he can get it; and he

(Be! for its name), by Nile's majestic

stream: believes that he would be saved who This of his various lands he loud the best, believes as he does. His mother was a

And here I 'woke to liie's distracted dream. Greek nun, and his father a priest of 'Twas when in earliest flowers the meads are Burla ; and he wanders over the world drest, with 77 mortal fins on his shoulders, all And spring exalts the amorous poet's theme, which he particularizes in an hunuorous I wanderd, tempted by the gentle air, manter. In thort, if the poet designed Alone, to form a garland for my hair. hiin for a model of the cunning Greek

The sun already warmed the shores of Spain,

And evening veil'd our groves in pleasing # This fingular island is described to be a shade. place,

Unthinking, young, and gay, I sought to Dove la Rena (l'Arena) aggira

gain Al rento, e come il mar tempesta mena. The idle with my childish fancy made : Tle idea was probably taken by the romance- A nightingale with soft enchanting itrain wnters from defcriptions of the Oales, or So soothed mine ear, that I enraptur'd lands, in the sandy delerts of Libya.


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