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An Account of the Quantities of WINE taken out for Honne Consumption, from the Year 1790 to 1805 inclusive; distinguishing the French from that nut French, and fhewing the Quuntities in each Year. *
This account is exclusive of Wine delivered, duty free, for the use of the navy.
NATURALIST'S MONTIILY REPORT.
Reviving Ivature seems again to breathe,
As loosened from the cold embrace of death. FROM the 19th of January to the 18th of February, the weather has for the most part con
tinued as before, unusually mild for the featon. During this time we have had no snow, and very little froit. In funny days the bees have been seen Aying about as if employed in colleding food : in ihady places near their hives, however, several of them have been perfealy benumbed with the cold. I tried to recover two or three by takng them into the house, and placing them at a little distance from the fire, but I did not succeed.
Qa the 31st of January, which was an extremely warm day, two peacock butterflies (Papilio sris of Linnæus) leit their hiding places and were seen flying abroad. Some of the newspapers have semarked that these butterflies, the most beautiful of any that this country produces, have been observed in other parts of England.
In the early part of the evening of this day, I was surprised by seeing a bat fit past me in the air.
Several of the bouse flies have in some degree recovered from their torpid fate, and crawl about the windows. Their limbs however are stiff, and all their motions are performed with difficulty.
February 1ft. China Roses, are fill in flower in the gardens. The firft leaves of the Common Fever few (Matricaria parrbenium) begin to appear. Crocuses, Anemones, and Laurustinus, (Ve. burno rinus) are in power.
The red-bresji, kylark, blackbird, and tbrush, were all heard to fing on the first of February. In the middle of the fine days, the woods and fields refound with the notes of song birds, as if the spring was far advanced.
On the oth of February, Jonquils (Narcissus Jonquilla) were in flower; and the hyacintbs had begun lo push up their howering items. The beautiful crimson styles of the male Aowers of the eaz:/ were fully expanded, and the catkins had begun to open and shed their farina.
At this teafan of the year the bedge snails (belix arbufiorem of Linnæus) are found collected in considerable numbers about the roots of trees, in holes of such as are decayed, and the shel
tered places in hedge-bottoms, fo glued to each other, or to the place in which they are found as entirely to prevent the cold air from having admitsion into the Sells. In the course of a month or fix weeks, if the weather be favourable, they will begin to crawl abroad.
February the 17th. The Hedge-Sparrow, and Greater Titmouse fing. Rooks begin to pais, and make preparation for building their nefts.
Red Archangel, (lamium purpurcum), ivy-leaved Veronica, (veronica bederæ folia) and green bellebore (belletorus veridis) are in flower.
Three or four Salmon have been caught in the course of the present month, and these of considerable fize.
In the night of the 17th of February the wind changed from S. W.; the prevailing quarter for some weeks paft, to N. E. In consequence of this, we have a hard frost, which it is hoped will continue for a while, and put a temporary check to the vegetation. On the 18th we had a heavy gale of wind which lasted nearly the whole day,
Hampshire, Feb. 19th. P.S. In the last Report, p. 104. 1. 13. for jurbelow read furbelow, and for pbaldua read pbalena.
Objervations on the State of the fl'cather, from the 24th of January, to the 2418
Of February 1807, inclusive, Two Miles N.W. of St. Paul's.
On the morning of
the 17th, the thermo Greatest ( 59 hun.
Greatest mercury 28 40, &
meter ftood at 44°; variation in
on the next it was variation in dredths of
and on the morning 2+ hours.
of the 18th, it was
The quantity of rain fallen during the last two months is equal to 3.1 inches. Besides the rain there has been a heavy fall of snow; near the metropolis it was but trifling, but at a distance it was drifted very many feet; and several of the coaches on the northern and east. ern road were actually dug out of it.
We have also to notice a very remarkable high wind on the night between the 17th and 18th. It did almost incalculable mischief to our shipping between Dover and Margate, and Was productive of much serious mischief in the inland parts.
The average height of the thermometer fus the whole month is nearly 37o ; of the barometer, it is 29 696. It has been higher and lower this month than we have witnessed for tome time.
To CORRESPONDENTS. Some Correspondents who have sent, and others who have promised, communications relative 10 Mr. Whitbreid's Poor Bill, are informed that we shall give preference in our next to fuch pupers as bett illustrate the subject by reference to facts. One of ous correspondents, withes $5 to invite information relative to the encreasing monopoly of Farms, and to those branches of manufacture which give employinent to children only. These he calls fources of PoorMAKING, the continuance of which will render all other regulations nugalury:
Persons who with for information relative to the poor, will do well to consult the Munthly Magazine of March, 1796 ; Mas, 1797 ; November and December, 1798 ; January, February, ind May, 1799 ; April
, June, September, and November, 1800 ; February and March, 1801 ; February, 1802; December, 1604 ; and November, 1905.
Correct Memoirs of Mrs. Charlotte Smith will be given in our next.
R. S. is informed that she Port-Folio has been deferred, owing to the pressure of temporary matter.
Dr. Hamilton's valuable Paper on Hydrophobia Shall appear in our next. Preference was given to the communication or Mr. Bartlett, because it tended to diffpate the delusons und Multhoods, which the public have for some time been the dupes.
Beljes the illustrition of the new Syftem of Finance, which is to be found in our Report of Public Affaisá, our readers may expect a valuable communicution in our next,
APRIL ), 1807.
[3 of Vol. 23.
* As lang 29 those who write are ambitious of making Converte, and of giving to their Opinions a Maximum of
* Infuence and Celebrity, the muft exter fively eireulat. Miscellany wilt repay with the greate& Efstat * Curiolity of those who read either for Amusement er lofrudiun." JOHNSON.
ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS. For the Monthly Magazine. have been seriously felt; that this has A VIEW of the NEW FINANCIAL ARRANGE- been the cale or late years, will not be
MENTS proposed in PARLIAMENT. denied; some alıcration in the procent A
LOVE a hundred years ago, Dr. mode ut railing the supplies bad therefore
Davevant, whote attention had become necetiary, while prudence fuse been particularly directed to the fate of grilled that a urodification of the preseng public credit, and the revenues and ex- fyltem, which has enabled us to encounpenditure of the flate, affcrted that“ from ter fo innny difficulties, would be infinitely the time of the Norman invasion we ne. preferable to an entire dependance on ver bad a thore difnal view before us;" new and untried expedients. yet tirat eventful period palled away, Happily for the country an arrangeand it foon appeared that the country ment of its financial concerns has been was capable of exertions, which, a few deviled, whiclı
, by dividing part of the years before, fome of its molt judicious prefent burthens of the war with the politicians deerned beyond all probabi- succeeding period of peace, when the lity. In like manner, have the numerous pressure of them will be less felt, and by fubfeqnent predictions of bankruptcy equaliting the benefits of the Sinking and rulu been hitherto happily averted, Fund, intiead of deferring the whole reby a gradual increase of wealth, proceeds lief to be accomplified by it to a distant ing froin the improvement of manufac- period, will enable the government to tares and the great extension of cou- carry on hoililities during whatever pemerce, and by that (pirit of national at- riod the relilcís ambition of our enetachment which has induced individuals ruies may protract them, with scarce any to submit willingly lo an astonishing in additional burthens to the people; and crease of taxation, and led them patient- thus to display thc unatated vigour of 15 to faffer privations or fimulated them the state, at a time when those unacLo greater ciertions, whenever the necef- quainted with its resources, were apprefities of the state evidently called for the benfive that the too rapid progress of the facrifices required, whatever inay have funding fyltem would have brought us been their magnitude or duration, into a situation of serious difficolty and The experience of the palt, therefore, danger. jutises a pertuagon,that, u ben the tinana The taxes, which have been granted ciul cuecerns of the country are eutrust- during the continuance of the war, as a ell to men of ability and integrity, the provifion for part of the extraordinary Tylem of public credit, with the fatal expenditure occalioned by it, confittat confeqačuces of which we have been so certain duties of customs and excise prooftco threatened, may be rendered per- ducing 9,500,000l. per annum, and of fectly couliiint with our fatety and prof- the Property Tax, which for the latt year perity; and the present flour thing state produced i1,500,0001. making in the of the public revenue affords great reason whole 21,000,000l. ; upon the present fyl lo bope, that the future extraordinary tein, this great amount of laxes would,
expenditure, in time of war, will be on the termination of the war, suddenly . much less dependant on the funding fyf- cease; an event, which would certainly tem than it hitherto has been.
be attended with confiderable loss to all The experience.of more than a cen- persons who were holders of such comtury justifies the afertion, that the evt modities as had been cnhanced in price tence of a national debt inay be perfect by thefe taxes. This effect will be prely cauiflent sith the interest and prof vented, while a much more important perity of the contry; it has only hcert object is accomplihed, by appropriating when too fire ufe das been made or the yearly a portion or bele taxes, during the borrowing fyltem, that its injurious effects continuance of the war, as * providiou MOXTILY WAS., No. 155.
for the interest and speedy redemption of the remainder to form a linking fund Such loans as will be necessary; by which for redemption of the capital. means, the burthen of new taxes will be It is affumed that the expenditure of avoided, and the present war-taxes gra- each year, during the continuance of the dually discontinued on the return of war, will amount to 32,000,0001. beyond peace. With this view it is proposed the surplus of the consolidated fund and that the present war-taxes thall be con- the annual taxes; in order to support an tinued for such further term as may be expenditure of this extent, it will be nedirected by future acts of parliament, cellary to raise annually from 12 to 16 for defraying the charge of any loans millions, by way of loan; and, as the prowhich may be charged thereon, in the duce of the war-taxes will thus be grafollowing manner : on every loan char- dually mortgaged, an additional or fupged on the war-taxes there is to he fet plementary loan is also to be raised for apart, out of the produce of these duties, making up the deficiency. The follow10 per cent. on the amount of the fum ing table thews the amount of the loans, borrowed, out of which the interest and which it will thus be requisite to raise in charge of management is to be paid, and each year.
War-Taxes not Year, Loan in each year pledged, but appli- Supplementary commencing upon credit of the
cable to the sup- Loans required. 5th January War-Taxes.
Total provided for in each year.
200,000 1,400,000 2,600,000 2,000,000 1,600,000 3,200,000 4,800,000 6,400,000 8,000,000 9,600,000 11,200,000 12,800,000 14,400,000 16,000,000 20,000,000 20,000,000 20,000,000 18,000,000 16,000,000 16,000,000
32,000,000 32,000,000 $2,000,000 32,000,000 32,000,000 32,000,000 32,000,000 32,000,000 32,000,000 32,000,000 32,000,000 32,000,000 32,000,000 32,000,000 32,000,000 32,000,000 32,000,000 32,000,000 32,000,000 32,000,000
From this table, it appears, that, fup, gaged in 1820; in the next year, howposing peace to take place at the end ever, the portion of thesc taxes, which of seven years from the present time, had been appropriated to the loan of the 11,200,000). of the war taxes will then first year, will be set free by the redempreinain unappropriated, and consequent- tion of a sum equal to that loan, and will ly that nearly the whole of the property then become applicable to the charge of tax (which is estimated to produce a freth loan of the like amount; a similar 11,500,000!.) might then be taken of release will be effected in each succeeding immediately on the conclusion of the year, and, consequently a provilon is peace. It is pollible, however, that the thus made from 1820, for loans without war may coutinue much beyoud this any further imposition of taxes, to an unperiod, in which cafe, by proceeding on limited period, provided the furns borthe proposed system, the whole amount rowed do not exceed thofe in the first of the war-taxes will have been mort column of the table,
With respea to the supplementary found to furnish any objection to the proloans, they are not in any way to be poral of obtaining some aid from this charged on the war-taxes, but the in- source, in alleviation of the burthens and terelt thereof, and a finking fund of one neceilities of the country, and thus parper cent. on the capital created, is to ticipating in the benefits of this excellent be provided for during the first three inftitution, the whole relief afforded by years, from the expiration of some termi- which would otherwise be enjoyed by a hable annuities, from new taxes of a future generation. It is not propoled, small amount for the seven following however, in any case, to apply in proyears, and after that period from the viding for new loans, a larger proportion furplus of the finking fund. This surplus of the linking fund than such as will alwill arise from a new arrangement respect- ways leave an amount equal to the ining the amount of the fund.
terest payable on such part of the preIt is proposed, that, in consequence of lent debt as shall remain unredeemed; the great present increase of the finking nor is it meant to impede, in any degree, fund, from the appropriations on the the redemption of a fum equal to the war-loans, that a conditional limit thall present debt, in as thort a period as that be set to its future accumulation. The in which it would have been redeemed if fund, when originally established in the proposed plan bad not becn adopted; 1786, was to increase till it amounted to or that the final redemption of any sup4,000,000l. per annum, and the surplus, plementary loans should be postponed which would have accrued beyond this beyond the period of 45 years prefcribfum, was to be at the disposal of parlia- ed by the act of 1792, for the extinction ment ; this reliriction was afterwards of all future loans; while the annual done away as the debt had increased fo war-loans will be successively redeemed rapidly, that 4,000,000l. per annum in 14 years if the war continues, or if would certainly have become very in- peace takes place will always be refufficient to accomplish any important deemed conliderably within the beforereduction; but froni the very large ad- mentioned period of 45 years. ditions which will be inade to the linking The following table thews the ainount, fund by the new plan, it will have ace which will thus be taken from the fink cumulated in 1817 (when the present ing fund in each year from 1817, with hnking fund will exceed the amount of the combined annount of the finking the interest on fuch part of the present funds of the war debt, the supplementary debt as will be then unredeemed) to up- debt, and the present debt, at the same wards of 24,000,000l. per annuin. In periods, and the total excesies of the the application of an annual sum of this present linking fund, which may in any magnitude, neither the original plan of given year of peace be applied to the the finking fund, nor any equitable views release of the war-taxes. of the interests of the public, will be